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Under the second head, the following remarks deserve our constant notice and practical regard.
"The capacities of children for instruction are very different. Some at once receive any information you give them. Others are blessed with very retentive memories, while some are far from ready, either to understand, or to retain what they are taught. These are allotments of the most high God, who divideth to each severally as he will, Those whose intellects are dull, should excite our pity, and encrease our endeavours. These we should take care not to discourage by making comparisons to their disadvantage. On the one hand, the intellect which may only have wanted a larger quantity of excitement, has been completely paralized, by invidious and unkind comparisons with children of more ready capacity: and on the other, many a dull genius, by a little sympathizing culture, has outstripped in goodness, and in usefulness, children of high promise, as to intellectual ability and endowments. "Let patience therefore have its perfect work" in managing the different capacities of your pupils. Beside the difference that God may have appointed, a vast disparity happens through the variety of opportunity which children enjoy. Some grow up in total ignorance and folly, learn nothing worth their learning, see and hear little but the evil conversation and conduct of their elders. In these cases we evidently see how grievously children suffer by the ungodliness of their parents. These cases therefore call for all your sympathy and compassion. Thank God on their account, that their parents are induced to send them to a School on the Sabbath. Take care to act with such mildness towards them, as to make them love the School, and be thankful to the teachers, and that if they are removed from the opportunity, they may carry away as good an impres-. sion of its value as may be."
Mr. Watkins then cautions against mentioning the foibles of parents before their children,-enforces the necessity of inducing the pupils to repeat their prayers regularly at home, and shews the importance of punctuality in attendance. He then shews that the grand doctrines of the gospel should be constantly impressed upon the youthful mind, and whilst teachers are thus employed, they should possess a constant sense of their insufficiency and aim at promoting the glory of God.
The address throughout displays such good sense, and acquaintance with the subject, that we heartily recommend it to all our readers.
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The SUNDAY SCHOOL TEACHER'S ASSISTANT in the or of RELIGIOUS INSTRUCTION, to which is added an Account of a SUNDAY SCHOOL LIBRARY on a plan entirely new.
IT appears from the advertisement to this little work, that the former part was published at Edinburgh, in the year 1800, but has been for some time out of print. We observe that the Essay on the qualifications of Teachers, is the same as inserted in the Plan for the establishment and regulation of Sunday Schools. published by the Union, which is now also out of print. The instructions for teachers in this Essay are so important, that we. rejoice to see them again re-published, in a cheap and neat form. The inculcation of religious sentiments should be our great and constant endeavour; we cannot do better than adopt the plans resulting from the experience of our northern fellow labourers, who have raised their country so high in the scale of moral elevation, by combining with early education the sanctifying influences of religious instruction.
The Account of the Sunday School Library we recommend to our readers. A circulating library will be found of very great importance in Sunday Schools: having communicated the capacity of reading, it is highly desirable that we should render it subservient to moral and mental improvement. The appetite is excited, and it is necessary that we should supply it with wholesonte and nourishing food. An ability to read may be perverted, by being employed on pernicious publications; the best method of preventing this evil is, by the diffusion of judicious and instructive books. Thus will the poor be led to substitute mental employment for sensual gratification, while one of the best plans is adopted for the improvement of the intellect, the amelioration of the heart, and the salvation of the soul.
Report of the East London Auxiliary Sunday School Union.
THE first Quarterly Meeting of this Union was held at the Rev. George Evans's Chapel, on Tuesday Evening, September 6th, 1814. The Devotions were commenced with singing the Hymn, "How serious is the Charge," and the Rev. Mr. Williams engaged in Prayer.
The following REPORT was then read by one of the Secretaries.
It now becomes the pleasing task of your Committee to report the progress and present state of this Auxiliary Union. During the short period that has elapsed since the formation of this society many very interesting facts have come to our
knowledge, which afford additional testimony to the extensive usefulness of Sunday Schools. We cannot therefore forbear pausing for a moment to state their great importance, and even their superiority over most of the benevolent institutions of our highly favoured Island.
It is a singular fact, that since the reformation, much greater exertions have been made to stem the torrent of iniquity, and snatch the devoted victim from the effects of rooted crime, than to nip the dreadful evil in its bud. More has been done to rescue those who are perishing in all the misery attendant on a life of sin, wretchedness, and despair, than to imbue the infant mind with salutary principles, and direct the youthful wanderer to the paths of holiness. But which may be considered the more useful employment-to keep the bank of a river in repair, or to be engaged in attempting to repair the breach when the torrent is inundating the surrounding country? Which person renders the most essential serviceHe, who by timely notice of danger, warns the unsuspecting mariner, and thus preserves his vessel from shipwreck, or he who coldly looks on, sees the danger approaching, and yet gives no alarm, till the vessel dashes itself to pieces, when he risks his life to save the drowning crew?
