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usual questions, which were replied to withbourhood, and a freehold site being obtained. ability by the new pastor. The Rev. Archi- | the foundation stone of a much larger hi bald Jack. M.A., of North Shields, offered the ing was laid on the 7th of August, by John ordination praver, with the laying on of Hey Puget, Esq., who strongly advocated the hands. After the conclusion of the morning voluntary principle, especially in the erection service, the ministers and friends from the | of places of worship. The Rev. Dr. Leifchild town and surrounding neighbourhood sat then unfolded the principles of Independency down to an excellent dinner, provided at the in his own clear and strong but kind manner. Lambton Arms inn; the Rev. Professor The Rev. J. De Kewer Williams, the pastor, Stowell, of Rotherham College, efficiently and Dr. Hewlett, T. G. Williams, and Robert humorously discharging the duties of chair Wallace, took part in the service. After a man. In the evening, the Scriptures were very large company had taken tea, a public read and prayer offered by the Rev. R. C. meeting was held in the present chapel, when Pritchett, of Darlington. The charge to the addresses were delivered by the Rev. Messrs. minister was given by the Rev. Professor Aveling, Dukes, Gallaway, Wilkinson, and the Stowell, and the sermon to the church and pastor; W. E. Franks. Esa.. presidi congregation was preached by the Rev. James the Rev. Messrs. D. J. East and M. Jeula enParsons, of York. The Rev. J. B. Lister, of gaging in prayer. The statement placed under Northallerton, Goodall of Durham, and Hen the stone was encouraging, indicating that in derson of North Shields, took part in the the midst of changes there had been growing interesting services. Both morning and even prosperity, and the services of the day realized ing the congregations were large and respect and renewed the hopes of the church. able. The day was full of promise and of hope. May the union thus formed prove
CALLS ACCEPTED. blessed and happy!
The Rev. Edmund Crisp, late missionary at Bangalore, has accepted the cordial and
unanimous invitation to the pastorate of the ORDINATION.
Congregational Church, Grantham, and comOn Wednesday, April 25th, the Rev.
menced his stated labours on the first Sabbath Walter Gill, late of Hackney College, was
of the month. ordained to the pastoral office over the Con
THE Rev. G. Hoyle, of Manchester, has gregational Church, Welford, Northampton
received and accepted a unanimous and shire. The Rev. T. James, of Yelvertoft,
cordial invitation from the church assembling opened the service by reading and prayer ; in Haywood Chapel, Northowram, near Halithe Rev. S. Ransom, of Hackney College, fax, (late under the pastoral care of the Rev. delivered the discourse on the principles of J. White, deceased,) and intends commencing Congregational dissent; the Rev. H. Toller, of
his pastoral duties there on the first Lord's Harborough, read the confession of faith ; the
day in September.
day in Rev. T. Toller, of Kettering, offered the ordination prayer; the Rev. R. Keynes, of Blandford, Dorsetshire, delivered the charge ;
MISCELLANEOUS. the Rev. E. T. Prust, of Northampton, opened
EDIE OCHILTREE. the evening service ; and the Rev. J. A. James, A FARMER near Roxburgh, at whose house of Birmingham, preached to the people. the old man used to be a welcome guest, has Other ministers assisted in the services, and erected a plain head-stone over the grave of the large attendance from the neighbourhood old Andrew Gemmels, the original of " Edie added greatly to the cheerfulness of the Ochiltree,” in the “Antiquary," with the inday.
“ The body of the gentleman-beggar, AnHAMPSHIRE ASSOCIATION.
drew Gemmels, alias Edie Ochiltree, was inThe half-yearly meeting of the Hampshire terred here, who died at Roxburgh Newtown, Association will be held at Albion Chapel, in 1793, aged 106 years." Southampton, on 26th September, 1849. The Rev. H. Smith, of Brading, will preach in the
THE AMERICAN BOARD. morning. Subject, “ The Scriptural doctrine The whole receipts of the American Board of the Second Advent." The Rev. Jos. Flet during ten months, ending May 31st, were cher, now of Christchurch, Hants, but late of 242,243 dollars, of which 41,070 dollars was Hanley, Staffordshire, will preach in the even given specially for the debt of the Board, ing of the same day.
leaving for ordinary purposes the sum of 201,173 dollars. The receipts for ten months
ending May 31, 1848, were 199,849; showEDMONTON AND TOTTENHAM CHAPEL ing an excess of ordinary receipts for 1849 of having long been too small for the congrega- | 1,324 dollars; and a gross increase of 42,394 tion, and much more so for the populous neigh dollars.
