Imágenes de páginas


about 1000.

f Ps. 119. 1, 2. & 128. 1.

The discipline and

doctrine of wisdom. 32 Now therefore hearken unto drink of the wine which I have min Before CHRIST

CHRIST about 1000, me, O ye children: for í blessed are gled. they that keep my ways.

6 Forsake the foolish, and live; 33 Hear instruction, and be wise, and go in the way of understanding. Luke 11. 28. and refuse it not.

7 He that reproveth a scorner get34 Blessed is the man that heareth teth to himself shame: and he that me, watching daily at my gates, wait- rebuketh a wicked man getteth himing at the posts of my doors.

self a blot. 35 For whoso findeth me findeth 8 a Reprove not a scorner, lest he a Matt. 7. 6. + Heb. Bring life, and shall + obtain favour of the hate thee: rebuke a wise man, and forth. Lord.

he will love thee.
36 But he that sinneth against me 9 Give instruction to a wise man,
wrongeth his own soul: all they that and he will be yet wiser: teach a just
hate me love death.

man, and he will increase in learn

ing. CHAP. IX.

10 The fear of the Lord is b Job 28. 28. 1 The discipline, 4 and doctrine of wisdom. the beginning of wisdom : and the chap. 1. 7. 13 The custom, 16 and error of folly. knowledge of the holy is under

ISDOM hath builded her standing:

house, she hath hewn out her 11 For by me thy days shall be ? Chap. 10. seven pillars :

multiplied, and the years of thy life
+ Heb. her 2 She hath killed + her beasts; she shall be increased.

hath mingled her wine; she hath also 12 If thou be wise, thou shalt be
furnished her table.

wise for thyself: but if thou scornest,
3 She hath sent forth her maidens: thou alone shalt bear it.
she crieth upon the highest places of 13 1 A foolish woman is clamor- d Chap. 7.11.
the city,

ous : she is simple, and knoweth no-
4 Whoso is simple, let him turn in thing.
hither: as for him that wanteth un 14 For she sitteth at the door of
derstanding, she saith to him, her house, on a seat in the high places

5 Come, eat of my bread, and of the city.



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holding them made in the image of God, and after his passage from Hasselquist, who at Alexandria, in Egypt, likeness, and capable of holding converse with me. saw ten or twelve women going about and inviting Bp. Patrick

people to a banquet by a particular kind of cry or noise. 34. — waiting at the posts of my doors.] Going to Parkhurst. the places where true religion and piety are taught. Dr. - upon the highest places of the city,] The schools Wells.

of the Prophets were seated on “high places,” as ap36. — all they that hate me love death.] These words pears from 1 Sam. x. 5. 10, &c.; which seems to be the can scarcely signify any thing else than the destruction allusion here of wisdom crying upon the highest places brought upon the soul by death eternal. Dr. Graves. of the city, to invite those who had a disposition to

wards her to come and hear her instructions. Bp. PaChap. IX. ver. 1. Wisdom hath builded her house, &c.] | trick. Or the expression may allude merely to the Wisdom is represented as a glorious queen, the daughter tops of the houses and parapets, to which it was cusof heaven, adorned with all excellences and perfections, tomary to go for the purpose of proclaiming any thing inviting all misguided souls to her stately palace, and aloud, agreeably to the expression of our Saviour, promising to them the most delicious entertainment, Preach ye upon the housetops,” Matt. x. 27. Calmet. if they will forsake their follies. By this notion of a 7. He that reproveth a scorner &c.] He who performs feast the sacred writers are wont to express the high the charitable office of reproving those who deride relisatisfaction, joy, and pleasure, with which the principles gion, and scoff at all good admonition, not only loses of virtue and wisdom fill the hearts of men when they his labour, but will probably be requited with reproaches. have a true relish for them. This is the substance of Bp. Patrick. the allegory here given, but the several parts of it are getteth himself a blot.] Suffers vile and unworthy not to be too minutely scanned. Bp. Patrick.

usage. Dr. Wells. 2. She hath killed her beasts ; &c.] She hath made a 10. of the holy] Of sacred things, or Divine reveplentiful provision for all hungry and thirsty souls, who lations. Dr. Isham. will find no less life, and vigour, and strength, and joy 12. If thou be wise, &c.] If thou be wise, thou shalt communicated to them from her sacred instructions, be wise for the good of thyself; but if thou scornest than the body does when it partakes of a liberal and religion, thou alone shalt hear the punishment of it. delicious feast. Bp. Patrick.

