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of the Irish people, with the exception to be, that Popery begins to be spoken of, of the Maynooth grant, is all but over-even by some who do not call themselves looked? There is not even the flimsy | Tractariars, in far more measured terms defence of this state of things which than it was twenty years ago. This state arises from the plea that Presbyterianism of things has afforded scope for politicians, is a pure doctrinal faith. Unfortunately who have nothing to guide them but the for those who resort to this stale and passing expedients of the day. The worthless sophistry, some Irish Presby | alarm about Popery has, in a great meaterians, who receive the Donum, are sure, subsided, in consequence of multiblasphemers of the Son of God. Un- tudes embracing it in a modified form; prejudiced lookers-on must feel that he | and thus the path to Roman Catholic who receives Government support for the | Endowment has been facilitated for maintenance of his religion, which, of Statesmen, without any particular effort course, he believes to be true, cannot on their own part. If this fact is over. very reasonably find fault with others looked, we shall greatly mistake. similarly circumstanced. All think their | Then the question, How to govern own religions true; and the State is ready Ireland ? has been such a grievous probto help them all, that it may secure the lem to Whigs and Tories, that they have good offices of all. If a religionist accept been disposed, having no conscientious of State pay for himself, he ought to be scruples to overcome, to try the effect of very lenient to all others who do the same Endowment, as a last expedient for her thing.
political and social regeneration. If the Another prominent cause of the deceit- | measure should be suspected by calm ful calm which has come over the public lookers-on of something bordering on mind in this country, is the baneful work- / political quackery, more especially as ing of the Tractarian heresy. The people Statesmen admit that their object is have been largely indoctrinated, by med mainly to get an advantage over a turbueating the bread of a professedly reformed | lent priesthood, they may well bear this church, in a number of tenets tending, reproach, after so many great Political beyond all dispute, to diminish the ab Physicians have tried, without effect, to horrence of Roman Catholicism. The beal Ireland's political maladies. numerous body of the clergy who rank Sentimental Liberals, too, by whom under the banner of Tractarianism, repre- , we mean that class of polished and plausent Rome as a true Catholic and Apos- sible men who believe nothing firmly in tolic Church, though with some defection religion, and feel nothing earnestly, not from the Nicene age-their great eccle- even indifference itself-come forward and siastical standard. The Episcopate of the tell us, in a thousand forms, that Roman Establishment, they tell us, is the Catho- | Catholicism is a greatly meliorated and lic branch of Christ's Church in this coun- | improved system; that practically, if not try; how Rome can be excluded, on their in theory, it has renounced many of its own principles, we are not able to divine. former dogmas ; that its spirit is softened But, be this as it may, Tractarianism is and subdued; and that nothing more is so overlaid with Romish doctrine and required in the Sister-Island to make it ceremony, that those who receive it can all that patriotic and benevolent men have but little fault to find with the would wish to see it, but the endowment Mother-apostolic Church, and little of the Irish Priests. This measure, they anxiety to stand in the way of her en- affirm, is the great panacea for all Iredowment, provided the revenues of the land's complicated woes—the very harEstablishment are in no way impaired. binger of her political millennium. And We have narrowly watched the progress some are weak enough to believe this, in and the tendency of Tractarianism, and the face of all history. we have found the result very generally ! The sad divisions, moreover, among
Protestants, on the principle of endow- | directly opposed to the first principles of ments, have done much to damage their political right. There are tens of thouefforts to withstand the specific endowment sands in this country who would rather of Roman Catholicism.