AMERICAN BIBLE SOCIETY.
The extraordinary despatch of railways and electric telegraphs seems to have given an impetus to the national character in economising time in an infinite variety of ways never even dreamt of a few years ago. A scientific member of the Society of Friends has rendered the novel material of gutta percha tubing subservient to an importaut saving of time and footsteps in the domestic circle. In consequence of the peculiar power
possessed by this tubing for the transmission of sound, he has applied it for the conveyance of messages from the parlour to the kitchen. Even a whisper at the parlour w:outh-piece is distinctly heard, when the ear is applied at the other end. Instead, therefore, of the servant having to answer the bell, as forwerly, and then descend to the kitchen to bring up what is wanted; the mistress calls attention by gently blowing into the tube, which sounds a whistle in the kitchen, and then makes known her wants to the servant, who is able at once to attend to them. By this means the mistress not only secures the execution of her orders in half the usual time, but the servant is saved a double journey. - Daily News, July 12, 1849..
AN ACCOUNT OF THE DIFFERENT JEWISH
SECTS IN PALESTINE.
persons who have come to the Holy Land from religious motives, with a view of ensuring a passage to heaven by laying their bones
in the valley of Jehoshaphat. Judæo-Spanish [The following interesting account of the Jewish
(a mixture of Hebrew and Spanish), Spanish, Sects in the Holy Land is extracted from the admirable work of the Rev. W. J. Woodcock, just
and Hebrew, are the languages chiefly spoken published, entitled : " Scripture Lands, being a among the Sephardim. They are a very Visit to the Scenes of the Bible." It is one of the
handsome race, with black eyes and hair, and most striking sketches that has seen the light.)
the younger women are often of great beauty, I HAVE been more prolix, perhaps, than Their dress is very much like that of the travellers usually are on the subject of mis Moslems, though somewhat less gay, a tur: sions to the Jews ; but this will be tedious ban, an under-surtout or tunic with sleeves, chiefly to those for whom the subject has bound round the waist with a silk or shawl little interest at any time, and to those I may girdle, and extending nearly down to the feet, give my advice (probably anticipated) to omit a loose over-coat, lined with silk or sur, with the perusal of the last chapter altogether. I red or yellow sleeves. This is the every-day must now endeavour to state the result of the garb. The learned, the Rabbis, and some of few observations I was able to make on the the students, wear a high dark-blue velvet Jews, although in the whole of my tour occa cap, having a black and white scarf or turban sional notices of them of course occur in the wound round the lower part, -a singular chief plaees of their residence.
head-dress, peculiar to the Jewish people. The modern Jews of Syria and Palestine They pretend that the whole of this dress is are divided into two great classes, severally very ancient; - upon what foundation, I know denominated the Sephardim and the Ash not; but it gave an interest to their costume canazim; the first consisting of the descend to imagine it might be nearly the same as ants of the Spanish Jews, banished from Eu that worn by our blessed Lord and his apostles.. rope in the reigns of Ferdinand and Isabella, I took, in Jerusalem, the likeness of a youth and of Charles the Fifth; the second, being about fourteen years of age, the son of Rabbi chiefly from Poland and Germany. The D. S. Majahr, å lad of studious habits and Sephardim are the most wealthy of the Syrian considerable intelligence; and while he rested Jews. At Damascus their houses are adorned his head upon his hand, and sat down, in the with great splendour, though fear compels Eastern fashion, on a cushion upon the floor, them to present a round wall on the outside gazing with a curious and rather melancholy to the eyes of an unjust and avaricious Pasha. air on the progress of my operations, I could In Jerusalem there are very few wealthy not but reflect that such might have been the Jews: of this class are the proper Jewish in appearance of "the child Jesus” when he sas habitants of the country since the time at least in the temple in the midst of the doctors of their Spanish expulsion, the Ashcanazim both hearing them and asking them questions, consisting in chief (though not entirely) of The Sephardim have in most cases a separato VOL. XXVII.
synagogue from the Ashcanazim, but they | ing to a prescribed formula which requires have only one chief Rabbi. With this class considerable study before the exact accentuaare generally associated the Jews of Tunistion is acquired; and so practised is the ear and of North Africa, who are mostly of the 1 of these Jews to this sort of recitative, that same Spanish descent.