Dr. Wells. 3. She hath sent forth her maidens :] She hath sent - on a seat in the high places] For the purpose of forth her attendants and ministers, persons of uncor- inveigling passengers. It is related by travellers in the rupted purity and sincerity, to invite men with a loud East, that it is still the practice for prostitutes to sit at voice, which cannot but be heard by whole cities and the doors of their houses, in the most alluring pomp countries. This expression may be illustrated by a that they can display. Harmer.


Before CHRIST about 1000,


on their


|| Or, shall be beaten.

THE proverbs of Solomon.


|| Or, shall be beaten.

k 1 Pet. 4. 8. 1 Cor. 13. 4.

c Ps. 37. 25.



Moral virtues,


and their contrary vices. 15 To call passengers who go right! 5. He that gathereth in summer is ways.

a wise son : but he that sleepeth in about 10co. 16 Whoso is simple, let him turn harvest is a son that causeth shame. in hither: and as for him that wanteth 6 Blessings are upon the head of understanding, she saith to him, the just: but e violence covereth the e Ver. 11.

17 Stolen waters are sweet, and mouth of the wicked. + Heb. of bread + eaten in secret is pleasant. 7 ? The memory of the just is f Ps. 112. 6.

18 But he knoweth not that the blessed: but the name of the wicked
dead are there; and that her guests shall rot.
are in the depths of hell.

8 The wise in heart will receive commandments: but ta prating fool follebei ole

fool of lips. CHAP. X.

|| shall fall.

9 He that walketh uprightly g Ps. 23. 4. From this chapter to the five and twentieth are walketh surely : but he that pervertsundry observations of moral virtues, and

eth his their contrary vices.

shall be known. ways

10 h He that winketh with the eye h Chap. 6. 13. a Chap. 15. THE

a A causeth sorrow: but a prating fool wise son maketh a glad father : || shall fall. but a foolish son is the heaviness of 11 i The mouth of a righteous man i Chap. 13. his mother.

is a well of life: but violence covereth 14. b Chap. 11. 4. 2 b Treasures of wickedness profit the mouth of the wicked.

nothing: but righteousness delivereth 12 Hatred stirreth up strifes : but
from death.

k love covereth all sins.
3 - The Lord will not suffer the 13 In the lips of him that hath

soul of the righteous to famish: but understanding wisdom is found: but | Or, the

he casteth away || the substance of the a rod is for the back of him that is wicked for their wickedwicked. void of + understanding.

+ Heb, heart. 4d He becometh poor that dealeth 14 Wise men lay up knowledge: d Chap. 12.

with a slack hand: but the hand of the but the mouth of the foolish is near
diligent maketh rich.

destruction. 17. Stolen waters are sweet, &c.] Forbidden pleasures 8. The wise in heart will receive &c.] It is the part are sweet when enjoyed in secret.

of wisdom to open the ear and heart to all good advice, 18.— he knoweth not that the dead are there ;] He especially to the commandments of God; whereas they considers not all this while, that she invites him to his who keep no guard on their tongues, frequently discover utter ruin both of body and soul, and sinks down all things which bring ruin and mischief on themselves. those who accept of her invitation to the pit of destruc- Dr. Hammond. tion. Bp. Patrick.

9. He that walketh uprightly walketh surely :] “To

walk surely,” is to be in safe condition, to be out of Chap. X. ver. 1. The proverbs of Solomon.] Here now danger of falling into any extreme calamity, and to have properly begins the book of the Proverbs, as the title of our main interest so secured, that, notwithstanding this chapter tells us; what has been delivered hitherto whatever may happen for a time, yet our chief and great being rather a preface, to awaken attention, and form design shall certainly succeed happily in the end. The sundry arguments to commend the wise instructions sum therefore of Solomon's assertion is this : He that which now follow to every one's practice, and to caution in the whole course of his life acts sincerely and justly, those who would receive benefit by these instructions, with a continual respect to the reason of things and the to avoid such things as may hinder their edification in law of God, that carries on his undertakings by fair the school of wisdom. Bp. Patrick.

