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shall take a set time.
I Judah in Goedeknown : his name
+ Heb. desert.
The psalmist rebukelh the proud.
Gods majesty in the church. thanks: for that thy name is near thy | To the chief Musician on Negiwondrous works declare.
noth, A Psalm or Song || of Asaph. Or,
for Asaph. 1 Or, When I 2 || When I shall receive the con N Judah is God known: his name gregation I will judge uprightly.
is great Israel. 3 The earth and all the inhabitants
2 In Salem also is his tabernacle,
3 There brake he the arrows of
4 Thou art more glorious and ex-
5 The stouthearted are spoiled,
8 For in the hand of the Lord into a dead sleep.
7 Thou, even thou, art to be feared :
be heard from heaven; the earth
feared, and was still,
9 When God arose to judgment,
10 Surely the wrath of man shall
praise thee: the remainder of wrath
shalt thou restrain.
11 Vow, and pay unto the LORD
your God: let all that be round about
Ver. 2. When I shall receive &c.] The first verse is 8. For in the hand &c.] As the choicest of heavenly spoken by many persons; here the speaker is one, and blessings are frequently in Scripture represented by the that one is plainly a ruler, who promises that when he salutary effects of wine, so from the noxious and intoxishall have“ received the congregation," or, as some cating qualities of that liquor, when drunk strong, and render it, “when he shall have gotten an appointed, or in too large a quantity, is borrowed a most tremendous fit time, or season,” that is, when he shall be established image of the wrath and indignation of Almighty God. in power and authority, at a fit time and place, he will | Bp. Horne. “judge uprightly, and introduce a thorough reforma it is full of mixture :] See the note from Bp. tion into the kingdom.” Bp. Horne.
Lowth on Isa. i. 22. 3. The earth and all &c.] In this verse seem to be This Psalm especially instructs us that it is God who the words of God in answer, that “ Now the time was establishes and strengthens kings, and gives peace to come for Him to do justice, and therefore the earth their dominions; and that it is the duty of kings and melted before Him:" this it might well do, as “ He had princes, and in general of all magistrates, to exercise first set up the pillars of it:" it stood firm only by his justice, to restrain the wicked and the proud, and to order, and therefore must be dissolved when He pleased. protect the innocent. Ostervald. Mudge, Dr. Kennicott.
4. — Lift not up the horn :) Behave not yourselves Psalm LXXVI. This is a song of triumph on God's so insolently. Bp. Wilson.
deliverance of Jerusalem from a powerful army which 5. Lift not up &c.] For illustrations of this expres- threatened the destruction of it, probably the army of sion, see the note at 1 Sam. ii. 1. To which may be Sennacherib. Green. added, with a view to the particular phrase here em Ver. 4. — than the mountains of prey.] Mountains ployed, that the crooked manner in which the Abys- often stand for great princes; and this may be a figurasinians hold the neck, when this ornament is on their tive expression for mighty conquerors who ravage the forehead, for fear it should fall forward, seems to agree earth. with what the Psalmist calls 'speaking with a stiff neck,' 5. The stouthearted &c.] The mighty, warriours for it perfectly shews the meaning of speaking with a that came up against Jerusalem are spoiled, and have stiff neck, when you hold the horn on high, or erect, slept the sleep of death ; neither were any of those like the horn of an unicorn." Bruce.
great champions able to resist the destroying angel. 6. For promotion cometh neither &c.] That is, suc- Bp. Hall. cess and advancement come not from any earthly 10. Surely the wrath &c.] From the spite and maquarter, but from God.
lice of thine enemies, Thou shalt take occasion to win
+ Heb. to fear.
The psalmist's combat with diffidence. PSALMS.
The victory which he gained. him bring presents + unto him that 7 Will the Lord cast off for ever? ought to be feared.
and will he be favourable no more? 12 He shall cut off the spirit of 8 Is his mercy clean gone for ever? princes: he is terrible to the kings of doth his promise fail + for evermore ? Heb, to the earth.
9 Hath God forgotten to be gra- and genera-
10 And I said, This is my infir-
of the right hand of the most High.
A Psalm || of Asaph. for Asaph.
the Lord: surely I will remember CRIED unto God with my voice, thy wonders of old.
12 I will meditate also of all thy
work, and talk of thy doings.
