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Sundry prayers,

e Matt. 21. 42.


Mark 12. 10. refused is become the head stone of the B in the way, who walk in the law
The coming of Christ is expressed. PSALMS.

19 Open to me the gates of right 29 O give thanks unto the LORD;
eousness: I will go in to them, and for he is good : for his mercy endureth
I will praise the LORD:

for ever.
20 This gate of the Lord, into
which the righteous shall enter.

21 I will praise thee: for thou This psalm containeth sundry prayers, praises,
hast heard me, and art become my and professions of obedience.

22 . The stone which the builders

LESSED are the || undefiled 1 Or, perfect,

or, corner.

23 + This is the Lord's doing; it of the Lord.
+ Heb. This
is marvellous in our eyes.

2 Blessed are they that keep his
24 This is the day which the LORD testimonies, and that seek him with
hath made; we will rejoice and be the whole heart.
glad in it.

3 They also do no iniquity: they
25 Save now, I beseech thee, o walk in his ways.
LORD: O Lord, I beseech thee, send 4 Thou hast commanded us to
now prosperity.

keep thy precepts diligently.
f Matt. 21. 9. 26 Blessed be he that cometh in the 5-0 that my ways were directed to

name of the Lord: we have blessed keep thy statutes !
you out of the house of the LORD. 6 Then shall I not be ashamed,

27 God is the LORD, which hath when I have respect unto all thy com-
shewed us light : bind the sacrifice mandments.
with cords, even unto the horns of the 7 I will praise thee with upright-

ness of heart, when I shall have
28 Thou art my God, and I will learned † thy righteous judgments.
praise thee: thou art my God, I will 8 I will keep thy statutes : O for- 'thy righteous-
exalt thee.

sake me not utterly.

Luke 20. 17.
Acts 4. 11.
1 Pet. 2. 4.

is from the LORD.

+ Heb. judgments of


19.- the gates of righteousness :] The gates of the whether publick or private, which He grants them; sanctuary. Dr. Wells.

but, above all, for the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. 22. The stone &c.] No text of the Old Testament is The Spirit of God signifies in this Psalm, that the quoted by the writers of the New so often as this, which Messiah should be rejected by the chief of the Jews; we meet with in five different places : see the margin. and that, notwithstanding, He should become the King The sum and substance of the New Testament applica- and Head of the Church; which was fulfilled when tions and expositions is, that Jesus Christ is the stone Jesus Christ was crucified, and when, after his resurhere mentioned ; that He was rejected and set at nought rection, He ascended into heaven, and his Kingdom by the chief priests and Pharisees, the then builders of was established in the world. Ostervald. the Church ; but that, being chosen of God, and precious to Him, this most valuable stone, thus despised Psalm CXIX. This Psalm consists of twenty-two and rejected of men, was at length exalted to be the chief staves of eight verses each, beginning with the first letter corner-stone in the building, and a centre of union for of the Hebrew alphabet, and ending with the last. All the Jew and Gentile, the two parts of which it consisted; the verses of each single stave begin with the same that this was the work of God, and the admiration of letter, from which it is denominated, so that the first man. Bp. Horne.

eight verses begin with Aleph, the next with Beth, and 24. This is the day &c.] Of the day on which Christ so on. Fenton. It was probably written for the instrucarose from the dead, it may with more propriety than of tion of youth. Every division of it expresses the excelany other day be affirmed, “This is the day which the lence of the law; a resolution to keep it, under all cirLord hath made.” Then it was that the rejected stone cumstances, particularly of distress, when his piety became “the head of the corner :” a morning then exposed him to danger of reproach; and a petition for dawned which is to be succeeded by no evening. Bp. grace. The words “ laws," "statutes,” “testimonies,” Horne.

"judgments," "precepts,” &c. which occurso constantly, 27. - bind the sacrifice &c.] Bind the sacrifice, or seem here to be used promiscuously. Bp. Patrick, lamb, with cords; (which was done previous to slaying Green. it;) offer it up at the horns of the altar. See Exod. xxx. Ver. 3. They also &c.] “For they commit no iniquity 10. Dimock.

who walk in his ways.'

