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which is thorough, hearty, earnest; which is occupy a position inferior to America and nurtured in the closet, and “bathed in hea some parts of the coutinent of Europe, we ven;' which comes like the streaming light earnestly call upon the scholars of England, upon the breastplate prepared for its recep and upon all Christians who take an interest tion; which shines without knowing it, 'white in the discussion of questions of the highest and glistering' to the view of all beholders ; moment in connexion with the authenticity, which is impressive by its power, melting by genuineness, truthfulness, claims, and supreits love, attractive by its gentleness, com- macy of the Scriptures, to sustain Dr. Kitto, manding by its manly bearing; which has and to give to this journal, which has hitherto head, hieart, and hands; which, though it been to him "a trial, a difficulty, and a burspeaks not, is eloquent for its master, and den," a place at once commanding and honourwhich is equal to all emergencies. This, able. It would, indeed, be a stigma upon the this is what we want for our country, the | Christianity and the scholarship of England church, and the world. But 'this kind were this journal permitted to perish. cometh not forth but by prayer and fisting.' It cannot be secured by mere attendance upon Divine worship--mere official routine
The BRITISI QUARTERLY REVIEW. VII. mere performatory acts. It must be the
Nor. 1, 1849. Contents: Savonarola nel growth of Christian principle; the result of
his Times - Chemistry of the Stars - Stortil self-discipline; the reward of personal effort.
on the Holy Spirit-London in the PartNor can it be successfully imitated. For a
Ethnology – The Unily of Mankind - The sezon, perhaps, it may be simulated, but the
Ethics of Art-England and her Colonial truth will out. Can art print the light, or
Empire-Rabelais, his Life and Genistransfer to cuyas the quick glance of the
The Age and Christunity - Hungury: sparkling eye ? No more can hypocrisy paint
what nect ? 8vo. the living spirit of religion, nor successfully
Jackson & Walford. imitate the celestial something which makes a FEW can more exult than we do in the heavenly-minded Christian an influential and success and established reputation of "The powerful man. Ultimately there can be here British Quarterly." It has well redeened no sham.' The gesture, the tones of devo
all the original pledges of the accomplished tion, are unmistakeable. "A man is as his and indefatigable Editor, and has conferred heart is,' and the heart never lies.”
a degree of credit on the Periodical Literature of Nonconformists which it would be
difficult to overrate. We can now meet our JOURNAL OF SACRED LITERATURE. Edited
enemies in the gate; and can afford honour
able coinparison with all friendly conby John Kitto, D.D., F.S.A.
petitors. C. Cox, London.
The present number has an averaya Dr. Kitto has rendered excellent service supply of articles, both in science and to the cause of sacred literature, both by the religion, of standard value. In Theology, productions of his own accomplished mind, the review of Stowell's Lectures on the and hy enlisting the aid of scholars through Work of the Spirit, is full of valuable matter, out England and elsewhere. In no publica and is admirably written. “ The Chemistry tion with which his name is associated his of the Stars" is a fine article on Astronohe done this more efficiently than in the mical Science as it stands forth in the light periodical now before us. The subjects dis of modern discovery. In general criticism, cussed, and the leurning and tact which the Essay entitled “ The Ethics of Art," is the several contributors evince, are such as to the production of a cultivated mind. But merit the countenance and support of all who our favourite is “ Hungary: what next?" are solicitous that sacred literature should It is a noble assertion of great principles hold a position accordant with its importance, and commensurate with the claims of the me. It appears, from a notice prefixed to the • The North BRITISII REVIEW. No. LUI. last number, that this journal has not met Contents: l'hat is Life Assurance ! - THE with the abundant patronage which its high Irish Poor-Lax — Locke and Syrienhoninerits so justly demand, and which, in too Socialism in Brilain - Shakespear - The many instances, is extended, even by the Temporal Supremacy of the Pope-Venirs professed friends of sacred literature, to peri and Correspondence of Sir R.M.KEITU, K.B. odicals distinguished by no value or perma -- The Romance of Indian Warfare-Hoa nent utility. Concerned, then, as we are,
boldi's 1spects of Nature in different Lardsthat sacred literature should not languish On Scottish ['niversity Tests. 8vo. because it is discountenanced or neglected by
Hamilton, Adams, & Co. the Christian public; and anxious as we are This Christian and Catholic Review holds that our country should not in its support on the even tenor of its way, shedeling
steady light upon the public mind, in refer- | 2. The Juvenile Scran-Book far the Young. ence to all the current literature of the day. Ellited by Mrs. MILNER. 1850. 12mo. Eminently sound in doctrinal views, it pre- | 3. Fire-side Tales for the Young. By Mrs. serves a generous neutrality on almost all Ellis, Author of “ The Women of Eng. questions which divide the evangelical com land,” &c. 12mo. Vols. 2 and 3. munity in this and other lands. Where it
Peter Jackson. deviates from this course it never passes
Tuese three beautiful works are diverse beyond the limits of an honourable and for
alike in character and design; but they have bearing rivalry.
