« AnteriorContinuar »
i power, ll and
to give glory to God.
PSALMS. He exhorteth others to praise hin
thee, and thou hast healed me.
the forests: and in his temple || doth kept me alive, that I should not go
down to the pit.
membrance of his holiness. 11 The LORD will give strength 5 For this anger endureth but a Heb. ther unto his people; the Lord will bless moment; in his favour is life: weep-moment in a his people with peace.
ing may endure + for a night, but anger
tjoy cometh in the morning. PSALM XXX.
6 And in my prosperity I said, I
shall never be moved.
7 Lord, by thy favour thou hast
+ made my mountain to stand strong : + Heb, 1 A Psalm and Song at the dedica- thou didst hide thy face, and I was streheth for
my mountai tion of the house of David.
8 I cried to thee, O LORD; and WILL extol thee, O LORD; for unto the LORD I made suppli
thou hast lifted me up, and hast cation. not made my foes to rejoice over 9 What profit is there in my blood, a Ps. 6. 5.8
down to the pit ? a Shall
88. 11. & 11 17.
LORD is Lord is + Het is
irion a Deut...
leth † Heb.
ked, and the I continual herefore unit rding to this
le domini are demos istonishing a bold be
the Vos blimits ar
8. – the wilderness of Kadesh.] The wilderness of this hymn might have been composed on that occasioi Kadesh was part of that wilderness through which the Street. Israelites passed in their way to Canaan. See Numb. A Psalm and Song at the dedication &c.] An ode o xiii. 26. Bp. Horne. It was the frontier of Idumea and taking possession of the house built for David. Stree Paran. Calmet.
Ver. 3. O Lord, thou hast brought &c.] When I wa 9. The voice of the Lord maketh the hinds to calve,] The just at the point of death, Thou hast preserved me froi terrour of this voice causeth the hinds to cast their calves the very brink of the grave. Travell. for fear. Bp. Hall.
4. — give thanks at the remembrance of his holiness, and discovereth the forests : and in his temple &c.] The meaning is, Celebrate his holy name.
Green. The storm strips the trees of their leaves, and opens the 5. — is life: Life is often put for a long and happ recesses of the forest. Travell.
time, as in Psalm xxxiv. 12; and for an eternal and im While his temple remaineth unshaken by these tem- mortal duration, 2 Tim. i. 10; James i. 12. Poole. pestuous blasts, and all his pious worshippers there 6,7. And in my prosperity &c.] There should not b securely sing the praises of his glorious majesty and a full stop at the end of the sixth verse; but after th power. Bp. Patrick.
words " stand strong ” in the seventh. The word ren Other commentators explain this difficult verse dif- dered“ prosperity" denotes peace and tranquillity, arisin ferently: The voice of Jehovah maketh the oaks to from an affluent prosperous condition. When God hai tremble; and maketh bare the trees of the woods. Bp. settled him quietly on the throne, he thought all hi Lowth, Abp. Secker.
troubles were over, and that he should enjoy uninter And in his temple every thing proclaimeth his glory. rupted happiness; that God had “ made his mountai By “his temple" may be meant the heavens. Bp. so strong, that it should never be moved :” that is, hai Hare.
placed him secure from all danger. Dr. Chandler. The practice of the great duty of praising God for 7.— thou didst hide &c.] He means, that when Go his works, and for his mercies, will preserve in our withdrew his protection, displeased with his presump souls a constant and lively sense of his glorious per- tion, and the security he had fondly promised himselt fections, which will be a means of making us truly he was immediately disturbed by fresh troubles, and religious, and will make all other religious duties easy his dream of uninterrupted tranquillity vanished. Di and pleasant to us. His almighty power will make us Chandler. dread offending. Him; the sense of our dependence 9. What profit is there &c.] What service, said I, caj upon Him, and his continual care over us, will incline I do Thee, when I am dead Shall my ashes be able to us to love Him with all our heart and soul; and the please Thee, or to declare the truth of thy promises grateful remembrance of his past mercies will make us Bp. Patrick. put our whole trust in Him for the time to come. Bp. This religious song of thanksgiving, is particularly Wilson.
adapted to persons who have escaped great danger
Those whom God has thus delivered ought to celebrat Psalm xxx. This Psalm of David is plainly ex- his goodness, and invite all men to celebrate it wit pressive of his gratitude to God for delivering him from them. But, above all, we ought to take notice of th his foes, and rescuing him from his distresses. And instructions here given us concerning the usefulness o as it appears, 2 Sam. v. 11, and i Chron. xiv. 1, that afflictions. Even the best of men sometimes forge Hiram king of Tyre, sent materials and workmen to themselves in prosperity: but God makes use of adver build an house for David about the time when the Lord sity to inspire them with a holy fear, to bring them to had confirmed him king over Israel, I apprehend that sense of their duty, and to oblige them to have recours
David sheweth his confidence in God. PSALMS.
