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David's confidence in God's grace. PSALMS.
God's lordship in the world. 30 A seed shall serve him; it shall 5 Thou preparest a table before me be accounted to the Lord for a gene- in the presence of mine enemies: thou ration. + anointest my head with oil; my cup + Heb,
makest fat. 31 They shall come, and shall de- runneth over. clare his righteousness unto a people 6 Surely goodness and mercy shall that shall be born, that he hath done follow me all the days of my life: and this. I will dwell in the house of the LORD
+ Heb. to PSALM XXIII. + for ever.
days. David's confidence in God's grace.
PSALM XXIV. ( A Psalm of David.
1 God's lordship in the world. 3 The citizens HE LORD is a my shepherd; I
of his spiritual kingdom. 7 An exhortation
to receive him.
A Psalm of David. 7 Pet.2. 25.
HE earth Lord's14, pastures of
the fulness thereof; the world, Ps. 50. 12. + Heb. 3 He restoreth my soul : he lead and they that dwell therein. waters of eth me in the paths of righteousness 2 For he hath founded it upon the b Job 38. 6. for his name's sake.
seas, and established it upon the floods. & 136. 6. 4 Yea, though I walk through the 3 - Who shall ascend into the hill c Ps. 15. 1. valley of the shadow of death, I will of the Lord? or who shall stand in d Isa. 33. 15, fear no evil: for thou art with me; his holy place ? thy rod and thy staff they comfort me. 4 4 + He that hath clean hands, and clean of
a Isa. 40. 11.
a Deut. 10.
Job 41. 11.
1 Cor. 10. 26, 28.
b Ps. 3. 6. & 118. 6.
16. + Heb. The
31. – he hath done this.] That is, He hath fulfilled The natural homage which such a creature as man his promises and Divine predictions. Michaelis. bears to an infinitely wise and good God, is a firm
We are presented in this Psalm with a very plain reliance on Him for the blessings and conveniences of prophetick description of our Lord's sufferings and pro- life, and an habitual trust in Him for deliverance out found humiliation. Here we read those very words of all such dangers and difficulties as may befall us. which He uttered at his crucifixion, “ My God, my The man who always lives in this disposition of mind, God, why hast thou forsaken me?” Here we see pour- when he reflects upon his own weakness and imperfectrayed the insults offered to Him by the Jews while tion, comforts himself with the contemplation of those He hung upon the cross, his hands and his feet pierced, Divine attributes which are employed for his safety and his garments divided by lot, and the principal circum- welfare. He finds his want of foresight made up by stances described of his passion and death. God was the omniscience of Him who is his support. He is not pleased that all these things should be foretold by Da- sensible of his own want of strength, when he knows vid, to the end that, when they came to pass, we might that his Helper is almighty. In short, the person who have the clearest proof of his being the true Messiah. has a firm trust on the Supreme Being, is powerful in The contemplation therefore of this Psalm ought on the his power, wise by his wisdom, happy by his happione hand to strengthen our faith in Jesus the Saviour ness. He reaps the benefit of every Divine attribute, of the world; and, on the other hand, to quicken our and loses his own insufficiency in the fulness of Infinite hopes in Him, while it sets before us the glory to which Perfection. Addison. God has exalted Him after his sufferings, and which He now enjoys at the right hand of the Father. Oster Psalm XXIV. The bringing of the ark of God to vald,
mount Zion by David, 1 Chron. xv, gave occasion to
this Psalm. The removal of the ark was celebrated in Psalm XXIII. The sweetness of many of the Psalms a great assembly of the people, and with suitable splenin composition, sentiment, diction, and arrangement, dour during every part of the ceremony. The Levites has never been equalled by the finest productions of led the procession, accompanied by a great variety of heathen poetry. And I must confess I never met with vocal and instrumental musick; and this ode appears any image so truly pleasing and delightful, as the fol- to have been sung to the people when they arrived at lowing description of the Deity in the character of a the summit of the mountain. The opening is expresshepherd. Bp. Lowth.
sive of the supreme and infinite dominion of God, Ver. 3. He restoreth my soul :] When I am ready to arising from the right of creation. Bp. Lowth. The faint, He refreshes me and brings me to life again. ascension of our Lord into heaven is represented by Mudge.
the carrying of the ark up to mount Zion; and the sub4. — the valley of the shadow of death,] A valley lime description in the four last verses, of the entrance overspread with the horrours of darkness and of death. of the King of glory, is highly applicable to Him: it is Green.
therefore appointed to be read on the Ascension-day. thy rod &c.] Thy protection will dispel all my Travell. fears. Green.
