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death has produced the most tatal ef altogether unexpected, to the applicafects, “ those persoas most dreading tions of art.' This patient,' says Dr. their departure from life, to wbom it Reid, was one of the society of has proved least productive of enjoy- Frieods; a society whose peaceful tea ment,” Doctor Reid goes on to give nets and habits prove as favourable to some illustrativos of the powerful ope health as they are to piety and virtue ; ration of this morbid feeling. Iatro with whom Christianity consists prinducing this part of the subject, he ele- cipally in composure ; and self-regulagantly says; “ an indulgence in this tion constitutes the essence of religion.' morbid excess of apprehension not only The Essays on Pride and Remorse embitters a man's existence, but often abound with just remarks and prescrip tends to shorten its duration. He has. tions both moral and medical. Pride tens the advance of death by the fear is not only a sin, but may become a with which his frame is seized at the disease, and health as well as virtue appearance of its approach. His trem- suffer from its hateful influence. Rebling hand involuntarily shakes the morse, also, is not of itself 'a compellglass in wbich bis hours are numbered.” sation for misconduct. Where it is an As, however, we have not room to unproductive feeling merely, and not a dwell as long as we could wish on any regenerating principle, instead of initipart of the book, we will quote some gating it can only serve to aggravate examples offered, and proceed. our offences. Repentance, sentimen
The well attested instance of the tally indulged, often stands in the way younger Lord Lyttleton is mentioned, of a practical reformation. • who expired at the exact stroke of the rors of our past life are not to be atoned clock which, in a dream or vision, he by wasting the remainder of it in a had been forewarned would be signal of sedentary grief, or in idle lamentations, his departure ;' and that of a man who Active duty alone is able to counteract was sentenced to be bled to death. In the injury, or to obliterate the stain, of stead, however, of the punishment be- transgression.' In short, Doctor Reid, ing actually inflicted, he was merely in leading us from the broad and fremade to believe that it was, by causing quented road of physical ill, brings us water, when his eyes were blinded, to into the path of duty and enjoyment, be poured down his arm. This mimicry, The remaining essays are on Solihowever, of an operation, as completely tude; on Excessive Study, or applicastopped the movements of the aniinated tion of mind; on Vicissitude, as a machine, as if an entire exhaustion had cause and characteristic of intellectual been effected of the vivifying fluid. inalady ; on Want of Sleep; on IntemThe man lost bis life, but not his blood.' perance; on the Excess of Abstinence ; Another person had been condemned on Morbid Affections of the organs of to lose bis head. The moment after sense ; on Mental Derangement not init bad been laid upon the block a re- dicative of constitutional vigour of mind; prieve arrived; but the victim was al- on Physical Malady, the occasion of ready sacrificed. The living principle mental disorder ; on the Atmosphere of had been extinguisbed by the fear of London ; on Dyspeptic and Hepatic the axe, as effectually as it would have diseases ; on Palsy, idiotic and spasbeen by its tall.' In connexion with modic affections ; on the hereditary nathis subject, an instance is mentioned ture of Madness; on Old age ; ou Luof restoration from an apparently natic Asylums; on the importance of bopeless disease,' wbich was ascribed counteracting the tendency of Mental • to the tranquil cheerfulness of the pa. Disease ; on Bleeding; on Pharma, y; tient, which pomertully aided the opp. ( A jution ; on Bodily Exercise ; 01 rations of nature, and gave an efficacy, Real Evils, a remedy for those of the Imagination; and on Occupation. In experiment, urges, from motives of pothe treatment of all these subjects, Dr. licy as well as duty, an observance of Reid has manifested much philanthro- the same rules of conduct that had bepical feeling and elegance of mind, as fore been dictated by speculative reawell as an extensive range of observa- son and enjoined by religion, how tion, and a profound acquaintance with much is the cause of virtue strengththe theory of human life and duty. ened ? Men then find that the laws of
Such books are eminently calculated nature and providence grant no immuto do good. The precepts and exbor. nities to transgression, no pardon, but tations of the moralist are too apt to be to reformation; and that with one acunavailing. In early life, when sense is cord they all cry out, by the immutayoung and appetite keen, before truth bility of God, that self-control is wishas been enforced by stern experience, dom; that the infallible consequence there is ever indulged an obscure hope of righteousness is happiness, and that, that the connexion between moral and physical ill is not absolutely insepara
Sure as day follows night, ble; that passion may be indulged and Death treads in pleasure's footsteps round
But duty neglected with impunity.
the world, when, in aid of the moralist, the physi
When pleasure treads the path which réa
son shuns. cian comes forward, and by the strong evidence of facts, on the stable basis of L.
ART. 5. ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.
