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Prov. 1. 7. &
Ecclus. 1. 16.
+ Heb. that do them.
1 Heb. prey.
The psalmist inciteth to praise God PSALMS. for his glorious and gracious works.
5 The LORD at thy right hand 6 He hath shewed his people the
them the heritage of the heathen.
dead bodies; he shall wound the heads ments are sure.
8 They + stand fast for ever and Heb, are 7 He shall drink of the brook in ever, and are done in truth and upthe way: therefore shall he lift up the rightness. head.
9 He sent redemption unto his PSALM CXI.
people: he hath commanded his cove-
to praise God for his glorious, 5 and gra- name.
beginning of wisdom: || a good under- 9. 10.
RAISE ye the Lord. I will standing have all they † that do his | Or, good Hallelujah.
praise the Lord with my whole commandments : his praise endureth funcess:
and of the life to come. 10 The prosperity
Hallelujah. 4 He hath made his wonderful works ed is the man that feareth the to be remembered: the Lord is gra- Lord, that delighteth greatly in his cious and full of compassion.
commandments. 5 He hath given + meat unto them
2 His seed shall be mighty upon that fear him: he will ever be mind- earth; the generation of the upright ful of his covenant.
shall be blessed. 5. — shall strike through &c.] Jesus destroyed both for, and the signal blessings He had bestowed upon, the Jewish and Roman persecutors, and will destroy all the Jewish nation, of which this sacred hymn seems to the enemies of his Church. Abp. Secker, See Ps. ü. have been designed as a short memorial. Edwards. 9, and xlv, 5; Rev, xix. 15.
This is one of the proper Psalms appointed by the 6. He shall judge &c.] He shall convince the heathen Church to be read on Easter-day. world, that He is their Lawgiver and their Judge. He Ver. 1. Praise ye the Lord.] These words are the shall take severe vengeance on those who persecute his title to the Psalm, and not part of the Psalm itself, as subjects, and shall crush the supreme power in various in the beginning of Ps. cxii
, cxiii. Bps. Patrick and countries. Bp. Patrick,
Lowth. See the note on Ps. cy. 45. 7. He shall drink &c.] By " drinking of the brook 7. The works of his hands &c.] In all God's disby the way,” allusion seems to be made to the support pensations towards his faithful servants, and towards and refreshment which Christ experienced. The phrase his impenitent adversaries, we admire and adore his relates, it is probable, to those consolations which He "verity” in the performance of his promises to the received at the beginning of his great conflict with the former, and his "justice” in executing vengeance on powers of darkness, particularly in his agony, when the latter. Thus the time of fulfilling his promise to there appeared to Him an angel from heaven strength- Abraham came not till the iniquity of the Amorites was ening Him, Luke xxii. 43, Merrick, Bp. Lowth, full. Bp. Horne,
We should remember on reading this Psalm, that we 9. He sent redemption unto his people :] He means have a Priest in heaven, who stands continually plead that great deliverance out of Egypt which was a type ing the merits of his sacrifice once offered on the cross. and pledge of that greater and higher redemption by Oblation, intercession, and benediction are the three Christ. Poole, great branches of the sacerdotal office, which our great We ought to join our praises to those which are High Priest now exercises for us, and in the exercise of offered to God in this hymn; we have even more reason which the Father has condescended in the most awful than the faithful of old had to confess that the works manner to promise, that he will hear Him, and accept of the Lord are great and wonderful ; that He is merHim in our behalf. His priesthood is not like that of ciful, righteous, and full of compassion; that He has Aaron, transient, figurative, and successive, but real remembered his covenant, and sent salvation and reand effective, fixed and incommunicable, eternal and demption to his people. These inestimable blessings unchangeable. He is “a Priest for ever after the order should excite us to declare his goodness and marvellous of Melchizedek.” Bp. Horne.
works before men, and particularly in the assembly of
the faithful, Ostervald, Psalm CXI. The author of this Psalm celebrates the majesty and goodness of God displayed in a very
Psalm CXII. This Psalm is a kind of commentary eminent manner in the wonderful things He had done upon
the last verse of the former Psalm, enumerating
+ Heb. eralteth him
The security of the godly.
An exhortation to praise God. 3 Wealth and riches shall be in bis +PRATS Eyathe Lo the Praise
Hallelujah. for ever.
praise the name of the Lord. 4 Unto the upright there ariseth 2 • Blessed be the name of the a Dan. 2. 20. light in the darkness : he is gracious, Lord from this time forth and for and full of compassion, and right- evermore. eous.
3 From the rising of the sun unto b Mal. 1. 11. 5 A good man sheweth favour, and the going down of the same the lendeth: he will guide his affairs with Lord's name is to be praised. + discretion.
