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a Matt. 13.
Ps. 78. 2.

in their mouth.

|| Or, the grave being

An earnest persuasion to build

PSALMS. the faith of resurrection on God only.
2 Both low and high, rich and poor, 12 Nevertheless man being in hon-

our abideth not: he is like the beasts
3 My mouth shall speak of wis- that perish.
dom; and the meditation of my heart 13 This their way is their folly :
shall be of understanding.

yet their posterity t approve their + Heb. delight
4 a I will incline mine ear to a sayings. Selah.
parable: I will open my dark saying 14 Like sheep they are laid in the
upon the harp.


death shall feed on them; and 5 Wherefore should I fear in the the upright shall have dominion over days of evil, when the iniquity of my them in the morning; and their heels shall compass me about? || beauty shall consume || in the grave Or, strength.

6 They that trust in their wealth, from their dwelling: and boast themselves in the multitude 15 But God will redeem my soul an habitation of their riches;

+ from the power of || the grave : for them. 7 None of them can by any means he shall receive me. Selah. redeem his brother, nor give to God 16 Be not thou afraid when one is the grave, a ransom for him ;

made rich, when the glory of his
8 (For the redemption of their house is increased ;
soul is precious, and it ceaseth for 17 b For when he dieth he shall b Job 27. 19.
ever :)

carry nothing away: his glory shall
9 That he should still live for ever, not descend after him.
and not see corruption.

18 Though + while he lived he Heb. in his
10 For he seeth that wise men die, blessed his soul : and men will praise
likewise the fool and the brutish per- thee, when thou doest well to thy-
son perish, and leave their wealth to self.

19 + He shall go to the generation Heb. The 11 Their inward thought is, that of his fathers; they shall never see their houses shall continue for ever, light.

and their dwelling places + to all gene 20 Man that is in honour, and unand genera rations; they call their lands after derstandeth not, is like the beasts that their own names.


+ Heb. from the hand of

| Or, hell.


soul shall go.

+ Heb. to


Ver. 3. My mouth shall speak &c.] I am going to no service after death, is doubtless a folly ; but it is a utter things of most important concern, even weighty folly, which, like many others, is at once blamed and matters, which my heart has deeply pondered. Travell. imitated. Bp. Horne.

I will speak such things as shall teach men to be truly 14. Like sheep &c.] They must, like sheep driven wise, and to judge and determine prudently in all things. to the slaughter, become the prey of death, and go in Rosenmüller.

crowds to the grave: and then the just, whom they in4. I will incline mine ear &c.] I myself will diligently sulted, shall triumph over them in that glorious dawn attend to the lesson I am going to unfold, and the im- of the resurrection; their faded beauty shall moulder portant instruction shall be accompanied with the me. away in the silent habitation of the grave. Travell. lody of musick. Travell.

18. Though while he lived &c.] While men enjoy 5. Wherefore should I fear &c.]. Why should I give all the pleasures which their riches afford them, they way to fear and despondency in the time of calamity, call themselves the only happy people: and whoever when the wickedness of my wealthy and powerful ad- follows their steps will be sure to have the praise of versaries compasses me about, to supplant and over- wicked and foolish people. Bp. Wilson. throw me? Bps. Horne and Lowth.

20. Man that is in honour, &c.] That man who lives - of my heels] Rather, “of my supplanters ;” of in outward honour, and yet wants true wisdom and those who endeavour to supplant me. Parkhurst. understanding to know God and himself, lives and dies

7. None of them &c.] None of them, with all his like a beast. Bp. Hall. wealth and power, can save his dearest friend from the Let us seriously lay to heart, that our time in this grave, or preserve him alive when God calls him. Bp. world is but a short eve to an everlasting holyday; and Patrick.

that the world itself is but a barren, steep, and stormy 8. (For the redemption &c.] The redemption of a passage, to the most fertile and pleasant land that ever man’s life is too difficult and precious a thing for was inhabited; where, if we have behaved ourselves to undertake ; so that it must ever be a vain attempt. well in the way, more glorious mansions are prepared Bp. Patrick, Travell.

