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ENGLISH (Associateship).

Monday, June 19th, 1911.-Afternoon, 2.30 to 5.30.

[Not more than six questions are to be attempted. The Essay must be taken by EVERY candidate. When a question contains two or more parts, the answers must be given consecutively.]

Work neatly.

1. Write an Essay, of not more than five hundred words, on any one of the following subjects :

(a) The character and policy of Becket.

(b) The "Sea-dogs" of the Elizabethan period.

(c) The Free Trade movement.

(d) Universal military service.

(e) Ought restrictions to be placed on the freedom of the



Reading maketh a full man; conference a ready man; and writing an exact man.

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2. (a) Analyse the following passage into its component sentences and clauses, and show clearly their relation to each other :

Look how the flower which lingeringly doth fade,
The morning's darling late, the summer's queen,
Spoiled of that juice which kept it fresh and green,

As high as it did raise, bows low the head:
Right so my life, contentments being dead,
Or in their contraries but only seen,

With swifter speed declines than erst it spread.

And blasted, scarce now shows what it hath been.

(b) Parse the italicized words in (a).

3. (a) State the general subject of the following passage;


(b) Indicate the paragraphs into which it may be suitably divided

and state the particular subject of each;

(c) Write a précis of the whole passage—that is, a summary in the form of a continuous narrative :

The writer of his own life has at least the first qualification of an historian, the knowledge of the truth; and though it may be plausibly objected that his temptations to disguise it are equal to his opportunities of knowing it, yet I cannot but think that impartiality may be expected with equal confidence from him that relates the passages of his own life as from him that delivers the transactions of another. Certainty of knowledge not only excludes mistake, but fortifies veracity. What we collect by conjecture-and by conjecture only can one man judge of another's motives or sentiments -is easily modified by fancy or by desire. But that which is fully known cannot be falsified but with reluctance of understanding and alarm of conscience of Understanding, the lover of Truth; of Conscience, the sentinel of Virtue. He that writes the life of another is either his friend or his enemy, and wishes either to exalt his praise or aggravate his infamy; many temptations to falsehood will occur in the disguise of passions, too specious to fear much resistance. The Zeal of Gratitude, the Ardour of Patriotism, Fondness for an Opinion or Fidelity to a Party may easily overpower the vigilance of a mind habitually well disposed and prevail over unassisted and unfriended Veracity. But he that speaks of himself has no motive to Falsehood or Partiality except Self-love, by which all have so often been betrayed that all are on the watch against its artifices. He that writes an apology for a single action, to confute an accusation, to recommend himself to favour, is indeed always to be suspected of favouring his own cause; but he that sits down calmly and voluntarily to review his life for the admonition of posterity, or to amuse himself, and leaves this account unpublished, may be commonly presumed to tell truth, since falsehood cannot appease his own mind and fame will not be heard beneath the tomb. (30)

4. (a) Point out and correct any faults of vocabulary, grammar, or style in the following passages :—

(i) "By all means let us have bright, hearty, and very reverend services."

(ii) "They produced various medicaments, the lethal of which were extolled at large."


(iii) "They had now reached the airy dwelling where Mrs. M. resided, and, having rung, the door was at length most deliberately opened."

(iv)" If one has an opinion on any subject, it is of little use to read books or papers which tell you what you know already." (v) "I am pleased to read the correspondence in your paper, and hope that good will be the result of the same."

(b) Define and illustrate any five of the following terms:―synonym, alliteration, tautology, diphthong, archaism, voiced consonant,



5. Take any three of the following subjects, and describe any poem or passage from verse or prose which treats of it, giving any quotations you can:- Sleep, Death, Patriotism, Childhood, Love of Nature. (30)

6. (a) Paraphrase the following passage:

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Will makes the man; who carves not time and chance

To his own bidding, until seeming ill
Concur his cherished purpose to fulfil,
Has yet to learn that his inheritance
Lies in himself; who waits on circumstance
Will find that circumstance is only true
To him who dares a noble aim pursue
In her despite; doth Fortune look askance
On thee, she were not Fortune did she wear
The self-same aspect ever; up and bear
Thyself as of that hidden brotherhood,

Those slips of the true Adam, whose rank life,
Purged by Adversity's sharp pruning-knife,
Becomes prolific of immortal food.

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Metaphor lies hidden in all language.”- Illustrate this statement from the above passage.


7. (a) Give the nouns and adjectives corresponding to any five of the following verbs (example: act, action, active), and write a sentence to illustrate each of the adjectives :-controvert, prohibit, propitiate, distinguish, importune, denounce, presume, abstain.

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(6) Explain fully any five of the following phrases :-"To cross the Rubicon "between Scylla and Charybdis"; "to climb Parnassus " ; "the heel of Achilles ; a sop to Cerberus "good wine needs no bush "; " to tilt at windmills." (30)

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8. Sketch any three of the following characters :-Dr. Primrose, Mr. Micawber, Dugald Dalgetty, Bailie Nicol Jarvie, Macbeth, Portia, Rosalind.


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