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6. Phares, brother of Asaad Shidiak, sent for the preservation of his life, to Malta; Maronite church. 7. “Several individuals, who come, like Nicodemus, in the night, to read the . tures, and converse on religion, not being able to come in open day, without forfeiting their liberty or their property; Maronite church. 8. “Several individuals, who are punctual in their attendance to read the holy Scriptures with us, and who are convinced of the superstitions, and of the absence of all true religion, in their church, and of their own need of the renewing of their hearts by the Spirit of God; Greek church.”
Making a total of about twenty individuals, whose hearts, we hope, have been moved by an influence more than earthly; besides many others, who appear to be rationally convinced, that the Bible is right, and that they are wrong.
General State of the Mission.
Speaking of the general state of the mission, Mr. Goodell used the following language in November.
The number of those, who come to read with us every evening, is increasing. The largest room in my house is sometimes well filled; and as a few of them find it inconvenient to return home the same evening, I have provided beds for them. They usually sit up more than half the night, conversing on what they have seen and heard.
In January of the present year, he writes as follows:
Our prospects daily brighten, though opposition to us continually increases. Almost every day developes something new. There is much commotion, and a great noise; and such are the demands made upon our time, that we are sometimes compelled to go without our regular meals, and our usual sleep. —Almost every thing seems to be tending towards a terrible conflict between Christ and Antichrist.
Thirteen schools had been established, which contained about six hundred children, of whom more than one hundred were GIRLs.
Increasing Efficiency and Importance of the JMalta Press.
The printing establishment at Malta, is continually rising in importance and interest. Two presses are in operation. A printer, Mr. Hallock, has been sent from this coun
try, and has entered upon his work with be
coming zeal. Mr. Temple is able to superintend the press in Italian and Modern Greek. A fount of Arabic types, is about to be procured, and Mr. Smith has gone to Egypt and Syria, for a season, to prepare himself to take charge of the Arabic press; and lately, as was stated at the close of the biographical notices of Asaad Shidiak, Phares Shidiak, a young man of good promise, has been sent to Malta, to secure his liberty and life against the hostile attempts of his persecuting countrymen; and will be able to render valuable assistance in the Arabic department.—The following extract from Mr. Goodell's correspondence, awakens the expectation that Providence will very soon prepare the way for the erection of an Armenian press, also, at Malta.
It is now pretty certain, that there is a firman against the two Armenians with me, [Dionysius and Wortabet;] but Mr. Abbot, the consul, is very positive that they are quite safe in my house. We all think it best, however, to send Wortabet to Malta, should a favorable opportunity occur. He will there be out of danger; he can learn English to better advantage, than here; and when the Armenian press arrives, his services will be wanted to correct the proof sheets. We have great hopes of his future usefulness.
Of Phares Shidiak, mentioned above, Mr. Goodell wrote as follows, in November.
Phares, the youngest brother of Asaad Shidiak, appears exceedingly well, ready to suffer the loss of all things for Christ. O it is good to see the spirit of the martyrs reviving here!
ižombap. JOINT COMMUNICATION.
THE letter, from which the following notices are derived, is dated August 24, 1826, and is addressed to the Corresponding Secretary. It brings down the history of the mission about five months later, than the documents heretofore published. The health of Mr. Graves, for several months, had not been good, though generally he had been able to conduct the public worship of the chapel, and to perform other customary and important duties. The preaching of the Gospel is attended to in various forms, occasionally in English, and often in Mahratta. One of the weekly meetings
or is at the house of a native, who, for some * time, has appeared desirous of Christian in** struction, and has even requested baptism, o, upon a profession of his faith in Christ. The it missionaries, however, are not fully satisfied or as to the purity of his motives, and wait for of a more full developement of character. The is practice of addressing persons by the wayso side, at the school-rooms, and at their own g doors, is still followed. * It has been stated in this work, that the first edition of the entire New Testament, in * Mahratta, was completed just before the death of Mr. Hall. A new edition is now deor manded. Pecuniary assistance in the reprint, on is expected from the British and Foreign Bible to Society, and its Auxiliary in Bombay. A second edition of the Gospel of Luke is in the * press; and Mr. Graves designs to employ such or leisure time as he can obtain, in the revision * of the residue. o Since the year commenced, somewhat more ... than 450,000 octavo pages, in Mahratta, have been issued from the press, on account of the mission; and about 150,000 pages 12mo., to for societies and individuals sustaining no * connexion with the mission. A few English : works have been also printed. o The missionaries say, that the demand, o among the natives, for printed books, is rapidly increasing, and that those of a religious , character are readily received by great numbers. The boarding-school for the instruction of * country-born and half-cast children in English, o was relinquished in May, in consequence of * the diminished strength of the mission. The "alite free-schools continued to afford encouragement. Their number for boys, when the 2 letter was written, was 24, of which eight were in the town of Bombay. Applications for new ones continued to be frequent, but an onlargement of the number was not deemed *Pedient until the mission should be reinsorced.