Green. even unto the horns of the altar.] The meaning 6. when I have &c.] All the commandments have of this passage probably is, that the sacrifices offered the same Author, and the same sanction. He who would be so great that the accustomed place for the thinks to atone for the breach of one, by the observation victims would not be large enough to hold them, but of another; he who reserves to himself a licence of infrom their number they would press even to the very dulging any favourite darling lust, while in general he “horns of the altar."

preserves the appearance of an exemplary conduct, is This Psalm, which the Jews sang at their feasts, an hypocrite; and, unless he repent, will be brought to should be made use of by Christians in giving thanks shame, if not before men here, yet before men and to God, not only for the favours and deliverances, angels hereafter. Bp. Horne,

of my counsel,

27. 11. & 86. 11.

praises, and professions PSALMS.

of obedience. BETH.

22 Remove from me reproach and
9 Wherewithal shall a young man contempt; for I have kept thy testi-

cleanse his way? by taking heed
thereto according to thy word.

23 Princes also did sit and speak
10 With my whole heart have I

against me: but thy servant" did sought thee: O let me not wander

meditate in thy statutes. from thy commandments.

24 Thy testimonies also are my

+ Heb. men 11 Thy word have I hid in mine delight and + my counsellors. heart, that I might not sin against

DALETH. thee.

25 My soul cleaveth unto the dust: 12 Blessed art thou, O LORD: quicken thou me according to thy teach me thy statutes.

13 With my lips have I declared 26 I have declared my ways, and
all the judgments of thy mouth. thou heardest me: teach me thy bPs. 25. 4. &

14 I have rejoiced in the way of statutes.
thy testimonies, as much as in all 27 Make me to understand the

way of thy precepts: so shall I talk
15 I will meditate in thy precepts, of thy wondrous works.
and have respect unto thy ways. 28 My soul + melteth for heavi- + Heb.

droppeth, 16 I will delight myself in thy ness: strengthen thou me according statutes : I will not forget thy word. unto thy word. GIMEL.

29 Remove from me the way of 17 Deal bountifully with thy ser

lying: and grant me thy law gravant, that I may live, and keep thy


30 I have chosen the word.

of truth :

18 +, Open thou mine eyes, that I thy judgments have I said before
may behold wondrous things out of

31 I have stuck unto thy testi19 · I am a stranger in the earth: monies: O Lord, put me not to is chron. 29. hide not thy commandments from

32 I will run the way of thy
20 My soul breaketh for the long- enlarge my heart.

commandments, when thou shalt
ing that it hath unto thy judgments
at all times.

21 Thou hast rebuked the proud 33 Teach me, O LORD, the way
that are cursed, which do err from of thy statutes; and I shall keep it
thy commandments.

unto the end.

+ Heb. Reveal.


thy law.

a Gen. 47.9.

Ps. 39. 12.
Hebr. 11. 13.


9. Wherewithal shall a young man &c.] Youth enters 18. that I may behold &c.] That is, that I may be upon the journey of life headstrong and inexperienced, able to comprehend the Divine mysteries contained in with a bias of original corruption, and all the passions thy law. Dimock. awake. In such circumstances, how shall a young man 19. I. am a stranger &c.] I am a stranger, unacdirect his steps, so as to “escape the pollution that is in quainted with the way; give me thy commandments to the world through lust ?” He must for this purpose guide me. take with him the directions to be found in the Scrip 20. My soul breaketh &c.] That is, my soul is tures of truth. Bp. Horne.

wasted with a continual longing after thy judgments. 11. – have I hid] Have I treasured up. Green. Edwards. 12. Blessed art thou, &c.] The meaning seems to be 21. Thou hast rebuked &c.] Thou rebukest the proud; this, Thou, o Jehovah, art blessed, that is, art the cursed are they that stray from thy commandments. supreme God, to whom I acknowledge all blessing and " The proud” always mean, the contemptuous disreadoration to be due; teach me therefore thy statutes, garders of God and his laws. Mudge. as being the only laws to which we owe all obedience. 25. My soul cleaveth &c.] I am brought exceeding Mudge.

low by thy afflicting hand : oh, do Thou raise and 14. I have rejoiced &c.] Truth and holiness afford to comfort me, as Thou hast graciously promised. Bp. the sincere believer a pleasure more exquisite, as well Hall. as more solid and enduring, than that which a miser 29, 30. Remove from me &c.] It is plain that “the feels at the acquisition of his darling wealth. Let us no way of truth,” in the latter of these two verses, is oplonger envy the joys of worldly men, no longer be posed to the way of lying," or of falsehood, in the chagrined at the prosperity of the wicked. The true former. The one comprehends every thing in doctrine riches” we may always acquire ; and, surely, as much or in practice that is right, and therefore "true;" the as heaven is higher than the earth, so much are hea- other denotes every thing that is wrong, and therefore renly joys above earthly, in kind, degree, and duration. "false.” Bp. Horne, Bp. Horne.

