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1023. a Ps. 31, 1.
thou to me
David imploreth Gods help.
He praiseth God. for perseverance. 19 He praiseth God, and soul; let them be covered with repromiseth to do it cheerfully.
proach and dishonour that seek my IN
N thee, O LORD, do I put my hurt.
trust: let me never be put to con 14 But I will hope continually, and
will yet praise thee more and more.
the day; for I know not the numbers + Heb. Be
3 + Be thou my strong habitation, thereof.
thou hast given commandment to save the LORD God: I will make men-
18 Now also + when I am old and +, Heb. unto 5 For thou art my hope, O Lord greyheaded, O God, forsake me not; grey hairs. God: thou art my trust from my until I have shewed + thy strength Heb. thine youth.
unto this generation, and thy power
8 Let my mouth be filled with thy me again, and shalt bring me up again
21 Thou shalt increase my great-
forsake me not when my 22 I will also praise thee + with #Heb. with strength faileth.
the psaltery, even thy truth, O my mentor 10 For mine enemies speak against God: unto thee will I sing with the Psaltery. + Heb. walch, me; and they that + lay wait for my harp, O thou Holy One of Israel. soul take counsel together,
23 My lips shall greatly rejoice
24 My tongue also shall talk of thy
13 Let them be confounded and brought unto shame, that seek my
consumed that are adversaries to my hurt. tion of the Sick, as the greatest part of it is proper for a relief from thy goodness; and I doubt not that Thou dying person, to express his trust in God, the want of wilt again draw me out of this extreme danger, which his help, &c. Bp. Wilson
has brought me to the brink of the grave. Travell, Ver. 1. In thee, O Lord, &c.] The promises of sal. Bp. Patrick. vation are made to those, who, renouncing all confi We may learn from hence, 1st, That those who trust dence in the world, “ trust” in God alone for it. For in God are never confounded; and that they may bethis reason the Psalmist so often begins his prayer take themselves to Him under all their wants, with a with a declaration of his faith, which is to the soul in perfect assurance of his help; but that this confidence afiliction, what an anchor is to a ship in distress. Bp. cannot be well grounded, unless they have the same Horne.
pious sentiments that David discovers in this Psalm. 2. Deliver me in thy righteousness,] A second argu- 2ndly, As this prince, for his comfort and encouragement ment here used is the
righteousness” of God, who to praise God, called to mind the favours he had received cannot but be faithful and just to his own gracious from Him in time past, so should we preserve the reword. Bp. Horne.
membrance of the mercies God has vouchsafed us from 7. I am as a wonder unto many ;] That is, My de- our youth, and through the whole course of our lives. plorable miseries have made many consider me as a 3rdlý, It is the duty of those who have been exposed to prodigy of wretchedness. Travell.
great afflictions, and whom God has happily delivered, 20. Thou, which hast shewed &c.] Great and num- to join with this holy Prophet in admiring and celebrating berless as my distresses have been, I have ever found his great goodness towards them. Ostervald.
there be no moon.
David sheweth the happiness,
PSALMS. justice, and glory of Solomon's reign.
goodness and glory of his, in type, and in 9 They that dwell in the wilder-
enemies shall lick the dust.
10 The kings of Tarshish and of VIVE the king thy judgments, 0 the isles shall bring presents: the
God, and thy righteousness unto kings of Sheba and Seba shall offer
him that hath no helper.
14 He shall redeem their soul from
15 And he shall live, and to him
shall upon the mown grass : as showers prayer also shall be made for him that water the earth.
continually; and daily shall he be 7 In his days shall the righteous praised. + Heb. till flourish; and abundance of peace + so 16 There shall be an handful of long as the moon endureth.
corn in the earth upon the top of the 8 He shall have dominion also from mountains; the fruit thereof shall Psalm LXXII. David seems to have composed this emblem of the great King, Christ Jesus, whose dominion Psalm on his having appointed Solomon to be his suc- shall endure as long as the world reinaineth. Trarell, Travell.
Bp. Patrick. This Psalm describes, in the most beautiful imagery, 8. He shall have dominion &c.] “From sea to sea," and most lively colours, the peaceful glories of the Mes- that is, with reference to the Messiah, over all the siah's future 'reign; his righteousness, or impartial earth. administration of justice; the universal homage and 9. They that dwell &c.] The most barbarous nations worship to be paid to Him; the perpetuity of his do- shall do him homage, and hisenemies shall be constrained minion, "whose name shall endure for ever," " in whom to prostrate themselves at his feet with the most abject mankind shall be blessed, and whom all nations shall submission. Travell. call blessed :” magnificent predictions, utterly inappli 10. — Tarshish] For Tarshish, see note at 1 Kings cable to Solomon, but truly characteristick of Christ. x. 22. Dr. Hales.
