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verse is more comprehensive in meaning than nature of inspiration. Was it an uniform, the sixteenth. The latter is explained in steadily operating, supernatural influence to part by Acts ix. 20, where we read: “And which the apostles were subject; or did it straightway he preached Christ in the syna consist of Divine impulses — illapses- that gogues, that he is the Son of God. During came upon them at times more or less the days Saul was in Damascus, immediately vividly? The former is the only correct after his conversion, he repaired to the syna account of it. It was a brightening up of all gogues and preached that Jesus of Nazareth the faculties to an unusual elevation, so that is the Son of God, the true Messiah. He was they uniformly and infallibly prompted such firmly persuaded that Jesus was the Messiah. utterances relative to Divine things as ac

“ This was the great idea which had been corded with the will of the Most High. The lodged in his soul at the time of his con influence from above, that acted thus con. version; and which he forthwith declared in stantly on the soul, exerted itself in perfect public. But there is no good reason for be accordance with the usual operations of unind. lieving that the entire gospel was communi It formed a part of the inward man. It encated to his higher self-consciousness at that tered into the spiritual psychology. An time. God revealed his Son in him; but the apostle felt himself elevated by it at all times. gospel was not unfolded in the depth and He might have as well divested himself of his height of its mysteries. One cardinal point apostolic character and authority, as of it. It was made known: he had seen the glory constituted an essential and primary element of God in the face of Jesus Christ; but in his apostleship. Hence it was a power other fundamental points, with which it is acting dynamically, not mechanically.* Does intimately associated, had not been brought Tholuck mean, that Paul acquired additional distinctly before the soul of the apostle. knowledge of the gospel he preached by rete

“2. The second view is entertained by lations received at different times, so that he Tholuck. He believes that there was a attained to a clearer perception of its truck, definite time at which a certain foundation reality, and extent ? Or is the hypothesis of Christian doctrine was communicated to simply this, that, at a definite period of time, Paul by revelation. After he had spent a he was favoured with a distinct view of a few days in Damascus, during which he the revealed truth he ever taught; though he occasionally appeared in the synagogues to had occasionally visions of unutterable things testify to the alteration of his sentiments, he -glimpses of the glories pertaining to God withdrew into Arabia; and on his return and his kingdom, which, however important came forth with a doctrinal creed which sub to himself, had no essential connexion with sequent disclosures extended.*

the gospel as preached by him? The latter “ The following considerations are given by can scarcely be all that is intended. If then Tholuck for not restricting the higher dis the former be meant, it is scarcely borne out closures made to the apostle to one definite by Paul's writings; for it is impossible to period in his life. In the case of Peter, we prove by them a progressive enlargement of see that he did not receive the necessary | alteration of the peculiar doctrinal system he illumination till his contact with a heathen | was led to publish. Usterit has failed to subfirst required it. Should not the case of | stantiate the opinion, as Harless has shown. Paul be similar? Besides, were there not Equally impossible is it to prove that the many church-relations, respecting which he mere foundation, or essential principles, of needed afterwards a higher teaching, -one so what he denominates his gospel were estafar different from his existing views, that he blished within his mind at a certain time, must have reckoned his prior information while higher disclosures afterwards enlarged obscurity ? Must not, therefore, inspiration his knowledge of their relations, or brighthave imparted to him the necessary informa ened his apprehension of their reality. The tion in the case of that which he had to learn, circumstances mentioned by Tholuck are of just as a sudden inspiration furnished him little weight. No analogy from the apostles' with the required directions in relation to his external conduct can be appropriate, because external conduct, his journeys, &c. (Acts xvi. inspiration was not an influence belonging to 6, 7, 9; Galat. ii. 2)? Certainly it must. actions, so much as to teachings and writings As Peter, however, possessed, even at the The apostles' doctrine, whether delivered time referred to, a certain fund of doctrine orally or in writing, was infallible; but their which was simply enlarged according to cir conduct was not so. It may be thought incumstances, the same thing is not excluded

* Wecordially accept this defioition of inspiration, in the case of Paul, even if we say that new provided it includes in it the consciousness that disclosures were made to him throughout his

Paul, and all other inspired men, bad of actual com

munication from God, to be imparted without a whole life.

shadow of alteration to mankind. We believe Dr. “Much depends on the view taken of the Davidson would maintain this.-EDITOR.

