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For all the seconds of the nations

established ment.

name.

| Or, in the glorious sanctuary.

An exhortation to praise God.

PSALMS.

The majesty of God's kingdom. to be praised: he is to be feared above idolaters. 10 An exhortation to godliness all gods.

and gladness.

THE are idols : but the Lord the earth rejoice ; let the + multitude * Heb. many

or, . heavens.

of isles be glad thereof. 6 Honour and majesty are before

2 Clouds and darkness are round
him: strength and beauty are in his about him: "righteousness and judg- ? Ps. 89. 14.
sanctuary.

ment are the || habitation of his 10t,
7 Give unto the Lord, O ye kin-throne.
dreds of the people, give unto the 3 A fire goeth before him, and
Lord glory and strength.

burneth up his enemies round about. 8 Give unto the Lord the glory 4 His lightnings enlightened the + Heb. of his due unto his name: bring an offer- world: the earth saw and trembled. ing, and come into his courts.

5 The hills melted like wax at the
9 O worship the LORD || in the presence of the Lord, at the presence
beauty of holiness: fear before him, of the Lord of the whole earth.
all the earth.

6 The heavens declare his right10 Say among the heathen that eousness, and all the people see his b. Ps. 93.1. b the LORD reigneth: the world also glory:

shall be established that it shall not 7' Confounded be all they that ” Exod. 20. 4. be moved : he shall judge the people serve graven images, that boast them- Deut. 5. 5: righteously.

selves of idols: worship him, all ye Hebr. 1. 6. 11 Let the heavens rejoice, and gods. let the earth be glad; let the sea 8 Zion heard, and was glad; and roar, and the fulness thereof.

the daughters of Judah rejoiced be12 Let the field be joyful, and all cause of thy judgments, O Lord. that is therein: then shall all the 9 For thou, Lord, art high above trees of the wood rejoice

all the earth : thou art exalted far 13 Before the LORD: for he com- above all gods. eth, for he cometh to judge the earth : 10 Ye that love the LORD, hate c Ps. 34. 14. he shall judge the world with right- evil: he preserveth the souls of his Rom. 12. 9. eousness, and the people with his saints; he delivereth them out of the truth.

hand of the wicked. PSALM XCVII.

11 Light is sown for the righteous, 1 The majesty of God's kingdom. 7 The and gladness for the upright in heart.

church rejoiceth at God's judgments upon 12 Rejoice in the LORD, ye right

6. Honour and majesty are before him : &c.] This ex- Christ, who should overthrow the idolatry of the heapresses, in poetical language, the general glory, majesty, then world, subdues all his enemies, and make the and perfection of God.

spiritual “ daughters of Judah be glad, because of his 9. - the beauty of holiness :] See the note on Psalm judgments.” Travell

. This and the three following xxix. 2.

Psalms bear the name of David in the Greek version, 10–13. Say among the heathen &c.] Nothing can and it is highly probable that they all come from the excel in sublimity the noble exultation of universal same hand as the ninety-sixth. Green. nature in these verses, where the whole animate and in Ver. 2. Clouds and darkness &c.] His throne is suranimate creation unite in the praises of their Maker. rounded by impenetrable obscurity, but every thing Poetry here seems to assume the highest tone of that issues from it is dedicated by unerring truth and triumph and exultation, and to revel, if I may so ex- justice. Travell. press myself, in all the extravagance of joy. Bp. Lowth. 3—5. A fire goeth before him, &c.] The judgments of

The exhortations in this Psalm are peculiarly appli- God, and their effects upon the world, are here set forth, cable to the times of the Gospel, and describe the joy under the usual similitude of lightning and fire from which good men should express, when they reflect that heaven, causing the earth to tremble, and mountains to the several nations of the world are enlightened with melt and dissolve away. Bp. Horne. the knowledge of the true God, and his Son Jesus 7.- worship him, all ye gods.] Let all that are called Christ. These great privileges engage us to praise the gods, whether on earth or in heaven, acknowledge and Lord without ceasing; to worship Him with fear, humi- adore his sovereign authority. Bp. Patrick. lity, and joy; and to shew by our obedience, that the 8. the daughters of Judah] See note at Ps. xlviii. Lord does truly reign over us. Ostervald.