Sheba-Seba] For the former see the note on In this Psalm there is such a variety and beauty of 1 Kings x. 1; the latter was also probably in Arabia imagery, such a splendour of diction, such elegance in Felix. Consult the "map of the world” for their prothe composition, that I believe it will be impossible in bable situations. the whole compass of literature, sacred or profane, to 14. He shall redeem &c.] He shall preserve them from find such an union of sublimity with sweetness and being ruined either by the deceitful wiles or violent grace. Bp. Lowth.
attacks of their enemies; nor shall he, to gratify his Ver. 1. Give the king thy judgments,] That is, cause own ambition, be prodigal of their precious lives. So him to govern the kingdom according to thy precepts. shall the Saviour of the world redeem the souls of his Rosenmüller.
people from their most cruel enemies, sin and death; and - the king—the king's son.] The king and the so valuable in his sight shall their blood be, that He king's son are the same person, a character that belongs shall shed his own for it! Bps. Patrick and Horne, to none before Solomon, who was the first prince in Travell. Israel that was at the same time king and son of a king. 16. There shall be an handful &c.] The country shall Mudge.
be so fruitful in his days, that even a handful of corn, 3. The mountains shall bring &c.] In other words, sown upon the lofty hills, shall produce a crop that Peace, manifested by its consequence, plenteousness, shall shake with a loud noise, like the cedars upon shall be upon the mountains and little hills of Judea, by mount Lebanon : and the people in the city shall be means of that righteous judgment, which Solomon wiil fruitful and populous, like the innumerable blades of execute in the land. Bp. Horne.
grass in a field, which the Lord hath blessed. Such, 5: They shall fear thee &c.] His righteous adminis- under the reign of the Messiah, shall be the amazing tration shall redound to his everlasting honour, and increase of the word, when sown in hearts that before shall gain him the esteem and reverence of his people, were barren ; such the astonishing multiplication of through all generations : so that he shall be a lively citizens in the Christian church. Travell, Bp. Horne.
+ Heb. shall be.
+ Heb. fat.
be as a son to continue his
He blesseth God.
The prosperity of the wicked. shake like Lebanon : and they of the 3 a For I was envious at the fool- a Job 21. 7. city shall flourish like grass of the ish, when I saw the prosperity of the Jer. 12. i. earth.
wicked. 17 His name + shall endure for 4 For there are no bands in their + Heb. shall ever : + his name shall be continued death : but their strength is + firm.
as long as the sun : and men shall be 5 They are not t in trouble as † Hebin the father's name blessed in him: all nations shall call other men; neither are they plagued other men. for ever. him blessed. + like other men.
+ Heb. with, 18 Blessed be the LORD God, the 6 Therefore pride compasseth them God of Israel, who only doeth won- about as a chain ; violence covereth drous things.
them as a garment. 19 And blessed be his glorious name 7 Their eyes stand out with fatfor ever : and let the whole earth be ness: + they have more than heart Heb.
they pass the filled with his glory; Amen, and could wish.
thoughts of Amen.
& They are corrupt, and speak the heart. 20 The prayers of David the son wickedly concerning oppression: they of Jesse are ended.
9 They set their mouth against the PSALM LXXIII.
heavens, and their tongue walketh
sheweth the occasion thereof, the prosperity
10 Therefore his people return
wicked, and sustaining the righteous. 11 And they say, How doth God 1 Or, A
1 || A Psalm of Asaph. know? and is there knowledge in the "T:
RULY God is good to Israel, most High?
even to such as are + of a clean 12 Behold, these are the ungodly, of heart. heart.
who prosper in the world; they in2 But as for me, my feet were almost crease in riches.
gone; my steps had well nigh slipped. 13 Verily I have cleansed my heart 20. The prayers of David &c.] Meaning perhaps, that eyes, pride and oppression are the offspring of worldly this is the end of the first collection of Psalms that was prosperity. Bp. Horne. made, probably under Solomon, for the service of the as a chain ;] Alluding to the prevailing custemple. Michaelis.
tom of wearing collars or chains on their necks. As most of the things mentioned in this Psalm agree See Cant. iv. 9. Bp. Horne. See notes on Job xxix. more perfectly to the kingdom of our Lord than to 14. that of Solomon, since Jesus Christ was to be that 7. Their eyes stand &c.] Their very countenance glorious King, who was to bring the most distant peo- expresses the proud swelling of their hearts, which are ple into subjection, whose kingdom was to last to the puffed up by such a constant state of prosperity, even end of the world, and under whose government men beyond their own sanguine expectations. Travell
. were to enjoy complete happiness, and be filled with the 8. They are corrupt, &c.] They are so corrupt, that choicest blessings of heaven ; we have therefore here they mock at the rules of justice, and defy those who the description of our own happiness, which should put would oppose them: they haughtily claim to theminto our own mouths the praises with which David con- selves an exemption from the laws of God and man. cludes this hymn, “ Blessed be the Lord God, &c.” | Travell. Ostervald.