He prayeth in his calamity.
the hand of the enemy: thou hast set
11 Thou hast turned for me my for I am in trouble: mine eye is con-
10 For my life is spent with grief, || That is, my 12° To the end that || my glory and my years with sighing: my
may sing praise to thee, and not strength faileth because of mine ini-
mine enemies, but especially among
my neighbours, and a fear to mine
his help. 7 He rejoiceth in his mercy. 9 without fled from me.
12 I am forgotten as a dead man
13 For I have heard the slander
trust; let me never be ashamed: while they took counsel together
2 Bow down thine ear to me; de- away my life.
strong rock, for an house of defence I said, Thou art my God.
15 My times are in thy hand:
17 Let me not be ashamed, O spirit: thou hast redeemed me, Ó LORD; for I have called
thee: LORD God of truth.
let the wicked be ashamed, and let | Or, let 6 I have hated them that regard them be silent in the grave. lying vanities : but I trust in the 18 Let the lying lips be put to grave. LORD.
silence; which speak tgrievous things + Heb. a 7 I will be glad and rejoice in thy proudly and contemptuously against mercy: for thou hast considered my the righteous. trouble; thou hast known my soul in 19 Oh how great is thy good- & Isa. 64.4. adversities;
ness, which thou hast laid up for them
a Ps. 22. 5. Isa. 49. 23.
b Luke 23. 46.
them be cut of for the
1 Cor. 2. 9.
to Him; and then He is reconciled and hears their cry, was God who had often rescued him out of his difficulchanging their sorrow into joy, and their complaints ties. Bp. Patrick. into songs of praise. Ostervald.
6.- lying vanities :) That is, Gentile practices, of
consulting auguries and divinations, which deceive their Psalm XXXI. David being pursued by his enemies, expectations. Dr. Hammond. Or by this expression probably in his retreat from Keilah, 1 Sam.xxiii, intreats may be meant, strange gods. Dr. Kennicott. the Lord in this Psalm to deliver him. He then returns 7.- thou hast known my soul in adversities ;] Thou thanks that his prayers are heard. Green.
hast relieved me in the lowest condition. Dr. Hammond. Ver. 3. — for thy name's sake lead me,] The Psalmist 8. — in a large room.] In a place of liberty. Green. here beseeches God to glorify Himself, by guiding his 9. - mine eye is consumed &c.] My eyes are wasted steps so that he might escape the danger which threat with weeping, and my whole frame is in a manner deened him. Bp. Patrick.
stroyed. "Travell. 5. Into thine hand I commit my spirit :] David, in 12. — I am like a broken vessel.] I am cast aside like his distresses, might by these words express his resig- a broken vessel, quite past all use and regard. Bp. Hall. nation of himself and his affairs into the hands of God: 15. My times are in thy hand :] He declares his asbut it is certain, that Christ actually did expire upon surance that his life was not subject to the will of his the cross with the former part of this verse in his enemies, but was at the disposal of God. Bp. Patrick. mouth, Luke xxiii. 46. Bp. Horne.
19.- before the sons of men !] Publickly, and in the thou hast redeemed me,] Dayid means, that it view of the world. Poole.
Isa. 65. 24.
ar to mine
id see me
+ Heb. I will counsel thee,
hand: mine erse
in remission of sins.
3 When I kept silence, my bones
ed into the drought of summer.
hath shewed me his marvellous kind 5 I acknowledged my sin unto | Or, fenced ness in a || strong city.
thee, and mine iniquity have I not city.
22 For I said in my haste, I am hid. “I said, I will confess my trans- \ Prov. 28. cut off from before thine eyes : never- gressions unto the LORD; and thou Isa theless thou heardest the voice of my forgavest the iniquity of my sin. i John 1. 9. supplications when I cried unto thee. Selah.
