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e Matt. 21. 42.
Mark 12. 10. refused is become the head stone of the B in the way, who walk in the law
19 Open to me the gates of right 29 O give thanks unto the LORD;
LESSED are the || undefiled 1 Or, perfect,
23 + This is the Lord's doing; it of the Lord.
2 Blessed are they that keep his
3 They also do no iniquity: they
keep thy precepts diligently.
name of the Lord: we have blessed keep thy statutes !
27 God is the LORD, which hath when I have respect unto all thy com-
ness of heart, when I shall have
sake me not utterly.
Luke 20. 17.
is from the LORD.
+ Heb. judgments of
19.- the gates of righteousness :] The gates of the whether publick or private, which He grants them; sanctuary. Dr. Wells.
but, above all, for the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. 22. The stone &c.] No text of the Old Testament is The Spirit of God signifies in this Psalm, that the quoted by the writers of the New so often as this, which Messiah should be rejected by the chief of the Jews; we meet with in five different places : see the margin. and that, notwithstanding, He should become the King The sum and substance of the New Testament applica- and Head of the Church; which was fulfilled when tions and expositions is, that Jesus Christ is the stone Jesus Christ was crucified, and when, after his resurhere mentioned ; that He was rejected and set at nought rection, He ascended into heaven, and his Kingdom by the chief priests and Pharisees, the then builders of was established in the world. Ostervald. the Church ; but that, being chosen of God, and precious to Him, this most valuable stone, thus despised Psalm CXIX. This Psalm consists of twenty-two and rejected of men, was at length exalted to be the chief staves of eight verses each, beginning with the first letter corner-stone in the building, and a centre of union for of the Hebrew alphabet, and ending with the last. All the Jew and Gentile, the two parts of which it consisted; the verses of each single stave begin with the same that this was the work of God, and the admiration of letter, from which it is denominated, so that the first man. Bp. Horne.
eight verses begin with Aleph, the next with Beth, and 24. This is the day &c.] Of the day on which Christ so on. Fenton. It was probably written for the instrucarose from the dead, it may with more propriety than of tion of youth. Every division of it expresses the excelany other day be affirmed, “This is the day which the lence of the law; a resolution to keep it, under all cirLord hath made.” Then it was that the rejected stone cumstances, particularly of distress, when his piety became “the head of the corner :” a morning then exposed him to danger of reproach; and a petition for dawned which is to be succeeded by no evening. Bp. grace. The words “ laws," "statutes,” “testimonies,” Horne.
"judgments," "precepts,” &c. which occurso constantly, 27. - bind the sacrifice &c.] Bind the sacrifice, or seem here to be used promiscuously. Bp. Patrick, lamb, with cords; (which was done previous to slaying Green. it;) offer it up at the horns of the altar. See Exod. xxx. Ver. 3. They also &c.] “For they commit no iniquity 10. Dimock.
who walk in his ways.'
Green. even unto the horns of the altar.] The meaning 6. — when I have &c.] All the commandments have of this passage probably is, that the sacrifices offered the same Author, and the same sanction. He who would be so great that the accustomed place for the thinks to atone for the breach of one, by the observation victims would not be large enough to hold them, but of another; he who reserves to himself a licence of infrom their number they would press even to the very dulging any favourite darling lust, while in general he “horns of the altar."
preserves the appearance of an exemplary conduct, is This Psalm, which the Jews sang at their feasts, an hypocrite; and, unless he repent, will be brought to should be made use of by Christians in giving thanks shame, if not before men here, yet before men and to God, not only for the favours and deliverances, angels hereafter. Bp. Horne,
of my counsel,
27. 11. & 86. 11.
praises, and professions PSALMS.
of obedience. BETH.
22 Remove from me reproach and
23 Princes also did sit and speak
against me: but thy servant" did sought thee: O let me not wander
meditate in thy statutes. from thy commandments.