11.

11. Light] That is, life, salvation, immortality. Psalm XCVII. In this Psalm the gracious assist This Psalm is not so much a description of God's ance which God affords his servants, and the vengeance dominion over the Jews as a prophecy of the domiHe takes upon the opposers of his laws, are strongly nion of Jesus Christ over all nations. ''he Holy Spirit described under the images of fire and tempest. But here describes the effects which the coming of that the Psalm is chiefly applicable to the spiritual reign of kingdom would produce, and the joy which the faithful

1 Or, to the memorial.

a Isa, 52. 10.

God's salvation toward Israel.

PSALMS. All are exhorted to worship God. eous; and give thanks || at the re 8 Let the floods clap their hands : membrance of his holiness.

let the hills be joyful together

9 Before the LORD; b for he com- b Ps. 96. 13. PSALM XCVIII.

eth to judge the earth : with right-
1 The psalmist exhorteth the Jews, 4 the Gen- eousness shall he judge the world,
tiles, 7 and all the creatures to praise God. and the people with equity.
TA Psalm.

PSALM XCIX.
O

SING unto the Lord a new
song; for he hath done marvel- | 1 The prophet, setting forth the kingdom

of God in Zion, 5 exhorteth all, by the
lous things: his right hand, and his

example of forefathers, to worship God at
holy arm, hath gotten him the vic his holy hill.
tory.

HE peo-
2 a The LORD hath made known ple tremble: he sitteth between
his salvation : his righteousness hath the cherubims ; let the earth + be Heb.

stagger.
he || openly shewed in the sight of moved.
the heathen.

2 The Lord is great in Zion; and
3 He hath remembered his mercy he is high above all the people.
and his truth toward the house of Is 3 Let them praise thy great and
rael : all the ends of the earth have terrible name; for it is holy.
seen the salvation of our God.

4 The king's strength also loveth
4 Make a joyful noise unto the judgment; thou dost establish equity,
LORD, all the earth : make a loud thou executest judgment and right-
noise, and rejoice, and sing praise.

5 Sing unto the Lord with the 5 Exalt ye the Lord our God,
harp; with the harp, and the voice of and worship at his footstool; for || he lor, it is
a psalm.

is holy.
6 With trumpets and sound of cor 6 Moses and Aaron among his
net make a joyful noise before the priests, and Samuel among them that
LORD, the King.

call upon his name; they called upon
7 Let the sea roar, and the fulness the LORD, and he answered them.
thereof; the world, and they that dwell 7 He spake unto them in the
therein.

cloudy pillar : they kept his testi

1 Or. revealed.

holy.

would feel when it should be manifested; wherefore it publick manifestations of it, as a mixture of too much principally concerns us to improve those affections of vanity in the praising and magnifying God, do not conzeal and devotion which are manifest in this divine form themselves to David's precepts, or his example. song. We here learn, that the best way of praising Lord Clarendon. God, and the true character of his worshippers, is to love Him, to hate evil, and to rejoice in Him continu Psalm XCIX. ver. 1. The Lord reigneth ; &c.] Admially. Ostervald.

ration, as it ever accompanies, so it is frequently the

cause of sublimity. It produces great and magnificent Psalm XCVIII. The Prophet, transported by the conceptions and sentiments, and expresses them in lanSpirit into the times of the Messiah, speaks in this Psalm guage bold and elevated, in sentences concise, abrupt, of the great deliverance, as already effected.

and energetick. Of which this verse affords a striking There is a great similarity between this Psalm and the instance. Bp. Lowth. ninety-sixth. It makes part of our Evening Service, to he sitteth between the cherubims ;] He manifests be read after the first lesson.

