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| Or, as a meditation.
a Psalm of Moses,
# Heb. in generation
He complaineth of human fragility,
and the brevity of life. PSALM XC.
fore thee, our secret sins in the light
complaineth of human fragility, 7 divine 9 For all our days are † passed + Heb.
years || as a tale that is told.
10 + The days of our years are 1 Heb. As Prager , being 1 || A Prayer of Moses the man of threescore years and ten; and if by for the days God.
reason of strength they be fourscore in them are ORD, thou hast been our dwell- years, yet is their strength labour and
ing place t in all generations. sorrow; for it is soon cut off, and we and genera
2 Before the mountains were fly away.
12 So teach us to number our
13 Return, O LORD, how long ? a 2 Pet. 3. 8. 4 a For a thousand years in thy and let it repent thee concerning thy Or, when he sight are but as yesterday || when it is servants.
past, and as a watch in the night. . 14 O satisfy us early with thy
5 Thou carriest them away as with mercy; that we may rejoice and be a flood; they are as a sleep: in the glad all our days.
morning they are like grass which 15 Make us glad according to the 1 Or, is Il groweth up
days wherein thou hast afflicted us, changed.
6 In the morning it flourisheth, and the years wherein we have seen
16 Let thy work appear unto thy
17 And let the beauty of the LORD
hath passed them.
stroyed before the new and spiritual kingdom of Messiah lays to heart the effects of thy anger, and considers was set up in the earth. Christian communities, and the that it is proportioned to our piety or disobedience ? individuals that compose them, are in like manner cor Travell. Moses here laments the insensibility of the rected and punished for their offences. “Nevertheless, Israelites under the judgments of God. They saw his God's loving-kindness will he not utterly take from us, wrath sweeping numbers away for their sins, and yet nor suffer his faithfulness to fail.” So, “I am with none studied to divert it, by fearing Him as they ought. you alway,” says the Redeemer, “even unto the end of Green, the world, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against 13. Return, O Lord, &c.] Return, O Lord, at length, my church,” Matt. xxviii. 20, and xvi. 18. Nor shall from thy severity against us; and let thy servants feel the world be destroyed until Christ come again, and his thy gracious pardon. Bp. Patrick, Travell
. glorious kingdom be ready to appear. Bp. Horne. 16. Let thy work &c.] He prays God to shew them The end of the third Book of Psalms.
and their posterity those glorious works which hereto
fore He had exerted in behalf of his people, and to Psalm XC. It has been commonly imagined, that shine upon and prosper what they were doing. Mudge. this Psalm was composed by Moses, when God short 17. And let the beauty &c.] Let the countenance of ened the days of the murmuring Israelites in the wil- the Lord our God smile upon us; and prosper Thou derness; see Numb. xiy. It chiefly refers to the mortal the work of our hands. Green. and transitory state of man on earth, and is therefore This Psalm is remarkable for affording us much adopted by the Church in the Funeral Service. Travell. useful instruction. In it we have the governour of a
Ver. 1. our dwelling place] Our place of refuge. numerous people sequestering his mind from the maMudge, Old Translation.
nagement of publick affairs to private meditations; from 3, 4.- and sayest, Return, &c.] That is, Thou re- beholding the present outward appearances, to consistorest men to life. * For a thousand years, &c.” that dering the real nature and secret causes of things : in is, though the time of their restoration is remote, it is the midst of all the splendour and pomp, of all the stir equally certain; for a thousand years are to Thee as one and tumult about him, he observes the frailty of human day.
condition, he discerns the providence of God justly 4.- a watch in the night.] See the note on Exod. xiv. ordering all ; this he does not only in the way of wise 24.
consideration, but of serious devotion, moulding his 9. For all our days &c.] For we constantly feel some observations into pious acknowledgments, and earnest effect or other of thine anger, whereby our lives decline prayers to God. Thus doth that great and good man exceeding fast. Bp. Patrick.
teach us all, (more particularly men of high estate and 11. Who knoweth &c.] But who is there that duly much business,) to find opportunities of withdrawing
The security and
happiness of the godly. thou the work of our hands upon us ; ; and ten thousand at thy right hand; yea, the work of our hands establish but it shall not come nigh thee. thou it.