24 Thy testimonies also are my
+ Heb. men 11 Thy word have I hid in mine delight and + my counsellors. heart, that I might not sin against
25 My soul cleaveth unto the dust: 12 Blessed art thou, O LORD: quicken thou me according to thy teach me thy statutes.
14 I have rejoiced in the way of statutes.
way of thy precepts: so shall I talk
droppeth, 16 I will delight myself in thy ness: strengthen thou me according statutes : I will not forget thy word. unto thy word. GIMEL.
29 Remove from me the way of 17 Deal bountifully with thy ser
lying: and grant me thy law gravant, that I may live, and keep thy
30 I have chosen the word.
of truth :
31 I have stuck unto thy testi19 · I am a stranger in the earth: monies: O Lord, put me not to is chron. 29. hide not thy commandments from
32 I will run the way of thy
commandments, when thou shalt
unto the end.
+ Heb. Reveal.
a Gen. 47.9.
Ps. 39. 12.
9. Wherewithal shall a young man &c.] Youth enters 18. — that I may behold &c.] That is, that I may be upon the journey of life headstrong and inexperienced, able to comprehend the Divine mysteries contained in with a bias of original corruption, and all the passions thy law. Dimock. awake. In such circumstances, how shall a young man 19. I. am a stranger &c.] I am a stranger, unacdirect his steps, so as to “escape the pollution that is in quainted with the way; give me thy commandments to the world through lust ?” He must for this purpose guide me. take with him the directions to be found in the Scrip 20. My soul breaketh &c.] That is, my soul is tures of truth. Bp. Horne.
wasted with a continual longing after thy judgments. 11. – have I hid] Have I treasured up. Green. Edwards. 12. Blessed art thou, &c.] The meaning seems to be 21. Thou hast rebuked &c.] Thou rebukest the proud; this, Thou, o Jehovah, art blessed, that is, art the cursed are they that stray from thy commandments. supreme God, to whom I acknowledge all blessing and " The proud” always mean, the contemptuous disreadoration to be due; teach me therefore thy statutes, garders of God and his laws. Mudge. as being the only laws to which we owe all obedience. 25. My soul cleaveth &c.] I am brought exceeding Mudge.
low by thy afflicting hand : oh, do Thou raise and 14. I have rejoiced &c.] Truth and holiness afford to comfort me, as Thou hast graciously promised. Bp. the sincere believer a pleasure more exquisite, as well Hall. as more solid and enduring, than that which a miser 29, 30. Remove from me &c.] It is plain that “the feels at the acquisition of his darling wealth. Let us no way of truth,” in the latter of these two verses, is oplonger envy the joys of worldly men, no longer be posed to the way of lying," or of falsehood, in the chagrined at the prosperity of the wicked. The true former. The one comprehends every thing in doctrine riches” we may always acquire ; and, surely, as much or in practice that is right, and therefore "true;" the as heaven is higher than the earth, so much are hea- other denotes every thing that is wrong, and therefore renly joys above earthly, in kind, degree, and duration. "false.” Bp. Horne, Bp. Horne.
32. - when thou shalt enlarge my heart.] When Thou Vol. II.
The psalmist professeth
his comfort in God's word,
me to hope.
timonies, and not to covetousness. fiction : for thy word hath quickened + Heb. Make 37 + Turn away mine eyes from me.
beholding vanity; and quicken thou 51 The proud have had me great-
ly in derision: yet have I not declined
39 Turn away my reproach which old, O Lord; and have comforted
40 Behold, I have longed after thy *53 Horror hath taken hold upon precepts : quicken me in thy right- me because of the wicked that for
sake thy law. VAU.
54 'Í'hy statutes have been my 41 Let thy mercies come also unto songs in the house of my pilgrimage. me, O Lord, even thy salvation, ac
55 I have remembered thy name,
O Lord, in the night, and have kept
56 This I had, because I kept thy that reproveth I trust in thy word.
I have said that I would keep thy
58 I intreated thy + favour with + Heb. face. 45 And I will walk + at liberty: my whole heart: be merciful unto me large. for I seek thy precepts.
according to thy word.