for us than the greatest monarch of the earth was ever 11. Their inward thought is, &c.] Nevertheless, in possession of: let us in our daily morning prayers worldly-minded men secretly please themselves with the humbly and earnestly beseech God to root out of our hopes, that their habitations and estates shall continue hearts all those immoderate desires and inclinations toin their family from age to age; they indulge them- wards the pomp and pleasures of this life, which intoxiselves in the idea of an imaginary immortality, by giv- cate us, and we shall be ashamed all the day after to ing their own names to their lands. Travell.

entertain any of those proud, and covetous, and ambi13. This their way is their folly :] The practice of tious thoughts, that are so contrary to our prayers; and labouring to acquire wealth and greatness, which be of so, by devoutly wishing to be what we ought to be, we




The majesty of God in the church. PSALMS. The pleasure of God is not in ceremonies,

8 I will not reprove thee for thy PSALM L.

sacrifices or thy burnt offerings, to
1 The majesty of God in the church. 5 His have been continually before me.

order to gather saints. 7 The pleasure of 9 I will take no bullock out of
God is not in ceremonies, 14 but in sin- thy house, nor he goats out of thy
cerity of obedience.

|| Or, for
1 A Psalm || of Asaph.

10 For every beast of the forest is

THE mighty God, even the Lord, mine, and the cattle upon a thousand

hath spoken, and called the earth hills.
from the rising of the sun unto the 11 I know all the fowls of the
going down thereof.

mountains : and the wild beasts
2 Out of Zion, the perfection of the field are + mine.

+ Heb. with beauty, God hath shined.

12 If I were hungry, I would not 3 Our God shall come, and shall tell thee: a for the world is mine, and a Exod. 19.5. not keep silence: a fire shall devour the fulness thereof. before him, and it shall be very tem

13 Will I eat the flesh of bulls, or 1 Cor. 10. 26, pestuous round about him. .

drink the blood of goats?
4 He shall call to the heavens 14 Offer unto God thanksgiving ;
from above, and to the earth, that he and pay thy vows unto the most
may judge his people.

5 Gather my saints together unto 15 And call upon me in the day of
me; those that have made a covenant trouble: I will deliver thee, and thou
with me by sacrifice.

shalt glorify me.
6 And the heavens shall declare 16 But unto the wicked God saith,
his righteousness: for God is judge What hast thou to do to declare my
himself. Selah.

statutes, or that thou shouldest take
7 Hear, O my people, and I will my covenant in thy mouth?
speak; O Israel, and I will testify 17 • Seeing thou hatest instruction, b Rom. 2. 21,
against thee: I am God, even thy and castest my words behind thee.

18 When thou sawest a thief, then

Deut. 10. 14.
Ps. 24. 1.




shall grow fixed, and steady, and superiour to those thence give his commission to reveal the Gospel to all vain temptations. Lord Clarendon.

| nations. Fenton.

4. He shall call to the heavens &c.] The heavens and Psalm L. This Psalm sets forth, that the Divine the earth are invoked as witnesses, which is a pompous favour is not to be conciliated by sacrifices or by any form of expression common with the Hebrew writers : of the external rites and services of religion, but rather “ He shall call the heavens from on high : and the earth by sincere piety, and by the devout effusions of a grate to the judgment of his people."

Bp. Lowth. ful heart : and yet, that even these will not be accepted 5. Gather my saints &c.) He shall say, Bring those without the strictest attention to justice, and every prac- men before me, whom I have separated to myself to be tical virtue. It consists therefore of two parts: in the a holy nation, and who have made a solemn agreement first, the devout but ignorant and superstitious wor- with me, confirmed by the blood of sacrifices. Bp. Pashipper is reproved; and in the second, the hypocritical trick, Travell. pretender to virtue and religion. Each part of the 8. I will not reprove thee &c.] It is not for any

desubject, if we regard the imagery and diction only, is fect in thy external and ceremonial service of sacrifices treated rather with variety and elegance, than with and other appointed offerings that I complain of thee: sublimity; but if the general effect, if the plot and these have been performed with scrupulous exactness. machinery of the whole be considered, scarcely any Travell. thing can appear more truly magnificent.