8 Only with thine eyes shalt thou
behold and see the reward of the
Their habitation. 11 Their servants. 14 Lord which is my refuge, even the
most High, thy habitation;
H place of most High
shall neither shall any plague come nigh
Luke 4. 10.
+ Heb. lodge. + abide under the shadow of the thy dwelling. Almighty.
11 - For he shall give his angels a Matt. 4. 6.
12 They shall bear thee up in their
13 Thou shalt tread upon the lion
14 Because he hath set his love
hath known my name.
in trouble; I will deliver him, and
their thoughts from those things which commonly amuse from the judgments of God, should in safety behold the them, (the cares, the glories, the pleasures of this world,) | destruction wrought by them upon impenitent and inand fixing them upon matters more improvable to devo- corrigible sinners. Bp. Horne. tion; the transitoriness of their condition, and their 12. — lest thou dash &c.] Lest any the slightest harm subjection to God's just providence ; joining also to should befall thee. Bp. Patrick. See the quotation of these meditations suitable acts of religion, due acknow- these words at Matt. iv. 6. ledgments to God, and humble prayers. This was his 13. Thou shalt tread &c.] The most noxious and vepractice among the greatest encumbrances that any nomous creatures shall have no power to hurt thee, but man could have ; and it should also be ours. Dr. Barrow. thou shalt subdue and trample them under foot. So
shall Christ triumph over the dragon, that old serPsalm XCI. The subject of this Psalm is the secu- pent,” Rev. xx. 2, and He shall make his faithful serrity, the success, and the reward of piety. If any reader vants victorious “over all the power of the enemy," will carefully weigh and consider the nature and dignity Luke x. 19. Travell. of the imagery contained in this Psalm, having due re the dragon] See the notes on Deut. xxxii. 33 ; spect at the same time to the principles of the mystical Psalm xliv. 19; and Lam. iv. 3. allegory, I am persuaded he will agree with me, that 14. Because he hath set &c.] In the former part of the something of a mystical design is concealed under the Psalm the prophet spoke in his own person ; here God literal meaning of it. Without a question, the pious Himself is plainly introduced as the speaker. Bp. person, the king, or high priest perhaps, who in the Horne. literal sense is the principal character of the poem, is because he hath known my name.] Hath acknowmeant in reality to represent some greater and sublimer ledged my power, and relied on that alone for protecpersonage. Bp. Lowth.
tion. Bp. Patrick, Travell. Ver. 1. He that dwelleth &c.] “ To dwell in the secret How much man stands in need of the protection of place of the Most High,” is a figurative expression, and Heaven, appears from a survey of the dangers to which signifies no more than to put ourselves under the Di- he is continually exposed. Various are the terrours of vine protection. Green.
the night, manifold the perils of the day; from diseases, 3. Surely he shall deliver &c.] Leaving the former whose infection makes its progress unobserved; from sentence unfinished, the Psalmist turns and addresses assaults, casualties, and accidents, which can neither be the same person whom he had been describing : “He foreseen, nor guarded against. The soul has likewise indeed shall deliver thee from the snare of the fowler, her enemies ready to attack and surprise her at all hours. from the destroying pestilence.” Bp. Lowth.
Avarice and ambition are abroad watching for her in the 4–7. He shall cover thee &c.] This imagery is beau- day; while concupiscence, like a pestilence, "walketh tiful and diversified, and at the same time uncommonly in darkness.” In adversity she is disturbed by terrours ; solemn and sublime. Bp. Lowth.
in prosperity still more endangered by pleasures. But 8. Only with thine eyes &c.] The meaning is, that the Jesus Christ has overcome the world, to prevent us from righteous person all along spoken of, himself secure being overcome by it. Bp. Horne.
