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The church complaineth


of her present evils. E have heard with our ears, O 13 - Thou makest us a reproach to a Ps. 79. 4.

God, our fathers have told us, our neighbours, a scorn and a derision
what work thou didst in their days, in to them that are round about us.
the times of old.

14 - Thou makest us a byword b Jer. 24. 9.
2 How thou didst drive out the among the heathen, a shaking of the
heathen with thy hand, and plantedst head among the people.
them; how thou didst afflict the peo 15 My confusion is continually
ple, and cast them out.

before me, and the shame of my face
3 For they got not the land in hath covered me,
possession by their own sword, neither 16 For the voice of him that re-
did their own arm save them: but proacheth and blasphemeth; by reason
thy right hand, and thine arm, and the of the enemy and avenger.
light of thy countenance, because 17 All this is come upon us; yet
thou hadst a favour unto them, have we not forgotten thee, neither

4 Thou art my King, O God: have we dealt falsely in thy covenant.
command deliverances for Jacob. 18 Our heart is not turned back,

5 Through thee will we push down neither have our || steps declined from v Or, goinge.
our enemies: through thy name will thy way;
we tread them under that rise up 19 Though thou hast sore broken us
against us.

in the place of dragons, and covered
6 For I will not trust in my bow, us with the shadow of death.
neither shall my sword save me. 20 If we have forgotten the name

7 But thou hast saved us from our of our God, or stretched out our hands
enemies, and hast put them to shame to a strange god;
that hated us.

21 Shall not God search this out?
8 In God we boast all the day long, for he knoweth the secrets of the
and praise thy name for ever. "Selah. heart.

9 But thou hast cast off, and put 22 · Yea, for thy sake are we killed c Rom. 8. 36.
us to shame; and goest not forth with all the day long; we are counted as
our armies.

sheep for the slaughter.
10 Thou makest us to turn back 23 Awake, why sleepest thou, O
from the enemy: and they which hate Lord? arise, cast us not off for
us spoil for themselves.

+ Heb. as ii Thou hast given us + like sheep 24 Wherefore hidest thou thy face,
sheep of meat. appointed for meat; and hast scat- and forgettest our affliction and our
tered us among the heathen.

oppression ?
+ Heb. with 12 Thou sellest thy people + for 25 For our soul is bowed down to

nought, and dost not increase thy the dust: our belly cleaveth unto the
wealth by their price.

earth. Ver. 2. the heathen] That is, the Canaanites. enemy, and so insatiable is his revenge. Bp. Patrick, 3. --- the light of thy countenance.] That is, thy gracious Travell

. and glorious presence, which went along with them. 19. — in the place of dragons,] That is, in the wilPoole.

derness ; in a wild desolate place, where were serpents 9. But thou hast cast off, But yet at present thou and other noxious animals. The inspired author seems permittest us to be dealt with, as if thou hadst cast us here to refer to some former distress of the Jewish off. Dr. Wells. All that is contained from this verse to nation. Edwards. the fifteenth, was expressly foretold, Deut. xxviii. Bp. covered us with the shadow of death.] That is, Wilson.

deprived us of all hope of escaping from our misery. 11. Thou hast given us &c.] Like sheep for the slaugh- Rosenmüller. ter. Green.

22. Yea, for thy sake &c.] But our sufferings for the 12. Thou sellest thy people &c.] That is, thou per- truth testify our fidelity to thee; for it is our persevermittest them to be held cheap and vile, and to be sold ance in religion which daily exposes us to the horrours into slavery by their enemies, for little or nothing; a of death. Bp. Patrick, Travell. situation far more to be dreaded than the sword of the 25. - our soul is bowed down &c.] The weight of our executioner. Bp. Horne.

misery is so great, that it hath sunk us into this dejected 14. Thou makest us a byword &c.] A proverb of condition, so that we have no strength left to help ourwretchedness among the heathen, who shook their heads selves. Bp. Patrick, Travell. at them in mere contempt and derision. Bp. Patrick. Like the Israelites of old, we should in our afflictions

15, 16. My confusion is &c.] I am confounded with comfort ourselves with the consideration of the goodthe continual marks of our disgrace, and am so ashamed, ness of the Lord, and the evident proofs He has in all that I am unwilling to shew my face : nor do I hear any ages given of his power and mercy. As they acknowthing but reproachful words against us, and blasphemy ledged that their fathers had become masters of the land against Thee, O God; such is the insolence of the of Canaan, not by their own strength, but by the power

out riches.