!. Female Education.
The mission has lately entered a new dePortment of labor, from which much good *y be anticipated. This department is the *ation of native females, a thing, until within title few years, unknown in India. On this *ject they speak in the following manner.
* gives us much pleasure to state, t ** a good degree of success has atolded the efforts of the females of the ... "ssion, in getting schools for native
females into operation. The first was established in February, and nine have since been added to the number, one of which is taught by a Hindoo female. These are managed entirely by the females of our mission. The expense of female schools is much greater than those for boys; for, while we pay double the sum for instruction, we have thought it necessary to encourage the attendance and progress of the pupils by a liberal system of rewards. To this is to be added the expense of conveyances for those who visit them. In order to meet this expense we have (at the suggestion of friends here, who appear to feel a deep interest in the subject.) printed and circulated a short account of the schools, with a solicitation for assistance. A copy of the paper is forwarded with this. The sum of 707 rupees has been given towards this object, most of which was sent in before our application for assistance was made. We hope female schools will, from this time, continue to be an article in our detail of exertions, and that the time will soon arrive, when the degraded females of India will rise to that elevation in society, for which they are destined, and which those of Christian countries now occupy.
The number of females in these schools, was about 200. Among these, there are several daughters of Brahmins, and many others of high caste. The pupils are taught reading, writing, and arithmetic; and commit to memory the ten commandments, and hymns, together with a catechism prepared for the purpose. About 80 of these females have learned to write, though a very few only have yet become able to compose. The instruction is, of course, in the Mahratta language.
Plea for Assistance.
Our eyes, dear sir, are directed to those in our native land, who call themselves the friends of Zion. Do these friends consider themselves under obligations to send the Gospel to every creature? Do they feel compassion for perishing souls? Do they believe the preaching of the Gospel necessary to bring sinners to the knowledge of him, without whom they must be forever miserable? If so, why is it that they suffer us so long, to plead almost in vain for help? Why is it, that but one messenger, with the glad tidings of salvation, has been sent, for eight years, from the shores of America, to these 12,000,000 of souls? Is it because they
are ignorant of the state of this people? Surely enough has been written to convince every rational mind, that no part of the world stands more in need of the Gospel, than this. Is it because so little success has attended the exertions that have been made? Let past failures, if they are supposed to have occurred, stimulate to still more indefatigable exertions. If the fault is in those who have been sent forth, let others come, who will labor, and who will pray, as they ought. Is it because this is considered an unhealthy climate? Our Saviour made no exceptions—why should we’ His command is, that the Gospel should be preached in all the world. Notwithstanding all the disappointments we have met with, we feel encouraged to persevere; and while we have breath, our desire is to use it in endeavoring to impart a knowledge of the way of salvation to the inhabitants of this country, and in exciting others to a serious consideration of their duty to the heathen We do not forget the wants of other parts of the heathen world. We know that too little is done for every portion of the human race. But when we see the representatives of the American churches on this side of India reduced from five to one preacher of the Gospel, and now number but six laborers in our mission, four of whom are females, we feel constrained to call earnestly, and loudly, on the American churches to fill up our broken ranks, as speedily as possible. A duplicate of your letter of January 31st, (written at Charleston, S. C.) reached us by way of Mocha, on the 31st ult. We were rejoiced to learn from it, that there was a prospect of two missionaries being shortly sent to our assistance. We hope they have, ere this, commenced their voyage, and that he who “rules the raging of the sea,” and “gathereth the winds in his fists,” will cause them to be brought safely to us, and that he will endue them richly with the spirit requisite to make them faithful and successful laborers. When we consider that this measure was determined on, when it was not known to the Committee, that Mr. Frost rested from his labors, and previous to the death of Mr. Hall, we cannot but hope that two, at least, in addition to those referred to in your letter, will immediately be designated to strengthen this mission. Our case is, indeed, urgent. It cannot be expected, that the seed sown by our brethren who are removed, will be productive of much fruit, unless the cultivation of the field be persevered in. Ve earnestly hope our patrons and
friends will keep this subject constantly in view, and not relax, but greatly increase, their exertions to enlighten this dark land.