4 The Lord is high above all judgment.
6 Surely he shall not be moved nations, and his glory above the hea-
5 Who is like unto the Lord our
6 Who humbleth himself to behold self to dwell. the LORD.
the things that are in heaven, and in
the dust, and lifteth the needy out of
creatures, to fear God in his Church.
a 2 Cor. 9.9.
the various degrees of happiness which they enjoy, who mother of children. This Psalm is appointed to be used fear God and keep his commandments; and conclud- on Easter-day. Bp. Horne. ing with a description of the envy and wretchedness of Ver. 3. From the rising &c.] Signifying, either from the ungodly. Bp. Patrick, Travell.
morning to evening, or from east to west. Merrick. Ver. 4. - righteous.] Righteous" here seems to in 6. Who humbleth himself &c.] Highly as our Lord is clude the idea of generosity and charity; a man gener- exalted above this system, above this heaven and this ous upon principles of religion. Mudge.
earth of ours, yet He condescendeth to regard every 6.- the righieous shall be &c.] That is, Eminently thing that passes here, and to make us, the inhabitants good men do commonly leave a good name behind them, of this lower world, and, for our sakes, all the other and transmit a grateful memory of themselves to after- creatures in it, the objects of his peculiar care, and ages. Abp. Tillotson.
paternal love. Bp. Horne. 9. — his horn &c.] God shall give him an increase of Such is God's mercy to the poor sons of Adam in true honour, and abundantly reward his liberality. Bp. their fallen state, that from the lowest and most abject Hall. See note at 1 Sam. ï. 1.
condition, from the pollutions of sin, and from the disThe character which the Psalmist here gives of good honour of the grave, He raiseth them to righteousness men is, that they fear the Lord; that they take great and holiness, to glory and immortality; He setteth them delight in his commandments; that they are just and on high, with the inhabitants of the heavenly Jerusasincere ; that they conduct all their affairs with upright- lem, "with the princes of his people,” the leaders of ness; that they are kind and full of compassion, and the armies above, with angels and archangels before his love to give alms to the poor. He afterwards teaches throne. What is the exaltation of the meanest beggar us, that those who live thus are perfectly happy; that from a dunghill to an earthly diadem, when compared God blesses them in their persons, in their posterity, with that of human nature from the grave to the throne and in their possessions; that they enjoy peace of con- of God! Here is honour worthy our ambition; honour, science; that they fear no evil, always trusting in the after which all are alike invited to aspire : which all may Lord; and that their righteousness and their memory obtain who strive worthily and lawfully; and of which, shall remain for ever. These are very important in- when once obtained, nothing can ever deprive the posstructions, which should powerfully encourage us to sessors. Bp. Horne. the study and practice of piety. Ostervald.
Psalm CXIV. This is another of the Psalms apPsalm CXIII. The servants of God are here ex- pointed by our Church to be read on Easter-day. It horted to praise Him at all times, and in all places, on celebrates the deliverance of Israel from Egypt, and the account of his power and glory, his mercy in redeem- miracles wrought for that people, prefiguring the reing man, and making the Gentile Church to be a joyful demption of our nature from sin and death, and the
b Exod. 14. 21.
An exhortation to praise God.
God is to be blessed. a Exod. 13.3.
WHEN Israelowent foute of speak tot : eyes have they, but they
2 Judah was his sanctuary, and not: noses have they, but they smell
not: 3 The sea saw it, and fled : Jor 7 They have hands, but they hanc Josh. 3. 13. dan was driven back.
dle not: feet have they, but they 4 The mountains skipped like walk not: neither speak they through rams, and the little hills like lambs. their throat.
5 What ailed thee, O thou sea, 8 They that make them are like
eth in them.
standing water, the flint into a foun- in the Lord: he is their help and
12 The LORD hath been mindful
of us : he will bless us; he will bless
the LORD, both small + and great. 1 Heb.with. unto us, O unto
15 Ye are blessed of the LORD
3 6 But our God is in the heavens: are the Lord's: but the earth hath he hath done whatsoever he hath he given to the children of men. pleased.
17 The dead praise not the LORD, 4 • Their idols are silver and gold, neither any that go down into sithe work of men's hands.
lence. 5 They have mouths, but they 18 d But we will bless the Lord d Dan. 2. 20.
10. b Ps. 135. 6.
c Ps. 135. 15.
wonders of mercy and love wrought for us by Jesus hymn of thanksgiving for victories, from the earliest Christ. Bp. Horne.