The prophet exhorteth to praise God PSALMS. for his great works, judgments, &c. + Heb. length 16 With † long life will I satisfy the workers of iniquity shall be scathim, and shew him my salvation. tered.
10 But my horn shalt thou exalt
like the horn of an unicorn: I shall
shall hear my desire of the wicked
12 a The righteous shall flourish a Hos. 14. 5. IT
T is a good thing to give thanks like the palm tree: he shall grow
unto the Lord, and to sing praises like a cedar in Lebanon. unto thy name, O most High:
13 Those that be planted in the 2 To shew forth thy lovingkind- house of the LORD shall flourish in
ness in the morning, and thy faith- the courts of our God. + Ileb. in the fulness + every night,
14 They shall still bring forth fruit nights.
3 Upon an instrument of ten in old age; they shall be fat and
15 To shew that the LORD is up-
THE LORD reigneth, he is clothed 6 A brutish man knoweth not; with majesty; the Lordis clothed neither doth a fool understand this. with strength, wherewith he hath gird
7 When the wicked spring as the ed himself: the world also is stagrass, and when all the workers of blished, that it cannot be moved. iniquity do flourish; it is that they 2 Thy throne is established + of Heb. from shall be destroyed for ever : old: thou art from everlasting.
8 But thou, Lord, art most high 3 The floods have lifted up, O for evermore.
LORD, the floods have lifted up their 9 For, lo, thine enemies, O Lord, voice; the floods lift up their waves. for, lo, thine enemies shall perish; all 4 The Lord on high is mightier
+ Heb. green.
1 Heb. Higgaion.
Psalm XCII. This Psalm was appointed by the Jews of a Christian. It is his duty, as being the least return to be used constantly on the sabbath day, as it was pro- he can make to his great Benefactor : it ought to be his bably composed by David after God had given him rest delight, for it is that of angels, and will be that of every from all his enemies. See 2 Sam. vii. 1. Fenton. grateful heart, whether in heaven or on earth. The
Ver. 4. — thy work :] The following part of the Psalm mercy.” of God in promising salvation, and his “faithshews that by “God's work” here, the Psalmist means, fulness” in accomplishing it, are inexhaustible subjects his providence in the government of human affairs. for morning and evening praises; every instrument Rosenmüller.
should be strung, and every voice tuned to celebrate 6. A brutish man - a fool] He who is ignorant of the them, until day and night come to an end. But more final issue of things, and attendeth not to his eternal especially should this be done on the sabbath day; which, interest, is in Scripture language the “brutish man,"
,” when so employed, affords a lively resemblance of that and the “ fool,” who knoweth not the works, neither eternal sabbath, to be hereafter kept by the redeemed understandeth the designs of Heaven. Bp. Horne. in the kingdom of God. Bp. Horne.
8.- art most high] The expression is equivalent to God's sitting in heaven, and there overruling all the Psalm XCIII. ver. 1. clothed with majesty :] See designs of men to his own glory, and the good of his the second note from Bp. Sanderson on Job xxix. 14. servants. Mudge.
3. The floods have lifted up, &c.] The meaning is, 10. But my horn &c.] But, as the unicorn is supe- Our numerous enemies are risen up against us, and riour in power and strength to other creatures, so shall threaten to overwhelm us, like a furious storm. Travell. my authority be exalted above others; and I shall enjoy The rage and clamour of the enemies of God's people is a continual course of happiness; like one who is newly frequently represented by the raging and roaring of the anointed for the enjoyment of a feast. Travell.
Green, unicorn :] See the note on Psalm xxii. 21. 4. The Lord on high &c.] The king of heaven is 13. Those that be planted &c.] Those who, like fruit- stronger than all earthly potentates, and will subdue ful trees, are firmly rooted in their obedience to God's them under his feet. Poole. laws, shall be sheltered under his protection, and shall This Psalm teaches us, that God rules with glory and grow and increase in his service. Travell.
magnificence over all the world; that his throne is Thanksgiving is the duty, and ought to be the delight, established in righteousness; that his power infinitely
+ Heb. to
+ Heb. God
The prophet complaineth of tyranny. PSALMS.