1777) was remarkable for a circumstance A MONG the romantic incidents of real of private distress too peculiar and affect. life, few
surpass the adventures of la. ing to be omitted. "The circumstance to dy Harriet Ackland, who accompanied her which I allude is Lady Harriet Ackland's husband Major Ackland in General Bur. passage through the enemy's army to atgoyne's unfortunate campaign, of 1777. An tend her wounded husband, then their pri. entire generation has nearly passed away since the declaration of American Inde. The progress of this lady with the army pendence. The events of our revolutionary could hardly be thought abruptly or super. war, familiar to those who were actors in fluously introduced, were it only so for the its scenes, are becoming, like the tales of purpose of authenticating a wonderful sto. "the days beyond the food,” to the exist. ry.-It would exhibit, if well delineated, ing race. The memory of those times that an interesting picture of the spirit, the en “ tried men's souls” is revived by the pe. terprise, and the distress of romance, rea. rusal of General Wilkinson's Memoirs, lized and regulated upon the chaste and who corrects a mistatement in the pathetic sober principles of rational love and contale of Lady Harriet's story, so admirably nubial duty delineated by General Burgoyne in his
“Lady Harriet Ackland had accompanied “ State of the expedition from Canada, as her husband to Canada in the beginning of laid before the House of Commons in the year 1776 In the course of that cam1780.” Should the Editors of the American paign she had traversed a vast space of Monthly Magazine consider the narrative country, in different extremities of season, comprehended within their plan, they will and with difficulties that an European trano doubt amuse and gratify their read. veller will not easily conceive, to attend, ers by its insertion. The account of in a poor hut at Chamblee, upon his sick General Burgoyne is first introduced, and bed. General Wilkinson's relation concludes a “In the opening of the campaign in 1777 scene unrivalled in interest by any section she was restrained from offering herself to of ancient or modern romance.
a share of the fatigue and hazard expecta General Burgoyne's Narrative of Lady Harriet junctions of her husband. The day after
ed before Ticonderoga, by the positive inAckland's Adventures.
the conquest of the place, he was badly “Besides the continuation of difficulties wounded, and she crossed the Lake Cham and general fatigue, this day, (9th October, plain to join him.
“ As soon as he recovered, Lady Harriet two British officers, major Manage and proceeded to follow his fortunes through Lieutenant Reynell; but in the event their the campaign, and at Fort Edward, or at presence served but little for comfort. the next camp, she acquired a two wheel Major Hanage was soon brought to the tumbril, which had been constructed by surgeon very badly wounded ; and a little the artificers of the artillery, something time after came intelligence that Lieutensimilar to the carriage used for the mail ant Reynell was shot dead. Imagination upon the great roads in England. Major will want no help to figure the state of the Ackland commanded the British grena- whole group. diers, which were attached to General Fra- " From the date of that action to the 7th ser's corps; and consequently were always of October, Lady Harriet, with her usual the most advanced post of the army. Their serenity, stood prepared for new trials ! situations were often so alert, that no per- and it was her lot that their severity inson slept out of his clothes. In one of creased with their number. She was these situations a tent, in which the Major again exposed to the hearing of the whole and Lady Harriet were asleep, suddenly action, and at last received the word of her took fire. An orderly sergeant of grena- individual misfortune, mixed with the indiers, with great hazard of suffocation, telligence of the general calamity: the dragged out the first person he caught troops were defeate , and major Ackland, hold of. It proved to be the major. It desperately wounded, was a prisoner. happened, that in the same instant she had, “The day of the 8th was passed by Lady unknowing what she did, and perhaps not Harriet and her companions in uncommon perfectly awaked, providentially made her anxiety ; not a tent, not a shed being escape, by creeping under the walls of standing, except what belonged to the the back part of the tent. The first ob. Hospital, their refuge was among the ject she saw, upon the recovery of her wounded and the dying. sense, was the major on the other side, and “ When the army was upon the point of in the same instant again in the fire, in moving, I received a message from Lady search of her. The sergeant again saved Harriet, submitting to my decision a prohim, but not without the major being very posal (and expressing an earnest solicitude severely burned in his face, and different to execute it, if not interfering with my parts of his body. Every thing they had design) of passing to the camp of the enewith them in the tent was consumed. my, and requesting General Gates's per.
