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Instead of pondering the discoveries of that doeth evil to the resurrection of damnature, and anxiously inquiring what nation.” As his heart is assailed with God requires of him, he perversely shuts reasons why it should willingly yield his eyes against the truth which would to its Author and Father, and cheerguide him, and “loves darkness rather | fully do his bidding, this omnipotent than light, because his deeds are evil.” | appeal must point all the rest—“Herein If you follow not any highly-wrought is love, not that we loved him, but that theory, but mingle with mankind as he first loved us, and gave his Son to be they are, and look at the stern reality, a propitiation for us." And as the soul you will be unable to deny the correct- long wedded to sin hears the warning ness of this statement. Leave man then voice, but feels no disposition to abanto find his way by the light of nature, don the forbidden pleasure, some gentle, and he will infallibly lose it. Or tell yet omnipotent power, must be applied him in a circuitous, indirect manner to conquer its reluctance and bring it what is his duty, and he will never per- | to a stand. This only the gospel can form it. Assure him that history and | do: it comes with the authority of the providence prescribe a course of virtue, Supreme; it exhibits truth in matchless and he may probably answer that his beauty and glory; it presents motives of passions, which it is perfectly natural infinite weight and solemn sanction; it to obey, urge him in the path of vice. wields a moral power such as the universe

He needs some authoritative message does not furnish beside; it promises the which he cannot dispute, to put an end Eternal Spirit to subdue the will and to his quibblings and his sophistry. to implant the principles of a heavenly He needs some weighty motives which life. And when the advocates of the he cannot withstand to impel him to new theories of the day tell us of the the performance of what he knows to | capability of man to learn the truth be right. He needs some irresistible from self and society, nature and science, moral power to conquer his will, purify genius and philosophy, and affirm that his desires, and elevate his taste. With-he needs no other light to guide him, out these, history and nature will never but under this is pressing on to perfecdevelop the elements of beauty and holi. tion, and yet in answer to our challenge ness which lie buried in his soul; but can point to no large and general results passion and temptation will develop all which support their assertions, we will the seeds of evil, and hurry him along triumphantly direct them to the Chinaa course which is dark with wretched man and the Hindoo, the African and ness and ends in death. The dreams the Tahitian, to man in every clime and and theories of philosophers will never under every circumstance, when brought teach him who is accustomed to do evil under the influence of the gospel; will to seek to do well. As duty is pressed show that then he is really enlightened, on his attention, it must be enforced by purified, ennobled, blest; and will adopt the solemn assertion, “ Thus saith the as our own the solemn determination, Lord.” As his stubborn will and proud of the apostle, “God forbid that I should spirit are plied with arguments, the sen- glory, save in the cross of my Lord tence of the All-true must come and Jesus Christ, whereby the world is cruclench the whole," he that doeth wellcified unto me, and I unto the world!" to the resurrection of the just, and he

It can

THOUGHTS FOR RETIRED MOMENTS.
EFFECT OF THE MINISTRY.

priety-whose every word is precise, and “Ah!" said Simeon, as he delivered whose every movement is unexceptionback the adorable Babe into the arms able; but who, though versed in all the of his mother, “this child is set for the categories of polite behaviour, have not falling and rising again of many in particle of soul or of cordiality about Israel.” The same may be said of the them. We allow that their manners destiny of this young minister. Some may be abundantly correct. There may O that it may be many!-some will hail be elegance in every gesture, and gracethe hour they heard him when they fulness in every position; not a smile come to die, and the memory of it will out of place, and not a step that would delight them through all eternity. Others not bear the measurement of the severest -may you all go home and ask, “Lord, scrutiny. This is all very fine; but is it I?”—others will execrate the day what I want is the heart and the gaiety he arrived among them.