and equitable means, avoiding all fraud and deceit, all From this chapter to the twenty-fifth, are contained base and unworthy practice; this man takes the wisest more particularly the theorems of the doctrine of mo- and surest course to succeed in all his designs, respectrality; which, under sundry observations concerning ing either his present, or his future happiness. Dr. S. virtue and vice, or moral good and evil, may form a full Clarke. and complete system Divine ethicks. The virtues and 10. He that winketh with the eye &c.] The double vices are for the most part set in opposition the one to dealing and dissembling person causes much sorrow at the other, and compared together, that so the wisdom the last, both to himself and to those who have been and beauty of the one, and the folly and deformity of deceived by him. Bp. Hall

. the other, may the more convincingly appear. Wogan. 11. The mouth of a righteous man is a well of life:]

3. he casteth away the substance of the wicked.] He The discourse of a good man, like a perpetual spring dissipates or destroys the estate, the possessions of the of wholesome water, always tends to the profit, comwicked. Dr. Hammond.

fort, and refreshment of those who receive it. Bp. Pa4. that dealeth with a slack hand :] That dealeth or trick. worketh with a lazy hand. Dr. Wells.

12. - - love covereth all sins.] Love induces men to 6. — violence covereth the mouth of the wicked.] Their cover or overlook several great offences. Dr. Wells. See own wickedness shall violently overwhelm, to their utter James v. 20. confusion, those who wickedly' defraud and oppress their 14. - the mouth of the foolish is near destruction.] The neighbour. Bp. Patrick,

fool is always talking, and seldom opens his mouth but


Before CHRIST about 1000.

1 Chap 18. 11.

Ps. 112. 10.

to err.

Moral virtues,


and their contrary vices. 15 The rich man's wealth is his longeth days: but the years of the about 1000. strong city: the destruction of the wicked shall be shortened. poor is their poverty.

28 The hope of the righteous shall 16 The labour of the righteous be gladness: but the expectation of lobs. 13. & tendeth to life : the fruit of the wicked the wicked shall perish. to sin.

29 The way of the LORD is 17 He is in the way of life that strength to the upright: but destruc

keepeth instruction : but he that re- tion shall be to the workers of ini! Or, causeth fuseth reproof || erreth.

18 He that hideth hatred with 30 p The righteous shall never be p Ps. 125. 1.
lying lips, and he that uttereth a removed: but the wicked shall not
slander, is a fool.

inhabit the earth.
19 In the multitude of words there 31 The mouth of the just bring-
wanteth not sin: but he that refrain-eth forth wisdom : but the froward
eth his lips is wise.

tongue shall be cut out.
20 The tongue of the just is as 32 The lips of the righteous know
choice silver: the heart of the wicked what is acceptable: but the mouth of
is little worth.
the wicked speaketh + frowardness.

froward21 The lips of the righteous feed

CH AP. XI. + Heb. of many : but fools die for want t of wisdom.

a + FALSE balance is abomi- a Lev. 19.66.

& 37. 22.

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som the blessing of the Lord, it A nation to the balone s baltomis

Deut. 25. 15.

& 20. 10, 23. + Heb. balances of deceit.

m Chap. 14. 9.

perfect stone, b Chap. 16. 18. & 15. 33.

maketh rich, and he addeth no sorrow just weight is his delight.
with it.

2 b When pride cometh, then com-
23 m It is as sport to a fool to do eth shame: but with the lowly is + Heb. &
mischief: but a man of understanding wisdom.
hath wisdom.

3 • The integrity of the upright & 18.12. 24 The fear of the wicked, it shall shall guide them: but the perverse - e Chap. 13. 6. come upon him: but the desire of the ness of transgressors shall destroy righteous shall be granted.

them. 25 As the whirlwind passeth, so 4 Riches profit not in the day of 4 Chap, 10.2. is the wicked no more but the wrath: but righteousness delivereth Zeph. 1. 18: righteous is an everlasting founda- from death. tion.