“ This accident happened a little time mission to attend her husband. before the army crossed the Hudson's river, Though I was ready to believe, (for I (13th Sept.) It neither altered the reso. had experienced) that patience and fortilution nor the cheerfulness of Lady Har- tude, in a supreme degree, were to be riet; and she continued her progress, a found, as well as every other virtue, under partaker of the fatigues of the advanced the most tender forms, I was astonished corps. · The next call upon her fortitude at this proposal. After so long an agitawas of a different nature, and more dis- tion, exhausted not only for want of rest, tressful as of longer suspense. On the but absolutely want of food, drenched in march of the 19th Sept. the grenadiers rain for twelve hours together, that a wobeing liable to action at every step, she had man should be capable of such an under. been directed by the major to follow the taking as delivering herself to the enemy, route of the artillery and baggage, which probably in the night, and uncertain of was not exposed. At the time the action what hands she might first fall into, apbegun, she found herself near a small un. peared an effort above human nature. The inhabited hut, where she alighted. When assurance I was enabled to give was small it was found the action was becoming ge. indeed; I had not even a cup of wine to neral and bloody, the surgeon of the hos- offer ; but I was told she had found, from pital took possession of the same place, as some kind and fortunate hand, a little rum the most convenient for the first care of and dirty water. All I could furnish to her the wounded. Thus was this lady in hear. was an open boat, and a few lines, written ing of one continued fire of cannon and upon dirty and wet paper, to General musketry, for four hours together, with Gates, recommending her to his protecthe presumption, from the post of her hus. tion. band at the head of the grenadiers, that “ Mr. Brudenell, the chaplain to the arhe was in the most exposed part of the tillery (the same gentleman who had offiaction. She had three female companions, ciated so signally at General Fraser's funethe Baroness of Reidese), and the wives of ral) readily undertook to accompany her, VOL. 1, No. IV.
and with onc female servant, and the ma- of the sensibility which dictated it, and as jor's valet-de-chambre, (who had a ball a testimony of that supreme degree of forwhich he had received in the late action titude, resignation, constancy, and affecthen in his shoulder) she rowed down the tion, which is most frequently discovered river to meet the enemy. But her dis. under the most tender forms; and I will tresses were not yet at an end. The night add, from my own observation, and I will was advanced before the boat reached the do it with lively satisfaction, that in the enemy's out post, and the sentinel would exercise of these duties and these virtues not let it pass, nor even come on shore. which ornament and sweeten the married In vain Mr. Brudenell offered the flag of life; in every trial of adversity, the fair truce, and represented the state of the ex. and feeble sex show themselves superior traordinary passenger. The guard, appre- to the lordly animals of the creation, and hensive of treachery, and punctilious to furnish examples of tranquil firmness and their orders, threatened to fire into the resolution to their protectors. boat if it stirred before day-light. Her Major Henry Dearborn (since Major anxiety and sufferings were thus protract. General) who commanded the guard, was ed through seven oreg 't dark cold hours; ordered to detain the Aag until the mornand her reflections upon that first recep. ing; the night being exceedingly dark, tion could not give vier very encouraging and the quality of the lady unknown. As ideas of the treatment she was afterwards this incidenthas been grossly misrepresentto expect. But it is due to justice at the ed to the injury of the American characclose of this adventure to say, that she was ter, which in arms is that of courage, received and accommodated by General clemency, and humanity; to correct the Gates with all the humanity and respect delusions which have Aowed from Gen. that her rank, her merits, and her fortune Burgoyne's pen, who, although the vehicle deserved.
could not have been the author of the ca. “ Let such as are affected by these cir. lumny-Iam authorized by General Dearcumstances of alarm, hardship, and dan- born to make the following statement, in ger, recollect, that the subject of them was which I place entire confidence. His a woman ; of the most tender and delicate guard occupied a cabin, in which there franie; of the gentlest manners ; habitua. was a back apartment appropriated to his ted to all the soft elegancies, and refined own accommodation : the party on board enjoyments, that atiend high birth and the boat attracted the attention of the senfortune ; and far advanced in a state in tinel, and he had not hailed ten minutes, which the tender cares, always due to the before she struck the shore ; the lady was sex, become indispensably necessary. Her immediately conveyed into the apartment mind alone was formed for such trial." of the Major, which had been cleared for GENERAL WILKINSON'S RELATION.
her reception ; lier attendants followed
with her baggage and necessaries, and fire “ The day, (9th Oct.) wasted without a
was made, and her mind was relieved from movement to the front, excepting parties the horrors which oppressed it, by the asof observation, and the night found us on surance of her husband's safety; she took our old ground. About ten o'clock I was tea, and was accommodated as comfortaadvised from the advanced guard on the bly as circumstances would permit, and river, that a batteau under a flag of truce the next morning when I visited the guard had arrived from the enemy, with a lady before sunrise, her boat had put off, and on board, who bore a letter to General was floating down the stream to our camp, Gales, from General Burgoyne, of which I shall here record a fac-simile,* in honour tune, without testifying that
your attentions to her
will lay me under obligations. * Gen Burgoyne's Letter to Gen. Gates.