61 The ll bands of the wicked 10r, com-
|| Or, So shall I answer him
+ Heb. at
shalt enlighten my understanding by thy pirit. God member the word unto thy servant;" secondly, that gave to Solomon "largeness of heart.” i Kings iv. 29. He will never disappoint an expectation which Himself
36. Incline my heart &c.] By the words “incline not hath raised; "upon which thou hast caused me to my heart to covetousness," is meant,“ suffer not my hope.” Bp. Horne. heart to be inclined,” or, "give it not over to covetous 50. — quickened me.] Revived me in my sorrows. ness.” Bp. Horne.
Dr. Wells. 37. Turn away mine eyes &c.] Oh, let not mine eye 54. in the house of my pilgrimage.] In all my wanbetray my heart unto vanity ; let me not be so trans- derings up and down, 1 Sam. xxii. 1, 2. 5, and xxiii. 13. ported with any earthly objects, as to depart from my Bp. Patrick. perfect love of Thee, and desire of heavenly things. 56. This I had] That is, this composure of mind and Bp. Hall.
cheerfulness of spirit. Bp. Patrick. quicken thou &c.] Give me grace to go on with 60. I made haste, &c.] No future time that we can more and more vigour in thy way. Dr. Wells.
fix upon will be more convenient than the present is for 45. — I will walk at liberty :] The liberty of the sons our reformation. On the contrary, the more we defer, of God; freed from the fetters of sin.
the more difficult and painful our work must needs 48. My hands also will I lift &c.] I will earnestly prove ; every day will both enlarge our task, and diminish employ myself, and all my actions, to the performance our ability to perform it. We should consider that we of what Thou commandest me. Bp. Hall.
are mortal and frail, and therefore any designs of future 49. Remember the word &c.] The Psalmist here in reformation may be cut off by death ; which is always structs us to prefer our petition upon these grounds ; creeping towards us, and may, for all we can tell, be first, that God cannot prove false to his word; “Re- very near at hand. Dr. Barrow.
hoped in thy word. 63 I am a companion of all them 75 I know, O Lord, that thy that fear thee, and of them that keep judgments are + right, and that + Heb. rightthy precepts.
thou in faithfulness hast afflicted 64 The earth, O Lord, is full of me. thy mercy: teach me thy statutes. 76 Let, I pray thee, thy merciTETH. ful kindness be + for my comfort, + Heb. to
comfort me. 65 Thou hast dealt well with thy according to thy word unto thy ser
77 Let thy tender mercies come
law is my delight.
78 Let the proud be ashamed; for
a cause: but I will meditate in thy
79 Let those that fear thee turn
80 Let my heart be sound in thy
81 My soul fainteth for thy salva-
saying, When wilt thou comfort
in the smoke; yet do I not forget thy
cute me? 70. Their heart is as fat &c.] The " fatness of the 74. — when they see me :] When they see me delivered heart” implies, in this place, two things in those of out of all these troubles. "Dr. Wells. whom it is affirmed; luxury, and its consequence, in 75. I know, &c.] From whatever quarter afflictions sensibility to those spiritual and divine truths, which come upon us, they are the judgments of God,” withare not only the study, but the “ delight” of temperate out whose providence nothing befalls us.
His judgand holy persons. Bp. Horne.