5 The righteousness of the perfect 26 As vinegar to the teeth, and shall + direct his way: but the wicked Heb.

as smoke to the eyes, so is the slug- shall fall by his own wickedness. n Chap. 9. 11. gard to them that send him.

6 The righteousness of the up27 n The fear of the Lord † pro- right shall deliver them: but ® trans- e Chap. 5. 22.


1 Heb. addeth.

it proves a present mischief to himself or to others. Bp. of things, and the positive appointments of Providence. Patrick.

In the nature of things, men destroy themselves and 15. The rich man's wealth &c.] Riches, being a shorten their days by many kinds of wickedness. By powerful defence to their owners against numerous wars and desolations, they unpeople whole countries; evils, naturally raise men's minds, and make them by private quarrels, they bring each other to untimely confident; whereas poverty exposes men to injuries ends; by capital crimes, they cause themselves to be and abuses, and is apt to depress and deject their cut off by the hands of justice; by luxury and intemspirits. Bp. Patrick.

perance, they destroy their bodies; by envy and malice, 19. In the multitude of words &c.] There are so many they consume themselves in the midst of their iniquity. ways of offending God or man, by profanations, false In like manner, according to the same tendency, by hoods, slanders, &c. that there cannot be a more neces peace and charity, men are preserved from destruction ; sary part of moral wisdom, or wherein the exercise of by temperance, their bodies are maintained in health ; true piety is more concerned, than the art of restraining by quiet of conscience, and satisfaction of mind, new the tongue, and keeping it within proper bounds, as to life is added to their spirits. Dr. S. Clarke. all such matters. Dr. Hammond.

31. the froward tongue shall be cut out.] That is, he 24. The fear of the wicked, it shall come upon him:] that does mischief with his tongue shall be duly punished. The evil which the wicked fears shall come upon him. Dr. Wells.

26. As vinegar to the teeth, &c.] Vinegar is not more 32. know what is acceptable :] What is pleasing to offensive to the teeth, nor smoke more vexatious to the God and edifying to man. See Eph. iv, 29, and v. 3, 4. eyes, than a remiss and negligent servant is to him that Dr. Isham. employs him, and relies on him in a weighty business. Bp. Patrick.

Chap. XI. ver. 2. When pride cometh, then cometh 27. the years of the wicked shall be shortened.] See shame :) Pride makes men foolish, and void of caution, note at Prov. ü. 2.

and this puts them upon doing things which bring them This truth here announced is confirmed by the nature to dishonour. Dr. S. Clarke. .



departeth from.

Moral virtues,


and their contrary vices. CHRIST gressors shall be taken in their own 18 The wicked worketh a deceitabout 1000, naughtiness.

ful work : but to him that soweth about 1000. 7 When a wicked man dieth, his righteousness shall be a sure reward. expectation shall perish: and the hope 19 As righteousness tendeth to life: of unjust men perisheth.

so he that pursueth evil pursueth it to f Chap. 21. 8 The righteous is delivered out his own death.

of trouble, and the wicked cometh in 20 They that are of a froward
his stead.

heart are abomination to the LORD: & Job 8. 13. 9 An 8 hypocrite with his mouth but such as are upright in their way

destroyeth his neighbour: but through are his delight.
knowledge shall the just be deli 21 Though hand join in hand, the

wicked shall not be unpunished : but
10 When it goeth well with the the seed of the righteous shall be de-
righteous, the city rejoiceth: and livered.
when the wicked perish, there is 22 As a jewel of gold in a swine's

snout, so is a fair woman which + is Heb.
11 By the blessing of the upright without discretion.
the city is exalted : but it is over 23 The desire of the righteous is
thrown by the mouth of the wicked. only good: but the expectation of the

12 He that is + void of wisdom wicked is wrath.
despiseth his neighbour : but a man 24 There is that scattereth, and

of understanding holdeth his peace. yet increaseth; and there is that
1 Heb. He 13 + A talebearer revealeth secrets: withholdeth more than is meet, but it
that walkete, but he that is of a faithful spirit tendeth to poverty.
concealeth the matter.

25 i + The liberal soul shall be i 2 Cor. 9. 9. h 1 Kings 12. 14 h Where no counsel is, the peo- made fat: and he that watereth shall soul of ple fall: but in the multitude of coun- be watered also himself.

blessing. sellors there is safety.