Ver. 2. — he hath founded it upon the seas, &c.] He 5. — thou anointest my head &c.] The overflowing hath settled it so firmly, and established it above the of a cup, and the being anointed with sweet-smelling oils, waters, that they cannot overwhelm it. Bp. Patrick. are the usual emblems of a feast, and are made use of 3. — who shall stand in his holy place ? ] Who shall in Scripture as the images of plenty and prosperity. serve God acceptably in the place which He hath sancTravell.
tified to his service ? Poole.
& 86. 11. & 119.
An exhortation to receive him.
PSALMS. David prayeth for remission of sins. a pure heart; who hath not lifted up be ashamed : let them be ashamed his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceit- which transgress
without cause. fully.
4. b Shew me thy ways, O LORD; b P8: 27. 11. 5 He shall receive the blessing teach me thy paths. from the LORD, and righteousness 5 Lead me in thy truth, and teach from the God of his salvation.
me : for thou art the God of
sal6 This is the generation of them vation; on thee do I wait all the | 0r, o God that seek him, that seek thy face, || O day. Jacob. Selah,
6 Remember, O LORD, 7 thy & Ps. 103. 17. 7 Lift up your heads, O ye gates; tender mercies and thy lovingkind- 107. 1. and be ye lift up, ye everlasting nesses; for they have been ever of old. 1.83. 11, doors; and the King of glory shall 7 Remember not the sins of
youth, nor my transgressions: accord-
8 Good and upright is the LORD:
ment: and the meek will he teach
mercy and truth unto such as keep
his covenant and his testimonies.
11 For thy name's sake, O LORD,
12 What man is he that feareth the
Lord? him shall he teach in the way
that he shall choose.
and his seed shall inherit the earth. 2 O my God, I a trust in thee: let
d The secret of the LORD is a Prov. 3. 32. me not be ashamed, let not mine with them that fear him ; || and he | Or, and his Rom, 10. 11. enemies triumph over me.
will shew them his covenant. 3 Yea, let none that wait on thee 15 Mine eyes are ever toward the know it.
up my soul.
lodge in goodness.
a Ps. 22. 5. & 31. 1. & 34. 8. Isa. 28. 16.
covenant to make them
4. -- who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity,] That Psalm XXV. David seems to have written this Psalm is, he who hath not put his trust in false gods. Bp. after the commission of some grievous sin, or in some Lowth.
great distress; which brought to mind all the offences of 5. — righteousness] By this word here is meant a just his youth, and made him earnestly beseech God to parrecompense. Bp. Wilson.
don them, and to deliver him from his enemies. Travell. 6. — thy face, O Jacob.] Or rather, as in the mar
Ver. 3. - let them be ashamed &c.] Pour shame upon gin, “Thy face, O God of Jacob.” Bp. Hare. See the the face of those which rise up against me spitefully, note on Psalm xvii. 15. The Israelites were required without any just cause or provocation on my part. Bp. to worship at the sanctuary of God three times a year. Hall. Bp. Lowth.
8. – teach sinners in the way.] That is, penitent 7. Lift up &c.] We may now conceive the proces- sinners. Dr. Wells. sion to have arrived at the gates of the tabernacle. 9. The meek will he guide &c.] He will never fail to While the ark is brought in, the Levites, divided into assist and direct in the ways of virtue, those who are two choirs, sing alternately the remainder of the Psalm. truly humbled before Him for their sins. Dr. HamIndeed it is not impossible that this mode of singing mond. was pursued through every part of the ode; but towards 10. All the paths &c.] They, who observe and keep the conclusion the fact will not admit of a doubt. Bp. his commandments, will find abundant goodness and Lowth. The lifting up the head is an image adapted to faithfulness in the ways of the Lord, who will order all a portcullis; the head of which, as it is lifted, rises up things for their good. Travell, Bp. Patrick, conspicuous above the gate. Mudge.