suffer banishment than accept of StateCalmly contemplating all these influ Endowment for their religion, because ences, working with more or less force on they believe that Christianity forbids it, different minds, we cannot wonder that and demands to live on the freewill the Protestant voice of this country should offerings of its Disciples. It is sheer be less distinct and emphatic than it ought injustice, then, to compel this numerous to be. A measure of something like con class of her Majesty's loyal subjects, by fusion and perplexity is produced by the law, to support the new Endowment. anomaly of our position. Thoughtful, and They appeal to the honesty and integrity even good men, begin to yield to some of their countrymen that they may be thing like a feeling of despair, and are exonerated from the operation of such ready to let Statesmen take their course an unjust law. without interruption. The Irish Esta- 1 2. Let the Character of Popery deter blishment is a great fact, and cannot be Statesmen from the effort to procure its denied. Romanism, still the prevailing | Endowment. It is the antagonist of religion of Ireland, is as seven to one. Not Christ and his truth. All history proves a little bas already been done in the form it to be such. All nations will pay dearly of Roman Catholic Endowment. In our for the compromise of principle by wbich Colonies, the Papacy bas long received they may be induced, in an evil hour, to State support. Presbyterianism in Ire give it State - Support. We cordially land, whether Socinian or Calvinistic, has adopt the powerful appeal of the Rev. its Regium Donum. What, in these cir | William Anderson, at the late Glasgow cumstances, are Statesmen to do? Can Anti-Endowment Meeting : they be made chargeable with the errors “ Objecting as we do to the Stateof their political predecessors? Or can endowment of what we regard to be they, without a pressure from without, truth, much more earnestly do we deprerecede from the policy already distinctly cate the Endowment of Popery, being and variously sanctioned ? Ought they convinced that it is a system of fatal not, in the unhappy and complicated error. I both lament and wonder that circumstances of the Irish nation, to be some of the best friends of the Voluntary permitted to endow its Priesthood, if it cause question the propriety of occupying were only with the forlorn hope of attach- | | this ground. It has the appearance to ing them to British rule and authority ? them of our admitting that the civil
Now, in spite of all these untoward magistrate is qualified and authorised to facts and influences, we say, unhesitat- decide for the subject what is truth and ingly, that ROMAN CATHOLICISM MUST what is error. There can be no greater NOT BE ENDOWED. Existing evils, how misconception of our meaning and deever formidable, can be no valid plea for sign. We neither regard Lord John the perpetration of future wrong. Our Russell a religious oracle; no; not for position, doubtless, is an anomalous one. determining the meaning of the simplest But let Statesmen beware, lest they should verse in the Bible - Thou shalt not render it inextricable. The past history steal.' (Laughter and cheers.) Nor do of State Endowments for religion is any we approach him with the presumption thing but satisfactory; the Endowment of telling him what is truth, and what contemplated would be utterly disastrous. he should believe: but we stand before
1. Let its Political Injustice deter him and say, "We are the parties on Statesmen from urging it forward. -No whom the tax is to be levied; and the Parliamentary majorities that may be question is not what you, my lord, think obtained can sanctify a deed in itself so indulge any fancy you please); and since we, along with your own Cranmer | That your money should be levied on and our Knox, regard this Popery with for the promotion of a system of superthe deepest abhorrence, you shall not, as stition, under wbich a wife betrays her you are a just man, burden us with its husband, and a daughter betrays her maintenance.' (Loud cheers.) We should father, by revealing the most confidential bave objected to the exaction, though we conversation to a curious priest? Will had loved the system; but since we abhor you submit to it tamely and patiently, it, it would be an aggravated outrage on that your wealth should be taken from our feelings, our consciences, and our you, and distributed for the strengthenrights, to rob us for its support. Is not ing of a system which counterworks all this a logic easily understood ? and it is your measures, whether at home or therefore we declare our views of Popery. abroad, for evangelizing the world-deThis is neither the time nor place for a solating your missions, as at Tahiti, with theological exposition of Popish error. such malignancy? And, finally, Will you Our work at present is simply to give patiently and tamely submit to it, that testimony. I, therefore, with all men men should take that power, with which who are worthy of the Protestant name, we and our fellow-citizens have invested declare my opinion to be that Popery, them, to pervert and prostitute it to purwith its acknowledgment of a foreign poses than which we are persuaded there power, is dangerous to the independence is no other more provocative of national of the commonwealth ; that, with its judgment from the hand of a dishonoured confessional, it betrays the confidence