14 Thou art the God that doest
15 Thou hast with thine arm re-
5 I have considered the days of 16 The waters saw thee, O God, old, the years of ancient times. the waters saw thee; they were afraid:
6 I call to remembrance my song the depths also were troubled. in the night: I commune with mine 17 + The clouds poured out water: 1 Heb. the own heart: and my spirit made dili- the skies sent out a sound: thine poured forth
arrows also went abroad.
+ Heb. my hand.
praise and glory to thy name ; and Thou wilt so the power of the great Ruler of the universe ; with all restrain their power and tyranny, that they shall do no the ardour of gratitude and affection, he bursts forth further injury to thy people. Bp. Hall
into a strain of praise and exultation, ver. 13—19. In 12. - ihe spirit] The pride. Merrick.
this passage we are at a loss which to admire most, Why are the miraculous exertions of Omnipotence the ease and grace with which the digression is made, recorded in the Book of Life, but to suggest to us this the choice of the incidents, the magnificence of the reflection, that God, and God only, is the proper object imagery, or the force and elegance of the diction. Bp. of our fear; since neither the wisdom of the wise, nor Lowth. the power of the mighty, no, not the world itself, can Ver. 2. - my sore ran &c.] This is rendered more stand a single moment before Him, “when once He is literally by an ancient Greek version, “my hand was
Yet we continue to dread any frowns but stretched out in the night without intermission.” Bps. those of Heaven. Bp. Horne.
Horne and Lowth.
6. I call to remembrance &c.] I called to mind the Psalm LXXVII. This Psalm is of that diversified songs I had composed, in memory of thy signal merand unequal kind which ascends from a cool and de- cies ; I spent whole nights in silent meditation, and in liberate opening to a high degree of sublimity. The revolving in my mind what could be the cause, that Prophet, oppressed with a heavy weight of affliction, Thou shouldest forsake thy people. Travell, Bp. Padisplays the extreme dejection and perturbation of his trick. soul, and most elegantly and pathetically describes the 10. - This is my infirmity: &c.] “My weakness of conflicts and internal contests to which he is subjected, faith” to entertain such thoughts. Dr. Wells, Bp: before he is enabled to rise from the depths of woe to Horne. But I will remember that the power of God any degree of hope or confidence. In the character of endureth for ever. a suppliant he first pours forth his earnest prayers to 13. Thy way, &c.] The meaning is, The methods the God of his hope. He next endeavours to mitigate his of thy providence are just and holy. Bp. Patrick, Old sorrows by the remembrance of former times; but this, Translation. on the contrary, only seems to aggravate his sufferings, 16. The waters saw thee, &c.] The waters of the by the comparison of his present adversity with his Red sea are here beautifully represented as endued with former happiness. Again, recollecting the different sensibility, as seeing, feeling, and being confounded, methods by which the Almighty seeks the salvation of even to the lowest depths, at the presence and power of his people, appearing frequently to frown upon those their great Creator, when He commanded them to open " in whom he delighteth: reconsidering also the vast a way, and to form a wall on each side of it, until his series of mercies which He had bestowed upon his people were passed over. Bp. Horne. chosen people; the miracles which He had wrought in 17. – thiñe arrows] That is, thy lightnings, or their favour; in a word, the goodness, the holiness, thunderbolts. Poole.
a Exod. 14. 19.
An exhortation both to learn
and to preach the law of God.
arise and declare them to their chil-
in God, and not forget the works of
thers, a stubborn and rebellious gene
ration; a generation that set not + Heb. that PSALM LXXVIII. their heart aright, and whose spirit Feir heart. 1 An exhortation both to learn and to preach was not stedfast with God.
the law of God. 9 The story of God's 9 The children of Ephraim, being
throwing God chose Judah, Zion, and David.
10 They kept not the covenant Or, A
1 || Maschil of Asaph. Psalm for
of God, and refused to walk in his Asaph to give
law: incline your ears to the 11 And forgat his works, and his
wonders that he had shewed them.
Egypt, in the field of Zoan.
them to pass through; and he made 21. 4 We will not hide them from their the waters to stand as an heap. children, shewing to the generation 14 4 In the daytime also he led . Exod. 18. to come the praises of the Lord, and them with a cloud, and all the night his strength, and his wonderful works with a light of fire. that he hath done.
15 He clave the rocks in the wil- e Exod. 17.6. 5 For he established a testimony derness, and gave them drink as out Ps. 105.41. in Jacob, and appointed a law in of the great depths.
Israel, which he commanded our fa 16 He brought streams also out of b Deut. 4. 9. thers, b that they should make them the rock, and caused waters to run known to their children:
down like rivers.
a Ps. 49. 4. Matt, 13. 35.