Christian ages. Dr. Delaney. This and the three folVer. 1, 2. When Israel went &c.] When Jehovah de- lowing Psalms were sung by the Jews, after eating the livered Israel from the bondage of Egypt, He chose passover, and were called the great hallelujah. Bp. them for his peculiar people: his presence presided in Wilson. their camp, as in a "sanctuary,” or temple; and He ruled Ver. 3. - he hath done whatsoever he hath pleased.] them as an earthly king exerciseth sovereignty in his He doeth whatsoever he pleaseth. Mudge, Street. "dominions.” Bp. Horne.
10. O house of Aaron,] This expression comprehends 4. The mountains skipped &c.] The mountains of the the priests and Levites. Travell. wilderness shook and were moved sensibly at his terri 11. Ye that fear the Lord,] This seems to comprehend ble presence, when He delivered the law to his people, those, all the world over, that worshipped the one suExod. xix. 18. Bp. Hall.
preme God. Mudge. If the Divine presence hath such an effect upon 12. The Lord hath been mindful of us:] Rather, the inanimate matter, how ought it to operate on rational Lord remembereth us. Mudge. and accountable beings ! Let us be afraid with an holy From the former part of this Psalm we learn, that fear at the presence of God, in the world by his provi- God is induced to do good to men, not by any merit on dence, and hy his Spirit in our consciences; that so we their part, but by his own pure mercy, which ought may have hope and courage in the day when He shall therefore to be the foundation of our trust when we arise to shake terribly the earth; when “every island direct our prayer to Him. In the latter part we see shall flee away, and the mountain shall be no more how happy those are who worship God and fear Him; found,” Rev. xvi, 20. Bp. Horne.
since the Psalmist assures us, that God is the help and
buckler of all those that trust in Him, and that his Psalm CXV. This Psalm has always been used as an favours are extended to them and their posterity. These
I hath Yeard my voice and my cupe are liars:
+ Heb. in
The psalmist professeth his love
PSALMS. and duty to God for his deliverance. from this time forth and for evermore. 8 For thou hast delivered my soul Praise the Lord.
from death, mine eyes from tears, and
my feet from falling PSALM CXVI.
9 I will walk before the Lord in i The psalmist professeth his love and duty to the land of the living.
God for his deliverance. 12 He studieth to 10 b I believed, therefore have I b 2 Cor. 1. 13. be thankful.
spoken: I was greatly afflicted:
12 What shall I render unto the
13 I will take the cup of salva3 The sorrows of death com- tion, and call upon the name of the + Heb. found passed me, and the pains of hell + gat Lord.
hold upon me: I found trouble and 14 I will pay my vows unto the
Lord now in the presence of all his
Lord is the death of his saints.
6 The Lord preserveth the sim- of thine handmaid: thou hast loosed
17 I will offer to thee the sacrifice
18 I will pay my vows unto the
glorious promises should prevail on us more effectually entirely, and, lo, my prayer hath been heard, and anto fear God, and to expect all our happiness from his swered. Bp. Horné. blessing alone. Ostervald.
13. - the cup of salvation,] This cup of salvation is
the drink-offering annexed to and poured upon the sacriPsalm CXVI. This is a Psalm of thanksgiving for fice, at the time they used to call upon the name of the some special deliverance from grievous calamity, wherein Lord. Jos. Mede. This praise is taken from the comthe Psalmist acknowledges his gratitude to the Divine mon practice of the Jews in their thank-offerings, in mercy, describes his extreme distress and happy deli- which a feast was made of the remainders of the sacriverance out of it, and determines from henceforth to fices, and the offerers, together with the priests, did eat serve and praise the Lord, from whom he had received and drink before the Lord; and, amongst other rites, such signal benefits. It is highly applicable to the case the master of the feast took a cup of wine into his hand, of those who have been blessed with deliverance from and solemnly blessed God for it, and for the mercy sickness and distress, and therefore the Church has which was then acknowledged, and then gave it to all appointed a considerable portion of it to be used in the guests, who drank successively of it. See 1 Chron. the solemn Thanksgiving of Women after Childbirth. xvi. 2, 3. To which custom it is supposed that our Travell.
blessed Saviour alludes in the institution of the cup, This Psalm has frequent and quick changes of scenes which also is called “the cup of blessing," 1 Cor. x. 16, and persons. Mudge.
which is in effect the same with "the cup of salvation." Ver. 3.
the pains of hell] That is, such pains as had Poole. almost brought me to the grave. Dr. Wells.
15. Precious in the sight &c.] That is, good men are 6.- the simple :). The " simple” are here opposed to so precious in God's esteem, that He will not premathe crafty, who use indirect means for their deliverance; turely deliver them up to the power of death. Dr. Wells. whereas the simple use only such means as God ap 16.- thou hast loosed my bonds.] Thou hast rescued proves, and rely upon Him for the success of them. me from the power of death. Bp. Patrick. Green.