ments are always " right," or just, duly proportioned to 71. It is good for me &c.] There is a class of most the disease and strength of the patient; in sending important duties, which can only be practised in afflic-them God is “ faithful” and true to his word, wherein tion; namely, patience and composure under distress, He hath never promised the crown without the cross, pain, and affiction: a stedfast keeping up of our con- but hath, on the contrary, assured us, that one will be fidence in God, and our dependence upon his final necessary in order to our obtaining the other; and that goodness, even at a time that every thing present they who are beloved by Him shall not sin with imis discouraging and adverse; and, what is no less diffi- punity, nor go astray without a call to return. Bp. cult to retain, a cordial desire for the happiness and Horne. comfort of others, even then, when we are deprived of 79. —- turn unto me,] Turn to my side, and become our own. The possession of this temper is almost the my friends. Bp. Patrick. perfection of our nature. But it is then only possessed 81. My soul fainteth &c.] My soul languisheth with when put to the trial: tried at all it could not have been a longing desire of thy salvation; yet still I am susin a life made up only of pleasure and gratification. It tained by an assured hope of thy merciful performis in the chambers of sickness; under the strokes of ances. Bp. Hall. affliction ; amidst the pinchings of want, the groans of
like a bottle in the smoke ;] Bottles, among the pain, the pressures of infirmity; in grief, in misfortune; Jews, were made of skins. One of these, if exposed to through gloom and horrour, that it will be seen, whether heat and “smoke,” would become shrivelled and usewe hold fast our hope, our confidence,
our trust in God; less. Such a change will labour and sorrow cause in whether this hope and confidence be able to produce in the human frame, and the Psalmist here represents, us resignation, acquiescence, and submission. Arch that his beauty and strength were gone, and the natural deacon Paley.
moisture dried up; in consequence of which the skin
c Ps. 19. 10. Prov. 8. 11.
+ Heb. to
The stability of God's word.
The psalmist declareth 85 The proud have digged pits | all my teachers : for thy testimonies for me, which are not after thy are my meditation. law.
100 I understand more than the 86 All thy commandments are ancients, because I keep thy pre
+ faithful: they persecute me wrong- cepts,
101 I have refrained my feet from
102 I have not departed from thy
honey to my mouth! 89 For ever, O Lord, thy word is
104 Through thy precepts I get settled in heaven.
understanding: therefore I hate every 90 Thy faithfulness is + unto all false way. generation
NUN. and genera- generations : thou hast established the earth, and it + abideth.
105 Thy word is a || lamp unto my candie.
form it, that I will keep thy righteous
quicken me, O Lord, according unto
freewill offerings of my mouth, O
109 My soul is continually in
110 The wicked have laid a snare
111 Thy testimonies have I taken
as an heritage for ever: for they are
112 I have inclined mine heart + to + Heb. to do.
113 I hate vain thoughts: but thy 99 I have more understanding than law do I love.
+ Heb. it is ever with me.
shrivelled, and both colour and vigour departed from can find out the comprehension of its precepts, or conhim. Bp. Horne.
ceive the extent of its promises ? Bp. Horne. 85. -- which are not after thy law.] Who act without 99, 100. I have more understanding &c.] That is, the any regard to thy law. Mudge.
spiritual wisdom, in which thy law instructs me, for 89. For ever, &c.] Or, " Thy word, O Lord, is for conducting myself most advantageously, is infinitely to ever, it is firmly fixed like the heavens.” God's word, be preferred before all other knowledge. Dr. Hammond. and his truth and faithfulness, upon which his laws
the freewill offerings of my mouth,] The "offerare founded, are as fixed as the heaven and the earth; ings” of the believer are prayer, praise, and holy resolufor they owe their durability to the same word and tions and vows, like that of the Psalmist above, to keep truth. Green, Mudge.
God's righteous judgments, in which he therefore peti95. – I will consider thy testimonies.] I will carefully tions to be more and more taught and instructed by the attend to thy commands. Mudge.
Spirit of truth. Bp. Horne. ** Freewill offerings ” were 96. I have seen an end &c.] Of “all perfection” in such sacrifices as were not offered by the law, or for any this world, whether of beauty, wit, learning, pleasure, fault, but for the sake of thanksgiving. Rosenmüller. honour, or riches, experience will soon shew us the 109. My soul is continually in my hand :) I am exposed "end.". But where is the end or boundary of the word to continual danger of my life. Bp. Hall. See the note of God? Who can ascend to the height of its excel from Dr. Durell on Job xiii. 14. lency; who can fathom the depth of its mysteries ; who 111. Thy testimonies have I taken as an heritage] That