12. — that he shall choose.] That he ought to choose. We learn from this Psalm, that God, who created the Dr. Kennicott. earth, is the supreme and Almighty King thereof, and 14. The secret of the Lord &c.] The counsel and that his glory and power ought to be celebrated for covenant of the Lord to them that fear Him, is to make ever ; also, that those only will be admitted into the known or reveal to them his will. Dr. Hammond. Or presence of the Lord who walk uprightly, who are sin- by the word “secret,” may be meant, God's love and cere and faithful in all their behaviour, who avoid fraud favour, which is called his “secret,” Job xxix. 4; and deceit, who call upon the Lord and seek his face. Prov. iii. 32; and that very fitly, because it is known to Ostervald.
none but him that enjoys it. Poole.
David prayell for help in affliction. PSALMS.
He resorteth unto God. + Heb. bring Lord; for he + shall pluck my feet 2 – Examine me, O Lord, and a Ps. 7. 9. out of the net.
prove me; try my reins and my heart. 16 Turn thee unto me, and have 3 For thy lovingkindness is before mercy upon me; for I am desolate mine eyes : and I have walked in thy and afflicted.
19 Consider mine enemies; for wicked.
they are many; and they hate me 6 I will wash mine hands in inno-
cency: so will I compass thine altar,
voice of thanksgiving, and tell of all
8 Lord, I have loved the habita-
+ where thine honour dwelleth. + Heb. of the
9 || Gather not my soul with sin- iabernacle of PSALM XXVI.
ners, nor my life with + bloody men : no, Lake David resorteth unto God in confidence of his their right hand is + full of bribes.
10 In whose hands is mischief, and 1 Heb. men integrity.
11 But as for me, I will walk in filled with. A Psalm of David.
mine integrity : redeem me, and be UDGE me, O Lord; for I have merciful unto me.
walked in mine integrity: I have 12 My foot standeth in an even trusted also in the LORD; therefore I place: in the congregations will I shall not slide.
bless the LORD.
of blood. + Heb.
17. T'he troubles of my heart are enlarged :] This should 4. - vain persons,] False and treacherous persons. rather be translated, “Relieve the sorrows of my heart.” | Bp. Patrick. Dr. Kennicott, Bp. Lowth.
6. I will wash &c.] David means, that he would 20. — let me not be ashamed ;] That is, disappointed.cleanse his heart and hands from all the impurity of his Bp. Wilson. Compare Job vi. 20.
sins; and then that he would approach to God's altar, 21. - for I wait on thee.] For I trust in thee. Mudge. and offer his sacrifice. Bp. Hall. 22. Redeem Israel, &c.] After imploring forgiveness
wash mine hands] It was a custom among the of his sins, that the people might not be visited for his Jews for those who brought sacrifices to be offered, to sake, and after expressing his personal penitence and wash their hands before they laid them upon the heads sorrow, David concludes with a prayer for the deliver- of the victims. Lewis. ance of his country.
It was a common usage for the Jews always to wash After the example of David, the pious and devout before prayers; and the priests in particular were not to Christian, who really and in truth puts his entire con- perform any office in the sanctuary, till they had poured fidence in God, is never weary or ashamed of that water from the laver and washed in it. It is to this that confiderice. If he finds that his prayers are not so gra- David here alludes. Fenton. ciously heard, as that he receives all that he hath prayed — compass thine altar,] Among other ceremonies for, he receives yet an unspeakable comfort by having connected with the feast of tabernacles, it was usual done as he ought to do: and though he prospers not as on the seventh day for the people to compass the altar he would wish, yet if he prays as he should, he hath seven times, carrying branches in their hands, and made a good progress towards his own deliverance; and singing hosannas. Lewis. hath raised a good defence against any affliction that 8. – the place where thine honour dwelleth.] That is, invades him: nor will he be frighted out of his inno- the tabernacle, where God had made his glory to dwell cence by the promises, or threats, or tyranny of his among them. Bp. Patrick. proud oppressors. Lord Clarendon.
12. My foot standeth in an even place :] That is, I
stand in a sure place, so that I need not fear to fall. Psalm XXVI. It is generally agreed, that this Psalm Bp. Wilson. was composed on account of some injurious charge David's earnest desire to serve God in the tabernacle, brought against David by some of Saul's courtiers. should stir us up to discharge the duties of religion with Dimock.
the same fervency. But the care this pious king took Ver. 1. Judge me,] Give sentence in my favour. to purify himself before he went unto the altar of God, Street.
should convince us, that in order to appear in the pre2. Examine me, &c.] David here begs of God, who sence of God, we should be pure, and lead a holy life. knew the secret thoughts of his mind, and the inclina- Lastly, we should join with David in the prayer which tions of his will, to search deeply into them, and prove he offers up to God at the end of this Psalm, and behis integrity. Bp. Patrick.
seech Him to preserve us from being like the wicked,
Let my face
approached against me.
c Ps. 3. 6.