9-12. I will take no bullock] The Jewish folly of God is here introduced as entering upon a solemn doating on the legal offerings, as things in themselves and publick action or pleading before the whole world, acceptable to God, and conferring justification on man, against his disobedient people. He summons all man- is reproved in these verses, from the consideration, that kind, from east to west, to be present to hear his the various animals slain in sacrifice were long before, appeal; and the solemnity is held on Zion, where he even from the creation of the world, the sole right is attended by the same terrible pomp that accompanied and property of Jehovah; which, therefore, He needed Him on mount Sinai. Bp. Lowth.

not to have required at the hands of his people; nor Asaph.] Whether this Asaph was the Levite who would He have done so, but for some further end and lived in the same age with David, or some other Pro- intent signified and represented by such oblations. phet in aftertimes, cannot be certainly determined. Bp. What that end and intent was, Christians know; and Patrick.

Jews formerly did know. Learn we hence, not to Ver. 1. The mighty God, &c.] That is, The decree dream of any merit in our works and services; since is gone out from God the Father, touching the calling God has a double claim, founded on creation and reof all nations by God the Son.

demption, to all we have, and all we are. Bp. Horne. 2. Out of Zion,] As God in a special manner was 14. Offer unto God thanksgiving : &c.] God here present here in his tabernacle, so shall the Son of God, declares, that the sacrifice which is truly acceptable to in fulness of time, be visibly present in that place, and Him is a heart thankful for all the blessings He has

portion was
+ Heb. Thou





Numb. 19. 18.

but in sincerity of obedience.


David pruyeth for remission of sins. + Heb. thy thou consentedst with him, and + hast came unto him, after he had

been partaker with adulterers.

in to Bathsheba.
19. Thou givest they meeting to evil, H AE mercy upon me, ing kind-

20 Thou sittest and speakest against ness: according unto the multitude of
thy brother; thou slanderest thine own thy tender mercies blot out my trans-
mother's son.

21 These things hast thou done,

2 Wash me throughly from mine
and I kept silence; thou thoughtest iniquity, and cleanse me from my
that I was altogether such an one as sin.
thyself: but I will reprove thee, and 3 For I acknowledge my trans-
set them in order before thine eyes.

gressions : and


sin is ever before
22 Now consider this, ye that for-
get God, lest I tear you in pieces,

4 Against thee, thee only, have I
and there be none to deliver.

sinned, and done this evil in thy 23 Whoso offereth praise glorifieth sight: b that thou mightest be justified b Rom. 3. 4. * Hleb. That me: and to him † that ordereth his when thou speakest, and be clear disposeth his

conversation aright will I shew the when thou judgest.
salvation of God.

5 Behold, I was shapen in iniquity;

and in sin did my mother † conceive Heb. warm
1 David prayeth for remission of sins, where-

6 Behold, thou desirest truth in
of he maketh a deep confession. 6 He pray- the inward parts : and in the hidden
eth for sanctification. 16 God delighteth part thou shalt make me to know
not in sacrifice, but in sincerity. 18 He wisdom.
prayeth for the church.

7. Purge me with hyssop, and I Lev. 14. 6. about 1034. q To the chief Musician, A Psalm of shall be clean: wash me, and I shall a 2 Sam. 12. 1. & 11. 2.

David, a when Nathan the prophet be whiter than snow. bestowed ; and the faithful performance of all the vows the confessions he makes of his offences ! How heavy and promises which have been made to Him. Bp. Pa- the load of guilt which oppressed him! The smart of trick.

it pierced through his very bones, and the torture he 21. These things hast thou done, &c.] All this wick- felt was as if they had been broken and crushed to edness hast thou committed, and I have forborne to pieces. Dr. Chandler. This Psalm is inserted in the punish thee; but my forbearance, instead of leading Commination service, and so is used with the other thee to amendment, has made thee consider me, either penitential Psalms in the service on Ash-Wednesday. as ignorant of thy wickedness, or inclined to evil like Ver. 2. Wash me throughly &c.] The soul, that is thyself: but I will now rebuke thee sharply for it, and sensible of her pollution, fears she can never be suffiset all thy evil deeds in order before thine eyes. Bp. ciently purified from it; and therefore prays yet again Patrick.