26 He that withholdeth corn, the 15 He that is surety for a stranger people shall curse him: but blessing Heb. shall + shall smart for it: and he that hat- shall be upon the head of him that eth + suretiship is sure.

selleth it. + Heb. those 16 A gracious woman retaineth 27 He that diligently seeketh good

honour: and strong men retain riches. procureth favour: but he that k Ps. 7. 15,

17 The merciful man doeth good seeketh mischief, it shall come unto 16. & 10. 2. to his own soul : but he that is cruel him. troubleth his own flesh.

28 He that trusteth in his riches

# Heb. destitute of heart.


+ Heb. The


be sore broken.

that strike hands.

& 57. 6.

his expectation shall perish :] The wicked man, principal care is to keep their treasures, so should her's having no other expectation than in his own means of be to preserve her reputation. Bp. Patrick. strength, will see all his projects dissipated by death. 21. Though hand join in hand, &c.] Though the Calmet.

wicked man endeavour to strengthen himself and his 8. -- the wicked cometh in his stead.] That is, the family by powerful leagues and confederations, he shall wicked falls into those very distresses from which the not be able to escape the punishment his iniquity dejust is happily freed. Bp. Patrick. See Esther vii. 9. serves. Bp. Patrick. To join hands was anciently, and

9. An hypocrite &c.] A dissembling friend, with fair still continues in the East, a solemn method of taking and false words, and semblances, draws his neighbour an oath on making an engagement. To this circuminto some dangerous inconvenience; but a wise and stance allusion seems clearly to be made in these words just man will soon perceive his fraud, and will avoid the of Solomon. mischief plotted against him. Bp. Hall.

22. As a jewel of gold &c.] Allusion is here made to 11. By the blessing of the upright &c.] By God's the Eastern custom of wearing valuable rings in the benediction for their sakes. Dr. İsham.

nostril. As such an ornament would be very ill placed 12. - despiseth his neighbour : &c.] That is, speaks in the snout of a swine which grovels continually in the contemptuously of him, or ridicules him. Dr. Wells. mire, so beauty is equally misplaced in a woman who is Speaks spitefully or scornfully of him; but a man of without virtue and discretion. Bp. Patrick. See Sir J. understanding conceals his thoughts, and will not utter Chardin's note on Gen. xxiv. 22. any thing to the reproach of another. Bp. Hall.

24. There is that scattereth,] That is, that giveth 14. — in the multitude of counsellors there is safety.] A liberally on all proper occasions. Dr. Wells. country is safe when there are many wise men to govern 25. The liberal soul shall be made fat:] The liberal affairs; for, if one fail, others still remain ; and what 'soul," or the liberal “ man;"

;" “soul” being often in one or two discover not, others may be able to discern. Hebrew put for “man.” Dr. Durell. “ Shall be made Bp. Patrick.

fat,” or rich; and he that “watereth,” or giveth plen16. A gracious woman &c.] Beauty and virtue in a teously to others, shall be watered, or receive plentifully woman advance her to honour, as formidable power and from God himself. Dr. Wells. strength in men advance them to riches : and, as their 26. He that withholdeth corn,] He that hoardeth up


+ Heb.

I Ps. 1. 3. & 52. 12, &c. Jer. 17. 8.


m 1 Pet. 4. 18.



Moral virtues,


and their contrary vices. shall fall : but the righteous shall | cording to his wisdom: but he that is Before

CHRIST about 1000. flourish as a branch.

+ of a perverse heart shall be de- about 1000. 29 He that troubleth his own house spised. shall inherit the wind: and the fool 9 He that is despised, and hath a perverse of shall be servant to the wise of heart. servant, is better than he that honour

30 The fruit of the righteous is a eth himself, and lacketh bread. + Heb. taketh. tree of life; and he that + winneth 10 A righteous man regardeth the souls is wise.

life of his beast: but the || tender | Or, bowels. 31 m Behold, the righteous shall mercies of the wicked are cruel. be recompensed in the earth : much 11 e He that tilleth his land shall e Chap. 28. more the wicked and the sinner. be satisfied with bread: but he that

followeth vain persons is void of unCHAP. XII.

derstanding. HOSO loveth instruction lov 12 The wicked desireth || the net ! Or, the

fortress. eth knowledge: but he that of evil men : but the root of the righthateth reproof is brutish.

eous yieldeth fruit. 2 A good man obtaineth favour of 13 +' The wicked is snared by the + Heb. The the Lord: but a man of wicked de- transgression of his lips : but the just wicked' is in vices will he condemn. shall come out of trouble.

sion of lips. 3 A man shall not be established 14 8 A man shall be satisfied with f Chap. 18.7.