the slightest mistake is immediately detected, The Ashcanazim, though poorer in general and noticed aloud in the synagogue, by the than the last-named class, are said to be more members of the congregation. It is a curious addicted to learning,* and to be stricter in subject of inquiry to trace the same principles their ceremonial observances. When we re operating in nearly the same manner in difmember that they are chiefly composed of ferent ages of the world, changing only their men and women who have come to the land name. In the days of our Lord the strictest of their fathers at great risk and in great and most ostentatious of the Jewish sects was poverty, † to lay their bones near the site of | that of the Pharisees: in our days this body their old temple, we naturally expect that retains little but the name, and the actual they should be a religious class. There is a successors of the ancient Pharisees are the sect of this party which professes more than Hasidim.* And if a literal obedience to the ordinary strictness, and is called by the name rabbinical usages, a proud contempt of the of “Hassadim" (or “ Chasidir"). When I uncircumcised, larger phylacteries, & greater was at Hebron I had an opportunity of wit fringe to their talith, and fasting with much nessing the service of this sect in a synagogue appearance of austerity, were, as they deem there on the morning of a Jewish Sabbath. them, a sure passport to Abraham's bosom, The behaviour of these men on that occasion then should we still wonder at their evil rewas quite painful to observe : in children it port among their brethren, who accuse them would have been ludicrous; in men it was of revellings and indulgences not very condistressing.
sistent with the refined spirituality which they Upon the theory that their several strange profess. actions promoted the more perfect abstraction The language of the Ashcanazim of course of the mind from outward things, to the con depends upon the country whence they have templation of the law of God, they swayed each emigrated; Judæo-Polish, Hebrew, and themselves to and fro with great violence; Polish German are the most common among they groaned, they cried, they uttered the them. In personal appearance they are, as a wildest and most whimsical sounds, and one general rule, far below the Sephardim. The old man with a white beard of great length, countenance of the Prussian Jew is often very bent his head in seeming anguish against the forbidding; but then we must bear in mind door of the cupboard where the law was kept, that poverty, fatigue, and the influence of a and knocked loudly upon it with his clenched foreign climate do not present them to us in hand. I In some of the younger portion of their best aspect. Their dress is less oriental them I frequently detected a smile when they and rich than that of their native brethren ; thought themselves unobserved ; but there but the chief difference consists in the cylinwere others whose emaciated faces, flashing drical cap of dark brown fur which is almost eyes, and deep apparent devotion, impressed | universally worn over a white skull-cap, upon my mind the strongest conviction of which latter, when exposed, gives them a their sincerity. One of these read the por mean and wretched appearance. Some of tion of the law appointed for the day, sway. them even wear a black napless bat, a reing his head and the upper part of his body markable object in Palestine; but these are violently backwards and forwards, and chant by no means common. The women of this ing the words in a rapid and dismal tone, class of Jews are some of them very handwith certain inflections at the close of the some; yet their beauty is of a softer and less sentences, and in particular passages. This commanding nature than that of the native species of chant is, as I was informed, accord Jewess. All of the women, both Sephardim
and Ashcanazim, have a beautiful head-dress, * One of them, Joseph Schwartz by name, has consisting of a turban, presenting in front published an interesting guide to Jerusalem and the over the forehead a semi-circular appearance, neighbourhood ; in which, as I understand (for it is written, of course, in Hebrew), he more than once
which, being often of a gay colour (lilac and throws away the evidence of tradition.
scarlet very commonly), contrasts well with + I have met with many of this class travelling
the white drapery in which they infold them. to the Holy Land; and I remember a poor old woman, who must have been seventy years old, and
selves. Those Jewesses who come from who was journeying from Russia to Jerusalem all by herself. When I saw her she was in a steam * This is particularly true as to monastic bodies. vessel, crowded amongst the goods on the fore part It is very interesting to observe, in the perusal of of the deck.
their different rules, how similar they were at first, t Some of them sang in a squeaking voice, some and then to see the successive degeneracy of each tossed their hands wildly about, and others laughed body from its first principles giving birth to some in ecstacy. There were several little children going new society, with nothing really new but its name. through many of these wild ceremonies with a + This moon-shaped turban has been supposed to solemuity eculiar to the youth of the Jewish people. be derived from the ancient worship of Diana (or The ceremonies with the talith and its fringe, head-dress of that goddess, as she appears in many at certain intervals in the prayers, and with the statues of antiquity; the Diana d la Bêche, for in phylacteries when they are worn, are all detailed in stance, in the Louvre. Yet this alone would, of the interesting work of my friend and fellow-tracourse, be quite insufficient.