9. They set &c.] They blaspheme the God of heaven, The end of the second Book of Psalms.
and calumniate his servants on earth. Green.
10. Therefore his people &c.] Therefore God's people Psalm LXXIII. This Psalm, and several which fol- falleth off to them, and from thence they reap no small low, were composed by Asaph; they are chiefly filled advantage. Green. This passage is extremely difficult : with sad and melancholy complaints. Travell. Who according to our old translation, the sense of the ninth this Asaph was is uncertain. Some have thought it was and tenth verses may possibly be, They presume to scan Asaph the singer, who was famous in David's days. the mysterious ways of Heaven with as much clearness But it seems more probable that it was Asaph the seer, and precision as they affect to display in judging of who lived in the days of Hezekiah, 2 Chron. xxix. 30. human affairs. This raises their credit in the opinion Dr. Wells.
of ignorant people, which they are sure to turn to their Ver. 2. But as for me, &c.] Yet, notwithstanding own advantage. Travell. my conviction of this truth, my faith in the Divine 11-14. How doth God &c.] The whole of this goodness began to stagger, and I was in danger of fall- seems to be the reflection of God's people on the appaing into a state of distrust and infidelity. Travell, Bp. rent prosperity of the wicked, and the despairing inferPatrick.
ence they drew from it: it was so contrary to the usual 4. For there are no bands in their death :] They are face of things under the Mosaick dispensation, and to in no peril of death. Old Translation.
all they had been taught to expect, that it tempted them 6. Therefore pride &c.] Among men who have not to doubt even the first principles of all religion. Dr. the love of God in their hearts, or his fear before their Kennicott.
+ Heb. my chastisement was,
The fearful end of the wicked.
The psalmist complaineth in vain, and washed my hands in in- | but God is the + strength of my heart, + Heb. rock. nocency.
and my portion for ever.
all them that go a whoring from thee.
the Lord God, that I may declare all
of the sanctuary. 10 He moveth God to
help in consideration of his power, 18 of
his reproachful enemies, of his children,
| || Maschil of Asaph. 1. Or, A
Psalm for 19. How are they brought into de O GOD, why hast thou cast us helposite solation, as in a moment! they are off for ever ? why doth thine instruction. utterly consumed with terrors. anger smoke against the sheep of thy
20 As a dream when one awaketh; pasture ?
21 Thus my heart was grieved, and || rod of thine inheritance, which thou | Or, tribe. I was pricked in my reins.
hast redeemed; this mount Zion, 22 So foolish was I, and + ignorant: wherein thou hast dwelt. 1 Heb. wish I was as a beast + before thee.
3 Lift up thy feet unto the per-
their ensigns for signs.
+ Heb. I knew not.
15. If I say, &c.] But, if I persevere in such dis- must meditate upon the word of God, and the ways of course, and speak like these men, I shall betray the Providence : then we shall find that the felicity of cause of all those who are thy true children, O God. worldly men is vain, and of short duration; and that Travell.
they are set in slippery places, from whence they fall 17. Until I went &c.] Until I applied to Thee by suddenly. Ostervald. prayer and meditation on thy word. See Ps. lxxvii. 13.
20. As a dream &c.] Their prosperity is but as a Psalm LXXIV, This Psalm was occasioned by the dream when one awaketh ; so, O Lord, when Thou | desolation of Jerusalem and the temple, and the rest of seest fit to punish them, Thou shalt cause all their the country of Judea, made by Nebuchadnezzar, or the glory and prosperity quickly to vanish. Dr. Wells. Babylonish forces. Dr. Wells.
21.- I was pricked in my reins.] I was deeply Ver. 2. — the rod of thine inheritance,] The "tribe" wounded with disquieting thoughts and tormenting or portion" of thine inheritance,” as in the margin. passions, envy, sorrow, and anger. Poole.
Bp. Horne. See the note on Jer. x. 16. 23. Nevertheless I am continually with thee :] Not 3. Lift up thy feet &c.] God is represented as withstanding these foolish thoughts, I am under the having withdrawn Himself, and departed afar off; He care of thy good providence. Bp. Patrick.
is therefore entreated to return without delay, to view 27.-thou hast destroyed &c.] Thou hast destroyed the long lasting desolations of the once highly-favoured those who, forsaking thy service, have devoted them- city, and the ravages made by enemies in the sanctuary. selves to the worship of other gods. Bp. Patrick. See Bp. Horne. the note on Exod. xxxiv. 16.