21. 14. 24.
1 Cor. 10. 4.
& 6. 7.
19. Thy way is &c.] God walked before his people served throughout; for the minute detail of so prothrough the sea, though He left no footsteps of Himself tracted a series of events could scarcely fail to tire in & behind Him. Mudge.
work of imagination. The Egyptian miracles are introA weak man cannot rightly judge of the actions of a duced in a very happy and elegant digression, and may man wiser than himself, of whose views and designs he be considered as forming a kind of episode. Bp. Lowth. is not master : much less can man judge of the ways of Ver. 2. — parable :] See notes at Numb. xxiii. 7; God, to whose counsels he is not admitted, and to Job xxvii. 1. whose secrets he is a stranger. In complaining, the dark sayings] The original word means, a Psalmist followed the natural impressions of passion pointed or obscure saying ; such as requires, either for and impatience : in acknowledging the folly of his com- the conception or understanding of it, considerable inplaint, he spoke not only the language of grace, but of genuity. Bp. Lowth. But there is nothing obscure in sense and reason. But this good man, being well this Psalm, which contains instructive historical truths. grounded in religion, was able so far to get the better of Therefore the expression should be rendered “pointed his doubts and fears, as to pass a right judgment in his truths.” Street. own case, and to call to his assistance the proper reflec 5. - a testimony] Or solemn charge. Mudge. tions which the great works of Providence administered 9. The children of Ephraim, &c.] The history here for the support and confirmation of his hope and con- referred to is that of the Israelites going up, contrary fidence towards God. Here then was his comfort ; to God's command, to take possession of the land of here the cure of all his grief. Bp. Sherlock.
Canaan, when they were smitten before their enemies.
See Deut. i. 42. The Ephraimites are here specified, Psalm LXXVIII. This Psalm pursues the history of probably, as being the most warlike tribe, and as having the Israelites from the time of their departure from led on, perhaps, the rest of the tribes to the battle. Egypt to the reign of David, particularizing and illus- Green. trating all the leading events. The style is simple and 12. — in the field of Zoan.] In the territories that uniform, but the structure is poetical, and the senti- belong to Zoan, a chief city of Egypt, and the court of ments occasionally splendid. The historical, or rather Pharaoh, where those miraculous works would be so chronological, order cannot be said to be exactly pre- much more noted. Bp. Hall,
f Numb. 11. 4.
The story of God's wrath against PSALMS.
the incredulous and disobedient.
19 Yea, they spake against God; enquired early after God.
was their rock, and the high God
that the waters gushed out, and the 36 Nevertheless they did flatter
37 For their heart was not right
sion, forgave their iniquity, and de-
not stir up all his wrath.
away, and cometh not again.
in the desert! | 0r, Every 25 || Man did eat angels' food: he 41 Yea, they turned back and sent them meat to the full.
tempted God, and limited the Holy + Heb. to go. blow in the heaven: and by his power 26 He caused an east wind + to One of Israel.
42 They remembered not his hand, he brought in the south wind. nor the day when he delivered || them Or, from
27 He rained flesh also upon them from the enemy. 4 Heb. fowl as dust, and + feathered fowls like as 43 How he had wrought his + Heb. set. the sand of the sea :
signs in Egypt, and his wonders in 28 And he let it fall in the midst the field of Zoan: of their camp, round about their habi 44 k And had turned their rivers k Exod. 7. tations.
into blood; and their floods, that they 29 So they did eat, and were well could not drink. filled: for he gave them their own 45 'He sent divers sorts of flies 1 Exod. 8. 24. desire;
among them, which devoured them; 30 They were not estranged from and frogs, which destroyed them. Numb. 11. their lust. But I while their meat 46 m He gave also their increase m Exod. 10. was yet in their mouths,
unto the caterpiller, and their labour 31 The wrath of God came upon unto the locust.
them, and slew the fattest of them, 47 " He + destroyed their vines ? Exod. 9. 23. Heb. made and + smote down the || chosen men with hail, and their sycomore trees killed. 1 Or, young of Israel.
with || frost. 32 For all this they sinned still, 48 + He gave up their cattle also 1 Heb. He and believed not for his wondrous to the hail
, and their flocks to || hot or, works. thunderbolts.
h Exod. 16.
one did eat the bread of the mighty.