Of all the of social intercourse—the frankness that objects that will haunt their wretched spreads ease and animation around it, imaginations hereafter, the chief will be the eye that speaks affability to all, that the figure of this pulpit; and of all the chases timidity from every bosom, and food for the worm that never dies, and tells every man in the company to be the fuel for the fire that never shall be confident and happy. This is what I quenched, the principal will be the ser conceive to be the virtue of the text mons which he has delivered in vain (" Be courteous"), and not the sickening from it. His ministry cannot be neutral: formality of those who walk by rule, and it must be a blessing or a curse.

would reduce the whole of human life not be inefficient: it must either kill or to a wire-bound system of misery and cure-save or destroy. "For we are unto constraint.-Dr. Chalmers' Sermons in God a sweet savour of Christ, in them Posthumous Works. that are saved, and in them that perish. To the one, we are a savour of death

PREVALENCE OF SIN. unto death; and to the other, the savour THERE are two ways in which iniquiof life unto life; and who is sufficient

ties may prevail against the Christianfor these things ?"-Jay, in an Ordina the first is in the growing sense of his tion Sermon.

guilt, the second is in the power of their acting. This prevalence cannot be en

tire, for sin shall not have dominion A LADY applied to an eminent philan over them; but it may be occa onal thropist of Bristol, Richard Reynolds, and partial. There are two ways, accordou behalf of a little orphan boy. After ing to Scripture, in which God purges

he had given liberally, she said, “When our transgressions; and they always go . he is old enough, I will teach bim to together. The one is by pardoning

name and thank his benefacter.” “Stop,” | mercy-thus David prays: “Purge me said the good man, “thou art mis with hyssop, and I shall be clean." Thus taken, We do not thank the clouds for the blood of Jesus Christ cleanseth us rain. Teach him to look higher, and from all sin. The other is by sanctify. thank him who giveth both the clouds ing grace: “I will sprinkle clean water and the rain."

upon you, and ye shall be clean." And this is as much the work of God as the

former. He subdues our iniquities, as There is a set of people whom I can well as forgives them.-Jay. not bear—the pinks of fashionable pro

LOOK HIGHER.

FASHIONABLE MANNERS.

PARDON OF SIN.

A SOLEMN THOUGHT. God never pardons one sin, but he ! READER, you may die any moment, pardons all; and we dishonour him and you are as near to heaven or hell more by not trusting in him for com- as you are to death.-Rev. J. A. James. plete forgiveness, than we did by sinning against him. Christ took up all

THE ROOT OF THE EVIL. our sins, and bore them in his own body The moralists of our age, whether in on the cross; and God cannot punish lessons from the academic chair, or by twice, or demand a second satisfaction the insinuating address of fiction and to his justice. “Nothing can pacify an poetry—while they try to mend and emoffended conscience but that which satis bellish human life, have never struck fied an offended God," says Henry; and one effective blow at that ungodliness of well may that which satisfied an offended the heart which is the germ of all the God pacify an offended conscience. distempers in human society.--Dr. ChalAdam.

mers.

LOOK UP!

BIRTH AND DEATU. A LITTLE boy went to sea with his THOSE born once only, die twice they father, to learn to be a sailor. One day die a temporal, and they die an eternal his father said to him, “Come, my boy, death. But those who are born twice, you will never be a sailor if you don't die only once—for over them the second learn to climb; let me see if you can death hath no power.--Jay. get up the mast." The boy, who was a nimble little fellow, soon scrambled up;

UNBELIEF. but when he got to the top and saw at No man is an unbeliever, but because what a height he was, he began to be | he will be so; and every man is not an frightened, and called out, “O father! I unbeliever because the grace of God shall fall; I am sure I shall fall; what conquers some, changeth their wills, and am I to do?” “Look up, look up, my binds them to Christ.-Charnock, boy,” said his father, “ if you look down you will be giddy, but if you keep look

HUMAN PHILOSOPHY. ing up to the flag at the top of the mast, PHILOSOPHY is a proud, sullen detecyou will descend safely.” The boy fol | tor of the poverty and misery of man. lowed his father's advice, and reached It may turn him from the world with a the bottom with ease. Learn from this proud, sturdy contempt; but it cannot little story to look more to Jesus and come forward, and say, “Here are rest, less to yourselves.-Christian Treasury. grace, peace, strength, consolation !"

