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and the dew of our youthful ardour fell on the Report, to China. But my spirit well them; and, as the "course of true love nigh faints when I think of that vast country. never did run smooth," so our bosoms have A third of the human family is congregated known what it has been to feel the contend. there. Each of these possesses an immortal ing emotions of hope and fear, gladness and mind-a mind capable of knowing, loving, and sorrow, holy joy and indignant grief. We · serving God--capable of bearing His moral have exulted with rapture, and wept tears of image, and reflecting His moral likeness. What bitter anguish. Oh Tahiti! thou hast been noble materials! And yet they all lie waste ; to us as a dove with wings covered with silver, -materials, on every fragment of wbich may and her feathers with yellow gold. And be seen traces of a Divine hand, but marred, gladly would we have sheltered thee, as a hen obliterated, and almost effaced. What a specsheltereth her chickens under her wings, tacle for an angel's mind to gaze upon. More when the rapacious eagle swooped to make than three hundred millions of human beings, thee her prey. But there is hope concerning amongst whom is not one that does homage thee! Will not our dove yet return and to the God that made it. What a harvest bring us back the olive branch, newly plucked, of immortal souls, but all ungathered for lack to indicate that the waters are assuaged, and of labourers !-a barvest wasted, and trodden that the land is again beginning to bloom and down by the polluted hoof of superstition and blossom, and send forth her fragrance? Have crime. What a sea of immortal mind! In we not that branch in the statements made in looking across it, and observing it rolling, the Report of this day? Seven hundred copies weltering, surging in the billows of its own of the Revised Edition of the Scriptures have corrupt inclinations, one almost feels as we been sold in Tabiti alone; 2801, have already may suppose Noah felt when he first listed up been paid to the British and Foreign Bible the window of the ark and saw sea everywhere, Society, as the product of that sale. Who and everywhere sea; and we can suppose him does not hear, in that event, a voice exclaim. saying to himself, Is it possible that the earth ing, “ Thus saith the Lord, Refrain thy voice can ever again be the residence of man? from weeping, and thine eyes from tears, for What is impossible with man is possible with thy work shall be rewarded, saith the Lord;" God. And again he opened the window of and there is hope in thy end, that thy children the ark, and the mountain-tops had begun to shall come again to their own border ! appear, and to lift their bare bosoms to the
Proceed we now to Africa; and, which of skies. Presently the slopes of the hills are the nations of Europe is not a debtor to thee; covered with verdure, the world's winter is and, of those nations, which more than our passed, the rain is over and gone, the turtle selves? Many of our luxuries have been dove is heard in the valley, and the time of the obtained by the sweat of thy brow-much of singing of birds is come. Is anything too our wealth has been corroded by thy blood. hard for the Lord? Cannot He, who renew. Which of thy trackless wastes might not have eth the face of the earth, cause even China to been traversed by the line of bones that emerge from hermoral deluge, and, as she rises, marked the dreary path which thy children present an aspect beautiful as the garden of the trod, when torn away from home, from kin. Lord? Then shall there be,-for a watery dred, and from country, to pine under the waste, a fertile soil; for the works of the flesh, lash and the load of the oppressor? Which the fruits of the Spirit, genuine faith and inward of thy arid sands has not been steeped with purity--the animation of hope, and the ar. thy tears and with thy blood? We have dour of love-an enlightened understanding verily been guilty concerning our brother. and a peaceful conscience-devotedness to We owe thee much, and we have been at. God as a Sovereign, and intimacy with him tempting to pay thee somewhat of what we as a Father—the abasement of lofty prin. owe. We will strive still further to heal the ciples, and the mortification of carnal appewounds which we have made, and to pour the tites-death unto sin, and life unto holiness. oil of gladness into thy bleeding heart. Thou The Report closes with India ; and who, at all shall yet have beauty for ashes, the oil of joy acquainted with its history, does not feel his for mourning, the garment of praise for the imagination filled and fired by the theme? spirit of heaviness.