23 O love the LORD, all ye his 6 For this shall every one that is saints: for the Lord preserveth the godly pray unto thee + in a time when Heb. in a faithful, and plentifully rewardeth the thou mayest be found: surely in the finding. proud doer.
floods of great waters they shall not d I's. 27. 14. 24 d Be of good courage, and he come nigh unto him.
shall strengthen your heart, all ye . 7 Thou art my hiding place ; c Ps.o.o. that hope in the Lord.
thou shalt preserve me from trouble;
thou shalt compass me about with
songs of deliverance. Selah.
3 Confession of sins giveth ease to the con- thee in the way which thou shalt go:
+ I will guide thee with mine eye.
|| A Psalm of David, Maschil.
ye not as the horse, or as mine eye David giving
LESSED is he whose a trans- the mule, which have no understand shall be
gression is forgiven, whose sin is ing: whose mouth must be held in a Prov. 26. 3. covered.
with bit and bridle, lest they come 2 Blessed is the man unto whom near unto thee. 20. Thou shalt-secret of thy presence] As if they nature, and are designed to convey some salutary were in the “secret of God's tabernacle," as it is called, advice, (as this, ver. 8,) and to dispose the mind to Psalm xxyii. 5. See the note there.
attention and reflection. Mudge. pavilion] See the note on Psalm xxvii. 5. Ver. 3. When I kept silence,] While I neglected to
- from the strife of tongues.] From the mischief confess my sin I had no rest; my mind and conscience of contentious and slanderous tongues. Poole. persecuted me day and night. Bp. Wilson.
21. Blessed be the Lord : &c.] When David con 4. my moisture is turned &c.] The following desulted God, whether the inhabitants of Keilah would scription of a Syrian summer, by Dr. Russell, is the deliver him up, He shewed him distinguished kindness most beautiful comment that can be met with on this in revealing to him their intended treachery, 1 Sam. passage : “From the end of May (if not sooner) not so xxïï. 12. Green.
much as one refreshing shower falls, and scarce a 22. — nevertheless] Notwithstanding my fears and friendly cloud appears to shelter from the excessive want of faith. Bp. Wilson.
heat of the sun, till about the middle of September. 23. - plentifully rewardeth the proud doer.] Will fully The verdure of the spring fades before the middle of punish in due time the insolent oppressor. Dr. Wells, May; and before the end of that month the whole Bp. Wilson.
country puts on so parched and barren an aspect, that The considerations that make the soul cheerful in the one would scarce think it capable of producing any hour of affliction, are, that God is merciful; that as He thing, there being but very few plants which have is not ignorant, so neither is He unmindful of our vigour enough to resist the extreme heat.” Harmer. troubles : that He is a friend, who “knows” us in ad 6. — in the floods &c.] That is, when calamities versity, no less than in prosperity: that He hath not (which are here represented under the image of floods subjected us to the necessity of being overcome by our of water) are sent abroad into the world, they shall not spiritual enemies; but hath, "with the temptation, made come near the good man. Green. a way for us to escape.” Bp. Horne.
7. — thou shall compass me about &c.] Thou shalt
give me occasion to sing unto Thee many songs of dePsalm XXXII. It is generally supposed that David liverance. Dr. Wells. wrote this Psalm after the pardon he obtained for his 8. I will instruct thee &c.] Hearken then unto me, adultery with Bathsheba, and his murder of Uriah. thou that art in search of godly wisdom: I will give Rosenmüller. This being a penitential Psalm, is ap- thee counsel, and direct thee to the wisest and safest pointed for Ash-Wednesday. Travell.
course of life; I will have thee continually under my Maschil.] This word seems to signify, as in the care and inspection. Bp. Patrick, Travell. margin, a Psalm of instruction or recollection. The 9. – lest they come near unto thee.] The rendering Psalms which have this title are generally of a moral should be, agreeably to some of the ancient versions,
instruction. a Rom. 4. 7.
+ Heb. to generation
REJOICE in the Lordmaye whom he hath chosen for his own in- €144. 15.
God is to be praised for his goodness, PSALMS.
his power, and his providence. 10 Many sorrows shall be to the let all the inhabitants of the world wicked: but he that trusteth in the stand in awe of him. LORD, mercy shall compass him 9 For he spake, and it was done ; about.
he commanded, and it stood fast. 11 Be glad in the Lord, and re 10 «The Lord + bringeth the c Isa. 19.3. joice, ye righteous: and shout for counsel of the heathen to nought: he maketh ye that are upright in heart. maketh the devices of the people of frustrale.