Entwickelung des Paulinischen Lehrbegriffs, • Vermichte Schriften Zweyter Theil, p. 293, et etc.

| Evangelische Kirchenzeitung for 1834, No. 12.


deed by some that, as the descent of the Holy | The BIBLE OF EVERY LAND ; or, A History, Ghost on the apostles at the day of Pentecost, Critical and Philological, of all the Versions and afterwards, did not remove all their of the Sacred Scriptures in every Language erroneous conceptions; so Paul's knowledge and Dialect into which Translations have of the principles of Christianity, in all their been made; with Specimen portions in their clearness and extent, was not given him at own characters, and Ethnographical Maps. once. But the apostle to the Gentiles occu Dedicated by permission to his Grace the pies a peculiar position, and must be judged Archbishop of Canterbury. 4to. Parts of by himself. He was called to the 1.-VII. apostleship in a peculiar way, and was more

Samuel Bagster and Sons. highly favoured with heavenly disclosures, Mere curiosity, we should suppose, will about the time of his conversion, than any render this interesting work popular. What of his brethren. Besides, the earliest written intelligent Christian would not wish to beepistles, compared with the latest, do not come so far acquainted with every version of evince his superior knowledge or clearer per the Holy Scriptures, as to be able at once, ception even of the things that may not be and at first sight, to recognize it, and to say termed fundamental, much less of such as what was its particular name? Such would constitute the genuine basis of evangelical be the effect of a partial acquaintance with truth. Hence a calm consideration of the “ The Bible of Every Land." The humblest entire subject leads us to believe that while man, who has only acquired his motherthere was a definite period in Paul's life, at tongue, by consulting this work, may be able, which he received his gospel from above, he in a few days, as he takes up any foreign verappeared, after the period in question, fully sion of the Scriptures, to say, at once, to what and completely possessed of it, in all the clear country it belongs. comprehensiveness with which he saw it at But this is not all. As he looks at the any subsequent times. These disclosures of specimen of each particular version here supthe gospel were made during his residence in plied, he will, on turning to the letter-press Arabia. On the way to Damascus, a sudden description of it, be furnished with a brief and violent revulsion had taken place in his but clear account of the geographical exideas. Hence a calm interval was necessary tent and statistics of the country to which for arranging them. The Old Testament, in the version belocgs; a critical and scholarly its relation to Christianity, had to be studied. reference to the main characteristics of the His mind had to be nurtured in the faith. language of which the version is a sample, New views were opened before him, which and an accurate memoir of the editions of the could not be followed out conveniently amid Scriptures which have appeared in each parthe agitation of continual preaching and ticular language. journeying, as well as the opposition of his We most earnestly recommend this incountrymen. He was separated, therefore, structive and beautiful work to all who take from intercourse with man, even with interest in the great Bible movement of the Christians; that he might be prepared, irre age. spectively of human teaching, for the labours A Voice to the Churches, on the present conof his life. In Arabia, where he continued dition of those who have been Pupils in our for the greater part of three years, he medi Sunday-schools. With Suggestions to Pastated on the discoveries made to him. Here

tors, Sunday-school Teachers, and Committees, he was largely favoured with Divine dis

as to the methods best adapted to preserve or closures. In that district, the doctrinal revive their sympathies in the Sunday-school system, now denominated the Pauline, took

cause. By JOHN MORISON, D.D., LL.D. hold of his mind and heart. His own re 18mo. 3d. flection, divinely influenced and furnished W. F. Ramsay, Brompton, and Ward and Co. with heavenly materials by direct revelation, What becomes of tens of thousands who enabled him to come forth from his retreat have been trained in our Sunday-schools? perfectly qualified to unfold the gospel with How can we keep a firmer hold of them when & philosophical breadth and symmetry of they leave the Sunday-school? To meet which no other apostle was capable. Thus these inquiries is the object of this seasonable the third view, as already explained, com and energetic appeal. Were the plans sugmends itself to our approval.' It does not, I gested by Dr. Morison to be followed out, however, differ materially from the second, on a regular system, there is reason to bewhich Tholuck advocates with his wonted | lieve that the beneficial results of the Sunability.”—pp. 75–78.