all a fair claim The XXIII. Number well sustains the
to be regarded as occupying a reputation acquired by the conductors of the
distinguished place among the class of books North British. If we might suggest a
to which they belong. thought to the Editor, it would be this: let
The “Drawing Room Scrap-Book," under not a single number appear without a standard
the management of Dr. Mackay, contains article on Theology.
some articles of poetry in that splendid au
thor's best style. “The Harp of Eriu," “EduPrelections on Butler's Analogy, Paley's Eric
cation; or, The Builling of the House," and
“ The Bard's Request," might be appealed to dences of Christianity, and lill's Lectures in
as somewhat striking specimens. We only reDivinity. With Two Introductory Lectures, and Four Adresses delivered in the New
gret that this talented author conducts his College, Erlinburgh. By the late THOMAS
appeals to the people so little upon liigh moral
and religious considerations. He thereby CHALMERS, D.D., LL.D. Fol. IX. of Posthumous Works. 8vo.
deprives himself of his best auxiliaries. The
pictorial embellishments of this number of Hamilton, Alams, & Co,
" The Drawing Room Scrap-book” are exTus is the last volume of Dr. Chalmers's
ceedingly artistical, and are executed in the Posthumous Works; and though we purpose
highest style of Mr. Jackson's far-famed estuother notices of some of the earlier volumes,
blishment. yet we cannot forbear introducing at once,
"The Juvenile Scrap-Book" is entitled to to students and others, this admirable manual.
rank among the best works for the amuse. If Dr. Chalmers had only procluced this
ment and improvement of the young. The single volume, he would have liver to pur.
papers are excellent, and highly entertaining, pose. It is one of the most stirring books
and the pictures are well selected, and exwe ever read, and embodies more materials
pensively engraved. for thought than is ordinarily to be found
Mrs. Ellis's “Tire-side Tales" will well in the best works of the age. We should
sustain her reputation, as a writer for the have been in ecstacy if any such book had
young. We find, on experiment, that young been in the market when we were students.
people of intelligence will read them through The two introductory lectures to
and through with real satisfaction and marked students, “On the Use of Text-Books in
delight. This is, perhaps, a good test. Theological Education," and “ On the Conduct and Prosecution of their Studies," are worth their weight in gold.
The Protestant Dissenters' Almanack for 1850. The Lectures on Butler's Analogy, — Being the second year after Bissextile, or Paley's Evidences, -and Hill's Divinity, are
Leap-year. Small 8vo. pp. 64. 3d. of inore value far than any original disser
John Snow. tations on the same subjects. In almost every page our author is seen to advantage, Thus is an amazingly cheap book ; very both when he agrees with the writers on decided in its non-conformning tone; and well whom he comments, and wlien he differs stored with all that kind of information which from them. His criticisms are in general we naturally look for in an almanack of the equally profound and discriminating. Among present day. the works of this great and good man, it were difficult to agree on a settled preference; but if we may speak out our con
The Dissenters' Penny Almanack for 1850. victions, the volume which we now introduce Being the second year after Bissextile, or to our readers is our decided favourite. It Leap-year. Small 8vo. Pp. 32. is one of the choicest companions for the
John Snow. study that we are acquainted with.