What a battle-field for truth! What trophies After referring to the past history and are there to be won! not of carnage and ot present state of the Missions of the Society slaughter,—not of rivers stained with blood, in the West Indies, Mr. Hill thus con- and choked with the dead, -not of magazines tinued :—We are next brought, in the order of bursting with the destructive violence of a volcano in the midst of her crowded cities, best to advocate your cause, and I think you but trophies of light and of love, of mental will obtain as good a collection in the latter joy and heavenly freedom.
as in the former, any day. I believe that all The Rev. Dr. CUMMING, in seconding the Churches are going through a new ordeal. Resolution, said :-You, my Lord Duke, have We live in an age of tests; and, depend upon remarked-and the remark, I am sure, must it, the best Church will be found, not to be have interested every individual in this as that which can trace its pedigree with the sembly-on the connexion between Home and greatest minuteness, but that which does Foreign Missionary labour. I have examined God's work in God's way,-in God's name the lists of contributions to both, and I find for God's glory,--and for the spread of truth. that those who have given the highest dona. What is the best machine? The machine tions to the latter, are the most munificent which does most work with the least noise. supporters of the former. I find that, like What is the best corn-field ? That which the twins of Hippocrates, Home and Foreign grows the best corn with the least trouble. Missions flourish or expire together : they What is the best Church? The Church are inseparable; and where the heart has which preaches most faithfully the Gospel, been touched by Divine grace, both will be and shows that it values it by spreading it prized. If you take a pebble and cast it into with the greatest devotedness. Let me ap. the centre of a placid lake, the impression peal to any one in the assembly as to the will be deepest where it fallsp but it will send best vessel out of which to drink water. Is out concentric circles till the utmost margin is it not the one that gives it the least favour? reached. Thus it comes to pass, that he who What, then, is the best Church ? Certainly has the deepest interest in Home Missionary that which conveys the living water of the exertions, will do most for Foreign Missionary living God with the least of its own idiosyn. Evangelism. I regret, in common with your cracy. Let me refer to an ancient and a Grace, the loss of a place of worship, in which scriptural case: a Minister of the Church of England has The Israelites were dying in the wilderness, statedly preached for this Society. Your and you remember that the prescription of Grace remarked, that the respected Diocesan God was, that a serpent of brass should be had felt it to be his conscientious duty thus to raised on a pole; and it came to pass that act; but it is right to tell a Bishop, as well as whosoever looked upon the brass was restored a Presbyter, that he may be conscientiously to perfect health. That pole typifies the wrong as well as conscientiously right. You Christian Minister; the brass typifies the have lost a chapel in Gray's-inn-road for the Saviour, who said, “As Moses lifted up the advocacy of your missions, but Asia is open; brazen serpent in the wilderness, even 80 Africa, with its broad and burning fields, is must the Son of Man be lifted up, that whoopen; India's plains are open; the whole soever believeth in him should not perish, world is open to the London Missionary but have everlasting life." Now, suppose Society. I have the misfortune to differ from some old conscientious crotchetty Israelite, some of my brethren around me. I believe lying in the wilderness serpent-bitten, was in Established Churches—I am a minister anxious to be healed; and suppose he said to and a member of one myself. It is one of Moses, “That serpent, you tell me, will cure the minor details on which we differ. I be. me if I look to it, but it stands on a pole: now, lieve, however, that the hour of their exist. if you, Moses! will show me the genealogical ence is stated and recorded where it cannot and botanical succession of that pole ; if you be erased. Much as I love my own dear will only demonstrate to me that that pole is Church, yet I feel that the hour is on the the chip of a tree that grew 100 years ago, wing when it shall share in the common which was a shoot from one that grew before crash; and, during the little day that remains, the flood, and which last was a shoot from Establishments might afford to be gene- one that grew in Paradise before Adam fell, rous. Let me then say, as you have lost the then I will look at the brass;' Moses would Established Church of England, Come and bave replied, “You are most conscien. try mine. Dr. Stevens, one of my predeces. tious, but if you will make the experiment sors, was one of the Founders of the Society, you will live, whether you can trace the and it obtained from the Church under his botanical succession of the pole or not." So charge munificent support. If you will take I say of those Missionaries whom you send to the same day that you lost in Gray's-inn- foreign lands: the virtue is not in the men, road, and come to Drury-lane, I will do my but in the message ; the power is in the Gos.