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The majesty and grace


of Christ's kingdom. + Heb. a help 26 Arise + for our help, and re 4 And in thy majesty + ride pros- Hebor deem us for thy mercies' sake. perously because of truth and meek- ride thou.

ness and righteousness; and thy right PSALM XLV.

hand shall teach thee terrible things.
1 The majesty and grace of Christ's kingdom. 5 Thine arrows are sharp in the

10 The duty of the church, and the benefits heart of the king's enemies ; whereby

the people fall under thee.
To the chief Musician upon Sho-

6 a Thy throne, O God, is for ever a Hebr. 1. 8. shannim, for the sons of Korah, and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom | Or, of || Maschil, A song of loves.

is a right sceptre.

which I have made touching the king: God, hath anointed thee with the oil
my tongue is the pen of a ready of gladness above thy fellows.

8 All thy garments smell of myrrh,
2 Thou art fairer than the children and aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory
of men: grace is poured into thy lips : palaces, whereby they have made thee
therefore God hath blessed thee for glad.

9 Kings' daughters were among 3 Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, thy honourable women: upon thy O most mighty, with thy glory and right hand did stand the queen in thy majesty,

gold of Ophir.

+ Heb.
boileth, or,


M\matterI speak or the things hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy

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of God; we should likewise give God the glory of all way so prosperous, by promoting all manner of virtue the blessings we enjoy. Ostervald.

among thy subjects, and by terrifying thy enemies, that

it may prove a lively emblem of the happy government Psalm XLV. This is a very remarkable Psalm, sup- of the Lord Christ : whose kingdom shall prevail over posed to have been originally written on occasion of all, when He goes forth, like a great conqueror in his Solomon's marriage with the daughter of Pharaoh king triumphal chariot, not to enslave men's persons, but to of Egypt. But indeed many of the expressions in it settle the true faith among them; to make them humble are of so exalted a nature, that they cannot with any and meek, just and charitable : and for the accomplishpropriety be applied to any one but our Saviour ; so that ing of this glorious work, thy mighty power, O Lord, it may well be said, as our Lord doth in another case, shall instruct Thee to perform miraculous and amazing “Behold, a greater than Solomon is here !” Accordingly things. Bp. Patrick, Travell. it has been generally understood to be a prophetical 5. Thine arrows are sharp &c.] Thy power shall be song, foretelling the marriage of Christ with his spouse sufficient to subdue thy greatest enemies ; so shall the the Church. St. Paul (Heb. i.) expressly applies the grace of Christ be mightily successful in bringing the sixth and seventh verses of this Psalm to our Saviour. Gentile world into subjection to his kingdom. Dr. It is very properly appointed to be used on Christmas Hammond. day, when we commemorate his actual coming into the 6. Thy throne, O God, &c.] The kingdom of the world. Travell.

Messiah is never to have an end. And herein is Solo- Shoshannim,] By this term we may understand all mon a type of Him : the kingdom of Judah, now settled those instruments which had six strings. Bp. Patrick. on him, shall endure till the time of the Messiah's

Ver. 1. My heart is inditing &c.] My heart is full and coming, and entering on his immutable kingdom. Dr. ready to overflow with an important and glorious sub- Hammond. ject, which I have meditated, and am ready to utter in 7. Thou lovest righteousness, &c.] Thou, O Christ, honour of king Solomon; who is but a shadow of that lovest righteousness and hatest iniquity; therefore God great King whom we expect. Travell.