ONE of the wonders of this age. Thirty
two pages, 8vo. for one penny! And contain1. Fisher's Drarring Room Scrap-Book. 1850. ing much instructive matter on the subject of By CHARLES MACKAY, LL.D. 4to.
State Establishments of Christianity.
THE BERMONDSEY MURDER.
I have had notice, all the debts being above 51. THE awful sentence of the law was
The greater part of them are creditors to a carried into effect on Manning and his wife,
considerable amouut, to whom it would have in front of Horsemonger-lane Gaol, on Tues
been no very considerable expense to come day morning, the 13th of November, 1849,
here instead of to a Court in London. If at nine o'clock.
there had been a number of small debts to The scene was, in all respects, a terrific
persons in the poorer ranks in life, who one, sufficient almost to shake our belief in
might not have been apprised of it, or wbo capital punishment, even for murderers of
could not meet the expense of coming here, the worst class.
the case would have been different. I do The unsatisfactory state of mind displayed
not think, then, that there is anything disby the prisoners; the dreadful crime for
creditable in the fact of his preferring to which they suffered; the administration of
bring the case here rather than to a Court the Lord's supper to such persons; the multi
where greater publicity would have been tude of respectable parties attending the ex
given to it. Now I think it a point in ccution; and the dense crowds of horrible,
favour of the insolvent that ont of the whole profligate, wretches — laughing, smoking,
of his creditors only four appear here today. swearing, at the very foot of the gallows,
With regard to the position of one creditor make one's blood turn chill, and prompt the
(Dr. Warneford) it cannot be said that the earnest wish that some other and better
debt due to him was contracted fraudulently, arrangement could be made.
or without a reasonable and probable expectation of being able to discharge it. That
cannot apply to the debt of Dr. Warneford, CASE OF THE REV. JOHN BLACKBURN. because, independently of the impression en
tertained by the insolvent, however erroneous, Mailstone County Court, Tuesday, Nov. 6.
that he had an interest in certain houses in (Before JAMES ESPINASSE, Esq.)
Lloyd-square, it appears that at the time of AN INSOLVENT. IN RE JOHN BLACKBURN
incurring the debt he was not only in the
receipt of 5501. a year from his chapel, but THE ELDER.
that also he had an expectation of receiving In this case, John Blackburn, the elder, a considerable suin in right of his wife. who for many years past has been the offi. This sum (amounting to 2,0002) was reciating minister at Claremont Chapel, Penton ceived at periods long subsequent to the conville, petitioned to be relieved of debts tracting of the debt to Dr. Warneford (which amounting in the aggregate to 8,8181. Is. 5d., was in 1832 or 1838), and, therefore, there of which the schedule described the sum of is no ground for that opposition. With 2,3321. 7s. 5d. to have been incurred without regard to the creditors for whom Mr. Sargood consideration, and 2751. as entered twice. appears, they are three in number, and in
His Honour, in pronouncing judgment, considering these cases I must look to the said: With regard to the observations made question whether, at the time of contracting as to the case being heard in this Court, and these several debts, he had reasonable and the preference which it is alleged the in probable expectations of being able to dissolvent had for coming into this county in charge them. It appears to me that this stead of Middlesex, I do not think there is case differs very materially from other cases any force in the remarks which have been which are occasionally brought before me, in made. The insolvent had an undoubted which opposition is made to the discharge of right to come here; he was resident in the the insolvent upon the ground of fraud, op of county at the time, and from an answer to a his haring improperly contracted debts seithuat question which I put, it appears he had reasonable hope of paying them. All the dela: resided here for some considerable period; appear to hare been for money lent, and rot for and I can very well understand why a person goods improperly or recklessly obtained, and in his situation might wish to avoid the ad- | immediately pawned or sold at a reduced price ditional publicity which would be given to for the purpose of raising money. But sill his case if discussed in London, compared | these advances appear to have been obtaired, with its publicity when heard at a consider as stated by the insolvent (and I do not see able distance thence. But has any hardship that his testimony has been so shaken as to been suffered from his coming here? None induce me to doubt it), for the advancement whatever; for as:uredly every creditor must of his sons in life. Looking to the amount of these sums, I cannot but say I think he lis expectations of being enabled, by the two is highly blameable for not having looked businesses of his sons, to get rid of all these into his circumstances, for not having | liabilities in anything like