pel, not in the lips that preach it; and I care adoring gratitude, whilst monarchs upon the not whether that glorious Gospel be preached field of battle, or sitting triumphantly on by a Wesleyan or a Presbyterian, a Congre. thrones, were objects passed by or disregarded. gationalist or an Episcopalian, let it be And what has been the result of that cobbler's preached in its glory and fulness; and may first conception ? Our Missionaries are now God bless the messenger and seal his truth! in the Isles of the Pacific: they are seen in
I rejoice at that allusion in the Report, to the cinnamon groves of Ceylon, and amid the the success of your schools in India. I am a plague-smitten atmosphere of Turkey. The great advocate of schools. I look upon Edu. Gospel is preached to the Arab in his tentcation in India, England, and Scotland, as to the Cossack in his forest; and it is be. most important. These infant minds are coming every day more and more true that, either seed-corn, sown to-day, that will burst wherever the power of Great Britain is felt, into a harvest, and reflect a nation's gratitude; mankind are beginning to feel her mercy too; or they are the gunpowder trains that lie dead and more than ever we can anticipate the and dark till the spark struck from Revolu- fulfilment of the words of that beautiful tion touches them, and they will then explode hymnthe firmest foundations of the world. Edu.
« Arabia's desert ranger cate at home and abroad! Attach to Chris
To Him shall bow the knee,
And Ethiopian stranger tian Education an emphasis and weight such
His glory come and see. as never attached to it before!
With anthems of devotion, The Report fed us back to the days when the
Ships from the isles shall meet, Society was founded-a little more than fifty
And pour the wealth of ocean
In tribute at His feet; years ago, when there was scarcely a Mis
For He shall have dominion sionary Society in Christendom. The angel
O'er river, sea, and shore, of the everlasting Gospel had folded his wings
Far as the eagle's pinion for a thousand years, and only then began to
Or dove's light wing can soar." spread them; and remarkable it is that the see, in the past victories of Christianity, Missionary Societies all had their birth amidst augurs of its future triumph. It came with the storms of 1792 ; and, if I am to judge only twelve fishermen, by the banks of Gali. from the Report of to-day, and those of other lee, to preach it. It encountered the preju. Missionary Institutions, I believe they have dices of the ignorant, the passions of the derenewed their strength amid the storms and praved, the eloquence of gifted men, the power convulsions of 1818. It is interesting to and resources of royal men,-and it moved notice that, amongst the first of the Institu. through them all. It never advanced, but to tions that started into being, was the Baptist victory; it never retreated, but to cover that Mission, then the London, the Wesleyan, the retreat with greater glory than the advance. Scotch, and the Church Missionary, Societies. It made martyrs in the shops of Rome, conThese Missionary Societies came in succes. fessors in its palaces; and the past history of sion, like bridesmaids making ready for the Christianity has confirmed this glorious fact, bridegroom, or like the successive peaks of the that no patronage can build up a lie, and no Alps, or the Apennines, each touched with fires can burn out the truth of God. I be. the beams of the rising sun, and each Society, lieve we have a token, from wbat is going on in succession, coming under its blessed in- in the world, of what is soon to be the trifluence. I have read, with great delight, the umph of Christianity. The progress that beautiful testimony of Wilberforce, when he Missionary Societies have been making is stood in the House of Commons: “ I do not very striking. I find that, thirty years ago, know a finer instance of the morally sublime, Missionaries were barely tolerated in India. than that a poor cobbler, Dr. Carey, working In 1792 the income of the Baptist Missionary all day in a stall, should have conceived the Society was exceedingly small. Andrew Ful. magnificent idea of converting the world. ler hoped it might gain 50001. a-year-it Milton, planning Paradise Lost, was not a has reached 26,0001. The London Missionnobler spectacle than Carey, planning the ary Society, I find by the statement of Dr. conversion of the heathen." It is the moral Bogue, had, about its commencement, the that is grand—the material becomes pale and annual income of 50001., and Dr. Bogue invisible beside it. That poor cobbler, plan. hoped to see the day when it would reach ning the conversion of the heathen, was a 20,0001. It has now reached 64,0001. I see, spectacle which angels from their starry therefore, in this progress, the earnest of a thrones paused to behold, and praised with result which we anticipate with delight, when God's Holy Spirit will fill the whole earth with the heathen, and who will stick to it through the victories of the Gospel.