8 Chap. 13. 2. a Chap. 10. by wickedness : but the a root of the good by the fruit of his mouth : and righteous shall not be moved.

the recompence of a man's hands 4 A virtuous woman is a crown shall be rendered unto him. to her husband : but she that maketh 15 h The way of a fool is right in h Chap. 3. 7. ashamed is as rottenness in his bones. his own eyes: but he that hearkeneth

5 The thoughts of the righteous unto counsel is wise. are right: but the counsels of the 16 A fool's wrath is † presently hearin wicked are deceit.

known: but a prudent man covereth c Chap. , 11, 6 - The words of the wicked are to shame.

lie in wait for blood : but the mouth 17 i He that speaketh truth shew- i Chap. 14. 5. of the upright shall deliver them. eth forth righteousness : but a false

7 The wicked are overthrown, witness deceit. and are not: but the house of the 18 k There is that speaketh like * Ps. 57. 4. righteous shall stand.

the piercings of a sword: but the 8 A man shall be commended ac- tongue of the wise is health.

the transgres


bi Cor. 11. 7.


d Ps. 37. 37. ch. 11. 21.

& 59. 7.

corn in a time of scarcity, on purpose to raise the price. abroad, but wants bread to eat when he is at home. Bp. Patrick.

Bp. Patrick. 29. He that troubleth &c.] He that troubleth his own 10. - the tender mercies of the wicked are cruel.] The house or family, or whatever else he holds under his very kindnesses pretended by the wicked are intended authority, by making or fomenting dissensions therein, only for a cover to bring about their mischievous de“shall inherit the wind,” shall be deceived as to any signs the more securely and effectually. Dr. Wells. advantage he may expect thereby, and gain nothing; 11. he that followeth vain persons] He that followeth and the fool of this description shall be, as is often idle persons. Dr. Wells. In some translations it is found by experience, “servant to the wise of heart, given, “ He that followeth idleness." Calmet. who manages his affairs after a prudent manner. Dr. 12. The wicked desireth the net of evil men:] The Wells. “He that troubleth his own house,” either by wicked man desires to employ those means of fraudulent improvidently dissipating his property, or by sowing circumvention, which he sees some crafty oppressors divisions and discord among the members of his family. use to their advantage. Bp. Hall

. Calmet.

14. A man shall &c.] A good man shall, by God's 30. he that winneth souls] That draws souls to the merciful retribution, find comfort and benefit, both to love of virtue by communicating wisdom seasonably and himself and others, from the gracious words of holy charitably. Bp. Patrick.

counsel, which proceed from his mouth, and also from 31. - shall be recompensed in the earth :] Shall be the holy works of his hands. Bp. Hall. recompensed for their righteousness.

15. The way of a fool is right &c.]Whoever is wise,

is apt to suspect and be diffident of himself, and upon Chap. XII. ver. 4. - is as rottenness in his bones.] Is that account is willing to “hearken unto counsel ;" an incurable grief and vexation, consuming him and all whereas the foolish man, being in proportion to his that he hath. Bp. Patrick.

folly full of himself, and swallowed up in conceit, will 6. - shall deliver them.] That is, those whom the seldom take any counsel but his own, and for that very wicked seek to destroy. Dr. Isham.

reason, because it is his own. Dr. J. Balguy. 9. He that is despised, &c.] He is far happier who 16. A fool's wrath &c.] A fool is soon provoked, and makes no shew in the world, but has a competent estate, shews his anger in an indecent manner by his countethan he wbo appears in great splendour and pomp nance, words, or actions; but a prudent man “covereth

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