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HARMONY.—Among the Osages of the Missouri, on the north bank of the Marias de Cein, about six miles above its entrance into the Osage river, and about eighty miles southwest of Fort Osage. Rev. Nathaniel B. Dodge, Missionary, Mrs. Dodge; Amasa Jones, Licensed Preacher, Mrs. Jones; Otis Sprague, Farmer, Mrs. Sprague, Miss Woolley, and Miss Etris. NEOSHO,-On a river of that name, about 80 miles south-west of Harmony. 1824. Rev. Benton Pixley, Missionary, Mrs. Pixley; Samuel B. Bright, Farmer, Mrs. Bright. o
, VII. INDIANS IN NEW YORK.
The remains of the Six Nations. Stations at Tuscarora, Seneca and Cataraugus.
TUSCARORA.—About four miles east of Lewistom. Niagara county. Transferred to the U. F. M. S. in 1821; established by the New-York Missionary Society about 20 years before.
Rev. Joseph Lane, Missionary, and Mrs. Lane, have an appointment for this station.
SENECA.—About four or five miles from Buffalo, near the outlet of Lake Erie. Commenced by the New-York Miss. Soc. in 1811; transferred in 1821. Rev. Thomson S. Harris, Missionary, Mrs. Harris; Gilman Clark and Harvey Bradley, Assistants, Mrs. Clark; Miss Henderson, and Miss Selden. CATA RAUGUS.—A few miles east of the shore of Lake Erie, and about 30 miles from Buffalo. 1822. William A. Thayer, Teacher, Mrs. Thayer.
VIII. INDIANS IN THE MICHIGAN - TERRITORY. MACKINAW.—In the Michigan Territory, on the island of Michilimackinack. 1823. Rev. William M. Ferry, Missionary, Mrs. Ferry, John S. Hudson and Martin Heydenburk, Assistants, Mrs. Hudson; Eunice Osmar, Elizabeth McFarland, and Delia Cook.
IX. INDIANS IN OHIO.
MAUMEF.—On a river of that name, near Fort Meigs, Wood county.
Isaac Van Tassel, Licensed Preacher, Mrs. Van Tassel; Mr. Sacket, Farmer, Mrs. Sacket.
IX. HAYTI, HAYTI.-Among the colored people who had removed from the United States. This mission was instituted by the U. F. M. S. in 1824, and the Rev. B. F. Hughes and Rev. William G. Penington, colored men, were employed as missionaries. The former was recalled, a year and a half since; and the latter, we believe, is now in this country. Mr. P. supported himself and family by his own industry. General Remarks on the Stations, from Union to the one last named inclusive. The survey of these stations, with one or two exceptions, is founded on a document received from the U. F. M. S. last summer. Some changes may have since occurred, of which we have not been apprised.—The number of children in several of the schools, may be estimated as follows:–At Union, 35, Har. mony, 25; Seneca, 40; Cataraugus, 43; Mackinaw, 110; Maumee, 31. Among the Tusca. roras is a Church of 17 members. Future surveys of these stations may be expected to §ontain more ample intelligence respecting hem.
_XI. THE SAND WICH IS LANDS.
A group of islands in the Pacific Ocean, between 18° 55 and 20° 20 north latitude, and 154° 55 and 160° 15 west longitude from Greenwich. They are extended in a direction W. N. W. and E. S. E. Hawaii [Owhyhee] being the south-eastern island.
Stations at Honoruru, Waimea, Lahaina, Kairua, Waiakea (now Byron's Bay,) and Kaavaroa. HoNoru RU-on the island of Oahu, 1820. Rev. Hiram Bingham, Missionary, Elisha Loomis, Printer, Abraham Blatcheley, M. D. Physician; and their wives; Levi Chamberlain, Superintendent of Secular Concerns. WAIME.A.—On the island of Tauai. 1820. Samuel Whitney, Licensed Preacher, Mrs. Whitney; Samuel Ruggles, Teacher and Catechist, Mrs. Ruggles. LAHAINA.—On the island of Maui. 1823. Rev. William Richards, Missionary, Mrs. Richards. Stephen Pupuhi, Native Assistant. KAIRUA.—On the western side of Hawaii. 1824. Rev. Asa Thurston and Rev. Artemas Bishop, Missionaries, and their wives. WAIA KEA, or BY 18 ON'S BAY.—On the northeastern side of Hawaii. 1824. Joseph Goodrich, Licensed Preacher, Mrs. Goodrich. John Honorii, Native Assistant. KAAWAROA.—Sixtcen miles south of Kairtia. 1824. Rev. James Ely, Missionary, Mrs. Ely. Thomas Hopu, Natire Assistant. The Rev. Charles S. Stewart, noted in the last survey in connexion with the station at Lahaina, found it necessary to return to his native land, in the course of the last year, on account of the dangerous illness of his wife. Since his arrival in this country, he has been employed in visiting different parts of the country, for the purpose of describing, in public meetings, the state and progress of the Sandwich Island mission.—During the 14 months previous to March last, nearly 80,000 tracts were issued from the mission press, amounting to 1,367,000 pages.—A selection of other interesting facts in relation to this mission, will be found in the retrospective view of the year, at the end of this survey.