11 The counsel of the Lord d. Prov. 19. PSALM XXXIII.
standeth for ever, the thoughts of his Isa. 46. 10. I God is to be praised for his goodness, 6 for heart + to all generations.
his power, 12 and for his providence. 20 12 • Blessed is the nation whose and generaConfidence is to be placed in God.
God is the Lord; and the people e Ps. 65. 4.
13 The Lord looketh from hea-
14 From the place of his habita-
ants of the earth.
16 There is no king saved by the
17 An horse is a vain thing for 6 By the word of the Lord were safety: neither shall he deliver any the heavens made; and all the host by his great strength. of them by the breath of his mouth. 18 Behold, the eye of the Lord f Job 36.7.
7 He gathereth the waters of the is upon them that fear him, upon i Pet. 3. 12. sea together as an heap: he layeth them that hope in his mercy; up the depth in storehouses.
19 To deliver their soul from death, 8 Let all the earth fear the LORD: and to keep them alive in famine.
b Gen. 1. 6, 7.
“else they will not come near thee.” Dr. Hammond, among the Jews was played upon with a bow; the psalGreen.
tery with the fingers. Rosenmüller. He mentions these 11. Be glad in the Lord,] It seems probable that instruments, because they were used in the publick this verse ought to be the first of the following Psalm. worship and praises of God in the tabernacle. Poole. Bps. Lowth and Hare, Dr. Kennicott.
with the psaltery and an instrument of ten strings.] Outward calamities, and inward pangs of conscience, This should be rendered as it is in the Greek, “ on the are the strokes of God's hand, designed to humble the ten-stringed lute.” Green. sinner, and lead him to confession; and in the infliction
- a new song :] The “new song" shews the of these, such severity is sometimes necessary, that the Psalm to be composed upon a new occasion. This patient is brought to death's door, before a turn can be appears likewise from the tenth verse, which speaks of given to the disease: but the pain of a blow upon an some grand defeat given to the projects of the heathen. ulcerated part, however exquisite, is well compensated Mudge. if, by promoting a discharge, it effect a cure. Encou 4. — all his works &c.] That is, all his works are raged by the example and declaration of David, to hope done agreeably to his word or promises. Dr. Wells. for mercy on confession of sin, it is foretold in this 6. By the word of the Lord &c.] The meaning is, Psalm, that humble penitents shall be led to make their that the whole body of the heavens, and all that is in prayer unto God in the acceptable time, and in the day them, were created by his bare speaking of the word, of salvation, while He “may be found :” that so they commanding that they should have a being. Dr. Hammay be forgiven, and preserved from great and over- mond. whelming calamities; from the fears of death, and the 7. He gathereth the waters &c.] The element of terrours of judgment. Bp. Horne.
water, though it be naturally apt to spread itself, yet
hath He, in his providence and power, gathered up as Psalm XXXIII. This Psalm is an acknowledgment in one heap; and part thereof, instead of overflowing of the great power, and wisdom, and goodness of God the face of the earth, He hath confined in the secret rein his works of creation and providence; wherein all ceptacles thereof. Bp. Hall. are obliged to sing praises to his name, and faithfully 15. He fashioneth their hearts &c.] He formed their to serve and depend on Him. Dr. Hammond. It was hearts one and all, and consequently must know what probably composed on the occasion of some special are their thoughts and intentions. Mudge. benefit received from God. Reeves.
17. An horse is a vain thing &c.] If David was the Ver. 2. — with harp :— with the psaltery] The harp author of this Psalm, these words may refer to his vic
and his provides
'ople of fruits
whose and met
1 Sam. 21. 13.
David praiseth God,
and exhorteth others thereto. he world
20 Our soul waiteth for the LORD: 5 || They looked unto him, and gor, They he is our help and our shield. were lightened: and their faces were
flowed unto. as done;
21 For our heart shall rejoice in not ashamed. fast.
him, because we have trusted in his 6 This poor man cried, and the eth the clue holy name.