of God ?" (Great applause.) domestic and social life; that, with its 1 3. Let the already overtaxed condition claims of infallibility, and denial of the of our people deter Statesmen from the right of private judgment, it is an in- | attempt to Endow Popery. Whence, cubus on the human intellect; that, with with an Income Tax, now pressing with its forbidding the universal perusal of intolerable severity upon the middle the word of God by the people, it blas- / classes in this country, is the new Enphemes the Spirit of inspiration, as if he dowment to come? The Irish Estabhad indited a dangerous book; that, lishment receives 700,0001. per annum with its mass, it blasphemes at once the for less than one million of Episcopalian person and sacrifice of Christ; that, with | Protestants. Will the Endowment of its image-worship, and prayers to the Popery answer even the political end saints, it has converted the Church into proposed, viz., the pacification of the a huge pantheon of idolatry; that, with Priesthood, if half that sum be not alits confession, its absolution, its penance, lowed for every million of Irish Catholics? and its purgatory, together again with There are seven millions of Romanists in that horrid mass, it deifies the priesthood, Ireland; is Great Britain, with all her while it enslaves all grades, corrupts and other burdens, and in the depressed state oppresses the people, and deludes them of her commerce, prepared annually to to their spiritual ruin : in a word, that it pay 2,450,0001. for the direct support of is a malignant apostacy, the denuncia- | Popery in the Sister Kingdom? We tion of which characterises the burden of think not; and we call on all who think scriptural woe. (Cheers.) Such is but with us to wake up from their lethargy, a small part of our Protestant testimony; and to render it impossible for such a but it is enough for the times: and I now | measure to be carried in the British make this simple appeal, Will you, Pro- | Parliament. testant brethren, tamely submit to it?
“ Truth, like the river, oft makes slow but sure advance :
Error's course is like the rapid mountain-stream-
And is as soon exhausted." The questiou is often proposed by in this country. It is our increasing intelligent, thoughtful, and devout per conviction, that the education of the sons, and with great earnestness, espe people, the sound trainings of the young, cially at the present period, “Is Popery the expansive, religious, and Protestant increasing among us as a nation?” and, principles of this enlightened nation, will in reply to this grave inquiry, many | prevent this calamity-this inexpressible strong and startling representations are calamity-occurring. Still, it is our imfurnished. Were we to judge from the | pression, and not only impression, but firm statements, the bold and unqualified belief, grounded on observation, inquiry, statements, which are made in the peri- and circumstances, continually presenting odical publications of the Romanists themselves, that there is an increase of themselves, and the tone of joy and Roman Cotholics in Great Britain and exultation pervading them, we should | Ireland, and an increase, too, to an be disposed, and indeed induced, to think | extent which imperatively demands some that Popery is very materially increasing prompt, general, well-sustained, and most in the British empire,—in the number of counteractive efforts. its members, in the learning and ability. It is, also, of commanding importance of its adherents, and in the influence to remember, that the energies of the and power which it is commanding. | Catholics are always awakened, and that
Many of these representations, how- , they are of the boldest and most deterever, we receive not only with caution, mined character. The emissaries of but distrust, regarding them as exagge- Popery are never tired; their efforts are rated, fallacious, and mendacious,-made, sleepless and unceasing. They form every often, to serve a purpose ; and that the plan--they project every undertakingground for boasting and triumph is, in they make every sacrifice-they endure numerous instances, perfectly hollow. | the utmost labour and toil, in order that
Still, it is very apparent, to every per- | their church may be extended, their son who reads, who observes, who in- | power be increased, their converts be quires, that Popery is now, and has been multiplied. for some time, making an effort for its The fact is, unhappily, too palpable, extension in this country of the most that Ireland is devoted to the Papal vigorous character; and that there have system of intolerance, superstition, and been an organization, an energy, and a error. At the present period, the Roman boldness in its plans and movements, Catholic population in the sister country, which it has not displayed, at least for amounts to nearly seven millions; and, some generations. It is not to be checked, among these, there is a compact, a con- not to be daunted—not to be cowed. federacy, an ecclesiastical union, of the
Large sums of money are contributed, closest and most indissoluble character. the utmost priestly influence is exerted; It is like a firmly-wedged phalanx. Over and every possible endeavour is made, these millions of Romish members and in order that its range may be widened, devotees there are four archbishops, more and its successes be more decisive and than twenty bishops, and nearly two triumphant.