A II. MALTA.
An island in the Mediterranean, 20 miles long, 12 broad, and 60 in circumference. It is about 50 miles from Sicily. On this island, anciently called Melita, the Apostle Paul was shipwrecked, while on his way to Rome. Commenced in 1821.
Rev. Daniel Temple, Missionary, Mrs. Temple; Rev. Eli Smith, Missionary; Homan Hallock, Printer.
The Printing Establishment at this station has two presses in operation. Nearly three millions and a half of pages of important religious matter, have been issued, in the space of four years.
A III. SYRIA.
Syria is said, by writers on geography, to be the whole space lying between Alexandretta or Scanderoom on the north, and Gaza, on the borders of the Arabian desert; and is bounded S. E. and S. by the desert of Arabia, and W. by the Mediterranean. Its north-eastern and eastern limits are not weli defined. ln this larger sense it includes Palestine.
13 EYROOT.—A sea-port town, at the foot of Mount Lebanon, in the Pashallic of Acre. E. long, 35. 55
| N. lat. 33° 49. Population liot less than 5,000.
The Rev. Jonas King, who had engaged in this mission for a limited time, took an affectionate leave of his brethren in September, 1825, the time of his engagement having expired. He did not depart from Asia, however, till the last summer.—The Rev. Pliny Fisk, who, with Mr. King, was noted in the last survey in connexion with this station, died at Beyroot, on the 23d of October, 1825, greatly lamented by his brethren, and by the churches of this country. Jerusalem is not now the residence of any Protestant missionary.
The Rev. Elnathan Gridley and the Rev. Josiah Brewer, Missionaries, are now on their way to this field of missionary enterprise.
X V. SPANISH AMERICA.
The Rev. Theophilus Parvin went to Buenos Ayres, in the summer of 1823, under the patronage of the Board, where he still remains. His connexion with the Board, however, has been dissolved, on account of the peculiar circumstances of that country, which render it expedient, that Mr. Parvin should labor unconnected with any missionary society. He has lately been made a Professor in the University of Buenos Ayres.
The Rev. John C. Brigham has completed his exploring tour under the patronage of the Board. He crossed the continent from Buenos Ayres to Chili. From thence he proceeded to Peru, Colombia, and Mexico; and returned to the United States in the early part of last year. His report of the religious state of the southern republics was inserted in the Mis. sionary Herald for October and November; and some part of his journal appeared in previous numbers. A particular account of his whole tour is preparing for publication in a separate volume.—Mr. Brigham, since his return, has been made Assistant Secretary to the American Bible Society.
ever, between Dr. Blumhardt, of Basle, Switzerland, and Mr. Ashmun, of the colony, has passed through our hands; and from this it appears. that a mission might immediately be established, in the Bassa country, with encouraging prospects, if properly qualified missionaries were at hand. “As a residence on the African coast is so fatal to white men. Providence would seem to indicate, that descendants of Africans should be sought, who have been exposed to the damps of a warm climate. and who would probably live to th ordinary age of man, if sent as missionaries to the land of their ancestors. Inquiries have been made in the southern states, with reference to this subject; and apparently the greatest obstacie in the way of sending black men, who would be competent to the work. is the want of a tried and approved method of imparting to them a suitable education. The minds of some of our most enlightened citizens are intent upon the claims of the African race; and we may expect that God will bless their investigations, and their efforts, and open wide channels for the communication of his own goodness, through the instrumentality of his servants.”
FOREIG.V. MISSION SCHOOI.
This school, situated in Cornwall, Con. has been suspended by the Board. The reasons for this measure, which has been some time under consideration, will be given in a subsequent part of this number.
Eleven Greek youths have been sent to the United States, by the missionaries of the Board, and, under its patronage, are pursuing their studies, preparatory to future usefulness among their countrymen. Two are now members of Yale college; three of Amherst college. I'our are in the academy at Amherst, and two in the academy at Monson, Mass.
THE MISSIONARY HERALD.