32. - when thou shalt enlarge my heart.] When Thou Vol. II.


to pass.


The psalmist professeth


his comfort in God's word,
34 Give me understanding, and have loved ; and I will meditate in
I shall keep thy law; yea, I shall thy statutes.
observe it with my whole heart.

35 Make me to go in the path of 49 Remember the word unto thy
thy commandments; for therein do I servant, upon which thou hast caused

me to hope.
36 Incline my heart unto thy tes 50 This is my comfort in my af-

timonies, and not to covetousness. fiction : for thy word hath quickened + Heb. Make 37 + Turn away mine eyes from me.

beholding vanity; and quicken thou 51 The proud have had me great-
me in thy way.

ly in derision: yet have I not declined
38 Stablish thy word unto thy from thy law.
servant, who is devoted to thy fear. 52 I remember thy judgments of

39 Turn away my reproach which old, O Lord; and have comforted
I fear: for thy judgments are good. myself.

40 Behold, I have longed after thy *53 Horror hath taken hold upon precepts : quicken me in thy right- me because of the wicked that for

sake thy law. VAU.

54 'Í'hy statutes have been my 41 Let thy mercies come also unto songs in the house of my pilgrimage. me, O Lord, even thy salvation, ac

55 I have remembered thy name,
cording to thy word.

O Lord, in the night, and have kept
42 | So shall I have wherewith to thy law.
answer him that reproacheth me: for

56 This I had, because I kept thy that reproveth I trust in thy word.

me in a thing.
43 And take not the word of truth

utterly out of my mouth; for I have 57 Thou art my portion, O LORD:
hoped in thy judgments.

I have said that I would keep thy
44 So shall I keep thy law conti- words.
nually for ever and ever.

58 I intreated thy + favour with + Heb. face. 45 And I will walk + at liberty: my whole heart: be merciful unto me large. for I seek thy precepts.

according to thy word.
46 I will speak of thy testimonies 59 I thought on my ways, and
also before kings, and will not be turned my feet unto thy testimo-

47 And I will delight myself in 60 I made haste, and delayed not
thy commandments, which I have to keep thy commandments.

61 The ll bands of the wicked 10r, com-
48 My hands also will I lift up have robbed me: but I have not for-
unto thy commandments, which I gotten thy law.

|| Or, So shall I answer him

+ Heb. at


shalt enlighten my understanding by thy pirit. God member the word unto thy servant;" secondly, that gave to Solomon "largeness of heart.” i Kings iv. 29. He will never disappoint an expectation which Himself

36. Incline my heart &c.] By the words “incline not hath raised; "upon which thou hast caused me to my heart to covetousness," is meant,“ suffer not my hope.Bp. Horne. heart to be inclined,” or, "give it not over to covetous 50. quickened me.] Revived me in my sorrows. ness.” Bp. Horne.

Dr. Wells. 37. Turn away mine eyes &c.] Oh, let not mine eye 54. in the house of my pilgrimage.] In all my wanbetray my heart unto vanity ; let me not be so trans- derings up and down, 1 Sam. xxii. 1, 2. 5, and xxiii. 13. ported with any earthly objects, as to depart from my Bp. Patrick. perfect love of Thee, and desire of heavenly things. 56. This I had] That is, this composure of mind and Bp. Hall.

cheerfulness of spirit. Bp. Patrick. quicken thou &c.] Give me grace to go on with 60. I made haste, &c.] No future time that we can more and more vigour in thy way. Dr. Wells.

fix upon will be more convenient than the present is for 45. — I will walk at liberty :] The liberty of the sons our reformation. On the contrary, the more we defer, of God; freed from the fetters of sin.

the more difficult and painful our work must needs 48. My hands also will I lift &c.] I will earnestly prove ; every day will both enlarge our task, and diminish employ myself, and all my actions, to the performance our ability to perform it. We should consider that we of what Thou commandest me. Bp. Hall.

are mortal and frail, and therefore any designs of future 49. Remember the word &c.] The Psalmist here in reformation may be cut off by death ; which is always structs us to prefer our petition upon these grounds ; creeping towards us, and may, for all we can tell, be first, that God cannot prove false to his word; “Re- very near at hand. Dr. Barrow.