and again, continually, for more abundant grace, to 23. Whoso offereth praise] This verse sums up the make and to keep her holy. Bp. Horne. two principal points of charge. "I look upon him 4. Against thee, thee only, have I sinned,] For none only as the man who truly honours me, that offers be-else knew it, till Thou madest it known, 2 Sam. xii. 12. fore me a grateful heart; and none but the man that Bp. Wilson. sets himself to order his life aright shall ever find pro

that thou mightest be justified &c.] Rather, so tection and blessing from God.” Mudge.

that Thou art righteous in thy sentence, and just in The duty of praise is the end of our being, and the thy judgment. Edwards. very rule and law of our nature. It is the most excel 5. — I was shapen in iniquity ; &c.] I derive from lent part of our religious worship, enduring to eternity my parents an original corruption, and a natural after the rest shall be done away. It recommends it- proneness to evil. Travell. This corruption is here self to us by several peculiar properties and advantages; only alleged as the cause of transgressions, not as as it carries more pleasure in it than all other kinds of their excuse; seeing that, the greater our danger of devotion; as it enlarges and exalts the several powers falling, the greater should be our care to stand. Bp. of the mind; as it breeds in us an exquisite sense of Horne. God's honour, and a willingness to promote it in the 6. Behold, thou desirest truth &c.] The force of world; as it teaches us to be humble and lowly our “ behold” is, “ It is too plain ; I feel it but too sensibly; selves, and yet preserves us from base and sordid flat- the punishment I suffer is evidence sufficient, that Thou tery, from bestowing mean and undue praises upon art not contented with a superficial appearance of goodothers. Bp. Atterbury,

ness: Thou lovest truth and sincerity in the bottom of

the heart.” God was now teaching him this, by the Psalm LI. No one can read this Psalm of David, correction He made him suffer. The punishment inbut must see all the characters of true repentance in flicted tended to give him a right understanding of the person who wrote it, and the marks of the deepest things, and to work it deep into him. Mudge. sorrow and humiliation for the sins of which he had 7. Purge me with hyssop, &c.] As the priest is wont been guilty. How earnestly does he plead for mercy, to denote unclean persons to be cleansed, by sprinkling and acknowledge his unworthiness! How ingenuous them with water mixed with the ashes of an heifer, Vol. II.



d Isa. 57. 15. & 66. 2.

David prayeth for sanctification.


He prophesieth
8 Make me to hear joy and glad 18 Do good in thy good pleasure
ness; that the bones which thou hast unto Zion : build thou the walls of
broken may rejoice.

9 Hide thy face from my sins, and 19 Then shalt thou be pleased with
blot out all mine iniquities.

the sacrifices of righteousness, with
10 Create in me a clean heart, O burnt offering and whole burnt offer-
Or, a com. God; and renew || a right spirit within ing: then shall they offer bullocks
stant spirit.

upon thine altar,
11 Cast me not away from thy pre-
sence; and take not thy holy spirit

from me.

i David, condemning the spitefulness of Doeg, 12 Restore unto me the joy of thy prophesieth his destruction. 6 The rightsalvation; and uphold me with thy

eous shall rejoice at it. 8 David, upon his free spirit.

confidence in God's mercy, giveth thanks. 13 Then will I teach transgressors 4 To the chief Musician, Maschil, A thy ways; and sinners shall be con

Psalm of David, 4 when Doeg the a 1 Sam. 22. verted unto thee.

Edomite came and told Saul, and + Heb. bloods. 14 Deliver me from t bloodguilti

said unto him, David is come to

the house of Ahimelech.
ness, O God, thou God of my salva-
tion : and my tongue shall sing aloud WH

THY boastest thou thyself in
of thy righteousness.

mischief, O mighty man? the 15 O Lord, open thou my lips; goodness of God endureth continually. and my mouth shall shew forth thy 2 Thy tongue deviseth mischief; praise.

like a sharp rasor, working deceit16 For thou desirest not sacrifice; fully, I. Or, that I || else would I give it: thou delight 3 Thou lovest evil more than good; should give it. est not in burnt offering.