LORD heard him, and saved him out ght: he said
22 Let thy mercy, O LORD, be of all his troubles.
campeth round about them that fear
him, and delivereth them. 1 of his 14.4.2
8 O taste and see that the LORD
thereto by his experience. 8 They are is good : blessed is the man that
to the fear of God. 15 The privileges of 9 O fear the LORD, ye his saints:
for there is no want to them that fear 4 A Psalm of David, when he chang- him.
1 Or, Achish, ed his behaviour before || Abimehea
10 The young lions do lack, and lech; who drove him away, and he suffer hunger : but they that seek os of departed.
the LORD shall not want any good WILL bless the LORD at all thing. bita
times : his praise shall continually 11 Come, ye children, hearken bitbe in my mouth.
unto me: I will teach you the fear of 2 My soul shall make her boast the LORD. arts
in the LORD: the humble shall hear 12 a What man is he that desireth a 1 Pet. 3. 10. ks. thereof, and be glad.
life, and loveth many days, that he the
3 O magnify the Lord with me, may see good?
4 I sought the LORD, and he heard thy lips from speaking guile. or
me, and delivered me from all my 14 Depart from evil, and do good; y fears.
seek peace, and pursue it. tory over the Syrians, 2 Sam. x. 18; where it is said he assurance, that all such as are so devoted are the immeslew forty thousand horsemen. Dimock. See the note on diate care of almighty God; as all those of a contrary 1 Kings x. 28.
character are his abhorrence, and the sure marks of 22. according as we hope in thee.) We desire thy his vengeance. And surely this Psalm, considered in mercy on no other terms, and in no other degree, but in this light, is one of the noblest, the best-turned, and proportion to the sincerity of our trust. Dr. Kennicott. best-judged, and best-adapted compositions that ever
This Psalm engages us to make these reflections; were penned. Dr. Deloney. It should be remarked, 1. That it is a duty highly reasonable, as well as delight that the twentieth and twenty-first verses are of partiful to praise God; but that none but upright men can cular importance, as containing the famous prophecy, discharge it in a becoming manner. 2. That we ought to that “ not a bone of the Just One (Messiah) should be praise God, because He has created the world by his broken,” John xix. 36. Dr. Kennicott. almighty power, and because He governs it wisely' and Ver. 5. They looked unto him, &c.] The Greek, and justly by his providence. 3. That if it was a great ad- other ancient versions, render this verse, “Come unto vantage to the Israelites to be the people whom God had him, and be enlightened; and let not your faces be chosen for his inheritance; the favour which God has ashamed.”. Dr. Wall. vouchsafed us, in admitting us into his church, and and were lightened: &c.] The meaning is, that the entering into covenant with us, is a still more glorious humble looked unto God for David's protection, and privilege. 4. That God has a perfect knowledge of all received that light, that is, that comfort and joy from that passes in the world, that He sees all the thoughts Him upon his return in safety, which diffused itself and actions of men; the recollection of which should throughout their whole hearts ; so that “their faces were engage us to walk before Him in holiness and right- not ashamed,” or, as the word signifies, “not put to the eousness. Lastly, we should observe that the true way blush for shame," by being disappointed as to their hope to have God our friend, is to trust in Him, to fear on his account. Dr. Chandler. Him, and without ceasing to apply to Him for mercy. 6. This poor man] Meaning himself. Edwards. Ostervald.
7. The angel of the Lord &c.] The Divine protection
and salvation vouchsafed to the faithful, is here sigPsalm XXXIV. The title informs us, that this Psalm nified; whether we suppose that by the angel of was composed by David when he was sent away from Jehovah” is meant the presence of Christ in the church Abimelech on his feigning himself mad. See i Sam. militant; or the ministration of created spirits to the xxi. 13. But the name there given to the king of Gath heirs of salvation, as in the case of Elisha, 2 Kings vi. 17. is Achish.
Hence Dr. Kennicott conjectured, that Abi- Bp. Horne. melech was the common title of the king of Gath, (as 8. O taste] Seriously consider and make trial, by a Pharaoh of Egypt,) and Achish his particular name. stedfast fidelity to God in all troubles. Dr. Wells. Street. This Psalm, which was perhaps composed for 9. — his saints:] His servants. Bp. Wilson. the use of those who resorted to David, contains the 11. — ye children,] Ye that are humbly disposed to be noblest encouragements to piety and virtue, from an taught as children. Dr, Wells.
Ps. 34.1 L 1 Pet. 1
; the pa
ions the e publes
Portal u striga
rks 1 cils