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PLAN OF THE TREASURY HARMONY.
The Harmony and Chronological Order, of the four Gospel narratives, are according to Greswell's “ Harmonia Evangelica,” and in the words of the authorized version.
The whole is divided into One Hundred Sections, to correspond with “ Mimpriss' Geographical Delineation of the Life and Ministry of our Blessed Lord,” and adapted to the System of “ Graduated Simultaneous Instruction :" it may, at the same time, be used independently of either.
The Sections of Greswell's “ Harmonia Erangelica” are indicated at the commencement of every division or subject : as at page 1–
(G. 1.) The preface according to St. Luke. Luke i. 1—4. And at page 19, Section 4–
(G. 9.) The Messiah born. Luke ii. 1–7. Bethlehem. The Division of the Harmony into Parts is according to the “ Harmonia Evangelica ;” and constant reference is made to the “ Dissertations upon the Principles and Arrangement of a Harmony of the Gospels” by the same author, for explanation of the occasional transpositions, &c.
The exhibition of the Evangelical Histories in juxta-position, not only in chapters and large portions, but in verses, and lines, and even in single words, to shew the minute supplemental relation of each to the other, is vastly important: affording, as it does, satisfactory means of comparison; and giving “ the reader sufficient opportunity of forming his own "judgment, upon the order of narration; and of investigating the peculiar “ diction of each evangelist.”
Inattention to the minute supplemental relation of one Gospel to another is sometimes painfully observable in the most esteemed authors. Dr. White, in his “Diatessaron !-- a book extensively used at the Universitieswhen giving the account of the baptism of our Lord, passes over the two words of encouraging example, introduced by St. Luke, “and praying;” which omission leaves the consequent opening of the heavens, - the descent of the Holy Ghost,—and the testimony of God the Father, to God the Son, in nowise associated with the efficacy of prayer. Dr. White's Diatessaron is rendered into English, wherein the same omission is observable: and the late Rev. Henry Blunt, in his “ Lectures on the Life of Christ,” in like manner, following, as we may suppose, the same authority, neglects this blessed example; of which, had he observed it, he would doubtless have said much
both exhortatory and encouraging. Other instances occur in Dr. White's book ; but the above will suffice to illustrate the importance of attending to every word of the Gospel narratives, and the desirableness of having each distinct narrative in juxta-position, for consultation at sight.
“ The insertion of many of the original words in the text serves, not only to shew the agreement, or actual difference of expression used by the sa“cred writers, in the several narratives of the same event, but also to remedy “the want of precision which sometimes occurs in our excellent translation “—the same word in the original is often variously rendered into English ;
and, in some cases, various words in the original correspond to the same English expression. This was inevitable in the hands of different translators, and detracts nothing from the general excellence of our present “ authorized version.
“ The same division of labour occasioned a want of uniform marking of “ those words, by italics, which are not included in the original: to remedy “this, many words appear in italics which are not so distinguished in the "authorized version." *
With reference to the hyphens which are introduced in the text, it is only necessary to inform the English reader, that their use is to connect two or more words which, in the original, are expressed by one word : as Luke i. 1,“ which-are-most-surely-believed :” here five English words are used to express the meaning of one Greek word, meninpopopnuevwv (peplerophoremenon). Verse 3, “in-order;" two words to express one, kaděčng (kathexes). This use of the hyphen will often considerably help even, the scholar, “to a better understanding of a sentence or expression-will “ frequently recall the original to the mind, and prevent it from laying “hold of a meaning which has no warrant but in the idiom of our own "language.
“One suggestion, which may be useful to all readers, whether acquainted “ with the original language or not, is here submitted as inviting their “ attention. The hyphen will serve to mark the degree of emphasis any “expression may have; as for instance, in that often repeated affirmation of “ Him who spake as the Divine Logos, whether it stands thus, “Verily, “verily, I say unto you;' or, Verily, verily, I-say unto-you :' since in the “ first instance there are, in addition to the words contained in the other, “the originals of 'I' and 'unto, as we have 'Aunu áprv cyw Leyw ipos « υμας, instead of only 'Αμήν αμήν λέγω υμιν. Another example may
suffice to justify the importance of the hyphen : ‘And ye will not come “ unto me, that ye might have life;' where it will appear that 'ye-will'is “the rendering of Dɛlɛte, and not the form of the verb come.” +
The hyphens having dots, indicate that the words, entering into combination, are separated from each other, by the words that come between the dotted ends of the hyphens: as Matt. ii. 12, § v. p. 33, “ they-should- not return;"
;” “not” is therefore a distinct word in the original, while the words they-should-return are, in the original, expressed by one, avarapuya (anakampsai).
