« AnteriorContinuar »
lowing services were held at the Inde- London, gave the charge to the newly. pendent Chapel, Wrentham. In the morn. 'appointed minister. The Revs. T. W. Aveing, the Rev. W. Hopkins, of Southwold, ling, of Kingsland, R. Roff, of Cambridge, conducted the opening devotional exercises; and R. Forsaith, of Royston, conducted the the Rev. G. L. Smith, of Halesworth, de devotional services. scribed the constitution of a Christian A large party assembled to dinner in the Church; the Rev. J. Flower, of Beccles, | Town-hall, after which speeches were deliasked the usual questions, and offered the vered by various ministers. In the evening, ordination prayer; the Rev. James Browne, the Rev. Dr. Jenkyn, President of Coward of North Walsham, delivered the charge to College, London University, addressed an his son, from 2 Tim. ii. 15.
overflowing auditory on the Duties of the In the afternoon, the Rev. J. Alexander, Christian Church. of Norwich, addressed the congregation 1 On the following day a tea-party was from Heb. vii, 23, 24, making especial refer- held, and the meeting addressed by the ence to the finished course of the late pas. pastor, (the Rev. G. B. Bubier,) the Rev. tor, the Rev. W. Ritchie. The Rev. J. S. W. Holland, of St. Ives, and the Rev. W. G. Russell, M. A., of Yarmouth, gave av ad- | Barrett, of Royston. The attendance was dress from Heb. x. 32, 33, in commemora- | very numerous, and the circumstances tion of the Two-Hundredth Anniversary. attending this new settlement are highly
In the evening, the Rev. J. Rogers, of interesting and encouraging. Rendbam, preached from 1 Chron. xxix. 5.
There were present, in addition to those mentioned above, the Rev. Messrs. S. Laid
On Tuesday, December 12th, 1818, the ler, of Harleston; J. Waddington, of Bun- Rer. Thomas Alfred Hall, late of Hackney gay; G. S. Crisp, H. More, and J. E. Dovey, College, was ordained to the pastoral office of Towerstoft ; C. Hickman, of Beccles; over the Congregational church, Godalming, J. Pike, of Gorleston; and James Browne, Surrey. B. A., of Homerton College.
The Rev. J. Fernie, of Farnham, opened the service by reading the Scriptures and prayer; the Rev. s. Percy, of Guildford,
received the confession of faith; the Rev. RECOGNITIONS.
J. E. Richards, of Wandsworth, offered the ordination prayer; the Rev. S. Ransom, Classical and Hebrew Tutor of Hackney
College, gave the charge to the pastor ; and DOWNING-STREET CHAPEL, CAMBRIDGE..
the Rev. J. S. Brigbt, of Dorking, preached On Tuesday, the 23rd ult., public ser to the church and congregation. - The vices were held in this chapel, to recognise Revs. Bromfield, of Elstead; Haymes, of the Rev. G. B. Bubier as pastor of the Worplesdon ; Morgan, of Haslemere; and church and congregation, The Rev. Dr. Turner, of Shere, engaged in the other Massie, of London, delivered the introduc- | parts of the service. tory discourse, and the Rev. Dr. Alliott, of The attendance was most encouraging.
THE VOICE OF A PRIVATE INDIVIDUAL, , exists a wide difference between his opi
BEING THE FIRST LETTER OF AN ITA- | nions and mine.
I do not, therefore, undertake the defence
of M- ; but your circular, especially FLORENCE.
that part of it which relates to the reading (Translated from the Italian, by Mrs. Hen of the Scriptures, has awakened in my mind derson, of Highbury.)
some reflections, that I think it advisable,
with all simplicity of purpose, to impart to PASSING, a few days ago, through this! your grace. city, I saw posted up at the corners of the M h ad asserted that “the papacy streets a circular, addressed by your grace abominates the free and conscientious to your “ beloved clergy and people," on reading of the Gospel ; that it prohibits it; the subject of a recent publication of Mr. that it would confine this privilege to the E. M— 's. The letter of that gentleman few;" and you, my lord, declare that this is I have never seen, nor been cognizant of, false. and must acknowledge that, judging from Such an assertion, made by a person like the writings of his which I have read, there yourself, occupying so distinguished a post
in the ecclesiastical hierarchy, was to my Accordingly, eager to ascertain the cermind a real consolation; for I had often tainty of this point, I had recourse to a heard, not only heretics, but even sincere friend of mine, well versed in theological Catholics, cast the same reproach upon the matters, whom I asked, Whether, among papacy as M
had done:-a fact which all the bulls of the popes, he could point made me blush for our holy faith, discern out to me one referring to the reading of ing, as I did, the consequences that might the Gospel? He answered, that he could, be deduced from it.