“The Missionary Herald is the property of the Ame
riean Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions; is
Board and its Missionaries.
published on terms which they regard as just and proper; and the profits of the work go for the benefit of the sacred cause. It is a monthly publication. Twelve numbers make a volume containing 400 pages, which is sold for one dollar and a hair. “I he primary design of the Herald is to acquaint the Christian community with the proceedings of the Those proceedings, whether in reference to our own population, to Southern or Western Asia, to Western or Southern America, or to the Islands of the seas, are generally described in a connected series, by means of letters, journals, abstracts, or reports. There are, also, compendious views of the more interesting religious and missionary intelligence not o connected with the missions of the Board; of the character, manners. and customs of the various nations, which are the proper objects of foreign missions; and, in general, of whatever has a direct beating on the cause of Christian benevolence. And
finaily, the monthly numbers contain a particular acknowledgment of all donations made in behalf of the
inissions under the care of the Board. “A work like this is essential to the Board. Depending, on public charity, the Board could not prosper without some such means of making known readily its enterprises, successes and wants. It must have a publication which shall be wholly under its contool, issued at stated and frequently recurring pe. riods. and sent to numerous districts of country. Only
then will its influence be strong, regular and extenSiVe. “The Herald is no expense to the Board. More
than this, it has been a source of revenue; and, if sub, scriptions are well paid, will be so hereafter. “it also lessens other expenses. . It lessens expenses for agencies. Wherever the Herald is taken, the visits of agents need be less frequent and protracted. than they otherwise, must be; for the Herald not only per. forms a part of their work itself, but prepare the way, beyond almost any other means, for their introduc. tioi, and success. It also lessons expenseshor-printing.'
Reports, tracts, sermons, &c. will need to be published, respected friends of the cause, not a little depends
be proportionably augmented, or the missionary opera- - SUMIMARY.
tions of the Board be abridged. Moreover, it saves o
RETROSPECT OF THE YEAR.
THE following review of the principal intelligence received, during the past year, from the missions under the direction of the Board, was prepared for the United Monthly Concert, held in Park-street Church, Hoston, on the first Monday evening of December. At the request of several respected friends, it is inserted in the Missionary Herald, with some enlargement of matter, and a slight alteration of form.
The intelligence from BoMBAY, has never been so pleasing, and never so painful, as during the past year. The letter published in April, was a most decisive document to prove, that the mission had struck its roots deep in the native soil, and wanted only more of the warmth of Christian patronage, soon to extend its branches wide. It contained a summary and very animating view of the advances made during the ten years past. The amount was, that preparatory work had been accomplished sufficient to enable a missionary, entering the field now, to exert ten times as much influence on the native population, as he could have done ten gears ago; so that the same number of laborers might advance ten times as rapidly towards a glorious success, as they could have done only as many years since. Numerous channels of influence had been opened, and the waters of salvation had been made to flow in them. The attention of the natives had been gained, to a considerable extent;-that point, so difficult of acquisition, and yet so all important to any great and valuable results: and so much Christian knowledge had been thrown into the native mind, that impressions on the heart began to be visible, and fair was the prospect of an effusion of the Holy Spirit. Indeed, one person, as the first fruits of the harvest, had been admitted to the fellowship of the visible church. But by the time the harvest was about to wave, lo, in the mysterious providence of God, the reapers had nearly all been removed! It was just when this mission began to assume its brightest aspect, and when we were beginning to rejoice in that brightness, that a portentous cloud spread suddenly over the horizon. While the executive officers of the Board were assembled, with their brethren, in the house of prayer, at the Monthly Concert in September, they received the letters, which announced the death of Hall; and it was then and there, that the mournful fidings commenced its afflictive march through the land. Hall died not, however, till he had seen at least a hundred thousand Christian books distributed among the Mahratta people; nor till he had witnessed the New Testament translated, faithfully, from the original Greek into the vernacular tongue of 12,000,000 of people, perishing for lack of knowledge. Nor did he cease from his labors, till his powerful mind, with its customary facilities of thought and force of expression, had composed an appeal to the churches, which, spreading abroad with the tidings of his decease, sent thrilling emotions through the land, and occasioned a multitude of prayers, that God would send forth laborers into the harvest.
And oh! who will not unite in this prayer? One more stroke, such as has thrice been felt in Bombay, in the short space of sixteen months, would silence, utterly, the voice of Christian preaching anong the numerous population of that city. The general curiosity, which, for twelve years, has been waking up, would again become the apathy of death. The schools would decline, and the scholars forget their knowledge, lose their impressions, and glide away in the current of superstition, until, borne beyond the possibility of recovery, they would sink to rise no more. The books, which have been translated, printed, and circulated, with so much labor, and pains, and cost of health and talent and life, for want of the living voice to call attention to them, and impress a sense of their value, would be neglected and lost and destroyed. Congregations would cease to convene for religious worship; and the native, wondering what had become of the holy influence, that met him in the streets, and bazars, and temples, and fields, and every where, would pursue his idolatry as aforetime, before the light of heaven broke in upon his darkness. Already, may we suppose, has the current begun to set backwards; and every month, and every day, it gains strength!”