I am, Sir, SIR
Your obedient Servant, Lady Harriet Ackland, a lady of the first distinction by family, rank, and personal virtues,
Oct. 9, 1777.
J. BURGOYNE. is under such concern on account of Major Ack- M. G. Gates. land, her husband, wounded, à prisoner in your hands, that I cannot refuse her request to com- The original of this highly interesting letter, mit her to yo protection.
together with several other important MSS. Whatever general impropriety there may be documents relating to the campaign of 1777, has in persons acting in your situation and mine to been deposited, by Gen. Wilkinson, in the arsolicit favours, cannot see the uncommon pre-'chives of the New-York Historical Society as eminence in every female grace and exaltation well as an elegantly bound presentation copy of character of this lady, and her very hard for- of his Memoirs.
where General Gates, whose gallantry will question, took the negative side with his not be denied, stood ready to receive her usual decision ; he was opposed, warmth with all the respect and tenderness to ensued, and he gave the lie direct to a which her rank and condition gave her a Lieutenant Lloyd, fought him, and was claim : indeed, the feminine figure, the shot through the head. Lady Harriet lost, benign aspect, and polished manners of her senses, and continued deranged two this charming woman, were alone sufficient years ; after which, I have been informed, to attract the sympathy of the most obdu. she married Mr. Brudenell, who accomparate ; but if another motive could have pied her from General Burgoyne's camp, been wanting to inspire respect, it was when she sought her wounded husband on furnished by the peculiar circumstances of the Iludson's river."
E. Lady Harriet, then in that most delicate situation, which cannot fail to interest the
TEW-YORK INSTITUTION, solicitudes of every being possessing the
MESSRS. EDITORS, form of a man: it was therefore the foul
The American Museum has been ra. est injustice to brand an American officer with the failure of courtesy, where it was moved from Chatham street to the New. so highly merited. Major Ackland had York Institution, in Chamber street; and set out for Albany, where he was joined by was opened for exhibition the first time on his lady.” I am, &c. HISTORICUS.
the afternoon and evening of the 20 July, July 4, 1817.
1817. The brilliant display made on this occasion, gave an opportunity for many to
admire the taste of Mr. Scudder (the proWe are much obliged to our correspon- prietor) in the disposition of his natural dent for bringing together the particulars curiosities and the elegant manner in which attending an adventure, which, we doubt he has prepared and preserved them, and not, has engaged the sympathies of our varied their natural attitudes to give the readers. We will complete the history strongest impressions, and produce the of these lovers. The circumstances at most lasting effect upon the beholder. His tending the wound and capture of Majom skill is unequalled in preparing subjects of Ackland, will be found in our Review of natural history so that they shall retain General Wilkinson's Memoirs, page 41 of their originalcharacteristic expression, and this volume. We are enabled to add from appear in their native beauty or deformithe same authority, (Gen. W's Memoirs,) ty. It was the opinion of several gentle, the tragic sequel of this interesting story. men present the first exhibition, that
In consequence of the situation of Lady neither London nor Paris, which they had Harriet, General Wilkinson used his en- visited, possessed specimens in such high deavours, with success, to procure the con- state of preservation ; and that as he ale ditional exchange of Major Ackland, with ready excelled in the preparation, he permission to remove to New-York. There, would soon exceed in the number of his Major Ackland effected his exchange subjects, and the extent of his Museum, against Major Otho Williams, at that time any similar establishment. It was thought a prisoner on Long-Island. Pending the by some, that nothing was wanting but a negotiation for this purpose, Major Ack- little more time and due encouragement, land made this wounded officer an inmate to make the American Museum the first of his house, where Lady Harriet's atten- establishinent of the kind in this or any tions alleviated his sufferings. We ap- other country. Not an individual appear. proach with reluctance the catastrophe of ed dissatisfied with this appropriation of our tale. General Wilkinson has feeling- the building in which the Museum is now ly related it.
established. On the contrary, all express
ed their satisfaction that Mr. Scudder had “But unfortunate was the destiny of received public patronage, and thought this gallant, generous, high-minded gen- that he had shown himself worthy of it. tleman ; and it cannot be listened to by Former attempts had been made in New. an American without deep regret, when York to establish a Museum of natural it is known he gave his life in defence of and artificial curiosities, but they failed their honour. I have the following detail for want of public patronage. Notwithfrom an English gentleman in whom I standing these discouraging circumstanplace confidence:-Ackland, after his re- ces, MR. John Scudder began, about the cum'to England, procured a regiment, and year 1800, while he was yet in the employ at a dinner of military men, where the of Mr. Savage, at monthly wages, to prosourage of the Americans was made a cure specimens for a new collection. The