his presence upon the mercy-seat between the cheruVer. 2. his righteousness &c.] Meaning God's faith- bim. Bp. Hall. fulness in accomplishing his great promise of sending let the earth be moved.] Let the earth bow down the Messias. Poole.

with fear. Travell. 3. all the ends] All the countries. Bp. Wilson. 4. The king's strength also loveth judgment ; &c.] 6.- cornet] Or trumpet, as the same word is trans- Although the strength" of our King be infinite, yet lated at Exod. xix. 16, and other places. Parkhurst. it is never exerted, but in “righteousness” and just

7. Let the sea roar, &c.] Call upon the whole crea- “judgment,” which are his delight; they compose the tion, animate and inanimate, to join the universalchorus; firm basis of his throne, and direct his whole administhe sea, and the land, and all the various inhabitants tration. Bp. Horne. thereof. Bp. Horne, Travell.

5. - worship at his footstool ;] Worship before and There is nothing that God expects more from us, nor towards his ark, which is his footstool. Dr. Wells. takes as a greater argument of our gratitude to Him, 6. Moses and Aaron &c.] In confirmation of what than our signal and cheerful joy upon receiving any he had said, that God is holy, he mentions Moses, and great benefit from Him: nor is the joy of our heart Aaron, and Samuel, as three of the greatest eminence enough, though He sees the full extent of it; but He who were devoted to his service : to them He had will have such a manifestation of it, that the people may shewn Himself to be God by very remarkable instances know it as well as He. They who would stifle all their of favour, though at the same time He punished the injoy within their own breasts, and look upon solemn and fidelities of the people. Mudge.

gave them.

An exhortation to praise God cheerfully. PSALMS. David's vow and profession of godliness. monies, and the ordinance that he is everlasting; and his truth endureth + to all generations.

+ Heb. to 8 Thou answeredst them, O LORD

generation PSALM CI.

and generaour God : thou wast a God that for

tion.

. gavest them, though thou tookest David maketh a vow and profession of god

liness,
vengeance of their inventions.

CA Psalm of David.
9 Exalt the Lord our God, and
worship at his holy hill; for the Lord I WILL sing of mercy and judg-
our God is holy.

ment: unto thee, O LORD, will I

sing.
PSALM C.

2 1 will behave myself wisely in a
1 An exhortation to praise God cheerfully, 3 perfect way. () when wilt thou come
for his greatness, 4 and for his power. unto me? I will walk within my house

1 A Psalm of || praise. Thanksgiving.

with a perfect heart. MAKE a joyful noise unto the 3 I will set no + wicked thing before + Heb. thing + Heb. all the Lord, tall ye lands.

of Belial. mine eyes: I hate the work of them 2 Serve the Lord with gladness: that turn aside; it shall not cleave to come before his presence with sing- me. ing.

4 A froward heart shall depart from 3 Know ye that the Lord he is me: I will not know a wicked person.

God: it is he that hath made us, 5 Whoso privily slandereth his | Or, and his || and not we ourselves; we are his neighbour, him will I cut off: him

people, and the sheep of his pasture. that hath an high look and a proud

4 Enter into his gates with thanks- heart will not I suffer.
giving, and into his courts with praise: 6 Mine eyes shall be upon the
be thankful unto him, and bless his faithful of the land, that they may
name.

dwell with me: he that walketh || in Or, perfect 5 For the Lord is good; his mercy a perfect way, he shall serve me.

|| Or,

earth.

we are.

in the way.

8. Thou answeredst them, &c.] The construction of Instructed by this Psalm, we ought ever to pray that the verse seems to be this: “ O Lord our God, Thou all nations of the world may worship the Lord, and didst hear, or answer them;" that is, the aforementioned glorify his name; and that to this end God would be typical mediators, Moses, Aaron, and Samuel; “ Thou pleased to make Himself known unto them, and give becamest a forbearing God for them,” or, at their in- them the knowledge of his Son, Jesus Christ. And, tercession; and that, “even when punishing," or, when in order to excite ourselves to the duty of praising Him, Thou hadst begun to punish, “the wicked deeds of we should consider that He is our Creator, that “we them ;” that is, not of Moses, Aaron, and Samuel, but are his people, and the sheep of his pasture;" that of the people, who had transgressed, and for whom they He has heaped abundant favours on us, not only of interceded. This was the case when Moses interceded nature, but of grace, and given to his Church the for the idolaters, Exod. xxxii. 32; Aaron for the schisma- clearest tokens of his goodness and mercy. Osterticks, Numb. xvi. 47; and Samuel for the whole nation, vald. i Sam. vii. 9. Bp. Horne.