The fact of principal interest, in regard to the Ceylon mission, which has been communicated the past year, is, that the mission church now contains not less than ninety native members;–many possessing fine minds; several considerably advanced in learning; some useful preachers of the Gospel to their countrymen; and all hopefully pious, and, amid temptations such as we by experience know nothing of, adorning their profession by a Christian life.—We have been informed, also, that the prospect, at first dark and forbiding, has become hopeful, of raising the females of Ceylon from their deep degradation to their proper standing in society.—Happy, moreover, have we been to hear, that minds, which, only a few years since, valued caste at so high a rate, and knowledge at so low, that money would hardly induce them to forego the one for the sake of the other, now cheerfully disregard caste, and earnestly petition for the pleasures of enlightened thought.
From PALESTINE, during the early part of the year, we heard little but weeping, because Fisk, that ornament to the missionary character, had ceased to be seen on earth. Here, too, we could not but weep, when the beautifully simple letter of his surviving brethren, describing his last sorrows and pains, was received; and we heard the voice of lamentation, as that letter travelled through the churches. . We trusted in God, however, who permitted Stephen, and even some of the apostles, to be cut off early in their ministry, in that very land, that the mission would not only survive, but prosper. Yet we dared not to anticipate such early and such strong impressions upon the corrupt and ignorant priesthood of Syria, as those concerning which we are now permitted to speak.f. It now appears, that a spirit of inquiry is waking up again in the ancient birth-place of Christianity, and is beginning to run with so strong a tide, that it is not likely, if these western churches do their duty, that the powers of earth and hell combined, will be able to stop it.
The intelligence from the mission among the Cherokees, has been, on the whole, of a more decisive and cheering character, than in any former years —if we except, perhaps, the one immediately preceding. We have had
* It may be remarked here, that the sole reason, hitherto, why the mission at Bombay has not been more strongly reinforced, has been the want of suitable persons, who have been willing to be sent thither. Even now, notwithstanding the urgency of the case, the difficulties of this kind seem hard to be removed. And they are increased by a want of adequate funds. Oh, where is the spirit of apostolic enterprise! * See a subsequent part of this number.
more proof, that Indians, properly situated, can be civilized, than has ever before been exhibited, since this country was settled by our fathers. Agriculture having made considerable advances, and government having assumed a definite form, under the influence of Christian principles, the general mind of the Cherokees has felt the same cravings for knowledge, that we do ourselves; and, during the past year, we have heard of their spirited efforts to procure, for their own use, a printing establishment, and to lay the foundations of a national academy.
Passing over the other missions among the Indians, for want of room to notice them properly, we corne to the SANDwich Islands, which have occupied much of our attention, during the period now under review.
We felt, in the years previous to the one just closed, that the intelligence from this mission was by no means without high interest. Nor were we in an error. The dealings of Providence towards that mission, have been wonderful from the first. But the intelligence of the past year has transcended all that the most sanguine, even when warmed with former accounts, dared to expect.
Within this space of time, we have been told of nine chiefs, embodying a great portion of the civil influence of the islands, publicly professing their faith in Christ, and heartily entering upon the discharge of their duties towards God and their fellow-men. We have been told of half a score of churches, and more, erected by the natives themselves, for the worship of Jehovah, and crowded with attentive hearers. We have been told, by one who witnessed the sight, of more than 2,000 islanders, moving along in one interesting procession, bearing on their shoulders, from distant mountains, the materials for one of these churches, which, when completed, could contain 4,000 people, and was thronged to overflowing. We have been told of near 20,000 people under instruction, taught by competent natives, whom the missionaries had qualified for the service—of more than 12,000, able to read the word of God, were that blessed volume ready to be put into their hands—and of a most longing desire, every where expressed, to come into speedy possession of that richest treasure. We have been told of the effusions of the Holy Spirit at Honoruru, at Lahaina, and in different parts of Hawaii; and that, as the results of these heavenly visitations, more than 2,000 islanders, lately shrouded in the deep glooms of a barbarous paganism, have erected the family altar, for the morning and evening worship of the true God. We have been told of regular meetings for prayer among the females and among the males of those islands, just as there are among ourselves when religion flourishes; and of the high satisfaction, with which the once haughty and cruel chiefs mingle with those, whom they once despised
- and oppressed, in the solemn acts of devotion. • *
We have heard of changes in the characters of individuals, which, though great and surprising, cannot now be fully described. We remember the intemperate Karaimoku, regent of the islands, transformed into a sober, humble follower of Jesus—the conceited, haughty, jealous, cruel queen Kaahamanu, whose forbearance and lenity the affrighted natives, wherever she went, used to propitiate by peace offerings, as if she were a demon; now as actively benevolent, as she was once actively cruel; and as devoted to God, as she was once to Satan—and Kapiolani, also a chief woman, once intemperate, and the slave of every moral debasement that a vicious barbarism has attained to; now, reformed, intelligent, pious, actively benevolent, and with manners so improved, that civilized society would not blush to own her for its own.