and handed ine a volume, in wbich he Upon this, said within myself: I am showed me the bull of pope Clement XI., determined to ascertain who is to be relied commonly called the bull Unigenitus. on in this question. But, well knowing Leaving my friend, I returned home with what an easy thing it is to meet any asser all speed, and sat down, anxious to read. tion with a denial, and being desirous of And is your grace aware of what I found qualifying myself to maintain, by irrefraga- ! therein ? 01 assuredly you, who are a ble proofs, that which rested solely upon learned man, must know it! But I will your grace's declaration, I bethought me to transcribe the passage for you, word for search for those proofs in the canons of the word. Hear the opinion of our cardinals, Catholic church, and more particularly in delivered verbally and in writing... “We the records of the Ecumenical Council of condemn and reprobute all and every one of Trent, in which those canons are all col the above propositions, as false, captious, lected and embodied. I had no doubt that ill.sounding, offensive to pious ears, scanif , indeed, (according to my firm persua dalous, pernicious, rash, hurtful to the sion,) the papacy did not 'abominate the church and its usages; and not only subfree and conscientious reading of the Gospel, versive of the church, but in relation to the and did not seek to contine that privilege secular power, injurious, seditious, impious, to the few, there would be found in that blasphemous, causing suspicions of heresy, venerable document (the most authorita- savouring of heresy, favourable to heretics, tive institute of the Catholic faith) some to false opinions, to schisms." &c. plain and unequivocal expression on the Now, what are, among others, the prosubject. Impatient to possess myself of positions condemned and reprobated by such such proofs, I set to work, searched and an anathema? Mark, I transcribe them in searched again most deliberately; but what like manner :-" It is useful and necessary was my surprise! Not a word of the kind at all times, in all places, and for every class could I find in that authentic memorial. of persons, to be acquainted with the meaning It is true, that in the Assembly of April 8th, ! of Holy Scripture, its doctrines and its mys1546, the Council declares which books of teries.". The reading of Holy Scripture is the Old and New Testaments were to be for all men. -“ Sunday ought to be set apart, esteemed canonical; determines which of by Christians, for the reading of pious books, the Latin editions of the sacred Scriptures especially of the Holy Scriptures; and it is a were to be regarded as authentic; pre- dangerous thing to deprive the Christian of scribes (" in order,” says the Council, " to them." _" To prohibit Christians from readrestrain restless spirits”) “ that in matters ing any part of Holy Scripture, particularly of faith, no person confiding in his own the Gospel, is to shut out the light from the judgment, should have the temerity to tor children of light, and to make them endure a ture the sacred writings to his own views;" species of ercommunication." menaces even with an anathema those Now, my lord, these are some of the proprinters, who should publish any books positions anathematized by the bull of a whatever on 'religious subjects without pope. first submitting them to the approval of the It is, then, an ascertained fact, said I to ordinary, &c. , but not one plain declara- | myself, that they who support the pa pacy tion of its being the will of the Council are not favourable to the reading of the that the Holy Scriptures shall be read by Gospel : the proof is before my eyes; how the faithful : not one single arrangement can I resist it? And with the melancholy for effecting their diffusion have I found! | feeling of a son, when constrained to admit That I was somewhat disconcerted, and no the truth of accusations brought by wicked less dissatisfied at this result, I will not persons against his mother, I closed the deny. However, after a moment's refleco | book, and walked to and fro in my chamber. tion, I argued thus: If, for reasons un But, suddenly, as if awaking to an unexknown to me, the holy Council did not see pected hope, I reasoned with myself to this fit to declare itself on this point, yet as effect: Perhaps these propositions were suredly it must have devolved this charge condemned by the bull Unigenitus, not beupon the pope; for it can never be, that cause they exhort to the reading of the there is no document extant issued by a Scriptures, but only because they affirm the pope, from which the assertion of his lord reading of them to be the right and bounden ship the archbishop may be indisputably duty of all Christians; and for that reason confirmed,
his grace may have well said, that "the
papacy has not banished the Gospel, but the right of reading the Gospel, then must merely forbidden a rash intrusion into the it of necessity he aflirmed, that the majority mysteries which God has therein revealed. are excluded from the sweet privilege which