4. Thine enemies roar &c.] That is, they send up This Psalm teaches us how we ought to judge of the shouts of triumph in those places where thy people prosperity of the wicked and the afflictions of the right- used to praise thy name. Bp. Patrick.
We ought never to believe that wicked men, they set up their ensigns for signs.] They erect who live in mirth and plenty in this world, and who their standards in token of victory. Bp. Patrick. enjoy all their wishes, are truly happy, or that the right 5, 6. A man was famous &c.] It was formerly eous, because they are afflicted, serve God in vain. thought an employment of much honour, to cut down Asaph has taught us, that to resist this temptation we and prepare trees for the building of thy holy sanc
of the desolation of the sanctuary,
and prayeth for help. carved work thereof at once with axes 17 Thou hast set all the borders and hammers.
of the earth: thou hast + made sum- + Heb. made + Heb. They 7 + They have cast fire into thy mer and winter. have sent thy sanctuary sanctuary, they have defiled by cast 18 Remember this, that the enemy into the fire. ing down the dwelling place of thy hath reproached, O LORD, and that name to the ground.
the foolish people have blasphemed
burned up all the synagogues of God turtledove unto the multitude of the
wicked : forget not the congregation
100 God, how long shall the ad- are full of the habitations of cruelty.
1s Why withdrawest thou thy hand, praise thy name.
cause : remember how the foolish
23 Forget not the voice of thine
enemies: the tumult of those that 13 - Thou didst + divide the sea rise up against thee t increaseth con- + Heb; + Hleb. break. by thy strength: thou brakest the tinually. | Or, whales. heads of the || dragons in the waters. 14 Thou brakest the heads of
PSALM LXXV. leviathan in pieces, and gavest him 1 The prophet praiseth God. 2 He promisett to be meat to the people inhabiting to judge uprightly. 4 He rebuketh the the wilderness.
proud by consideration of God's providence. 15 Thou didst cleave the fountain 9 He praiseth God, and promiseth to exeand the flood : thou driedst up
1 To the chief Musician, || Al-tas- Or, Destroy © Josh . 3. 13. † mighty rivers.
16 The day is thine, the night also chith, A Psalm or Song || of Asaph. 1 Or, for of strength. is thine : thou hast prepared the light U
NTO thee, O God, do we give and the sun.
thanks, unto thee do we give
a Exod. 14. 21.
b Exod. 17. 5. Numb. 20.
+ Heb. rivers
tuary. But now every man thinks himself most de- and mournful, was in danger of being speedily deserving, that can do the greatest havock in thy temple. voured by her inveterate enemies. Bp. Horne. Bp. Hall.
20. Hade respect unto &c.] Have regard unto the 9. We see not &c.] We see not any token of thy promises into which Thou didst enter with thy people : Divine
presence with us, nor is there so much as a Pro- for now the land is full of rapine and cruelty, and every phet to give us advice or comfort, or to tell us when dark corner of it is a den of thieves and murderers. Bp. these calamities will have an end. Travell.
Patrick. 11.-pluck it out of thy bosom.] That is, Exert thy This Psalm engages us to make these four principal power again for the destruction of thy enemies. Tra- reflections: 1. That the Church has been in all ages exvell. The hand, when unemployed, was usually inserted posed to persecution ; and therefore we ought not to in the folds of the garment on the bosom. See note at wonder, if the Christian Church has been, and still is, Ps. lxxix. 12.
sometimes persecuted. 2. That as God, to punish the 13. -thou brakest &c.] Thou didst confound the Jews for their abuse of his service, suffered them to be great and mighty enemies of Israel, in the Red sea. led into captivity; for the same reasons He has often Bp. Hall.
delivered his church into the hands of persecutors, dragons] See the note on Ps. xliv. 19.
with a design to try it, and to purify it. 3. When God 14. Thou brakest the heads &c.] “ Leviathan” stands appears the most provoked with his people, He does for Pharaoh, or the Egyptian power, represented by the not quite forsake them, but always remembers his Egyptian animal, the crocodile. The heads” of levi- covenant, and delivers them at last. 4. As the Proathan are the princes of Egypt, the leaders of the phet was grieved for the calamities of the Jews, and Egyptian armies. And the people inhabiting the wil prayed for their restoration, so Christians ought to be derness,” to whom they were given for a prey, are the sensibly affected with the misfortunes of the church, wild beasts haunting the deserts. Bp. Horne. and to pray continually for its deliverance and pros
17. - borders of the earth:] The boundaries of the perity. "Ostervald. earth, so that the sea cannot overwhelm them. See Jer. v. 22; Job xxxvii. 8. 11. Rosenmüller.
Psalm LXXV. It is not improbable that this Psalm 19. - thy turtledove] Thy church, which like a was composed by Asaph on the destruction of the Asturtledove, simple, defenceless, solitary, meek, timid, syrian army under Sennacherib. Travell.