In this Psalm we learn, that it is the duty of those who Psalm CI. David here appeals to God for his love of have the happiness to know God, and to be the subjects mercy, justice, and integrity; and publishes to the of his kingdom, to fear him, to reverence his majesty, whole world his abhorrence of villany, treachery, cato worship Him with the profoundest humility, and lumny, and pride ; and then professes that he would, without ceasing to celebrate his name, which is great, to the utmost of his power, discountenance and destroy terrible, and holy. We also see in this Psalm, that God all men of that character; as he would, on the condid formerly deliver the Israelites, when Moses, Aaron, trary, favour and protect all those that were truly reliand Samuel called upon Him; and that He also took gious and faithful. Dr. Delaney. This is one of the vengeance on them for their sins, when they offended Psalms appointed for the inauguration service of our Him. This shews, that as God is always good, He is kings. also just, and has sometimes made men feel the marks Ver. 2. I will behave &c.] That is, wisdom shall of his mercy, and sometimes of his wrath, to engage guide my footsteps, and not suffer my feet to slide from them to love and fear Him. Ostervald.

thy all-perfect way. Merrick.

O when wilt thou come unto me?] When wilt Psalm This is a solemn invitation to all the world Thou come to protect and assist me? Rosenmüller. to acknowledge, serve, and praise God, the Creator of 3. of them that turn aside ;] Of them who in their all men, the guardian of his people, and the merciful counsels and their actions deviate from the Divine law, performer of all his promises, through all generations. to serve their own interest. Bp. Horne. It is used in the daily service of the Church, as a gene it shall not cleave to me.] No such corrupt ral acknowledgment of gratitude for the Divine bless. principle shall adhere to my soul, or find a place in my ings, and as an excitement to the congregation to join affections. Bp. Horne. in the praise of God. Travell.

4. A froward heart] That is, a perverse and stubborn Ver. 4. — into his gates] That is, into the gates of heart. Edwards. his sanctuary. Bp. Patrick.

I will not know] I will not favour. Dr. Wells.

not be established.

I let my cry come unto thee. The prophet in his prayer

PSALMS.

maketh a grievous complaint. 7 He that worketh deceit shall not ness: I am like an owl of the desert.

dwell within my house: he that telleth 7 I watch, and am as a sparrow + Heb. shall lies t shall not tarry in my sight. alone upon the house top.

8 I will early destroy all the wicked 8 Mine enemies reproach me all of the land ; that I may cut off all the day; and they that are mad wicked doers from the city of the against me are sworn against me. LORD.

9 For I have eaten ashes like

bread, and mingled my drink with PSALM CII.

weeping,

10 Because of thine indignation
1 The prophet in his prayer maketh a grievous

complaint., 12 He taketh comfort in the and thy wrath : for thou hast lifted
eternity and mercy of God. 18 The mercies me up, and cast me down.
of God are to be recorded. 23 He sustain-

11 a
eth his weakness by the unchangeableness of that declineth; and I

My days are like a shadow a Isa. 40. 6.
God.

am withered 1 Or, for. 1 A Prayer || of the afflicted, when he

12 But thou, O LORD, shalt en-
is overwhelmed, and poureth out dure for ever; and thy remembrance
his complaint before the LORD.

unto all generations.
EAR my prayer, O Lord, and 13 Thou shalt arise, and have

.

mercy upon Zion: for the time to 2 Hide not thy face from me in the favour her, yea, the set time, is come. day when I am in trouble; incline 14 For thy servants take pleasure thine ear unto me: in the day when I in her stones, and favour the dust call answer me speedily.

thereof.
3 For my days are consumed || like 15 So the heathen shall fear the
into smoke. smoke, and my bones are burned as name of the Lord, and all the kings
an hearth.

of the earth thy glory.
4 My heart is smitten, and wither 16 When the LORD shall build up
ed like grass; so that I forget to eat | Zion, he shall appear in his glory.