the Father hath advanced Thee above all angels and - a ready writer.] That is, a well-instructed writer; men, and exalted Thee to reign for ever at his own a writer prepared and ready, by a perfect knowledge of right hand. And herein also was Solomon a type of the subject he undertakes to treat. Bp. Horsley. the Messiah, whose preference of wisdom to wealth was

2. Thou art fairer &c.] Thou, 0 king, art lovely highly rewarded by God, beyond all other men. Dr. above all other persons, thy speech is most acceptable Hammond. and persuasive, because the Lord loves thee, and has 8. All thy garments &c.] Thy wedding garments, poured his choicest blessings upon thee : yet do these worn by thee on this joyful occasion, scatter through but faintly represent the eternal blessings, which He the royal apartments, richly inlaid with ivory, a frawill bestow on that great King, who shall be “ in favour grance of the sweetest perfumes : in like manner shall with God and man,” and who shall make all men the heavenly graces of Christ be diffused, as a sweet “wonder at the gracious words which proceed out of odour over his faithful servants. Travell. his mouth.Bp. Patrick.

myrrh, and aloes, and cassia,] Perhaps these 3. Gird thy sword &c.] Put on thy royal ornaments, were the drugs, with which the oil for the anointing the and the ensigns of thy power, that thou mayest appear kings of Israel and Judah was prepared. Two of them, with such splendour and majesty, as may serve for an the myrrh and cassia, are the same with those from emblem of that sovereign authority, in which the Lord which the oil for the consecration of Aaron and his of all the world shall hereafter appear among men. Bp. sons was commanded to be made. See Exod. xxx. 23, Patrick.

24. Street. 4. And in thy majesty &c.] May thy kingdom be every 9. Kings' daughters &c.] Thy court was attended by

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The duty and benefits of the church. PSALMS.

Her confidence 10 Hearken, O daughter, and con 16 Instead of thy fathers shall be sider, and incline thine ear; forget thy children, whom thou mayest make also thine own people, and thy father's princes in all the earth. house;

17 I will make thy name to be re-
11 So shall the king greatly desire membered in all generations: there-
thy beauty: for he is thy LORD; and fore shall the people praise thee for
worship thou him.

ever and ever.
12 And the daughter of Tyre shall
be there with a gift; even the rich

PSALM XLVI. + Heb, thy

among the people shall intreat + thy

1 The confidence which the church hath in

God. 8 An exhortation to behold it. 13 The king's daughter is all glorious within : her clothing is of 1 To the chief Musician || for the i Or, os.

sons of Korah, A song upon Alawrought gold.

moth. 14 She shall be brought unto the


follow her shall be brought unto thee.

2 Therefore will not we fear, though 15 With gladness and rejoicing the earth be removed, and though the shall they be brought: they shall mountains be carried into + the midst Heb. the enter into the king's palace.


king in raiment of needlework on the Goveis que se faire la rich

of the sea;

heart of the seas.

kings' daughters ; and next to thyself was placed the make thy name to be mentioned with honour throughroyal bride, clad in garments embroidered with gold; out all ages, which shall celebrate thy praise, as long as an image of Christ's spouse, the Church, which shall the world shall last: and much more shall the name hereafter “sit” with Him “in heavenly places,” (Ephes. of Christ, and his blessed union with his Church, be ii. 6,) arrayed in the garments of righteousness and sal- celebrated with perpetual praises. Bp. Patrick, Travell. vation. Bp. Patrick, Travell.

As we are not apt to consider Christ Himself aright, 10. Hearken, 0 daughter, &c.] Understand, and con- and thereby may probably fail in prescribing good rules sider seriously, O royal bride, the happiness of being to ourselves for the performance of our duty to Him, so married to such a prince; and let not the thoughts of we have as little regard what service we are to do, and thy own country and family dwell too much upon thy what reverence we are to pay to that dear spouse of his, mind : in like manner must the true Christian, when the Church : many too superstitiously contracting all brought to Christ, renounce the world, and even his their devotion to her ivory palaces, and to her raiment dearest connexions, for his sake. Bp. Patrick, Travell. of needlework, to outward forms and ceremonies, and