thousand five hundred priests !! Can we, We confess that we do not cherish the then, wonder at Ireland's intellectual fears of many excellent individuals, with and moral darkness and degradation ? regard to the predominance of Popery Can we be at all surprised at the con
tinual statement, that Ireland is hood- ever for the dissemination of pure and winked, priest-ridden- enslaved ? Cer- enlightened Christian principles. tainly not. The Romish church has In 1792, there was not one Roman seven colleges, or more, in Ireland, in Catholic college in this country; there addition to that of Maynooth, and a are now eleven colleges, besides nearly considerable number of monasteries and forty convents, sixty seminaries for the nunneries ; so that Ireland is essentially | education of Catholics, and many chapel Popish, and, consequently, in our delibe schools. rate judgment intellectually, morally, The Roman Catholic population of and religiously crippled, debased, ener- Great Britain is now, perhaps, two milvated. It is an indubitable fact, that, lions; certainly, after every legitimate wherever Popery reigns, the people are deduction, very little less. Are these kept in darkness; the mind is stunted, representations to be regarded by us with free inquiry is checked and crushed. indifference, with cold and unmeaning Papists must, on religious subjects, think apathy? as the church thinks, else not think at
“ 'Twere sin to feel so." all. What can be more injurious, more In the Roman Catholic Directory debasing, more ruinous ?
for 1848, we have the following statistical In Scotland-intelligent, reflective, and account: cautious Scotland, -80 jealous of everything like prelacy or priestcraft,- the Roman Catholic chapels in England Roman Catholics have not only en
and Wales . . . . . 545 trenched themselves, but they have made
Chapels in Scotland . . . . 85
Stations where Divine service is perprogress-visible and rapid progress. It
formed . ,
. . . 22 is computed, that in Glasgow alone they number more than thirty thousand !
Total . . 652 It has been recorded, that, in the year 1792, there were, in the whole of Great
Colleges in England . . . Britain, not thirty Roman Catholic cha
Colleges in Scotland . . . . 1 pels. Unhappily, there are, at the present period, more than six hundred!
Total .. 11 Granted that many of these chapels of the Romanists are small, and the congre
Convents (of which twelve are in the gations inconsiderable, still, it is an
London district) . . . astounding fact, one which speaks loudly
| Monasteries . . . . . 4 for itself, and which surprisingly shows the amount of influence exerted.
Total . . 42 We have now in Great Britain nearly eight hundred Romish priests, always exercising their ministry, concentrating
Missionary priests in England and
Wales, including priests without any their energies, and diffusing their errors;
fired mission . . . . . 707 and these are governed by nearly twenty Missionary priests in Scotland, . 99 “ vicars apostolic," nine of whom are bishops; and we have recently heard,
Thus we have in Great Britain eight that much greater things are to be
hundred and six missionary priests, inattempted in this country. The appoint cluding the bishops, all devoted to the ment of archbishoprics in England has extension of the papacy. In six years even been seriously entertained. Should five Catholic churches have been erected not these circumstances induce Protest- | in England on the largest and most magants, of all communions, to reflect, to nificent scale. The one at Nottingham is inquire, to protest against further en the largest built since the Reformation. croachments, and to labour more than
| That of St. George, near the Obelisk,