It gives us much pleasure to inform you of the arrival of two new missionaries, Messrs. Steward and Mitchell, with their wives, under the patronage of the Church Missionary Society: They reached this place in July, and will probably remain here, or in this vicinity. We rejoice in this accession to missionary strength on this side of India, and hope to É. in them a spirit and object in unity with our own. Whoever preaches “Christ crucified,” as the only hope for the perishing sinner, we can welcome as a brother, and bid him God speed.
Favor of Government.
We should be guilty of ingratitude, were we to conclude our letter without recording a late manifestation of the friendly and liberal spirit, with which our mission is regarded by the local authorities. In February last, we made application to government for five vacant building spots in the native town of Bombay, for the purpose of erecting buildings for our native free schools. In June we received an answer, stating that four of these were granted rent free, with this reserve only, that, if required for public purposes, they were to revert back to government, upon the sum being paid to us, at which the buildings on them might be valued by a committee appointed for this purpose. The reason of the fifth not being granted was, that it was situated in a part of the town, where a new road is to be made, and until that road be laid out, no land in its vicinity could be made over by government. e are intending to erect buildings for the accommodation of some of our schools on these spots, as soon as the rainy season closes.
Together with your letter, we received one from Mr. Hill, of March 7th, and a duplicate of one from Mr. Anderson, of Feb. 1st; also a number of volumes and pamphlets, all of which were very acceptable and grateful. The Columbian printing press, commissioned from England in 1825, arrived a few weeks since. This we consider a great addition to our printing establishment. With Christian salutations to those who direct the concerns of the Board, and to all the friends of the Redeemer,
and requesting an unceasing remem-
The latest published communications, of a special nature, respecting the mission at Tauai, may be found at pp. 122 and 382 of vol. xxi.; the former describing the civil commotions, which happened in the early part of 1824; the latter exhibiting the island, in the summer of 1825, as under a pious and judicious government, and the mission as in successful operation. Kaikioeva” was then governor: as he was during the period embraced by the following journal. He had built a church 30 feet by 90, and had declared his intention of establishing schools in every part of the island. The commencement of the journal will show, that the church had not been erected in vain; and the progress of the journal,— which relates chiefly to a tour performed by Mr. Whitney and the governor around the island-will evince, that the enterprising and
wealous ruler, with the aid of the missionaries, had succeeded in giving to his subjects
generally, the means of elementary instruction.—The reader will remark, with pleasure and surprise, the amiable vivacity and energy of this aged chieftain, who has so recently
emerged from an idolatrous barbarism.
Attendance on Preaching.
Aftril 2, 1826. Every Sabbath brings evidence of increasing attention to the word of God. Our large church was $0 completely filled, that it was not without difficulty I could force a pas§ge through the crowd to the pulpit. Hundreds were obliged to remain without, and many, I fear, returned as igorant of my message, as they were when they came. The attentive look, the falling tear, and deep solemnity, Wought much upon my sensibility.
ith an awful view of myself and people, as in the presence of the Judge and Saviour of the world, I was permitted *Speak with unusual freedom.
"This man has frequently been mentioned as £uardian to Kauikeouli, the young prince,—Ed.
3. After Monthly Concert, I attended a weekly conference, held for the purpose of questioning the people as to their recollections of the sermons preached on the preceding Wednesday and on the Sabbath. It was not a little gratifying, to hear some of them repeat not only the text, but the divisions, and a considerable part of the body, of the discourse. With pleasure I review these weekly conferences with my people, as affording some of the happiest moments of my life.
5. A young man called this evening, to tell me (as he said) his thoughts. He said, -“I am a sinner, and am in great fear. I. have been wicked. I see it now. You told me to forsake my sins, and love God; but I did not care then; now I feel.” I gave him the necessary directions, and he retired with the resolution to serve God in his youth. I trust he is not far from the kingdom of heaven. Inquiries on the subject of religion are made daily, and almost hourly; but alas! too few of the inquirers, exhibit, genuine repentance.