the Austrian dominions and some particu- l the large pulpit in the centre of the synalar parts of Germany, wear & strip of scar gogue, and the portion for the day was read let cloth or silk loosely folded over their by some person who had studied its accentuforehead.
ation, his eye being directed to the words by There is a third section of the Jews, which persons appointed, who held in turn a little in Palestine are insignificant and few in num silver stylus, with the figure of a hand at the ber; but in Constantinople and the Crimea end of it. The persons especially called up they are more numerous. These are called the to the pulpit for the reading of the law are Karaite Jews, and present many points of ordinarily three in number, and represent difference from their Israelitish brethren. The severally a Cohen, a Levite, and an Israelite. talith, or fringed garment, is with them en In one part of the service the Cohens found tirely white, save a small head-strip of crim in the synagogue take their stand before the son, on which is embroidered, in golden let door of the Law, and, covering their faces ters, some sentence from the law. They have with their talith, and extending their hands separate synagogues and Rabbis, being, in towards the congregation, deliver the priestly fact, excommunicated by the other Jews, a blessing.* These are denominated the sons course which they are not slow to adopt in of Aaron. Strangers are allowed to be present return. The most interesting point in their during the time of service, and, like the Jews customs, however, is their total rejection of themselves, keep the head covered; anything tradition and the Talmud for the pure Scrip- which they deem to be a smile is liable to the tures of the Law, the Prophets, and the Psalms, open and violent indignation of the assembly. which, were they more numerous, would fur- | During the celebration of service on the Sabnish reasonable ground for hopes of more bath, the talith is worn thrown over the head numerous conversions than among those who and shoulders, with the fringes at the corners make the Word of God, “now as of old," of within reach of the hands. This talith is a none effect by their tradition. At Jerusalem long white scarf of fine woollen material, there are a few of these, but their number is | having at both ends four or five black transvery small.
verse stripes, and when, half concealing the I attended repeatedly the services of the faces of those proud-looking men, it is seen Jewish synagogue while in different parts of on the heads of the whole Israelitish assembly, the Holy Land. The chief Rabbi seems to its effect is in the highest degree picturesque. take no part in the service, but occupies, with The length of the fringes to their talith is other great men, a place near to the cupboard great, according to the height of their profeswhere the law is kept. The earlier part of the sion of religion. The phylactery is a small service, which is always in Hebrew, is taken | square box of black leather, divided internally by the “ Hazan," or reader, who stands before | into four parts, each containing a portion of a desk placed at the east end on the floor of the law, written beautifully on parchment, the synagogne; the next part was the repe- and enclosed with many ceremonies. These tition of certain prayers, to which the as boxes are two in number, and one of them has sembly gave their “ Amen" with fine unani the letter on one side and ry on the other. mity. After this, in Hebrew, there was a Both have two long stripes of leather athymn sung (the song of Moses over the fallen tached to the bottom of each, by which the Egyptians), in sonorous unison, which pro one is bound upon the front of the head duced a grand and simple effect. Then the
between the eyes, and the other round the roll of the law, enclosed in a case which left arm. This is done out of a literal interworked upon rollers, was taken with great pretation of the eighth verse of the sixth ceremony out of a cupboard in the wall
chapter of Deuteronomy, “ Thou shalt bind (generally towards the east of the synagogue), them for a sign upon thine hand, and they and paraded round the assembly, each pious | shall be as frontlets between thine eyes, and Jew touching it with his fingers and then thou shalt write them upon the posts of thy kissing them. The outer door was then house and on thy gates." The latter part of thrown open for a moment, whereat were to this verse is also literally complied with by be seen always a crowd of women pressing all the Jews in Palestine. A little hole in the upon the threshold (which they never passed), door-post, with a morsel of glass in front, to get a view of the precious roll.* Then
preserves a fragment of parchment containing this document (always in clearly written certain precepts of the law. The value of the manuscript and on vellum) was taken up into phylacteries increases with the eminence of the moon). It certainly resembles in form the
veller, Mr. Margoliouth, on “ Modern Judaism," * The women sit during the remainder of the pp. 81, 82. service in a latticed gallery, or chamber, looking *** These are all fully described in Margoliouth's down into the assembly.
their manufacturers' sanctity, and exalted and by a changing, tottering earth, she may repose notorious piety possesses thus the means of and find refreshment. turning its reputation for holiness into profit. These appendages are worn during the times of morning devotions, even in private, but not EXTRACTS FROM THE REPORT OF THE on the Sabbath.