... And that Divine book may have been God, of his free grace, has granted to us! imprudently handled by the simple and But who is he that assumes the right of unlearned. ....And there can be no doubt, such exclusion ? --- No one. And if the that when the Scriptures are read in a bold liberty in question does involve the danger and irreverent manner, the sacred text is apt of any such abuse, the only argument that to be perverted, and hence men depart from can be reasonably deduced from its perthe true faith, and give occasion to errone version, is, that the bishops and priests ous and extravagant opinions, which, as his must manifest greater zeal in explaining grace very justly observes, is the case with the sacred codes to the people, so that, in Mr. M My mind was almost satisfied the reading of it, they may not be exposed with the argument I had devised; but this to fall into error. kind of consolation was of short duration : Then, pursuing the subject, I said within various considerations, that suggested them- myself, But to what purpose are all these selves to my mind, prevailed to dispel it. reasonings ? Who can determine, better
I said to myself, His grace mentioned than themselves, whether the sacred Scripthe evils that may arise from the reading of tures should or should not be read? They the Bible, (evils arising, not from the Bible ought, therefore, to be consulted in the first itself, for it is not to be imagined that God place. Now, let us just see what they prewould lead men into temptation by means scribe, in relation this subject. Then of His own word, but arising from the de- several passages came into my mind, which pravity of man that abuses it;) but the evils had struck me several times, but never so which arise from ignorance of the Scrip- , forcibly as at that moment. In Deutertures, are they not perhaps still greater? onomy xxxi. 11-13, God, by the voice of and why is no mention made of this? Moses, said to the people :-“ When all
And then I continued: If the Scriptures | Israel is come to appear before the Lord ought not to be read by the simple and un thy God, in the place which he shall choose, learned, as his grace avers, then who are thou shalt read this law before all Israel in they to whom the right to read them is to their hearing. Gather the people together, be conceded? The answer will probably men, and women, and children, and thy be, the learned. But who does not know stranger that is within thy gates, that they that, in every community, the number of may hear, and that they may learn and fear these last is small, and that of the unlearned, the Lord your God, and observe to do all on the other hand, is large? Can it then the words of this law; and that their chil. be that God has given his word exclusively dren, which have not known anything, for the sake of the few privileged ones? may hear and learn to fear the Lord your Of that it would be difficult to persuade God.” And in chapter xi. 18-20 of the one's self: and, moreover, said I, further, same book :-“Ye shall lay up these my It is feared that heresies would arise from words in your heart and in your soul, and permitting the poor to read the Gospel! .. bind them for a sign upon your hand, that But, has it ever been known that heresies they may be as frontlets between your eyes; have had their origin among the poor? and ye shall teach them your children, have they not invariably emanated from speaking of them when thou sittest in thine the worldly-wise and learned?
house, and when thou walkest by the way, I went further : The Scriptures -(and and when thou liest down, and when thou this I knew from my own experience, risest up; and thou shalt write them upon having read them for some time with the the door-posts of thine house, and upon thy greatest pleasure and advantage) — the gates." Scriptures do not contain merely doctrines Going farther on, I opened the book of strictly so called : they also abound in Psalms, and what did I find, at the very becounsels, directions, exhortations, and, ginning? “ Blessed is the man ...
.. whose above all, in consolations. These consola delight is in the law of the Lord, and who tions are tendered, not by men, but by God meditates therein day and niyht. He shall himself; hy God, from whom all things be like a tree planted by the rivers of proceed, and who is the supreme Arbiter water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his of our destiny; from God, who, having season; his leaf shall not wither, and what. permitted the infliction of the wound, can soever he doeth shall prosper,” Psa. i. 1-3. alone heal it effectually. O what a privi Perhaps, however, Jesus Christ and his lege it is for us, weak and mortal creatures, apostles spake differently ? Listen, my exposed, as we are, each day to afflictions lord, and you shall hear:-“ Search," said of every kind, that we may thus be com the former to the crowd who surrounded forted by God himself! But if the simple him, “scarch the Scriptures, for in them ye and unlearned, who form the greater part think ye have eternal life; and these are of the human family, are to be deprived of they which testify of me,” Gospel of St.