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The benefit

of afflictions.
62 At midnight I will rise to give 74 They that fear thee will be glad
thanks unto thee because of thy when they see me; because I have
righteous judgments.

hoped in thy word. 63 I am a companion of all them 75 I know, O Lord, that thy that fear thee, and of them that keep judgments are + right, and that + Heb. rightthy precepts.

thou in faithfulness hast afflicted 64 The earth, O Lord, is full of me. thy mercy: teach me thy statutes. 76 Let, I pray thee, thy merciTETH. ful kindness be + for my comfort, + Heb. to

comfort me. 65 Thou hast dealt well with thy according to thy word unto thy ser

servant, O LORD, according unto thy

77 Let thy tender mercies come
66 Teach me good judgment and unto me, that I may live: for thy

law is my delight.
knowledge: for I have believed thy

78 Let the proud be ashamed; for
67 Before I was afflicted I went they dealt perversely with me without
astray: but now have I kept thy

a cause: but I will meditate in thy

68 Thou art good, and doest good; unto me, and those that have known

79 Let those that fear thee turn
teach me thy statutes.
against me: but I will keep thy pre-statutes; that I be not ashamed.
69 The proud have forged a lie thy testimonies.

80 Let my heart be sound in thy
cepts with my whole heart.
70 Their heart is as fat as grease;

but I delight in thy law.

81 My soul fainteth for thy salva-
71 It is good for me that I have tion: but I hope in thy word.
been afflicted ; that I might learn thy 82 Mine eyes fail for thy word,

saying, When wilt thou comfort
72 • The law of thy mouth is better me?
unto me than thousands of gold and 83 For I am become like a bottle

in the smoke; yet do I not forget thy

73 Thy hands have made me and 84 How many are the days of
fashioned me: give me understand thy servant ? when wilt thou exe-
ing, that I may learn thy command-cute judgment on them that perse-

cute me? 70. Their heart is as fat &c.] The " fatness of the 74. when they see me :] When they see me delivered heart” implies, in this place, two things in those of out of all these troubles. "Dr. Wells. whom it is affirmed; luxury, and its consequence, in 75. I know, &c.] From whatever quarter afflictions sensibility to those spiritual and divine truths, which come upon us, they are the judgments of God,” withare not only the study, but the “ delight” of temperate out whose providence nothing befalls us.

His judgand holy persons. Bp. Horne.

ments are always " right," or just, duly proportioned to 71. It is good for me &c.] There is a class of most the disease and strength of the patient; in sending important duties, which can only be practised in afflic-them God is “ faithful” and true to his word, wherein tion; namely, patience and composure under distress, He hath never promised the crown without the cross, pain, and affiction: a stedfast keeping up of our con- but hath, on the contrary, assured us, that one will be fidence in God, and our dependence upon his final necessary in order to our obtaining the other; and that goodness, even at a time that every thing present they who are beloved by Him shall not sin with imis discouraging and adverse; and, what is no less diffi- punity, nor go astray without a call to return. Bp. cult to retain, a cordial desire for the happiness and Horne. comfort of others, even then, when we are deprived of 79. —- turn unto me,] Turn to my side, and become our own. The possession of this temper is almost the my friends. Bp. Patrick. perfection of our nature. But it is then only possessed 81. My soul fainteth &c.] My soul languisheth with when put to the trial: tried at all it could not have been a longing desire of thy salvation; yet still I am susin a life made up only of pleasure and gratification. It tained by an assured hope of thy merciful performis in the chambers of sickness; under the strokes of ances. Bp. Hall. affliction ; amidst the pinchings of want, the groans of

like a bottle in the smoke ;] Bottles, among the pain, the pressures of infirmity; in grief, in misfortune; Jews, were made of skins. One of these, if exposed to through gloom and horrour, that it will be seen, whether heat and “smoke,” would become shrivelled and usewe hold fast our hope, our confidence,

our trust in God; less. Such a change will labour and sorrow cause in whether this hope and confidence be able to produce in the human frame, and the Psalmist here represents, us resignation, acquiescence, and submission. Arch that his beauty and strength were gone, and the natural deacon Paley.

moisture dried up; in consequence of which the skin

c Ps. 19. 10. Prov. 8. 11.