thick and thin-men that will be bending like Let not the Society be discouraged-you the willow in things indifferent, but rooted like were much discouraged when I spoke two years the oak, because duty and fixity of principle ago. I see you have left the minor, and taken sustain and animate them. And let us antithe major key. I am glad to see that your cipate that day, which is no speculation, when faces are more radiant, and to hear your Re- the scimitar shall no more be waved; when the port expressing greater hope. Do not be dis. tiara shall be buried in the depths of the couraged by anything that has happened. We flame that consumes its wearer and advocates; want only to be combined—to unite the when persecution shall not breathe at Exeter, Irishman's glowing enthusiasm, the English. Rome, or Spain ; when God shall make a new man's pure light, and the Scotchman's indo. Genesis pass over the length and breadth of mitable perseverance,-and then we know we the world; when all scenes shall be light-all have God with us; and if God be for us, who sounds harmony; when men shall love no. can be against us? We need trials. Socie. thing but truth, do nothing but duty, and feel ties, like individuals, need to be sometimes that the highest sacrifice is the highest glory under the cloud. Bright meridian beams are to God as well as the strongest expression of too hot to be borne always-we need a little good-will to men. shade or occasional cloud. I have noticed, The Noble CHAIRMAN, in rising to submit that, in trial, a Church or a Society always does the Resolution, said, he regretted that circumthe noblest things. I was reading, the other stances compelled him to retire from the day, a statement which will shew what I mean. meeting, but he was happy to know that he In a voyage to the north, the sailors caught a should be succeeded by a gentleman who took bird called the albatross. The narrator states, a deep interest in the Society. that when this bird was placed on the smooth The Resolution having been put and carried, deck of the ship, and left at liberty, owing to the Noble Duke retired amidst the cordial the smoothness of the deck it was unable to acclamations of the assembly, and was suc. spread its wings : one of the sailors, who ceeded in his office by Sir CULLING EARDLEY loved liberty, flung it overboard, close to the Eardley. ship, and it instantly spread its wings, and The Rev. T. R. Brook (Rector of Aven. soared to its own glorious realms unhurt and ing) said :-I regard it is a symptom and an evi. undismayed.
dence of a great and blessed fact, that an alluIt is the same with religious Institutions : sion to the circumstance which prevented my when in prosperity they have a smooth advocating this Society in another place, and surface-they begin to like the bed on which my perfect willingness to advocate it here, was prosperity has placed them. God's hand received in the way it was, because I feel that, comes through clouds, Alings them from the in a vast meeting like this, composed, as I nest in which they were lying, and then they conceive it necessarily is, to a very large exbegin to spread their wings and take a bolder tent, of Nonconformists-it is an evidence and more glorious Aight. What we want in that there exists in the Christian public of this great cause is firm principle. Sentiment this great community, outside the peculiar will not sustain you. The Missionary Moffat Church to which I belong, an open and will. and the Missionary Williams are men who ing heart to receive Christian brethren from found that sentiment, and a sofa, and a draw. whom they differ; and, amidst any discou. ing-room, would not do for Africa and Tahiti. ragements which some may throw in the way, A religion of mere emotion will not suit you. are yet willing to look at the great truth, that You must have wept tears as you heard, in we ought to be one in the service of our God the Report, of the cruelties perpetrated by the and Saviour. Without further introduction, heathen ; and, if the victims were within your I will lay before the meeting the Resolution reach, you would stretch forth your hand to with which I have been charged :deliver them. But when we begin in the Mis. sion-house to enter upon the mechanics of
“That this meeting, deeply impressed by the de
graded and awful condition of the yet unenlightened our operations, then the religion of emotion
tribes of Polynesia, and by the wonderful facilities dries up with the tears by which it was ex. presented by Divine Frovidence for the introduction pressed. Nor will the religion of mere sym- of Christianity to the idc latrous millions of the East; pathy do. The religion we want is the reli. animated also by the conviction, that the Gospel of
Christ, attended by His gracious sanction, is the apgion of principle : we want men whose minds
pointed and the only effective means for the elevaare made up that it is our duty to evangelise tion and redemption of man under every sort of Pa
ganism, this meeting renews the solemn expression ing for a Society, through the instrumentality of its devotedness to the cause of Christian Missions,
of which the Spirit of God has been pleased to and pledges itself to renewed zeal and increased liberality, to enable the Directors of this Society to
work by a Williams, and to give it the first meet the numerous and pressing appeals for the fruits of Polynesia ? When I consider the increase of Missionaries and the extension of its preaching of the Gospel as God's method of labours."