& 8. 6.
| Or, great hailstones,
.18. -- they tempted God &c.] They were not content “the bread of the mighty," or of great men; that is, with the bountiful provision which God had made for the whole body of the people lived upon excellent food. them, but murmured against Him, and demanded meat Rosenmüller. to satisfy their craving appetite. Bp. Patrick, Travell. 30. They were not estranged from their lust.] They 21. - a fire was kindled against Jacob,] See note at obtained the object of their wishes.
33. Therefore their days &c.] Therefore He never 25. Man did eat angels' food:] That is, manna, suffered them to come into that land, but made them which may be called angels food, as coming from the wander up and down in the wilderness to no purpose, clouds of heaven, the habitation of angels. Dr. Wells
. and consumed them by various plagues. Travell. Or rather, the rendering should be, as in the margin, 41. -- and limited the Holy One of Israel.] This
Numb. xi. 1.
+ Heb. He
beasts to the murrain. Exod. 9. 3. o Exod. 12. 29. & 9. 3.
The story of God's wrath against PSALMS.
the incredulous and disobedient. 49 He cast upon them the fierce- anger with their high places, and ness of his anger, wrath, and indig- moved him to jealousy with their nation, and trouble, by sending evil graven images. angels among them.
59 When God heard this, he was 50 + He made a way to his anger; wroth, and greatly abhorred Israel : weighed a path. he spared not their soul from death, 60 So that he forsook the taber- sl Sam. 4. Or, their: but gave || their life over to the pes- nacle of Shiloh, the tent which he tilence;
placed among men;
that they feared not: but the sea men; and their maidens were not 2, Exod: 14. P+overwhelmed their enemies. #given to marriage.
+ Heb. 54 And he brought them to the
64 Their priests fell by the sword;
65 Then the Lord awaked as one 55 He cast out the heathen also out of sleep, and like a mighty man 9 Josh. 13. 7. before them, and a divided them an that shouteth by reason of wine.
inheritance by line, and made the 66 And he smote his enemies in
tribe of Ephraim :
high palaces, like the earth which he
27. 10. + Heb. covered.
r Deut. 32. 21.
should be rendered, according to several ancient ver- Christ: therefore Christ is the Most High God. Jones sions, " and provoked the Holy One of Israel.” Di- of Nayland. mock.
61. — delivered his strength &c.] That is, the ark of 49. He cast upon them &c.] Some of the Egyptian the covenant, which was the token of God's power and plagues having been specified in the foregoing verses, glory, was delivered up to the Philistines, 1 Sam. iv. 11. others of them are here thrown together, and the whole 22 ; and v. 1. Green. scene is affirmed to have been a full display of wrath 67. – he refused &c.] When the ark was brought and vengeance, executed upon the oppressors of the back, God did not permit it to be placed again in church by "evil angels, agents, or messengers ;”. whe- Shiloh, which was in the tribe of Ephraim, the son of ther by this expression we understand the material in- Joseph. Bp. Patrick. struments of Divine displeasure; or angels employed 69. And he built &c.]. On this hill Solomon built as ministers of vengeance; or the actual appearance and him a stately temple, which was not moveable, like his ministration of evil spirits, suffered to torment the former habitation, but remained perpetually fixed, like wicked in this world, as they certainly will do in the the earth on which it stood. Travell. next. Tradition seems to have favoured this last opi We cannot exercise our devotions more usefully upon nion, since the author of the Book of Wisdom describes any part of the Old Testament, than upon the history the Egyptian darkness as a kind of temporary hell, of God's wonderful loving-kindness to, and miraculous Wisd. xvii. Bp. Horne.
deliverances of, his own chosen people, the Jews. 51. Ham.] The father of the Egyptians. Bp. There we find all the most heightened acts of power, all Wilson.
the transcendent kindness, and bounty, and affection, 54. — this mountain,] , Zion, which_He took from which the most exalted imagination of man can suppose the Jebusites by the hand of David. Bp. Wilson. possible to result from Divinity itself; and there we
56. Yet they tempted and provoked the most high God,] find the most inexpressible ingratitude and baseness of St. Paul says, with reference to the same transactions, spirit, the foulest enormities and transgressions, and “ Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also the most barefaced contempt of that Power which had tempted,” i Cor. x. 9. These texts do both relate to preserved and protected them, which the malice of the the same rebellious acts of the Israelites in the wilder- devil himself can infuse into the heart of man. Again, ness. In the former of them, the Person they tempted we find, on the one hand, the patience and mercy of is called the Most High God; in the latter, He is called God contending to be too hard for that malice, check