The blessedness of affliction. than the noise of many waters, yea, he not hear ? he that formed the eye, than the mighty waves of the sea. shall he not see? 5 Thy testimonies are very sure :
10 He that chastiseth the heathen, holiness becometh thine house, O shall not he correct? he that teacheth LORD, + for ever.
man knowledge, shall not he know? length of
11 • The LORD knoweth the c 1 Cor. 3. 20. PSALM XCIV.
thoughts of man, that they are vanity.
12 Blessed is the man whom thou
13 That thou mayest give him rest of revenges.
LORD + God, to whom ven- from the days of adversity, until the
geance belongeth; O God, to pit be digged for the wicked.
his people, neither will he forsake his
righteousness: and all the upright in
+ Heb. shall how long shall the wicked triumph ? 16 Who will rise up for me against be after it.
4 How long shall they utter and the evildoers ? or who will stand up speak hard things ? and all the work- for me against the workers of iniers of iniquity boast themselves ?
quity ? 5 They break in pieces thy people, 17 Unless the LORD had been my O Lord, and afflict thine heritage. help, my soul had || almost dwelt in Or, quickly.
6 They slay the widow and the silence.
stranger, and murder the fatherless. 18 When I said, My foot slippeth ; a Ps. 10. 11, 7 . Yet they say, The Lord shall thy mercy, O Lord, held up:
not see, neither shall the God of 19 In the multitude of my thoughts
within me thy comforts delight my
have fellowship with thee, which 9 He that planted the ear, shall frameth mischief by a law? exceeds that of all created beings : from whence we are last, and all the upright shall follow God, and justify the to conclude that He will reign for ever, for the good ways of his providence. Travell, Bp. Patrick. and advantage of his people, and of all those who serve 17. – my soul &c.] I had been laid in the grave Him and submit themselves to Him. Ostervald.
among the silent dead. Bp. Nicholson.
20. Shall the throne &c. Can it be possible, O Lord, Psalm XCIV. In this prayer, the children of Israel that thou shouldest take the part of oppression and inrepresent to God the sad condition they were reduced to justice, and have any fellowship with those unrighteous by the cruelty of their enemies, whose insolence, im- judges, who oppress thy servants under the pretence of piety, and blasphemies they describe. The Prophet law and justice? Bp. Patrick, Travell. nevertheless adores the wisdom and goodness of God, The man who enjoys the world under a sense of reliin the corrections wherewith He visits men; and gion, and of the power and goodness of God, will so use foretels the deliverance of the righteous, and the de- the world as not to abuse it ; will look upon the uncerstruction of the wicked. Ostervald. This is one of the tainties of life with the unconcernedness of one who Psalms appointed for the fast service on the thirtieth knows he has a much nobler possession, of which no of January
one can rob him: he will part with his riches without Ver. 1. - shew thyself.] Appear in the defence of torment, he will keep them without anxiety, and use thy oppressed servants. Traveli.
them so as to make them a blessing to himself and all - hard things ?] That is, insolent, malicious, con- around him. If the course of the world be disordered, temptuous and threatening words. Poole.
and threaten the inhabitants thereof with calamity and 12, 13. Blessed is the man &c.] Since, therefore, the distress, he will maintain his inward peace, knowing schemes of the adversary are vain, and the counsel of that “the Lord is King, be the earth never so unquiet. Jehovah shall infallibly stand, happy is the man who, He will look with pleasure on all the scenes of futurity, having learned froin the Scriptures of truth the lessons being well assured that the world that now is, and the of faith and patience, enjoys tranquillity of mind in time world that is to come, are in the hands of God. These of trouble, while destruction is preparing for the impe- are the comforts which, in the multitude of sorrows nitent. Bp. Horne.
which surround us, will refresh the soul of a religious 15. But judgment shall return &c.] Although the man; whilst they who forget God are spending a justice of God may seem to be called in question, while wretched life in lamenting over the misfortunes of this the wicked flourish and the godly are afflicted; yet world, and are ending it to begin a more wretched life shall true righteousness and judgment return at the in the world that is to come. Bp. Sherlock.
b Exod. 4.11. Prov. 20. 12.