and lying rather than to speak right17 . The sacrifices of God are a eousness. Selah. broken spirit: a broken and a contrite 4 Thou lovest all devouring words, or, and the

heart, O God, thou wilt not despise. 1. O thou deceitful tongue. which sprinkling was performed with a bunch of From the third verse of this Psalm, we should learn hyssop; so be Thou pleased to absolve me from the to correct a propensity in the human mind, which is guilt of the great sins I have been guilty of, and restore very general and very natural, yet, at the same time, me to thy former favour. Dr. Wells.

unfavourable in a high degree to the Christian cha8. Make me to hear &c.] Renew the joy of my heart, racter; namely, that when we look back upon our lives, in the comfortable assurance of thy forgiveness; that our recollection dwells too much upon our virtues; our so my soul, which is now dejected and justly grieved sins are not, as they ought to be, before us; we think for my sin, may find cause of rejoicing in Thee. Bp. too much of our good qualities, or good actions, too Hall.

little of our crimes, our corruptions, our fallings off and 11. Cast me not away &c.] The soul that is truly declensions from God's laws, our defects and weakpenitent dreads nothing but the thought of being re- nesses. But this is not the true Christian disposition, jected from the “presence," and deserted by the and it is dangerous to our salvation. We ought rather “Spirit” of God. This is the most deplorable effect to let our “sins be ever before us,” our omissions, deof sin; but it is one that in general, perhaps, is the ficiencies, failures, our irregularities of heart and affecleast considered and regarded of all others. Bp. Horne. tion, our vices of temper and disposition. These are

12. — and uphold me with thy free spirit.] He prays the things which should occupy our attention, this to be preserved and continued in a state of salvation by should be the bent and direction of our thoughts, for the Spirit of God, which might enable him to act as they are the thoughts which will bring us to God evanbecame a Prophet and a king, free from base desires gelically. Archdeacon Paley. and enslaving lusts. Bp. Horne.

14. Deliver me from bloodguiltiness,] Deliver me Psalm LII. The occasion of this Psalm is to be from the punishment due to this crying sin, the murder found in 1 Sam. xxii. where we read, that Doeg, in of a trusty servant, and of several of my servants, order to ingratiate himself with Saul, discovered to him 2 Sam. xi. 17. Bp. Patrick.

those who were confederate with David, particularly 16. thou desirest not sacrifice ;] This is not to be Ahimelech : and afterwards, at the desire of Saul, murunderstood absolutely and universally, as appears from dered the priests of the Lord. Travell. ver. 19, but comparatively. See the note on Psalm xl. Ver. 1. Why boastest thou &c.] The Psalmist thought 6. Poole.

it strange that any man should value himself for being 18. build thou the walls of Jerusalem.) Be favour- able to do mischief, when God esteemed it his glory to able to Jerusalem, and let its walls, which I have begun do good. In vain did Doeg the Edomite boast himself to build, 2 Sam. v. 9, be perfectly finished, 1 Kings iii. 1. in the mischief he had done, by massacring the innoBp. Patrick.

cent priests and their families; since “the goodness of 19. sacrifices of righteousness,] That is, such sacri- God,” which is unchangeable, had decreed the preservafices as are offered with true piety of heart. Rosen- tion of David. Bp. Horne. müller.

4. -- devouring words,] That is, such as are mischieve


+ Heb. beat thee down.




the destruction of Doeg.

PSALMS. He glorieth in the salvation of God, 5 God shall likewise + destroy thee upon the children of men, to see if for ever, he shall take thee away, and there were any that did understand, pluck thee out of thy dwelling place, that did seek God. and root thee out of the land of the 3 Every one of them is gone back: living. Selah.

they are altogether become filthy; 6 The righteous also shall see, and there is none that doeth good, no, not fear, and shall laugh at him :

7 Lo, this is the man that made 4 Have the workers of iniquity no not God his strength ; but trusted knowledge ? who eat up my people

in the abundance of his riches, and as they eat bread: they have not I Or, strengthened himself in his || wicked-called upon God.