Cecil.
THE EVIDENCES OF CHRISTIANITY.
A PERSON discovering the proofs of

PRAYER. the Christian religion, is like an heir It is not the length but the strength finding the deeds of his estate. Shall of prayer that is required; not the labour he officiously condemn them as counter of the lip but the travail of the heart feit, or cast them aside without exami. | that prevails with God. “Let thy words nation ?-Pascal.

be few," as Solomon says, but full and

to the purpose.—Spencer. THE CROSS OF CHRIST. The cross of Christ is the sweetest “ALL THINGS TO ALL MEN." burden I ever bare; it is such a burden “All things to all men," in any sense as wings are to a bird, or sails to a ship. but the right one, signifies nothing to -Rutherford.

anybody.Tupper. VOL. XXVII.

2 1

410

Poetry.

THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE.
BY THE REV. JAMES GILBORNE LYONS, LL.D.,

OF PHILADELPHIA.
(From Chambers's Edinburgh Journal.)
Now gather all our Saxon bards,

Let harps and hearts be strung,
To celebrate the triumphs of

Our own good Saxon tongue;
For stronger far than hosts that march

With battle-flags unfurled,
It goes, with FREEDOM, THOUGHT, and TRUTH,

To rouse and rule the world.
Stout Albion learns its household lays

On every surf-worn shore,
And Scotland hears it echoing far

As Orkney's breakers roar-
From Jura's crags and Mona's hills

It floats on every gale,
And warms with eloquence and song

The homes of Innisfail.
On many a wide and swarming deck

It scales the rough wave's crest,
Seeking its peerless heritage-

The fresh and fruitful West;
It climbs New England's rocky steeps,

As victor mounts a throne;
Niagara knows and greets the voice

Still mightier than its own.
It spreads where winter piles deep snows

On bleak Canadian plains,
And where, on Essequibo's banks,

Eternal summer reigns:
It glads Acadia's misty coasts,

Jamaica's glowing isle,
And bides where, gay with early flowers,

Green Texan prairies smile.
It lives by clear Itasca's lake,

Missouri's turbid stream, Where cedars rise on wild Ozark,

And Kanza's waters gleam: It tracks the loud swist Oregon

Through sunset valleys rolled,
And soars where Californian brooks

Wash down their sands of gold.
It sounds in Borneo's camphor groves,

On seas of fierce Malay,
In fields that curb old Ganges' flood,

And towers of proud Bombay:
It wakes up Aden's flashing eyes,

Dusk brows, and swarthy limbsThe dark Liberian soothes her child

With English cradle hymns. Tasmania's maids are wooed and won

In gentle Saxon speech; Australian boys read Crusoe's life

By Sydney's sheltered beach:

| It dwells where Afric's southmost capes

Meet oceans broad and blue,
And Nieuveld's rugged mountains gird

The wide and waste Karroo.
It kindles realms so far apart,

That, while its praise you sing,
These may be clad with autumn's fruits,

And those with flowers of spring:
It quickens lands whose meteor-lights

Flame in an arctic sky,
And lands for which the Southern Cross

Hangs its orbed fires on high.
It goes with all that prophets told,

And righteous kings desired,
With all that great apostles taught,

And glorious Greeks admired;
With Shakspeare's deep and wondrous verse,

And Milton's loftier mind,
With Alfred's laws, and Newton's lore,

To cheer and bless mankind.
Mark, as it spreads, how deserts bloom,

And error flees away,
As vanishes the mist of night

Before the star of day!
But grand as are the victories

Whose monuments we see,
These are but as the dawn which speaks

Of noontide yet to be.
Take heed, then, heirs of Saxon fame,

Take heed, nor once disgrace
With deadly pen or spoiling sword

Our noble tongue and race.
Go forth prepared in every clime

To love and help each other,
And judge that they who counsel strife

Would bid you smite-a brother.
Go forth, and jointly speed the time,

By good men prayed for long,
When Christian states, grown just and wise,

Will scorn revenge and wrong;
When earth's oppressed and savage tribes

Shall cease to pine or roam,
All taught to prize these English words-

FAITH, FREEDOM, HEAVEN, and HOME.