6. Rode out this morning for the benefit of my health, which, I sometimes think, is beginning to suffer. Passing a little cluster of houses, I saw a number of natives collected, and among them a venerable looking old woman, whom they called grandmother. I left my horse, and went to her, but soon perceived she was blind. “It is the white man,” said, a by-stander, “give him your hand.” I seated myself by her side, and said, “You are very old.” “Yes,” she replied, “I am old, and worn out. My children are dead, and many of my grandchildren. My great grandchildren are numerous, and some of them are with me I have lived to see five kings of this island; they are all gone: I am left. When I was young, people were much more numerous than they are now; but they have died ignorant, and lam like them.” I inquired how she had escaped during the late war. “My friends,” she replied, “led me to the mountains, and left me in a bush, where I lived five days without food. Then they led me home, and still keep me, a poor, blind old creature.” then gave her religious instruction, which seemed, however, to have but little effect upon her: but some of the young people followed me a considerable distance with their inquiries.
.Address of the Governor.
12. An unusual number attended the lecture to-day, many more than could get into the house. The governor sent word to me, that he wished to address
them, which he did in a manner tender and pathetic. The old man (probably not far from seventy.) rose, leaning on his staff, and said, “Brethren, friends, chiefs, and people, listen. I have a thought for you. I am about to go round the island, with our teacher, to instruct our ignorant friends in the word of God. Some of you will go with me; others will stay here; but whether you stay, or go, be strong in the good word. It is indeed good. I am glad that I have heard it. Let all of us attend to it with our hearts. You must encourage me, and I will encourage you. Pray for me, and I will pray for you; and when we meet again in this house, we will bless God for his goodness. Be strong.” This venerable chief seems to have no higher ambition, than to be useful; and we feel it to be a great blessing to have his influence on our side.
Tour around the Island.
It is not easy to divide the journal kept during this tour, so as to indicate the subjects of principal interest. Such as are fond of observing life and manners, as they appear among a people who are just beginning to feel the elevating and expanding influence of Christianity, will find here a variety of incidents well deserving their 'attention.
19. Left my family at an early hour to accompany the chief and suit in the tour op the island. As he had left Waimea some days ago, I passed several villages without stopping, and found him at Toloa, about 15 miles from Waimea. The people of this place were collected in front of the house, where the old chief lodged, in order to hear his instructions. With much propriety he addressed them from the words, “Je. hovah is the true God; he is the living God, the everlasting King. This God is our God forever and ever.” After he had spoken about forty minutes, exposing the foolish superstitions of past years, and recommending the religion of Jehovah, he put, these questions to them;—“Do you think with me? Will }. forsake your old ways? Will you eep the Lord's day? ill you not steal? Will you not commit adultery? Will you not kill?” To all of these inQuiries appropriate answers were given every one present. He then said,— “This is right. Return to your houses, and eat, and in the cool of the day come again, and hear what our teacher has to say.” He then prayed, affection
ately commending the people who were present, and all the chiefs and people of this and the other islands, together with their teachers, to God. After a long ceremony of shaking hands with men, women, and children, they retired. In the evening I found delightful employment in preaching from the words, “The Son of man came to seek and to save that which was lost.”
The next morning the company proceeded, and is thus described by Mr. Whitney.
Our company consisted of more than a hundred persons of all ranks. The wife of the chief, with her train of female attendants, went before. The governor, seated on a large white mule, with a Spaniard to lead him, and myself by his side, followed next. A large company of aifi.uflu, or cooks, attendants, &c. came on in the rear.—The road being .#". and the chief having never mounted a horse before he set out on this tour, he was obliged to dismount several times, for fear of being thrown. We passed over a mound of sand, white with human bones. I asked whether they were slain in battle; and was informed that this was the place for burying the dead, and that the wind had blown the sand away from the bones. “But why,” said I, “is this ground chosen?” “Because it is soft, and the people are lazy,” was the reply. We arrived at Mahaulipu, about 10 o'clock. The people had assembled, and were waiting for us, and the chief addressed them in much the same manner as yesterday. In the afternoon they met again to hear me, but I was too ill to preach, or even to sit up; and the chief addressed them again, and prayed with them. 21. Went in a canoe to Tipu, where I preached. As the road from Tipu to Huleia passes over a rugged cliff, we proceeded to that place also, in the Canoe. Towards evening the people collected in multitudes to hear us. The chief occupying much time in his exhortations, I did not preach, but requested the people to come in the morning. In the evening, the governor’s wife said, to me, privately, "What do you think of the chief’s talk?” I replied. that it was very good. “But don’t he say too much about Kauikeouli, (the king,) and not enough about Jesus?” “I wish,” continued she, “that he should say more about Jesus on the cross.” 22. Soon after sunrise, I addressed a large company from the words, “Look