BELGIAN EVANGELICAL SOCIETY. The Jews have also adopted (as I suppose from the Mahommedans) the supersti.
OUR work of evangelisation has been prin. tious reverence for charms which charac cipally confined, up to the present time, to terises the votaries of inost false religious gys.
those parts of Belgium in which the French tems. These are generally long strips of parch
language is generally spoken, and which is ment scribbled over with scraps of nonsense
usually called the Walloon country. and divers mysterious triangles and geometri
CHARLEROI cal enigmas, well calculated, like the horoscopes of our ancient astrologers, and the equally pro
in particular, is of great importance, confound absurdities of modern almanac-makers,
stituting the centre of a population of two to produce the most extensive mental be
| hundred thousand souls. Here two ministers wilderment among a people who exercise al
would find more work to do, than they could credulous wonder more than the faculty of
easily perform. The present pastor has reason. This science (the produce whereof |
laboured round about him as much as his now, as ever, is a source of profit to the com
health would allow; exhausted by long pilers of these anti-diabolical documents) has
fatigue in his Master's service, he is still supeven given rise to collections of the most ap
ported by the delightful conviction, that he proved receipts for protection against the
has not laboured fruitlessly; besides many various evils to which flesh is heir, which col
souls snatched from the power of darkness lections have been published, and form the
during the past year, the Lord has lately library of reference for the quacks and prac
given convincing proofs of the presence of tisers of these “curious arts." The charms
his Spirit in the midst of the flock, by a most themselves are placed in little boxes, which
striking conversion of a numerous family in are often of silver or other precious material
the middle sphere of life, who have publiely richly carved, and worn particularly by wo
embraced the Gospel of Jesus Christ. men and children, being fastened round the
GOLLISSEAU. neck or placed near the heart. Thus we find this wonderful people “ dwelling alone,” and
The number of members of this flock is unnumbered among “the nations," supersti very considerable; the pastor has been untious, loving tradition better than the Holy
wearied in his endeavours to propagate the Scripture, making broad their phylacteries,
truth, and the flock has been increased in enlarging the borders of their garments, lov
number, and developed in strength, and an ing the chief seats in the synagogues, and to imposing audience attends every Sunday to be called of men Rabbi; eating still with their listen to the word of God. The village of loins girded the Lord's passover (the type of Courcelles, where the light of the Gospel a spotless Lamb of whose protecting blood they only lately penetrated, forms now an inare yet ignorant), longing still for the coming | teresting portion of the Church, and augof Messiah and the glory of his people Israel, | ments his labours. priding themselves yet that they are “Abra
LIEGE ham's seed,” and eyeing with ill disguised scorn “ the uncircumcised” and the Gentile." is the province in which the breathing of Thus it is we find and recognise by name, by
the Spirit of God is more particularly felt, profession, and by practice, the “dispersed of and if Belgium is the strong-hold of Roman Judah.” On their future destiny, on the
Catholicism, Liege is also the society's strong withering of their deep-rooted and proud un
hold of the Gospel : it possesses three stations, belief, on the surpassing glory of their final | viz., Liege, Nessonveaux, and Spriemont. triumph, who shall speak in terms precise and It is with extreme pleasure, that the commeasured? The world may stagger in wild mittee, convinced of the sincerity of the conconvulsion, the elements of social discord may
victions of the ex-catholic curate Vleugels, burst and overwhelm society, all that was and having experienced the service, which he sound in theory may tremble, yet still to me
is fully capable of rendering, as minister of this ancient, hated, persecuted* people, sifted, I the Gospel, have resolved on augmenting that yet guarded by Jehovah's hand, furnish a field of action, by placing Spriemont among resting place for faith in God, where, wearied
the number of their stations. After many
journeys, and much exertion, Mr. Vlengels • As I walked one day down the streets of Jeru collected funds, in Germany and Liege, to salem with a Jew, the Moslem children cast stones at him, and cried “Yehud!" "Yebud!" ("Jew!"
commence the building of a chapel, which "Jew!")
has been completed and inaugurated. The