17 He will regard the prayer of 5 By reason of the voice of my the destitute, and not despise their I Or, fresh. groaning my bones cleave to my skin. prayer.

6 I am like a pelican of the wilder 18 This shall be written for the

James 1. 10.

like grass.

| Or, (as some read)

my bread.

8. I will early destroy &c.] The meaning may be, 5. By reason &c.] Extremity of sorrow causeth the * Every morning I will be destroying, &c.” The He- flesh to waste, and the bones to press upon the skin, brew courts of justice were held in the morning ; see through which they are ready to force their way. Bp. 2 Sam. xv. 2; Jer. xxi. 12. Green. Or, the word here Horne. rendered “ early,” may mean soon.” Merrick. Or, 6. I am like &c.] The sorrowful man is naturally "assiduously.' Rosenmüller.

desirous of retiring from the world, to vent his comHow noble a declaration was this in a great king! plaints in solitude, and to pass the nights in watchfuland how worthy the imitation of all the princes of the ness and prayer. Bp. Horne. earth! How noble a manner too was this of publishing 7. I watch,] That is, cares and sorrows so disturb declarations to the people, in solemn and sublíme hymns me that I cannot sleep. Rosenmüller. to Almighty God; set to musick, and sung with joy as a sparrow alone] The bird here mentioned and transport through the land; at once vindicating in seems to be the solitary sparrow, which is thus described nocence, and propagating piety! Let this be numbered in Brooke's Natural History: “ It usually sits alone on among the felicities peculiar to David. Dr. Delaney. the tops of old buildings, and roofs of churches, singing

very sweetly, especially in the morning, and is an Psalm CII. This Psalm seems, by the thirteenth Oriental bird.” Parkhurst. verse, to have been composed about the time that God 9. For I have eaten ashes &c.] I am so humbled by had promised a restoration to his people from their my affliction, that, like a mournful penitent, I lie down captivity in Babylon; namely, after a term of seventy among the dust and ashes, which mingle themselves years : it strongly describes the miseries they suffered with my food, as tears do with my drink. Travell, during their captivity, and begs God at length to take Bp. Patrick. pity on Jerusalem, and restore it, with the temple, to 13.- the set time, is come.] The time fixed for the its former glory; for this would be such an illustrious continuance of the Babylonish captivity; which was proof of his divinity, that it would draw all nations to seventy years, Jer. xxix. 10. Green. do Him homage ; and particularly his attention to this 14. take pleasure in her stones,] That is, bear an prayer of the poor prisoner should be recorded for his affection to her ruins. Green. honour to future generations. Mudge. Penitential and favour the dust thereof.] Rather, "and comsorrow being a principal subject of this Psalm, it is passionate her dust.”

16. When the Lord &c.] From ver. 16 to 22 inVer. 3.

as an hearth.] Literally, as a firebrand. clusive, the Psalmist seems to speak prophetically of Dr. Wall, Old Translation,

the Messiah,

.

+ Heb. the children of death.

+ Heb. afflicted.

b Hebr. 1. 10.

18.
Deut. 5. 10.

Ps. 86. 15. Jer. 32. 18. + Heb. great of mercy.