day-school would be enhanced a thousand We earnestly recommend Dr. Davidson's fold. Let not the friends of the Sundaylearned and laborious work to the grateful school cause judge of the importance of this acceptance of the Christian church, and shall tract by its limited dimension. It is, indeed, wait with anxiety for the next and concluding | an appeal deserving the serious attention of volume.

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MEMOIRS OF THE REV. E. NEWTON, OF I honour of the Saviour in the welfare of souls. KINGSBRIDGE.

His incipient labours were expended in the Tuis laborious minister of the Gospel died villages in the neighbourhood of his native 25th January, 1849, aged 45 years.

town, l'ortsea And so successful were huis At an early age he was called to the fellow. eflorts to advance the kingdom of Jesus, that ship of the gospel, and united to the church he was invited to take the oversigbt of the under the pastoral care of the Rev. John small congregational church at Elstow. Grilling of Portsea. From this judici us The Great Head of the church, however, minister of Jesus Christ he received much had a more extended field of usefulness for counsel and encouragement in his first him to cultivate. For the more eficient attempt to instruct the ignorant, and the m accomplishment of this, he submitted himself that were out of the way, in the villages near to a course of training under the Rev. Mr. his native town. It appears, from a bio Carruthers, of Gosport. Here he must liava graphy written by himself, that he passed pursued his studies with great diligence and through a long and paiuful mental process earnestness. With his own hand (although before he arrived at the conclusion that he at this time engaged in keeping school) be ought to give himself up entirely to the copied the synopsis and plans of lectures work of the Christ an ministry His heart amounting to several thick volumes, and be was set upon it; but from the adversary of thus laid a foundation for those correct these souls he suffered buffetings which well nigh logical views which he cherished through drove him to despair. In this distress he life. In 18:30 he was admitted a student at was sustained by the sage remark of another Hackney College, and, throughout the apgood minister of the gospel: “Wait," said pointed course, he was distinguished for unhe, “and watch. If God intends you to be | tiring industry and persevering effort, after a minister, all the devils in hell cannot pre | great attainments in every departinent of vent it; and if he do not, all the angels in | knowledge which could prove auxiliary to heaven cannot make you one. Go on, I preaching Christ and winning souls to God. seize all available helps and opportunities Having tinished his studies at college, the for preparative improvement, and then look indications of Providence pointed to Cuckto God for guidance." This advice he prayer field, in Sussex, as the field of his minis fully and strictly followed, the issue of which trations, and, in this vineyard of the Lord, be has in no ordinary degree promoted the was zealous, laborious, and consistent. In