His faith in God's protection.
He prayeth for future grace. PSALM XXVII.
will sing, yea, I will sing praises unto
my voice: have mercy also upon me,
and answer me.
8 || When thou saidst, Seek ye my Or, My - Micah 7. 8. THE LORD is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? face; my heart said unto thee, Thy unto the
seck thy fuce, b Ps. 118.6. b the Lord is the strength of my life; face, Lord, will I seek. of whom shall I be afraid?
9 Hide not thy face far from me; 2 When the wicked, even mine put not thy servant away in anger : + Heb. enemies and my foes, + came upon
thou hast been my help; leave me
10 When my father and my mo-
will take me up.
11 a Teach me thy way, O LORD, a Ps. 25. 4.
12 Deliver me not over unto the † Heb. those may all the days of my life, to behold || the will of mine enemies : for false wit· beauty of the Lorn, and to enquire nesses are risen up against me, and in his temple.
such as breathe out cruelty.
13 I had fainted, unless I had be-
14 e Wait on the Lord: be of e Ps. 31. 24. 6 And now shall mine head be good courage, and he shall strengthen Hab. 2. 3. lifted up above mine enemies round thine heart: wait
, I say, on the LORD.
+ Heb. will gather me.
+ Heb. a way of plainness.
which observe me.
| Or, the delight.
+ Heb. of shouting.
lest we share with them in the punishments that are should receive into his tent, so that his enemies would prepared for them. Ostervald.
not dare to hurt him. Rosenmüller.
in the secret of his tabernacle] That is, in as safe Psalm XXVII. David, being persecuted by his ene a place as the Holy of Holies, which is called God's mies, and in danger of his life from false witnesses, secret, Ezek. vii. 22. Poole. testifieth in this Psalm his entire confidence in the
8. Seek ye my face ;] These are words which his tection of the Almighty: beseecheth Him to continue heart dictated as from God. Mudge. his favour; and is persuaded He will never forsake Thy face, Lord, will I seek.] I will apply to Thee him. Green. He probably composed it upon the occa- by prayer. Bp. Wilson. sion of Saul's persecution of him. Rosenmüller.
10. When my father and my mother &c.] Should all Ver. 2. -- to eat up my flesh,] This expresses the earthly dependencies fail me, the Lord would take me utmost malice of his enemies, assailing him with the under his care. Bps. Wilson and Patrick. fury of wild beasts.
12. -— false witnesses are risen up &c.] As this 3. — in this will I be confident.] I will still have con- passage is strictly prophetical of the Messiah, much fidence in God's assistance. Dr. Hammond.
light is thrown on it from Mark xiv. 56. Dr. Kennicott. 4. — that I may dwell &c.] David's prayer was, that 13. — in the land of the living.] In this present life. he might perpetually attend upon the service of God, Bp. Patrick. and enjoy the sweet pleasure the Lord there imparts to 14. Wait on the Lord:] Wait the Lord's time with his people, and receive his directions from the taber patience. Bp. Wilson. nacle. Bp. Patrick.
In this Psalm we are to remark, 1st, That those who the beauty of the Lord,] By “the beauty of the fear God and trust in Him, are never afraid of men; but Lord” he means the cheering countenance of God, are calm and unshaken, even when reduced to the most whose presence was more conspicuously manifested in deplorable condition. 2ndly, That the most inestimable his temple. Edwards.
advantage, and the greatest consolation we can enjoy in 5. — pavilion :). The word, here translated pavil- this world, is, to meet often in the house of God, there ion," signifies originally a shepherd's cot or shed, made to praise and adore Him, and to receive the testimonies of the boughs and branches of trees : and is applied to of his favour. 3rdly, That when God does incline our any habitation, provided it be private; as a lion's den, a hearts to seek his face, we should improve the mercy, king's palace; and also to the holy tabernacle, as it is in and not slight the gracious invitation. Ostervald. this place. When therefore David says, that God should “ hide him in his pavilion,” he means that God would Psalm XXVIII. In this Psalm David intreats God to keep him as safe, as any one should be, whom a king defend him from the malice and artifice of his heathen
strength of saluations.
+ Heb. from me. a Ps. 143. 7.
the oracle of thy sanctuary.