The mercies of God are to be recorded. PSALMS. An exhortation to bless God for his mercy,

generation to come: and the people ( A Psalm of David.
whichoshall be created shall praise B LESS that is within mye soles

19 For he hath looked down from his holy name.
the height of his sanctuary; from 2 Bless the LORD, O my soul, and
heaven" did the Lord behold the forget not all his benefits:
earth;

3 Who forgiveth all thine iniqui-
20 "To hear the groaning of the ties; who healeth all thy diseases;
prisoner; to loose those that are tap-

4 Who redeemeth thy life from pointed to death;

destruction; who crowneth thee with 21. To declare the name of the lovingkindness and tender mercies; Lord in Zion, and his praise in Jeru

5 Who satisfieth thy mouth with
salem;

good things ; so that thy youth is re-
22 When the people are gathered newed like the eagle's.
together, and the kingdoms, to serve 6 The Lord executeth righteous-
the LORD.

ness and judgment for all that are
23 He + weakened my strength in oppressed.
the way; he shortened my days. 7 He made known his ways unto

24 I said, O my God, take me not Moses, his acts unto the children of
away in the midst of my days: thy Israel.
years are throughout all generations.

8 a The Lord is merciful and gra- a Exod. 34.
25 Of old hast thou laid the foun- cious, slow to anger, and + plenteous Numb. 14.
dation of the earth : and the heavens in mercy.
are the work of thy hands.

9 He will not always chide: neither Neh. 9. 17. 26 They shall perish, but thou shalt will he keep his anger for ever. + Heb, stand. + endure : yea, all of them shall wax 10 He hath not dealt with us after

old like a garment; as a vesture shalt our sins ; nor rewarded us according
thou change them, and they shall be to our iniquities.
changed:

11 For + as the heaven is high Heb
27° But thou art the same, and thy above the earth, so great is his mercy the height of
years shall have no end.

toward them that fear him.
28 The children of thy servants 12 As far as the east is from the
shall continue, and their seed shall be west, so far hath he removed our
established before thee.

transgressions from us.
PSALM CIII.

13 Like as a father pitieth his 1 An exhortation to bless God for his mercy, children, so the Lord pitieth them 15 and for the constancy thereof.

that fear him. 25. Of old hast thou &c.] The application of this his goodness towards himself and the Israelites; celeand the following verses to Jesus Christ, in the Epistle brates his great mercy and tender compassion towards to the Hebrews, is at once a proof of his Divinity, his people, and invites all creatures to join with him and of the inspiration of the Psalms. See Heb. i. 10. in praising the name of the Lord. Green. A peculiar Travell.

strain of tenderness and beauty pervades this Psalm. 28. The children of thy servants &c.] Whatever may Ver. 5. — thy youth is renewed like the eagle's.] That be the fate of the present generation, whether they may is, as the eagle's vigour is wont to be, after it has relive to see the accomplishment of all that has been fore- newed its feathers. Dr. Wells. The youth of an eagle told, or not, yet the word of God standeth sure; there is no otherwise renewed than by the succession of new shall be always a Church, and an holy seed, to whom feathers to old ones. In like manner the serpent was the promise shall be made good. Bp. Horne.

said by the Romans “to put off old age” when it cast If we had a true devotion in our hearts to form and its skin. Rosenmüller. compound our prayers, and a fervent motion from our 9, 10. He will not always chide : &c.] God's chashearts to pour them out, we might reasonably as well tisements are some of the most eminent proofs of his as piously believe, that every prayer we so send up to mercy. They are sent to reclaim us from eternal punishheaven would prove effectual, and bring down that from ment. They continue not always, but are removed thence to us, for which we pray. The Church hath when they have done their work; and while they last, provided an excellent form of devotion and prayer for are as nothing in comparison of those heavy stripes all men to concur in at the publick service and worship which our sins have deserved. Bp. Horne. of God: and whoever reads and considers that form, 12. As far as the east &c.] That is, He hath enwill find himself best prepared for his private devotions; tirely remitted the punishment due to our manifold and may very profitably transplant expressions from offences. Bp. Patrick. thence into his most private and occasional addresses 13. Like as a father &c.] See Isa. xlix, 15. to the Divine Providence. Lord Clarendon.

This is one of the most excellent songs of thanks

giving in the whole Book of Psalms. David here Psalm CIII. In this Psalm David blesses God for seems affected with the highest strains of devotion, and

according to

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