12. And the daughter of Tyre &c.] The people of the to the pomp of Divine worship, without much consirich and neighbouring city of Tyre shall come and bring dering the inward operation and effect of religion; and presents; the most powerful among them shall solicit others as licentiously and profanely, under pretence of thy favour; as the kings of the earth shall hereafter being “all glorious within," contemn all outward prebring their glory and honour into the church, Rev. xxi. paration for, and ornament of, God's service, and 24. Bp. Patrick.

because Christ's Church consists of the multitude of 13. "The king's daughter &c.] The bride of our prince believers, and that He looks principally upon the heart is no less adorned with all excellent qualities of mind, as the seat of religion, they will allow Him no other than her body is with rich and splendid attire ; so the temple to be served in, and believe both churches and ornaments of those that are born of God in the Christian priests of no use to the exercise of their devotion. church shall not be so much “that outward adorning of Whereas, though the king's daughter be all glorious wearing of gold, as the hidden man of the heart, which within, her clothing is” likewise to be "of wrought is in the sight of God of great price,” i Pet. iii. 3, 4. gold;" inward sanctity appears the more beautiful, for Bp. Patrick.

the outward decency and lustre that attends it. And 14. She shall be brought &c.] She shall be brought Christ Himself, though He expects and requires the home unto the king with magnificent pomp, in embroi- duty of the heart, and to be served by all persons, and dered raiment; and the virgins, that attend upon her, in all places, yet He reserves some offices in his service shall accompany her : in like manner shall Christ re- for a peculiar people, more particularly dedicated to it, ceive his spouse the Church, adorned with a robe of and vouchsafes more especially to reside in those places righteousness; and all they, who in after-ages shall be which are more solemnly dedicated to, and consecrated acknowledged by Christ as his disciples, shall altoge- for, his worship. Lord Clarendon. ther form one glorious train of attendants. Bp. Patrick, Travell.

Psalm XLVI. This appears to be a thanksgiving 16. Instead of thy fathers &c.] And may this be the Psalm for some victory or deliverance. Street. Probahappy fruit of thy marriage, that, instead of thy royal bly it may have been composed in the reign of Jehoancestors in Egypt, thou mayest be the mother of shaphat. See 2 Chron. xx. Rosenmüller. children, who shall be rulers in all countries subject to for the sons of Korah, A Song upon Alamoth.] The king Solomon : so shall the Church continually bring word Alamoth has by some been understood to specify forth children unto Christ, * whom he shall make kings the musical instrument, which was used to accompany and priests unto God; and they shall reign on the the singing of the Psalm. But it also signifies virgins or earth," Rev. v. 10. Travell.

maidens. The meaning of the title therefore may be," An 17. I will make thy name &c.] By this song I will ode by the sons of Korah together with virgins.” Street,

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the morning

in God's protection.

PSALMS. The nations exhorted to praise God.
3 Though the waters thereof roar
and be troubled, though the moun-

tains shake with the swelling thereof. The nations are exhorted cheerfully to enter-

tain the kingdom of Christ.
4 There is a river, the streams
whereof shall make glad the city of 1 To the chief Musician, A Psalm

|| for the sons of Korah. || Or, of.
God, the holy place of the taberna-
cles of the most High.

O CLAP your hands, all ye peo5 God is in the midst of her; she ple; shout unto God with the

shall not be moved: God shall help voice of triumph. + Heb. when her, t and that right early.

2 For the LORD most high is terriappeareth. 6 The heathen raged, the king- ble; he is a great king over all the

doms were moved : he uttered his earth.
voice, the earth melted.

3 He shall subdue the people under
7 The Lord of hosts is with us; us, and the nations under our feet.
+ Heb. an the God of Jacob is + our refuge. 4 He shall choose our inheritance
kigh place for

for us, the excellency of Jacob whom
8 Come, behold the works of the he loved. Selah.
LORD, what desolations he hath made 5 God is gone up with a shout, the
in the earth.