1842 the church at Southmolton was des ! The following letter was written to his titute of a pastor; our esteemed friend went church while in great bodily pain: thither, was invited, accepted, useful, and “MY DEAR FRIENDS, -Although the good beloved. There, too, he was instant in providence of God has separated us personally season and out of season. His memory is | from each other for a time, I do not believe embalmed in many a heart, and the fragrance that he has separated us mentally; for myself, of his character is still sweet and refreshing. | I can indeed say you are ever present with During a short visit to the writer of this me, for even when sleeping I often think I brief sketch, in 1845, he was invited to am preaching to you. Ohl nothing afforded supply, for two Sabbaths, the Congregational me more pleasure in times past than to tell church at Kingsbridge; the people were then you of a Saviour's love:- that Christ died for without a pastor. Here, too, he was ac sinners; of the everlasting love of God who ceptable, and was invited to the pastorate, gave his only begotten Son for us, that whowhich, after much anxiety and prayer, he at soever believeth on him should be saved; and length accepted. In this new field he of the love of the Holy Ghost, too, who laboured hard and constant. In a short reveals Christ to us, and changes our dead, time the place became too strait for them, cold, flinty hearts, by the melting influence and the chapel was enlarged by his instru of the love of Christ. How I wish now mentality. His fond hopes were reali ed on that I had preached more fervently, more the day of opening; but there was a worm in earnest! for I fear some of you do not at the root of his joys. By overtoil in believe in Jesus, do not really love him: and preaching, and additional wear and tear of, then the thought passes through my mind, if body and mind in attempting the liquidation I should never preach to them any more, and of the debt, his frail tabernacle gave way. they should die in their unbelief; they love While at Bristol, collecting for his chapel, he me, but we can never meet again! and the caught cold. Bronchitis succeeded, and al- | tears rush to my eyes and my emotion bethough having the best medical attention and comes almost insupportable. O that you domestic kindness, his frame, attenuated by I did all believe! May God hear my prayers labour above measure, gradually sunk to the for you! for I hope I shall not sin against grave. His memory, however, and his deeds, hiin by ceasing to pray for you; but, dear cannot be forgotten. As a minister of the friends, many of you do believe, neither Word his sermons were distinguished for affliction nor death can separate us united solid se use and strong fortification of Scrip to Christ. Who shall separate us from the taral truth. He did not, indeed, study to love of God that is in Christ Jesus our Lord ?' adorn them with meretricious language, but Our union is for eternity. ( that it were he did study to exhibit the truth as it is in more displayed on earth! We should be Jesus, in all its manifold varieties and known as Christians by our love one to beauties. The whole Bible was his book, another. You cannot tell how much my yet be delighted to take his stand at the heart seems drawn out toward you in this cross, and there, with earnestness, preach affliction. Nothing but a persuasion that it thut atonement which was the comfort of his is God's will keeps me from you, and if I do own heart, and the only basis of a sinner's not considerably improve in a short time hope. He believed, and therefore spoke. failing of hope as to life-I shall endeavour As a workman rightly dividing the word of to return to die among you. The physicians life, he was ever found insisting on the pronounce me better, decidedly better, and necessity of a renovated nature, a holy life, hold out hope, and we should believe them: as evidential of faith in the doctrine of still I feel I want to return that this is not Christ, and the work of the Spirit on the home. Yet, here as in the whole affliction, heart. And certain it is, that if any of his I still my mind by the thought that it is God. hearers did not understand him, it was be There is no mi-take, no unkindness - all is cause they loved darkness rather than light. wisely ordered, and we shall soon sue that he Many, however, are the hearts which, under does all things well. Oh, what, my dear God, he solaced and strengthened by his full friends, you who have no religion will do in and clear exhibitions of truth. Nor was he affliction I cannot tell. I suffer now, but unmindful of them when the monition came what should I suffer without the Divine preto him that his labours were about to cease. sence? Even in this trying affliction I have While at Torquay, whither he had gone with hours of peace that must be almost like heaa hope of recovering, but which hope was venly peace. I pray that you all may possess eclipsed by the dark cloud, that he must this in affliction. You will, if Christ be with return to his people, not to preach to them, you; and while nature compels the tear, the but to die, he wrote frequently to his people, spirit will rejoice in the Lord and triumph in expressing his earnest concern "that their hope. I felt intensely when I heard that you had hearts might be conformed to the image of a special meeting of prayer for your minister, God's dear Son."

but let me entreat you, pray rather for the

sanctification than the removal of the amic- l things require arranging; indeed, my dear tion. Then, should I recover, our profit will friend, to speak aright, my house to set in be mutual. May God bless you and keep order. Dr. Tetley thinks this chanze, if you! may he cause his face to shine upon managed aright, will do me good. I do not you, and be gracious to you! May he lift cease to be his patient. He will, with the light of his countenance upon you and pleasure, correspond with my surgeon, or if give you peace!