+ Heb.

+ Heb. to

+ Heb.

The stability of God's word.


The psalmist declareth 85 The proud have digged pits | all my teachers : for thy testimonies for me, which are not after thy are my meditation. law.

100 I understand more than the 86 All thy commandments are ancients, because I keep thy pre

+ faithful: they persecute me wrong- cepts,
fully; help thou me.

101 I have refrained my feet from
87 They had almost consumed me every evil way, that I might keep thy
upon earth; but I forsook not thy word.

102 I have not departed from thy
88 Quicken me after thy loving- judgments: for thou hast taught me.
kindness; so shall I keep the testi 103 ^ How sweet are thy words d Ps. 19. 10.
mony of thy mouth.
unto my + taste ! yea, sweeter than * Heb.

palate. LAMED.

honey to my mouth! 89 For ever, O Lord, thy word is

104 Through thy precepts I get settled in heaven.

understanding: therefore I hate every 90 Thy faithfulness is + unto all false way. generation

NUN. and genera- generations : thou hast established the earth, and it + abideth.

105 Thy word is a || lamp unto my candie.
91 They continue this day accord- feet, and a light unto my path.
ing to thine ordinances : for all are 106 I have sworn, and I will per-
thy servants.

form it, that I will keep thy righteous
92 Unless thy law had been my judgments.
delights, I should then have perished 107 I am afflicted very much :
in mine affliction.

quicken me, O Lord, according unto
93 I will never forget thy precepts: thy word.
for with them thou hast quickened 108 Accept, I beseech thee, the

freewill offerings of my mouth, O
94 I am thine, save me; for I have Lord, and teach me thy judgments.
sought thy precepts.

109 My soul is continually in
95 The wicked have waited for me my hand : yet do I not forget thy
to destroy me: but I will consider law.
thy testimonies.

110 The wicked have laid a snare
96 I have seen an end of all per- for me: yet I erred not from thy
fection : but thy commandment is precepts.
exceeding broad.

111 Thy testimonies have I taken
M E M.

as an heritage for ever: for they are
97 O how love I thy law! it is my the rejoicing of my heart.
meditation all the day.

112 I have inclined mine heart + to + Heb. to do.
98 Thou through thy command perform thy statutes alway, even unto
ments hast made me wiser than mine the end.
enemies : for + they are ever with


113 I hate vain thoughts: but thy 99 I have more understanding than law do I love.

+ Heb. it is ever with me.


shrivelled, and both colour and vigour departed from can find out the comprehension of its precepts, or conhim. Bp. Horne.

ceive the extent of its promises ? Bp. Horne. 85. -- which are not after thy law.] Who act without 99, 100. I have more understanding &c.] That is, the any regard to thy law. Mudge.

spiritual wisdom, in which thy law instructs me, for 89. For ever, &c.] Or, " Thy word, O Lord, is for conducting myself most advantageously, is infinitely to ever, it is firmly fixed like the heavens.” God's word, be preferred before all other knowledge. Dr. Hammond. and his truth and faithfulness, upon which his laws


the freewill offerings of my mouth,] The "offerare founded, are as fixed as the heaven and the earth; ings” of the believer are prayer, praise, and holy resolufor they owe their durability to the same word and tions and vows, like that of the Psalmist above, to keep truth. Green, Mudge.

God's righteous judgments, in which he therefore peti95. – I will consider thy testimonies.] I will carefully tions to be more and more taught and instructed by the attend to thy commands. Mudge.

Spirit of truth. Bp. Horne. ** Freewill offerings ” were 96. I have seen an end &c.] Of “all perfection” in such sacrifices as were not offered by the law, or for any this world, whether of beauty, wit, learning, pleasure, fault, but for the sake of thanksgiving. Rosenmüller. honour, or riches, experience will soon shew us the 109. My soul is continually in my hand :) I am exposed "end.". But where is the end or boundary of the word to continual danger of my life. Bp. Hall. See the note of God? Who can ascend to the height of its excel from Dr. Durell on Job xiii. 14. lency; who can fathom the depth of its mysteries ; who 111. Thy testimonies have I taken as an heritage] That

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