LORD with the sound of a trumpet.
9 He maketh wars to cease unto 6 Sing praises to God, sing praises :
the end of the earth; he breaketh sing praises unto our King, sing
the bow, and cutteth the spear in praises.
sunder; he burneth the chariot in the 7 For God is the King of all the

earth: sing ye praises || with under- 1 0r, every
10 Be still, and know that I am standing.
God: I will be exalted among the 8 God reigneth over the heathen : standing.
heathen, I will be exalted in the God sitteth upon the throne of his

voluntary of 11 The Lord of hosts is with us; 9 || The princes of the people are the people are the God of Jacob is our refuge. gathered together, even the people of the people of Selah.

the God of Abraham : for the shields the God of

one that hath under

1 Or, The

Ver. 3, 4. Though the waters &c.] The sense is, Though the tabernacle on mount Zion by David, or thence into the numerous forces which are come up against Jerusa- the temple by Solomon. And the ark being a type of lem should, like a tempestuous sea, roar and rage, and Christ, as mount Zion was of heaven, the carrying of threaten her with utter destruction; yet the smals forces the ark up to that mount may be considered as a type that guard her, which for their stillness may be com- of Christ's ascension into heaven: and accordingly this pared to the soft flowing stream of Siloah, shall by the Psalm is appointed by the Church to be used on Ascenhelp of her God protect her. Green.

sion-day. Dr. Wells, Travell. 6. The heathen raged, &c.] How concise and ener Ver. 4. He shall choose &c.] Or, he hath chosen the getick are these expressions of the Divine power! Bp. good land of Canaan to be our inheritance. Dr. Wells. Horne.

the excellency of Jacob] Meaning the land of he uttered his coice,] Alluding to the demonstra- Israel. Mudge. tion of God's power visibly exerted in the cause of Israel 5. God is gone up &c.] The ark, which is the emblem -and the inhabitants of the earth melted, as it were, of the special presence of God, is gone up into the holy with fear. Rosenmüller.

place on mount Zion with a shout of joy and praise. 9. -- he burneth the chariot &c.] Alluding to the Dr. Wells. This carrying up of the ark mystically reheathen custom of burning the arms of those they had presents Christ's ascension into heaven, as may be conquered, in honour of their gods, and as a sign of gathered by comparing this with Eph. iv. 8, where the peace. Bp. Lowth.

like words, uttered concerning the ark upon the same 10. Be still, and know &c.] In this verse there is a occasion, Psalm lxviii. 18, are directly applied to Christ's change of person; and Jehovah himself is introduced, ascension. Poole. as commanding the world to cease its opposition, to own 9. The princes of the people &c.] This verse plainly his power, and to acknowledge his sovereignty over all describes the kings of the Gentiles as acceding to the the kingdoms of the nations. Bp. Horne.

Church, as becoming with their subjects, through faith, As we are continually beset by troubles, either bodily " the people of the God of Abraham," and a part of the or spiritual, so we continually stand in need of a city of sacred fock. Bp. Horne. refuge and strength, into which we may flee and be safe. This Psalm should excite us to praise God, and to Religion is that city, whose gates are always open to the celebrate his glory with holy transports, as He is the afflicted soul. We profess to believe this: do we act King of the whole earth, and deserves the adoration of agreeably to such profession? Bp. Horne.

all men; but above all, because He has chosen us to be

his people and his inheritance. But we should also Psalm XLVII. This Psalm was probably composed apply this Psalm to the times of the Gospel, and espeand sung on occasion of bringing the ark, either into cially to our Lord's ascension to the glory of his king

The ornaments and


privileges of the church. of the earth belong unto God: he is 9 We have thought of thy lovinggreatly exalted.

kindness, O God, in the midst of thy PSALM XLVIII.


10 According to thy name, O God, The ornaments and privileges of the church. so is thy praise unto the ends of the | Or, of. A Song and Psalm || for the sons earth : thy right hand is full of rightof Korah.