In the SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONs, ample use has been made of what was already available; but in no case without a careful revision : while much has been added calculated to lead into an intelligent acquaintance with the whole inspired volume. The substance of the particular parallel or illustration generally precedes the reference to book, chapter, and verse, and will often afford a general view of the subject, usefully introductorysee § i. page 1, verse 2, "eye-witnesses ;” and g ii. page 10, verse 35, “Son of God;” and page 12, verse 55, “ Abraham.”
For convenient reference, and a saving of time, the SCRIPTURE IllusTRATIONS are printed in full, on the opposite page, except such as are from the Gospels; these being already in the text of the book, there seemed no necessity for repeating them with the others. Occasionally, when the opposite page afforded greater space than was necessary for printing the references in full, opportunity has been taken of introducing those for which there was not room in their more appropriate place, and from which there is a reference to where they are thus to be found. After page 112 this will be found to cease, except occasionally, and the interleaved pages from (1)-(112) are referred to when necessary; and the new matter, as far as is practicable, is given in full in the Scripture Illustrations.
The Notes have been very carefully selected, and it is hoped will prove gems of biblical literature. The best expositor of the Scriptures is unquestionably God's own word ; and in the “ SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS,". we anticipate, the children of God will most delight. “ To the law and to the testimony,” Isa. viii. 20. “Prove all things ; hold fast that which is good," 1 Thess. v. 21.
The Practical REFLECTIONS will, it is trusted, be found well chosen, and helpful to a useful application of the text.
The GEOGRAPHICAL Notices, which are from the most recent authorities, are as complete as our limits would allow, and sufficient for all practical purposes.
In the ADDENDA is given extra matter, which it may be good to consult; but which it was not necessary to introduce under any of these specific heads.
The ANALYTICAL AND HISTORICAL TABLE, p. xi, exhibits the most prominent subjects in each Section ; and the parallels which occur in other portions of the Evangelical History [within brackets] will, with the column of illustrations, be usefully suggestive.
The “Treasury HARMONY” will, it is expected, be found serviceable to all who are engaged in spreading abroad the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ, and in promoting the interests of HIS kingdom, whether by exertions in the pulpit, or in the Bible class--whether as catechists, as sabbath school teachers, as conductors of seminaries, or as heads of families.
FINALLY, whatever excellence there is in the book, the Compiler most unfeignedly acknowledges is due, not to himself, but to others; especially to the valuable contributions, and disinterested and laborious revision and superintendence of a dear christian brother, who will not permit more particular reference.
THE TREASURY HARMONY AS A MANUAL FOR TEACHERS.
To save expence, the book is adapted the teachers of the Fourth and Fifth Grades of Mimpriss' " System of Graduated Simultaneous Instruction.” The distinctions to be observed are:
First.- In the “SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS,” only such as refer to the Gospels, the Acts, and the Epistles, are to be taken by the teacher of the FOURTH GRADE.
Second.—In the “Notes,” only such portions as are not within brackets are to be taken by the same.
Third.—In the “ PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS," the same selection is to be made by the same teacher.
For the Bible,” or “Fifth Grade Teacher,” there is presented, in this volume, it is believed, considerable help to a profitable searching of the entire word of God. Previous to assembling his class, the lesson should be carefully studied, and a suitable selection made by the teacher. A Note at Sect. vii
. p. 49 will explain the use of a Harmony of the Gospel narratives, in realizing a Continuous History of our Lord's life and ministry, and by comparison will be seen to agree with the book prepared for the scholars in sabbath schools, and youth in catechumen classes.*
The Sections agree with the arrangement of the One Hundred Lessons, in the First, Second, and Third Grades of the “ System of Graduated Simultaneous Instruction :" but it will very often occur, that a Section in the “ TREASURY Harmony,” embraces more than can be gone through at one time: in such cases the lower grades must be accommodated to the higher; and in the lower grades beneficial results will follow the recapitulation of the last lesson, and the preceding, whether on one or more sabbaths in continuance.
It is not expected that all that is provided in a Section of the “ TREASURY HARMONY can be imparted to any class in a sabbath or other school at one sitting ; but we have furnished a TREASURY,” from which every diligent teacher may obtain valuable aid, for training the rising generation to ascribe, TO THE ONLY WISE GOD OUR SAVIOUR, GLORY AND MAJESTY, DOMINION AND POWER, BOTH NOW AND EVER.
* A Harmony of the Four Gospels, arranged as a Continuous History, pp. 220.
A JOURNEY FROM LONDON TO JERUSALEM.
And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son.- 1 Jno. v. 11.