John v. 39. “Let the word of Christ,” | xxiii. 29. It is written elsewhere: “ The wrote the latter, “ dwell in you richly, in all Word of God is QUICK," (quick, and not wisdom," St. Paul to the Coloss. iii. 16. dead, my lord!) “and POWERFUL, and “ Take the helmet of salvation, and the SHARPER than any two-edged sword, piercing sword of the Spirit, which is the word of even to the dividing asunder of soul and God," Ephes. vi. 17. St. Luke (Acts xvii. | spirit, and of the joints and marrow," Heb. 11) calls the Jews of Berea “ more noble" iv. 12. And St. Paul declares, in his second than others - and why? because, said he, Epistle to Timothy iii. 16, “ All Scripture “they received the word with all readiness is given by inspiration of God, and is proof mind, and SEARCHED THE SCRIPTURES fitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correcDAILY," to see “ WHETHER THOSE THINGS" tion, for instruction in righteousness; that the (those, my lord, that had been told them by man of God may be PERFECT, THROUGHLY the apostle Paul and by Silas !) “WERE FURNISHED UNTO ALL GOOD WORKS." so." And not only did the apostles address This, my lord, is what I have gathered their epistles" to all the saints and faithful from the Scriptures, concerning not only brethren,” but St. Paul, as if he had been the authority, but also the right and the afraid that they would not be so widely duty of every body to read them. That diffused, adds this urgent conclusion :-“I these declarations are little in harmony CHARGE YOU by the Lord, that this epistle with yours-that, indeed, they are combe READ TO ALL the holy brethren," pletely at variance with them -- I do not 1 Thess. v. 27.
deny; but I reserve to myself the liberty But it may be that, in thus speaking, the of showing, in a second letter, that they are apostles had not foreseen the danger which in no degree opposed to, but in perfect conmight arise to some, from the sacred Scrip formity with, the teachings of the most distures being read to the injury of the faith? tinguished saints and doctors of the Church. Far, however, were they from not foresee In the meantime ing it! The apostle Peter, referring to the
I remain, writings of his colleague, St. Paul, affirms, Your Reverence's most humble Seryant, that they contain "some things hard to be
AN ITALIAN CATHOLIC. understood, which they that are unlearned
Florence, Jan. 4th, 1848. and unstable wrest, as they do also the other Scriptures, unto their own destruction." But what of that? Did St. Peter, perceiving this danger, prohibit the faithful from read
DR. VAUGHAN'S LECTURES. ing, either the epistles of Paul or the other Scriptures ? Certainly not. “Ye, there. It gives us satisfaction to announce the fore,” he continued, “seeing ye know these course of lectures by the Rev. Dr. Vaughan, things before, beware lest ye, being led of Manchester, upon the Age and Chrisaway with the error of the wicked, fall tianity, which are now in course of delivery from your own stedfastness : but grow in in the Hanover-square Rooms, Hanover grace and in the knowledge of our Lord and square; and to express a hope that the Saviour Jesus Christ,” 2 Pet. ii. 16–18. public will still continue to show their
So far from prohibiting the poor and un- appreciation of the laudable efforts thus learned from reading the Gospel, the Lord made by the Trustees of Coward College. Jesus Christ said, in unequivocal terms, The lectures, which are delivered at one that the Gospel was specially designed for o'clock on each day notified, commenced the poor:-" I thank thee, O Father, Lord ou Tuesday, the 27th of last month, and of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid
was most encouragingly attended. these things from the wise and prudent, and
The following will be the subjects dishast revealed them unto babes. Even so,
cussed: Father, for so it seemed good in thy sight," St. Matt. xi. 25, 26. David, in the Psalm Tuesday, February 27th.-On the Chaxix. 7, and following verses, declares : racteristics of the Age. " The law of the Lord is perfect, convert Thursday, March 1st.- On the Chaing the soul” and “making wise the simple ;" racteristics of the Age, in relation to the and “ the commandment of the Lord is pure Proofs of Christianity. enlightening the eyes :" hence he exclaims, in
Tuesday, March 6th.-Subject continued. Psa. cxix. 99, 100, “ Thy testimonies are my meditation; I have more understanding
Thursday, March 8th.-On the Characthan all my teachers; I understand more
teristics of the Age in relation to the Truths than the ancients.”
of Christianity. So far from calling the Word of God, as Tuesday, March 13th.— Subject conyou, my lord, call it, a dead letter, (Oh! tinued. how that expression has cut me to the Thursday, March 15th.-On the Chaheart!) the Holy Spirit calls it “A HAMMER, racteristics of the Age, in relation to the that BREAKETH THE ROCK in pieces,” Jer. Christian Religion.