Let it then be our delightful task to win the infant mind, to unfold to the simple and warm-hearted youth, the glories and the loveliness of our blessed Redeemer; and while we are endeavouring to assist those who are ready to perish, may we become the humble instruments by which the children of the poor shall be brought to devote themselves to God in their youth, and thus be saved from the shocking effects of dissipated and vicious habits early and easily contracted. That instead of going down to the grave at a premature old age the sad victims of ignorance, vice, disease, and despair, we may have the inexpressible pleasure of seeing them trained up, under the blessing of God, to the love and practice of true religion, and to exemplary activity in the service of our Redeemer.
Engaged in such a cause, we cannot wonder if Satan attempts, by every means, to hinder our usefulness and paralize our efforts, or to draw us aside from the path of duty. In order to resist his temptations, and surmount the obstacles thrown in our way it is indispensably requisite that we should
pray without ceasing,"-that we may be aware of Satan's devices, and that our hearts may be encouraged in making still greater attempts to accomplish the overthrow of his kingdom.
Your Committee take as their motto, part of the creed of that indefatigable promoter of Sunday Schools, the Rev. Mr. Charles, of Bala, viz. "Never to give up their design." They presume this will meet your decided approbation, and that they shall have the benefit of your prayers for the success of their labours.
The friends of this society will doubtless learn, with pleasure,; that through the activity of our Wesleyan brethren, a new Sunday School has been opened at Low Layton, under the patronage of this Union, at the trifling sum of nine shillings, from its funds, for the purchase of books; there are already twenty-six children; and two teachers have engaged in it, besides those who went first from London. There is every prospect of this School going on well.
It has given your committee no small degree of pleasure to hear of the increasing activity of the teachers belonging to many Schools in the district. A noble spirit of justifiable emulation begins to appear. New plans have been adopted for the preservation of order, which greatly assists the teachers in the discharge of their duty. And your committee warmly recommend the truly systematic plan acted upon in the largest School in this district-that of " Friars Mount," a School which furnishes a pattern well worthy of the imitation of all Sunday Schools.
Your committee annex a statement of the Schools forming this Union, in which there were 7769 children at Midsummer last, and there is every reason to hope that this number is increasing, and will, by united exertions, in a few years, be more than doubled. And that the teachers having put their hands to the plough, will all be induced to increase their efforts while there are any children to be found who are destitute of instruction. There have been several Adult Schools recently formed, the particulars of which cannot yet be reported.
The funds of this Society at the present time amount to about £55, which will not be, by any means adequate to carry into effect the present intentions of your committee; but it is hoped that there are many friends of this Union who will favour the District Secretaries with their subscriptions of 48. per annum and upwards, so that your committee may not be obliged to abandon any of its designs of opening new Schools for want of pecuniary support.
By means of this Union the state of the district is known for the first time, a proper spirit of emulation has been excited, by which it is believed every School will be enlarged and very materially benefited; different sub-committees are
now active in obtaining information and secking places to open new Schools where they are most wanted.
Books also for the use of Schools have been published and sold at prime cost; so that spelling books may now be had by all the Schools connected with this Union, at 4s. 6d. per hundred, and Dr. Watts's Divine Songs, together with Dr. Doddridge's Principles in one book, at 1s. 4d. per dozen.
During the past quarter your committee have held their regular meetings, at which the true spirit of union evidently prevailed, and the various members of the committee have been actively employed in thoroughly investigating the state of the district, the result of such investigation warrants us to say that the want of Sunday Schools is still very great.
The populous neighbourhoods of St. Catherine's, East Smithfield, Shadwell Market, Limehouse, Stepney, and Globe Fields, are nearly in a barren state, and many other parts are but little cultivated.
There remains much to be done, and it is hoped that our meeting this evening will communicate new energy to our exertions, while it will cause us to glorify him who has bought us with a price, whose we are, and whom we serve.
Being assured that we shall be made to rejoice in our labours, while we go forth bearing precious seed, and with fervent supplications to the Father of Spirits we cease not to exclaim: Let thy work appear unto thy servants and thy glory unto their children;" and "Let the beauty of the Lord our God be upon us, and establish thou the work of our hands upon us; yea the work of our hands establish thou it."
Schools forming the East London Auxiliary Sunday School