reasonable time; weighed more cautiously the circumstances but, looking to all the facts of the case, to of himself and the probable circumstances all the statements made by the learned of his sons, before he made these loans, counsel, and to the whole of the evidence as amounting to so considerable a sum in the it has come out before me, I cannot bring space of three years. But under what cir myself to the conclusion that the insolvent cumstances were these sums borrowed ? has acted so as to call upon me to remand And had he at any time any reasonable and him. I therefore think, that after he has probable expectation of paying them? Now filed the books and papers mentioned in the it does appear that, however unfounded his course of this discussion, he will be entitled expectations on the subject may have been to his discharge. (and it seems that it was a groundless belief The books, papers, &c., were accordingly that he had security on houses in Lloyd | filed, as suggested by His Honour, and the square), still it must be asked, Did he fully | insolvent was discharged. and conscientiously believe that he had an [On this truly distressing case, and the interest in these houses to a considerable decision pronounced upon it by the proper amount ? and I do not see any reason to Judge of the Court, Dr. Campbell has made doubt that he did. It appears that there is a the following comments. We sympathise policy on his life for 1,000l., deposited with generally with the Doctor's views, and feel Sir Culling Eardley Smith for a portion of that we ought ever to lean to mercy's side. At his debt. For what purpose were these ad- | the same time we have deep sympathy with vances obtained ? Upon his oath he says for those who suffer so seriously by our beloved his sons. There is no imputation uhatever on brother's over-concern to help his children. the expenditure of the insolvent himself, so far | Editor.] as he is personally concerned. No questions have been put to him relative to his mode of
DR. CAMPBELL'S REMARKS. life. It does not appear that any reckless etc “We need not say, that this business has penditure was made by him for his own per- been to us, in common with many of Mr. sonal erpenses or those of his family. Nothing Blackburn's old and upright friends, a source of the kind appears after the very long ex- | of great sorrow; we are, therefore, truly glad aminations undergone by him at the hands that the facts are, at length, and for the first of the two learned counsel who opposed him; time, fairly before the public, in the foregoing but it does appear that almost the whole of judgment, from which it will appear, that these sums hare been absorbed by his two sons. there has, as usual, in the case of Christian Now, had he a reasonable expectation of pay- | men overtaken by calamity, been a vast ing these two sums by the profits derived amount of gross falsehood heaped upon from the exertions of his sons? I have no | Mr. Blackburn, and not a little cruel misdoubt he has been far too sanguine in his representation. That Mr. Blackburn erred, expectations, because the sums he borrowed most egregiously and most culpably erred, were so very large that it must have taken a there can be no doubt; but his is not to be very considerable period to have wiped off classed with the bulk of cases that come those liabilities. But still the fact does before the Courts. There was error of judgappear, that these two sums were put into ment,-of judgment blinded by affection; the business of his sons by him, and that the there was much imprudence, and out of business of one of them was, during the those imprudences arose a course of conduct, time it lasted, increasing in amount, and so in many respects, most injurious to purties very promising that it became necessary to whose confidence Mr. Blackburn enjoyed, take larger premises for the purpose of carry and involving, in many cases, breaches of ing it on. With regard to the other, he propriety, if not, sometimes, of truth. In states that he had every reason to believe defence of these we have nothing to say; and that, from the manufacture of a particular | we uuite with all who condemn and deplore kind of cartridge paper, very great profits them; but we do, nevertheless, contend for were likely to be made. It appears that | justice, which is so seldom awarded to after this mill was taken, a considerable religious men under similar circumstances. sum was necessary, in order to bring it into The case as it stands is bad enough: let it working order, and considerable loss was suf- not be exaggerated, and surrounded with fered by the accidents which occurred, and alleged facts and circumstances the pure that there was great inevitable expenditure creation of malignant fancy. We invite incurred by the insolvent for his sons, who special attention to those portions of the had this paper-mill, which was not contem judgment which we have marked in italics, plated at the time when the mill was first as particularly bearing on the question of taken. I think he was far too sanguine in motive and integrity, and which, we doubt not, will be read of multitudes by whom | cles, which may be saleable. Whilst there Mr. Blackburn was long loved for his worth, will be great gain in a pecuniary point of and admired for his great and varied services view, the institution will at the same time to the cause of religion, liberty, and hu- become familiar to the public at large, and manity, which had not, in the metropolis, a thus increased means for future operations more devoted or a more energetic friend and will be afforded. advocate. Those services ought not to be A circular put forth by the Committce, forgotten even by men who, like ourselves, and addressed to the ladies, states, condemn and deplore the event by which