& 4. 7.
Exhortations to praise God
for his greatness and goodness.
22 But the LORD is my defence; will hear his voice,
as in b Exod. 17.
fathers tempted me, LORD our God shall cut them off. proved me, and saw my work.
10 Forty years long was I grieved
with this generation, and said, It is a
ii Unto whom I sware in my
of the earth : || the strength of the 2 Sing unto the LORD, bless his heights of the hills is his also.
name; shew forth his salvation from
6 O come, let us worship and bow heathen, his wonders among all peo-
4 For the Lordisgreat, and greatly
+ Heb. prepent his
+ Heb. In
hills are his. + Heb. Whose the sea is.
Psalm XCV. The author of the Epistle to the He 11.— into my rest.] That is, into the land of Canaan, brews hath taught us to consider this Psalm as an which was a type of heaven. Dr. Wells. address to believers under the Gospel; and he affirms it The wisdom and piety of the Church hath appointed to be written by David, Heb. iv. 7. Bp. Horne. this Psalm to be used every day in the beginning of our
Ver. 3. - above all gods.]. Above all the powers of publick morning devotions, that there may be an union heaven and earth. Bp. Patrick.
of all in heart and voice in the acknowledgment of God's 4. -- the strength of the hills] That is, the loftiest and mercy. It is from not acknowledging at all, or not largest hills. Dr. Hammond.
acknowledging together, the superiority of God over all 6. - let us kneel before the Lord] It is most becoming, the world, and his power and justice of disposing of on all occasions, to express religious feelings of the all things in it, that we fail in our humility towards Him, mind by suitable actions of the body; and, especially, and in the exercise of Christian duties towards all men; to “kneel before the Lord our Maker" when we humbly and it is from not enough remembering the ingratipour forth to his sacred name the tribute of our prayers tude and rebellion of our forefathers, and the grievous and adorations.
punishments they underwent for the same, the forcing 7. For he is our God; &c.] “For he is our God, we God to reverse his own purpose, and compelling Him are the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his not to let them see the blessing He intended to them, hand, if ye will hear his voice to-day;" that is, if ye will that we are still so much inclined to murmur at his be his obedient people, He will continue to be your providence, and undervalue his power. Lord Clarendon. God. Or else, the word translated “if” may be rendered in the optative form; “O that you would hear Psalm XCVI. We learn from 1 Chron. xvi, that, on his voice to-day,” saying unto you, “ Harden not &c." the removal of the ark to the place prepared for it on However this be, what follows to the end of the Psalm mount Zion, David delivered this Psalm to be sung is undoubtedly spoken in the person of God Himself. in commemoration of God's special presence among Bp. Horne.
them. It is a solemn inyocation to the people to give 8, 9. Harden not &c.] These verses allude to what glory to God, to acknowledge and adore Him, both as passed at the place called Massah, and Meribah, from the Creator of all things, and the supreme and righteous the people there striving with their God, notwithstand- Judge of the world. By common consent of Jews as ing all the mighty works which He had wrought for well as Christians, this Psalm is applied to the times of them before their eyes, Exod. xvii. 7. Bp. Horne. the Messiah. Bp. Horne, Travell.
9. When your faihers tempted me,] See the notes on According to the Greek version, this Psalm was used Numb. xiv. 22.
at the dedication of the second temple, after the return 10.— they have not known my ways:] They have not of the Babylonish captivity. And it was somewhat acknowledged my power and presence among them. altered to accommodate it to that purpose. Rosenmüller, Bp. Wilson.
a new song :] See note at Ps. xxxiii. 3.