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variety and the definiteness of the expressions, in which the word is so used, will appear from the following extracts.
1 Cor. i. 7,“ Waiting for the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ: (8) Who shall also confirm you unto the end, that ye may be blameless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ."
1 Cor. v. 5, “ That the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.” — See, also, 2 Cor. i. 14.
Phil. i. 6, “ He which hath begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ.”
Phil. ii. 16, “ That I may rejoice in the day of Christ.”
1 Thess. v. 2, “ The day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night.” — See, also, 2 Pet. iii. 10.
2 Pet. iii. 12, “ Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens, being on fire, shall be dissolved.”.
Eph. iv. 30, “ And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.” — Compare Luke xxi. 28.
2 Pet. iii. 7, “ Reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men.” — See, also, 2 Pet. ii. 9; 1 John iv. 17.
Rom. ii. 16, “ In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men, by Jesus Christ, according to my gospel.” — See, , also, Acts xvii. 31.
Jude 6, “ Unto the judgment of the great day.”
Rom. ii. 5, “ Against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God.”
2 Tim. i. 12, “I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day.” — See, also, 2 Tim. i. 18; iv. 8.
1 Cor. iii. 13, “ Every man's work shall be made manifest: for the day shall declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire.” — See, also, Heb. x. 25.
VI. Even the repeated use of certain terms, with specific application to the Second Advent, is not without its significance. — Definiteness of name implies definiteness of idea. Of these terms thus specially applied, —
1. 'Atrokádopis, revelation from heaven (also translated appearing and coming), occurs in 1 Cor. i. 7, 2 Thess. i. 7, 1 Pet. i. 7, 13, iv. 13 ; five times.
2. 'Et pávela, appearing (once translated brightness), occurs in 2 Thess. ii. 8, 1 Tim. vi. 14, 2 Tim. iv. 1, 8, Tit. i. 13; five times.
3. Tlapovola, coming, occurs in Mat. xxiv. 3, 27, 37, 39, 1 Cor. xv. 23, 1 Thess. ii. 19, iii. 13, iv. 15, v. 23, 2 Thess. ii. 1, , James v. 7, 8, 2 Pet. i. 16, iii. 4, 1 John ii. 28; sixteen times.
WITH THE SECOND COMING OF CHRIST THE SCRIPTURES ASSOCIATE THE END OF THE WORLD, THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD, AND THE GENERAL JUDGMENT WITH ITS AWARDS.
It is unfortunate that, in two important cases, our translators of the Bible, to whom we owe such a debt for the general excellence of our version, have produced confusion by using the same English word for two or more Greek words, quite different in force. The cases referred to are, first, the use of “hell ” for both ấons, Hades, and yćevva, Gehenna, which has led to serious misapprehensions; and, secondly, the use of " world” for the three words, oikovuévn, inhabited land, earth, kóruos, system of the material universe, and aióv, great system or cycle of time, age. The phrase “ the end of the world ” (or " of this world”) occurs six times in our version of the New Testament, Mat. xiii. 39, 40, 49, xxiv. 3, xxviii. 20, Heb. ix. 26 ; and always as the translation of ouvrédera toll alôvos (or once, in the plural, Tôv aióvwv), the completion of the age, i. e. the consummation or close of the great period in the world's history, preceding the establishment of the new kingdom
of the Messiah. The bold figurative language, however, in which this consummation was predicted, led to an early expectation of great physical changes in connection with this event ; and there has since been a tendency, strengthened among ourselves by our English version, to magnify these changes from the mere costume or circumstance, into the essence, of the event. It is to be deeply regretted, that this important error has had so much influence in producing or fostering other errors still more serious. There is nowhere greater need of the most cautious discrimination, than where two different things are closely related to each other, as type and antitype, or as circumstance and essence.
It will be seen, from the following extracts, how very intimately the Scriptures associate the four events mentioned in our proposition ; so intimately, indeed, that they appear to form almost simultaneous scenes of one grand transaction, — not so much separate events, as parts of one great event, — the august consummation of a sublime drama in the history of the universe. These extracts associate, —
I. The Second Advent and the End of the World.
Mat. xxiv. 3, “ And as he sat upon the mount of Olives, the disciples came unto him privately, saying, Tell us, when shall these things be ? and what shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the world ?”
2 Pet. iii. 3, “ Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts, (4) And saying, Where is the promise of his coming ? ... (10) But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also, and the works that are therein, shall be burned up.”
II. The Second Advent and the Resurrection of the Dead, with a corresponding change of the Living
1 Thess. iv. 15, “ For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent (precede] them which are asleep. (16) For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: (17) Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air."
John v. 28, “ Marvel not at this : for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, (29) And shall come forth.” — See VI., below.
Phil. iii. 20, “For our conversation is in heaven; from whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ : (21) Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body.”
1 Cor. xv. 22, “ For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive. (23) But every man in his own order : Christ the first-fruits ; afterward they that are Christ's, at his coming. ... (51) Behold, I show you a mys
tery : We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, *(52) In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump : for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed."
III. The Second Advent and the Judgment with its awards.
Mat. xvi. 27, “ The Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father, with his angels ; and then he shall reward every man according to his works.”
Mat. xxv. 31, “ When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory: (32) And before him shall