VREAT is the Lord, and greatly 11 Let mount Zion rejoice, let the

to be praised in the city of our daughters of Judah be glad, because
God, in the mountain of his holiness of thy judgments.

2 Beautiful for situation, the joy of 12 Walk about Zion, and go round the whole earth, is mount Zion, on about her : tell the towers thereof. the sides of the north, the city of the 13 + Mark ye well her bulwarks, + Heb. Set great King.

|| consider her palaces; that ye may her bulwarks. 3 God is known in her palaces for tell it to the generation following:

| Or, raise up a refuge.

14 For this God is our God for
4 For, lo, the kings were assem- ever and ever : he will be our guide
bled, they passed by together. even unto death.
5 They saw it, and so they mar-

velled; they were troubled, and hasted

1 An earnest persuasion to build the faith of
6 Fear took hold upon them there,

resurrection, not on worldly power, but on and pain, as of a woman in travail.

God. 16 Worldly prosperity is not to be

7 Thou breakest the ships of Tar-
shish with an east wind.

1 To the chief Musician, A Psalm
8 As we have heard, so have we ll for the sons of Korah. || Or, of.

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in the city God: God
tablish it for ever.


world :

dom, and to the happiness which the several nations of 10. According to thy name, &c.] Wherever thy name the earth now enjoy in being accounted the people of is known and thy works are declared, there, O Lord, God. Ostervald.

shall thy praises be extended over all the world; and

the righteousness of thy judgments shall be every where Psalm XLVIII. This Psalm is appointed by our acknowledged. Travell. Church to be used on Whit-Sunday, because, under 11. - the daughters of Judah] All the lesser cities of images taken from the earthly city Jerusalem, are cele Judea. Bp. Wilson. brated the glory, the beauty, and the strength of the 13. Mark ye well her bulwarks, &c.] Observe the Christian Church, that city and temple of Messiah. Bp. outworks, and consider all the stately buildings, and Horne.

mark how entire they are, and unhurt by the eneVer. 1. -- the mountain of his holiness.] That is, mount mies’ attacks; that the memory of so great a blessing Zion, the holy spot which He has set apart for the place may be recorded to future generations. Bp. Patrick, of his worship. Dr. Wells, Travell.

Travell. 2. -- the joy of the whole earth,] The joy of all the The reflection we are to make upon this Psalm is, land of Judah then, and afterwards of the whole earth : that the Church has often been attacked by the kings because the law was to come out of Zion. Bp. Nicholson. and nations of the world, who had conspired to

on the sides of the north,] On the north side.gether to destroy it: but that God has always watched Old Translation.

over it, and rendered the conspiracies of its enemies 3. God is known &c.] God has made Himself known vain, and turned them to their own confusion. This in her towers to be our defence. Edwards.

Psalm assures us, that the Church is the dearest thing 5. They saw it, &c.). The meaning is, that when to God upon earth ; that He dwells in the midst of it; the kings of neighbouring countries had united toge- that He encompasses it with his protection; and that ther and marched their forces against it, they were He will always support it. These promises are still astonished at its strength and beauty; and, being seized better suited to the Christian than to the Jewish Church, with sudden amazement, they made haste to escape. and ought to convince us of our happiness, in being Travell.

members of Christ's Church, and to fill all sincere 7. Thou breakest the ships &c.] The meaning evidently Christians with stedfast hope and confidence in God. is, that as the east wind shatters in pieces the ships of Ostervald. Tarshish, so the Divine power struck the heathen kings with terrour and astonishment. Bp. Horne.

Psalm XLIX. The object of this very difficult Psalm 8. As we have heard, &c.] In other words, What we seems to be, to expose the folly of those who place a have heard from them of old time, we have now seen confidence in their power and wealth, when, after all, verified with our own eyes, in the salvation of this holy neither of these can ransom their souls from death and city, which is the city of the God of the armies of their bodies from the tomb; while the author professes heaven, and which we trust He will protect in future himself to believe, that God will redeem his soul from ages. Bp. Patrick, Travell.

the power of the grave. Street.

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