5 There + were they in great fear, Heb. they 8 But I am like a green olive tree where no fear was : for God hath fear. in the house of God; I trust in the scattered the bones of him that enmercy of God for ever and ever. campeth against thee: thou hast put

9 I will praise thee for ever, be- them to shame, because God hath cause thou hast done it : and I will despised them. wait on thy name; for it is good be 6 + Oh that the salvation of Israel + Heb. Who fore thy saints.

were come out of Zion !

When God salvations, PSALM LIII.

bringeth back the captivity of his
1 David describeth the corruption of a natural shall be glad.

people, Jacob shall rejoice, and Israel
4 He convinceth the wicked by the
light of their own conscience. 6 He glo-

rieth in the salvation of God.
To the chief Musician

i David, complaining of the Ziphims, prayeth

for salvation. 4 Upon his confidence in God's
lath, Maschil, A Psalm of David.

help he promiseth sacrifice,
THE a fool hath said in his heart, I To the chief Musician on Neginoth,

There is no God. Corrupt are Maschil, A Psalm of David, a when a 1 Sam. 23.

they, and have done abominable ini the Ziphims came and said to Saul, b Rom. 3. 10. quity: b there is none that doeth good. Doth not David hide himself with

2 God looked down from heaven



upon Maha

a Ps. 14. 1, &c. & 10. 4.

19. & 26. 1.

us ?

ous, and by which the innocent may be destroyed. they fell into it; let us endeavour to strengthen all men Rosenmüller

with our mouth, and that our speech may drop upon 6. The righteous also shall see, &c.] All good men them: and then God will bless and protect, and prosper shall remark the righteous judgment of God, and shall us, against all the violence and all the calumnies which be confirmed in their fear of offending Him ; they shall aim at our destruction. Lord Clarendon. deride thy folly and disappointed ambition, and shall say; &c. Bp. Patrick, Travell.

Psalm LIII. This Psalm of David was composed by 8. But I am like &c.] As for me, notwithstanding his him at first, as it stands Psalm XIV. and on the rebelcrafty designs against me, I am, in comparison of him, lion of Absalom. But probably upon the new revolt in a flourishing condition; my unchangeable trust in made presently after the death of Absalom, by the the goodness of God shall make me grow and increase, Israelites that followed Sheba, David made two or three like a fruitful olive tree in the courts of God's house. variations in Psalm XIV. and so used it upon this new Travell.

occasion. Dr. Wells. 9. - for it is good before thy saints.] That is, it is a Mahalath,] This word probably denotes some kind goodly thing, it carries a good appearance, it looks well of musical instrument, but of what kind it is difficult before the friends of God, to see me praising Him, and now to determine. Rosenmüller, Edwards. putting my trust in Him. Mudge.

5. for God hath scattered the bones] God hath deIt very much concerns us to follow the wise man's stroyed him who thought to oppress thee, O my soul, counsel, and “to weigh our words in a balance, and make and his bones lie scattered on the ground. See 2 Sam. a door and bar for our mouth,” Ecclus. xxviii. 25. If xx. 6—22, Bp. Patrick. licentious and unbridled thoughts will, in spite of all our watches and guard, steal into our hearts, let us be sure Psalm LIV. This Psalm was composed by David at that no unruly words break out of our mouth; and if, a time of his great distress, and seasonable deliverance in the variety of our language and expressions, some in afforded him by God, when, hiding himself in the wilconsiderate, rash, and imprudent words escape from us, derness of Ziph, the Ziphites made discovery to Saul, at least let them not be malicious and detracting words, and he went with forces to seek him, but gave over to wound the credit and good name of our neighbours : the pursuit, by reason of the Philistines invading his let us inform and instruct the weak without insolence, land. See 1 Sam. xxiii

. 14, to the end. Dr. Hammond. and reprove and advise the wilful without bitterness; The application to Christ and to Christians is plain and let us do all good offices towards advancing the reputa- easy; for which reason our Church hath appointed this tion of those who desire to advance God's glory and the Psalm to be read on Good Friday. Bp. Horne. public peace, and all charitable offices towards those Neginoth,] See the note upon the title to the who are in misery and distress, by what means soever fourth Psalm,

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