“ It is intended to adopt the plan s sucthe lustre of a once shining character has been so lamentably defaced. They will
cessfully pursued by the Orphan Working
School in 1847, viz., that of forming Com. reflect, with pleasure, on the testimony of the Judge to points so intimately involving
mittees in various parts of the kingdom, wlioze
members, though scattered, may bannoni. his former integrity and personal Christianity
ously work together, and you are requesid -points on which we never had a doubt. The path he walked in was one of peril, and
to place your name as one of that Committee he only fell where too many fathers,
for your district, and to be so good as to take
an early opportunity of enlisting the friends Christian men,- some in the ministry, and
of Missions in this important work. multitudes out of it, have fallen before him;
“ The valuable institution in behalf of and it is to be hoped that others will profit
which we desire to labour is for the sole by his mournful example. All things con
benefit of the daughters of Missionaries sidered, we are greatly pleased with the termination of an atlair which must have been
Their parents, having to perform arduous
public duties, cannot devote adequnte attentrying beyond expression to a man of Mr.
tion to the education of their daughters, and Blackburn's tender spirit: the wonder is that he has not fallen a victim to his anguish.
the idolatrous customs of the beathen being We need hardly say, that this note is our
highly injurious, it is an obvious duty that
such an establishment should be provided by own voluntary contribution towards justice
the friends of missions. in behalf of a once cherished friend, in the
“ Since the formation of the school, now hour of his calamity; for with Mr. Blackburn
more than ten years since, one hundred and we have had no intercourse direct or indirect
thirty children have been received. Some upon the matter. It only remaius, that we
of them are now engaged in mission-labour express for him our best wishes and hopes,
themselves, and, as wives and mothers, are that he may live, prosper, be more useful
occupying stations of considerable influence; than he ever was, and yet, before the grave shall close upon all of him that is mortal, be
others have returned to gladden the hones
of their infancy; whilst some, with unutenabled to pay every man his own, thus
trusive piety, are honourably maintaining leaving to posterity an example with two
themselves by their own industry. aspects, each alike instructive.- EDITOR."
“At the present time the mission-family
consists of forty-four members, amongst whom INSTITUTION FOR THE EDUCATION OF THE | are the daughters of Rev. Messrs. Moffat of
DAUGHTERS OF MISSIONARIES, WALTILAM Africa, Pritchard of l' polu, the grandchildren STOW.
of the Rev. Drs. Carey of India, and Philip This admirable institution at the present
of the Cape. time stands in great need of assistance, in
* It should be specially noticed that the order that it may carry out its benevolent
Mission-school has no claim on the futils of objects efficiently. A few ladies who know
the screral Missionary Societies. Its income its worth and excellence have devised a
is not suficient to cover the present exscheme whereby that assistance may be ren
penses of the establishment, so that any indered, in an easy, cheap, and effectual man
crease in the number of children cuinot ner. But to do this they require the united
take place without further support. The assistance of ladies in every town in Great
Committee hope to be able to afford toe! Britain. Don't be startled, ladies! You are
efficient aid to the institution as the result not required to go out of your quiet Chris
of this combined Christian effort." tian course. The work may be accomplished To this circular about eighty replies have at your own firesides, by the members of your been sent by ladies who agree to form part of family; and in the immediate circle of your one committee, or to become centres of local acquaintance. The plan is to have a bazaar attraction for this purpose, and a working somewhere, it is not yet decided in what place, party has been formed in Islington, which during the month of May in 1850. Now unites members of almost every congregation as there are seven months before that period in that important district. Now what is arrives, ample time is afforded for making a wanted is simply that every ladies' branch of great variety of useful and ornamental arti- ! the Auxiliary Missionary Societies should