JERUSALEM.-Is the most renowned city in the 21 and the inhabitants of one city shall go to another, world; whether we consider its antiquity (see Geog. saying, Let us go speedily to pray before the LORD, Notices, & v. p. 36; § vi. P: 42; $ xxili. pp. 181.4); and to seek the LORD of hosts : 1 will go also. 22 Yea, Hebron and Damascus being the only cities claini- many people and strong nations shall come to seek the ing earlier origin; or whether we consider its vast LORD of hosts in Jerusalem, and to pray before the wealth, accumulated in the time of David and of his LORD. 23 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; In those son Solomon, when the king made silver and gold at days it shall come to pass, that ten men shall take Jerusalem as plenteous as stones, and cedar trees hold out of all languages of the nations, even shall made he as the sycamore trees that are in the vale for take hold of the skirt of him that is a Jero, saying, abundance. 2 Chron. i. 15; or whether we contem. We will go with you; for we have heard that God is plate its earlier history, in which was manifested the with you.' obedience of faithful Abraham, in preparing to offer
It is gratifying to trace our proximity to this Holy up his only son there, on mount Moriah. In looking land: that land, which heretofore was considered only back upon the history of Jerusalem, we become ac- approachable after a long and tedious pilgrimage, is quainted with patriarchs, prophets, priests, and kings, now brought within a holiday trip for recreation. who lived and died and are buried there; and with the stupendous exhibition of God's, love in delivering
The following brief outline is presented for the up his dear and only begotten
Son, to die
the land of their fathers.
Every thing being prepared, three hours' run by the through his death; and, after ages have rolled by, railway to Southampton, and a few minutes for emand Jerusalem has been trodden down by the Geno barkation, will secure the traveller comfortably on tiles, the time is fast approaching when the place in board a gigantic steamer, which shortly after
will be which he was abased shall witness his glory! Jeru- majestically cleaving the placid bosom of Southampsalem
ton Water; and after passing the venerable pile of
Netley Abbey, and Calshot Castle, the Isle of Wight
is accessible to the is coasted, and soon the vast Atlantic entered. people of Asia on the north, and to those of the east In three or four days the Spanish coast is made; by the Euphrates, the Persian gulf, and the Red and shepherds' and fishermen's huts are seen dissea ; to our own nation and Europe generally, and persed on the rocky shore, and the sea is animated America in the far west, by the Mediterranean or by fishing boats skimming along the water like Great sea; and to the people of Africa and Arabia, things of life. Instead of the toil and danger experion the south. Jerusalem is the city of the greai enced by ancient pilgrims, in the soft evening, music King !' Matt. y. 35. They shall call Jerusalem the charms the ear, and the deck is promenaded by throne of the LORD;'-see Jer. iii. 17; and to it all ladies and gentlemen, as at the Spas and watering nations shall flow, to worship
the Lord in Jerusalem. places of home: the difference being the vessel's - See Isa. ii. 1-4. The word that Isaiah the son of deck instead of lawns and gravel walks; and for Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem. 2 And flowering shrubs is the smooth sea; and instead of it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain variegated lamps deviced, the silvery beams of the of the LORD's house shall be established in the top of moon fantastically dancing upon the water. And in The mountains, and shall be exalt:d above the hills; the morning, the sun emerging from his ocean bed, and all nations shall Now unto it. 3 And many peo- amply repays him who witnesses the gorgeous display ple shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the of its early beams, and brings in view the coast of mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; Portugal; and, perhaps, a finny inhabitant of the and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in deep sportively spouting water in the air. Then his paths : for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and comes the evening, and sweet music again refreshens the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.. 4 And he shall and enlivens the gay scene. Another day the judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many peo- artificial monster of the deep foams onward, and ple and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, having neared the barren and mountainous coast, and their spears into pruning-hooks : nation shall not the evening brings its former delights. On the selift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn venth day, the impetuous vessel progresses through war any more. Therefore they shall come and sing Gibraltar's straits, affording a distinct view of the in the height of Zion, and shall flow together to the Spanish mountains, richly cultivated from the base goodness of the LORD, for wheat, and for wine, and almost to their summits; and the mountains on the for oil, and for the young of the flock and of the herd: African side are visible also. This, perhaps, is the and their soul shall be as a watered garden; and they Lord's day, and its decent observance is felt in shall not sorrow any more at all, Jer. xxxi. 12. See the mustering of all hands for prayer and praise. also Mic. iv. 2; Zech. viii. 20-23. Thus saith the Isaiah lvi. 2. Soon the delightful passage is vaLORD of hosts; It shall yet come to pass, that there ried by a walk on terra firma, and what has been shall come people, and the inhabitants of many cities : glowingly set forth, beautiful, in the picture, is
He that hath the Son hath life; and he that hath not the Son of God hath not life.- 1 Jno. v. 12.
GOD is Love.-1 Jno. iv. 8.