saving men, and while I know that my own If God permits a scene like this to be one of Church, and every other Christian knows that much spiritual advancement to Christians in his Church, can never meet the wants of this this place ; nay, if he suffers us to be gratified dark world, how can I bind up my sympathies by the talents of our brethren, I conceive that to one single system? Can I believe that I we must never forget that, at the same time, ought to shut up my love when I see other be imposes upon us, by such opportunities as Christian brethren ready and willing also to these, increased responsibility. The Resolution work for God in this greatly honoured field ? in my hand affirms, if this meeting pass it, as But there is also an important matter, I anticipate it will unanimously, two great which this great meeting ought to take into truths—first, that the Gospel is the one ap- consideration, before it passes this Resolution. pointed effective means for lifting from the However much the Christian public may have millions of paganism the dark veil beneath done for this work of God, they have not acwhich myriads are passing into an eternal complished yet a tithe of their labour ; where, state ; and secondly, it declares that the de. I ask, where are we to find the increased ex. tails of the interesting Report which we have ertion and the increased liberality ? Permit heard, imposes upon the Christian community me, with the greatest deference, to say, that an increase of exertion, and an increase of libe. I believe, if this country is ever to advance as rality. It affirms that the Gospel is the one ap- it ought to do in the work of Missions, it pointed means of spreading the knowledge of must be by a change in our method of work. Christ. It is no Church system-however good ing these Societies, and that that change con- however we may prefer it-it is the Gospel, sists in this,—that we must have more of and the Gospel alone, which can awake the prayer to God. I believe it is thus, and thus heathen, and add them to the members of the alone, that we can meet the calls which the universal Church of Christ. That is indeed, Directors of this Society make upon us. I as the Resolution truly says, the appointed would, therefore, most earnestly recommend way-that is the effective means ; for through. this Resolution to the meeting, entreating out some eighteen or nineteen centuries, God them to pass it, and to carry it out in the has evinced that it is the means he has used, spirit of fervent prayer. and is using, for the conversion of mankind. The Rev. Dr. Robson, in seconding the
However well, however judiciously, how. Resolution, said : I must begin by expressing ever eloquently the hindrance which has been the gratification I feel at being present this thrown in the way of this Society lately, has day at the anniversary meeting of the London been adverted to already, both by our late Missionary Society. I feel my own spirit to Noble Chairman, and by my eloquent Christ be refreshed by the eloquent addresses to ian brother who has just sat down, I con which I have listened, and which are so much ceive that I should hardly be doing my duty, calculated to produce that state of mind that under the peculiar circumstances in which I would send us forth to carry on the noble enstand at this moment, unless I were to make terprise in which we are engaged, with insome allusion to that subject. If it be wrong creased humility, increased dependence, and for me to plead for other Missionary Societies more fervent prayer. The Resolution, which than my own, and that even while I give-as I have the honour of seconding, pledges the is natural to every one-to my own, my chief meeting to renewed zeal; and I trust that the support, then it can only be because the Gos- meeting will bear in mind a statement which pel is not attended with the sanction of God, has already been made, that you must not pass and is not the effective means for the elevation the Resolution, and think that you have done and salvation of mankind, unless it is preached with it, but must embody it in your daily in connection with some peculiar organisation. lives. I often feel self-reproach at my own Now this is not the place, and if it were, this coldness and indifference in reference to the is not the time, to discuss either the philoso. cause of Missions ; for it is the only cause for phical or the evangelical bearing of this ques. which, in point of fact, it is worth living. tion ; but how can I, how can any Christian, What is the object of our being sent into this be unfaithful to the cause of Christ in plead. world? What is the great duty that God calls