1 Thess. v. 21.-" PROVE ALL THINGS, HOLD

FAST TILAT WHICH IS GOOD."

Stand fast, prove all things, hold

Whate'er thou findest good;
If thou believest --be thou bold,

Though by the World withstood!

Stand fast, and wherefore doubt?

What turns thy feet aside?
Doth gathering Error from without

Flow like a whelming tide?

Do ancient landmarks seem

Unworthy or unsure;
Is old profession but a dream,

No more in light t'endure?

And is the Sacred Roll

Less glorious than before,
Less fitted to the faltering soul,

Diminished in its store?
Ah no!--but make not Man

Interpreter of Heaven;-
Stand fast-where Faith began,
All hearts to Christ be given!

J. R. LEIFCHILD.

Review of Books.

The TEN YEARS' CONFLICT. Being the battle without the aid of the secular arm, she

HISTORY of the DISRUPTION of the will have no need of that arm to lean on
CHURCH Of SCOTLAND. By ROBERT after the victory has been won.
BUCHANAN, D.D. In 2 vols. 8vo.

Dr. Buchanan, in these volumes, has given
Blackie and Son.

us an admirably clear and masterly expo

sition of the causes which led to the "conflict," THE great secession from the Scottish and the varied aspects which it exhibited Establishment, in 1843, must ever occupy a from its commencement, in 1833, to its issue conspicuous place on the page of ecclesiastical in 1843. His work has, in many respects, history. The struggle which led to it was a greatly pleased us. Though written by a remarkable one: and, not only on account of minister of the Free Church, who views the its inherent interest, the attention and sym case from his own peculiar position, it is yet pathy which it awakened at the time, and written in a spirit of moderation and fairness, the mighty influence which, in its conse while the interest of the narrative is sustained quences, it cannot fail to exert on the cause throughout. The readers of these volumes, of Christ; but much more for the sake of the / while gazing on a conflict which was waged great principles involved in it, and the valu- with growing keenness through ten successive able lessons which it teaches, it demands a years, will not be pained with details of distinct and imperishable memorial. All ghastly wounds and slanghtered heaps and honour to the men, who, in spite of any “ garments rolled in blood," for the weapons defects attaching to their views, yet made so of sharpest temper that were used in it were noble a sacrifice to conscience; and have the tongue and pen, and the decisions of given to the world so splendid a proof of the courts of law. Wielded, however, by spirits inherent power of Christianity,- of the living of no common mould, they will find that they energy there is in it, when freed from the were sharp enough to inflict wounds on the fetters of the state, to achieve the most cause of error, which the lapse of time will magnificent results! Our readers need not be unable to heal, and to achieve a victory be told that we are no friends to the con whose renown will be imperishable. As for nection between church and state. We are the veterans who took part in the conflict, persuaded that it cannot exist without a and won a triumph so utterly unlike what greater or less sacrifice of the independence they expected, and opposed to what they and freedom of the church, and that however wished; they will find them now, if driven modified, it must tend to cramp her energies, from the tiends and glebes and manses of the diminish her usefulness, and deaden her Establishment, yet possessing without it an vital power. The history of all state churches independence and a range of usefulness which bears witness to the truth of this assertion, they sought in vain within it, and, we trust, and so does the memorable struggle whose satisfied and happy in "the liberty wherewith origin and progress and end are recorded in Christ hath made them free." The church the volumes before us. We believe that our with which they were formerly connected brethren of the Free Church are now them could not have been called “the FREE selves so far convinced of this, that though Church of Scotland." they still adhere to the principle of an estab The Scottish people are remarkable for the lishment, they have no hope of seeing their strength with which they grasp a principle, ideal of one realized, till the world has been and the dogged earnestness with which they converted to Christ. But even they must seek to maintain it. It is not easy to drive admit that an establishment will be unneces them from a position when once they have sary then. When the church has converted fairly taken it. Then, the more one attempts to the world, she will have no need of the move them, the more immovable they bepatronage of the state. If she can fight the come. This quality is valuable when exer

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