not, with myself. It must not be forgotten “Your PASTOR." that my state is precarious, and a Christian, As a sufferer, the writer can bear testimony on his dying bed, should not have little to his patience. At first, indeed, partly from unarranged affairs to annoy him. I do not the nature of his disease, and partly from think we die any sooner by in this way presuspension from the work he loved, he found paring for it. I have had a very trying it hard to acquiesce in the Divine arrange. night, I am thankful that I am calm; this ments. This state of mind, which gave him morning, little as I deserve it, I have congreat uneasiness, and which called out his tinued to me a calm peace of mind. Willing, penitential Sorrow. was but transient and if God should sanctify the affliction to the temporary. His soul soon became as a good of the church and myself, still to live, weaned child, and as he said, he had no l and equally willing, should he design this choice or will in the matter. In a letter to to lead to my death—for I know in whom I me, he says, “I have suffered terribly since

have believed; but, whether or not I shall I saw you. I go to bed at night, cough, sleep return, believe me I shall act as advised by an hour, cough. Sleep in little snatches of Dr. Tetley. My hand is not steady this burdensome sorrow, intermingled with cough, morning. Excuse my faulty writing. Coru. until I am almost dead. I said, This will not mending you to the blessing and keeping of do-it is unmanly-it is unchristian. Il a covenant God." rose up, repeated the 103rd Psalm, but “May I request, my dear sir, of you, the quickly, for my infirmity's sake.

favour of insisting that my body should not

be interred inconsecrated ground ? I nerar "God will not always chide, And though his strokes are felt,' &c.

received a church ordinance yet, and do not

want now. You will inquire what is the "My next sleep was equally burdensome,

state of my mind. I thank God he gives me and this continues until I am worn out, and perfect peace. In his service I received my then it is succeeded by heavy slumber and affliction, and I have no doubt he will see drenching perspiration. A week more of

me through it. As to life or death, I hate these nights and I shall return home. So very little choice. God's time is the best. small is the passage in my throat, that my | I regret painfully my want of more love food and medicine are rejected. I thank to him; of a more single eye to the Divine God, however, that I have more than I glory. I thought until now that I was the deserve. He has dealt kindly with me, and faithful and laborious preacher of the gospel I have peace.” In his letter from his home,

Afiction has shown me how much self and the same tranquillity is apparent, and his the world have mingled with my labours submission manifest. “I have not a wish I think I would much rather not come back of my own. I am willing to live, and equally to preaching than come back unimproved. willing to die."

People here are very kind to me. Ver. His gratitude to his friends was boundless. Wilson has sent again and again, but absence While at Torquay he greatly won upon the and sickness have prevented his visiting me pastor and church worshipping at Abbey more than once. He sent his son with a road, of whose kindness he frequently spoke chaise to carry me out on fine days; but the with overflowing emotion. The following weather bas prevented his repeating it detters to R. Peek, Esq., will best express tho Excuse the freedom with which I have feeling of his heart:

written to you, but I feel that you have ever " As to advice, &c., I believe a nobleman shown yourself a friend, and I write to you could not obtain better. Yesterday Dr. Tetley as a friend. May God bless you, my dear called in a third' physician, Dr. Ivanson, sir, and keep you! May he lift upon you another Christian gentleman. He told me the light of his countenance, and be gracious he had had many such cases. They were to you! may he ever cause his face to shine together with me for an hour. Seeing, | upon you and give you peace!" therefore, my advice is excellent, I shall But after all that medical skill, and certainly do nothing without it. But it is, Christian sympathy and prayer, and the unI believe, Dr. Tetley's opinion that a change remitting attention of his now bereaved would do good, if I returned again after widow could do, it was evident that his work two or three weeks, seeing I left home in a was done on earth, and his reward opening hurry, almost driven away with the hope of | in heaven. His few remaining days were ceturning in a few weeks. Several little l employed in incessantly writing to his people

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