We should particularly here observe with what senti10, 11. I believed, &c.] In afflictions and distresses, ments of joy and gratitude the Psalmist celebrates the those of the spirit and conscience more especially, the wonderful deliverances which God had vouchsafed him soul is tempted to despond, and can only be supported in the great dangers he had been exposed to, with what by faith exerting itself in prayer: “I believed, and zeal he praises Him, and vows to love and obey Him. therefore have I spoken,” or, therefore spake I ; that is, From his example we learn, that when God has bestowas above, ver. 4, “I called upon the name of the Lord; ed any particular favour on us, and especially when He O Lord, I beseech thee, deliver my soul.” And this has delivered us from any great danger, it is our duty I did, though so " greatly afflicted,” that I had " said in to love Him, to bless his holy name, and praise Him my haste,” in my hurry and trepidation, occasioned by in the presence of all his people; and above all, to walk fear and amazement, “All men are liars ;" there is no before Him all the days of our life, and to testify our credit to be given to their promises of deliverance, I gratitude to Him, not only by our words, but by all our ann lost and undone for ever ; yet my faith failed not actions. Ostervald.
a Rom. 15. 11.
Exhortations to praise God
for his mercy and truth.
them that help metherefore shall I
8 It is better to trust in the Lord
than to put confidence in man. PSALM CXVII.
9 °It is better to trust in the Lord c Ps. 146. 3. An exhortation to praise God for his mercy than to put confidence in princes. and truth.
10 All nations compassed me about: O * PRAISE the Lord, all ye but in the name of the LORD will I nations : praise him, all ye peo- + destroy them.
+ Heb. cut
them off. ple.
11 They compassed me about ;
12 They compassed me about like
5 The psalmist by his experience sheweth | Lord I will + destroy them.
for he is good : because his mercy and song, and is become my salva1 Chron. 16. endureth for ever.
vation is in the tabernacles of the
4 Let them now that fear the Lord 16 The right hand of the Lord is
5 I called upon the Lord † in doeth valiantly.
declare the works of the LORD.
+ Heb. cut down.
a Ps. 106. 1. & 107. 1. & 136. 1.
+ Heb. out of distress.
b Hebr. 13. 6. Ps. 56. 4, 11. + Heb. for
Psalm CXVII. This short Psalm seems altogether 6, 7. The Lord is on my side ; &c.] By frequent exprophetical of the joy that all the world should conceive perience of the Divine power and mercy, from time to at the coming of the Messiah, to give salvation, first to time exerted in behalf of Israel, that nation was inthe Jews, and then to all other nations. St. Paul applies structed to trust in Jehovah; and, whenever they did part of it to this purpose, Rom. xv. 11. Bp. Patrick. so, success and victory never failed to attend their steps.
Would not the case be the same with tis in all our Psalm CXVIII. This is a Psalm of triumph : of which undertakings, if our faith was right and stedfast in the four first verses are the preface ; from thence to the God, who raised up Jesus from the dead, and who hath 18th, an account of the victory, in which the author promised to make us “more than conquerors ?” Bp. seems to have had a narrow escape from death : he Horne. attributes his deliverance and victory to the particular 10. All nations] That is, all the neighbouring nations. protection of the Almighty : after this is a kind of sacred Bp. Patrick. dialogue : David, being come to the temple, speaks the 12. They compassed me about like bees ; &c.] Their 19th verse ; they that open the gates, the 20th ; he again, numbers and rage might be compared to a swarm of as he enters, the 21st ; they with him seem to speak the angry bees; but their fury was short-lived and died four next verses, to the 25th ; the priests of the temple, away, like a sudden blaze of thorns, which is quickly the 26th ; the first part to the king, the other to the extinguished. Bp. Patrick, Travell
. people; the people, the 27th; he, the 28th; the 29th is 13. Thou hast thrust sore at me] This seems spoken the chorus verse, concluding as it began. Mudge. The of his enemies generally. Rosenmüller. triumphant subject of this Psalm makes it applicable to 15. The voice of rejoicing &c.] In the tabernacles, the service of Easter-day, when we celebrate the glorious that is, the tents of the righteous, is the voice of shoutvictory which our blessed Lord gained over sin and ing and triumph, proclaiming that the right hand of the death Travell
. It is also one of the proper Psalms in Lord hath done mighty things. Green. The mention of the thanksgiving on the twenty-ninth of May.
tents shews that they celebrated their deliverance, not Ver. 5. - in a large place. In a state of liberty and only publickly, but also privately, which was a sign of freedom from my enemies. Dr. Wells.
great and unfeigned joy. Rosenmüller.