David prayeth against his enemies. PSALMS.
He exhorteth princes 6 He blesseth God. 9 He prayeth for the 8 The LORD is || their strength, 10r, his people.
and he is the + saving strength of his + Heb. A Psalm of David,
NTO thee will I cry, O Lord 9 Save thy people, and bless thine
my rock; be not silent + to me: inheritance : il feed them also, and I Or, rule.
God, 3 by reason of his power, 11 and
protection of his people. Or, towards lift up my hands || toward thy holy oracle.
CA Psalm of David. 3 Draw, me not away with the GM unto the LORD tye evini wickedthe
mighty, unto the mighty. bePos12. 2. quity, which speak peace to their glory and strength.
neighbours, but mischief is in their 2 Give unto the Lord + the glory | Heb. the hearts.
due unto his name; worship the LORD
|| in deeds, and according to the wicked-1" 3 The voice of the Lord is upon generary ness of their endeavours: give them the waters: the God of glory thunafter the work of their hands; ren- dereth : the Lord is upon || many Or, great der to them their desert.
waters. 5 Because they regard not the
4 The voice of the LORD is works of the Lord, nor the operation + powerful; the voice of the Lord is foHeb. in of his hands, he shall destroy them, + full of majesty. and not build them up.
5 The voice of the Lord breaketh majesty. 6 Blessed be the Lord, because he the cedars; yea, the Lord breaketh hath heard the voice of my supplica- the cedars of Lebanon. tions.
6 He maketh them also to skip 7 The Lord is my strength and like a calf; Lebanon and a Sirion a Deut. 8. 9. my shield; my heart trusted in him, like a young unicorn. and I am helped: therefore my heart 7 The voice of the Lord + divideth + Heb. greatly rejoiceth; and with my song the flames of fire. will I praise him.
8 The voice of the LORD shaketh
honour of his
enemies, and from the judgments that should fall upon ways have been perverse, our works wicked, and the them. He then praises God for the care He had taken imagination of our hearts only vain and evil continually: of bim, trusts in his assistance, and prays for the pros- yet, O Lord, we desire to be holy; render therefore unto perity of the Israelites. Green.
us, not according to our deserts, but according to thy Ver. 1. -- them that go down into the pit.] Those that great mercies. Bp. Nicholson. are abandoned to destruction. Bp. Patrick.
3. Draw me not away with the wicked] Cast me not Psalm XXIX. In this Psalm the supreme dominion off with them. Bp. Wilson.
of God, and the awfulness of his power, are demon4, 5. Give them according &c.] In these verses, as strated from the tremendous noise, and the astonishing indeed in most of the imprecatory passages, the impera- force of the thunder, which the Hebrews, by a bold but tive and the future tenses are used promiscuously very apt figure, denominated “the voice of the Most “ Give them-render them—he shall destroy them.” High.” It is enough to say of it, that the sublimity of If therefore the verbs in all such passages were uniformly the matter is perfectly equalled by the unaffected energy rendered in the future, every objection against the Scrip- of the style. Bp. Lowth. ture imprecations would vanish at once,
and they would Ver. 2. — worship the Lord in the beauty of holiness.] appear clearly to be what they are ; namely, prophecies In other words, Worship ye the Lord in that beautiful of the Divine judgments, which were afterwards to take and glorious sanctuary, where He exhibits his presence place. Bp. Horne.
to his people. Bp. Hall. See the margin. 8. The Lord is their strength, &c.] It is the Lord who 3. The voice of the Lord is upon the waters :] That is, gives courage and strength to his servants, and protects the thunder, called here the voice of the Lord, is upon him whom He hath appointed king over his people. the waters, collected in the clouds. Green. Bp. Patrick,
5. — the cedars of Lebanon,] See note at 1 Kings v. 6. A prayer collected out of the above Psalm : O hea 6. He maketh them also to skip &c.] This description venly Father, we humbly beseech thy goodness, when is figurative and poetical. The figures are rather too we cry unto Thee, to hear our supplications ; for if strong for a modern language ; but they are agreeable Thou turn away thine ear, and neglect to give us audi- to that of the Hebrews, in which they have a singular ence in these our pressures and afflictions, the men of beauty. Calmet. thy hand will prevail against us, and bring down our 7. – the flames of fire.] That is, the flashes of lightlife into the pit. We acknowledge before Thee that our ning. Mudge.