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unto me, all ye ends of the earth.” . eye was fixed, and almost every mouth was open, as if to catch the word as it fell from my lips. It is an unspeakable pleasure to preach to such a congregation. After service, I could hardly § away from them, every one seeming etermined to shake hands with the stranger. Rode past two little villages, whose inhabitants had not returned from the meeting mentioned above. About noon, arrived at Hanamaulu. Sun very oppressive. Was introduced to a man, who was formerly employed by the chiefs to procure human victims for their sacrifices. The manner of his catching them was, to leap upon them in an unguarded moment, and break their bones, in which art he was so expert, as to leave but few to escape. Another old man sitting by said to me he had been debelo, that is, the devil, meaning, that he had been engaged in the devil’s service. He had been a sorcerer and a dancing-master “But,” said I, “have you done with debelo now?” “No, not entirely; here is some of it;” pointing me to a finger nail, which he had never Cut, and which was at least an inch and a half long, a relic of superstition. I said to him, “You are now old and gray headed; you had better leave the devil's service; and engage with a new master.” The old man hung down his head, and said, “Yes, I have begun to pray, and perhaps I shall be good by and by.” 23, Sabbath. Very rainy; but the people came in from the neighboring villages, to attend service. Our house, a large one, was quite full. In the evening I said to the governor's wife, “I am quite tired of your smoking.” She pleasantly asked, “Is it forbidden in the Scriptures?” I told her it was not, but that all of them made it a sin by using it to excess. With a good-natured laugh, she said, “Here is my pipe; I will smoke no more.” Her example was soon followed by several §thers, together with the governor himself. | Had a very pleasant hour with the governor, conversing on the subject §entioned on the 21st, [speaking of the King, more frequently than of Jesus hist.] With the simplicity of a Shild, and the earnestness of a scholar, he is ready to listen to every word of instruction. 24. The next village in our course Was Wairua. Here we were not a little disappointed at seeing so few People. The schoolmaster, a worthy *ative, says he meets with much oppoVOL. XXIII.
sition, owing to the influence of the head-man of the place. 25. The schoolmaster followed me some distance, inquiring with tears, after the best means of securing the friendship of the people, and doing them good. He appeared to feel his own deficiency, and to rely on the only adequate source of strength. The governor and company had passed on to the next village, where they were met by all the inhabitants, with their calabashes of poe, baked hogs, fish, potatoes, &c. in abundance. We stopped a short time to examine the school, and requested the people to follow us to the next village, to which they very readily consented. Here the governor talked a long time, in a hot sun. In the cool of the day, they again assembled, and I preached to them. The multitude were very attentive; but all at once their attention was diverted by my cook, who jumped up from one end of the crowd, and began to cut up his wood for the tea-kettle. I gave him a reproving look, when he immediately threw down, his axe, and all were silent. On reprimanding him afterwards he said, “I am ashamed, but I thought it was night, and that you were hungry: I did not mean to disturb the company.” In the evening, several called, who appeared truly desirous to come to the Saviour. I shall never forget the trembling anxiety, with which some of them said, “We have dark hearts; tell us what we must do.” 26. Many of the people collected to give us their parting aroha. The head man, his wife, and several of the peole accompanied us to the next village, Ania. As the sun was F.' behind the western hills, the horn blew for worship. Never did I enjoy a more precious season, while dispensing the word of life. Never did a starving man appear more anxious to gratify his appetite, than did my audience to understand what they heard. In the evening our house was thronged with, the multitude, inquiring, “What do these things mean?” At length I said to them, “You must go, it is time to rest.” They went, but many stopped without the house, and at intervals, through the night, I heard them conversing on what they had heard. At this place, a native youth, edu: cated in my family, by the name of Eli Smith, has a fine school of upwards of sixty scholars. He exerts a good influence in the village. 27. Entered the district of Kalau, and put up for the ‘. at Anahola, | Here the people had collected from all 24
quarters. I pitied them, while sitting
terday. Our road lay over some of the
richest.part of Tauai, but the people are poor in the extreme. A circumstance occurred, which had nearly deprived us of our governor. As we were riding along in the foot path, we passed under some large trees, one of whose branches required us to stoop a little as we went under. At the moment of passing, the chief's mule turned off to the left, where the limb was still lower, and brought him upon his back, but the faithful Spaniard caught him, and prevented his coming to the ground. Preached in two villages, and after passing several o ravines, arrived, much fatigued, at Hanana.
30. Sabbath. At an early hour, the horn blew for worship, and the people were seen flocking in all directions to listen to the word of life; although the chief of this place has ever shewn much dissatisfaction with the new state of things. I preached from the text, “Unto you is the word of this salvation sent.”
(To be continued.)
jForeight 3:1ttellige tute,
In the last number of this work, p. 155, some account was given of the character and influence of the Seminary at Palamcottah for the education of native youths. Some additional extracts will be inserted here from the same journal, showing the progress of Christianity in that town, and the district around it. The success of missionary efforts in this part of India has been great. In 1823 the attention to religious instruction increased; and in August of that year, eight persons, who had for several years been impressed with the truth of the Gospel, had forsaken idolatry, been instructed in Christianity, and suffered many cruelties from their heathen neighbors, were baptized. In October of the same year, people came from a village afterwards called Arooloor, begging to be instructed in Christianity, as they found no satisfaction in heathenism. A brahmin, who owned the village, gave them ground on which to build a chapel, and Christian instruction was furnished. In December, David, a Chris. tian native, went to Satangkoolam to preach and read Tracts, and 21 families decided to embrace Christianity. Great persecution was *uffered, but many families continued to re.
nounce idolatry, and to desire to hear the word of God, and become Christians, whatever might befal them. Earnest requests for Christian instruction continued to be sent to the missionaries from neighboring villages, until they, unable to attend to the instruction of so many themselves, were obliged to select some of the most pious young men in their Seminary to go and teach the word of God. These went forth, and found a ready reception, and great willingness to hear and learn among all. They also visited the most famous places of idolatry during the heathen feasts, discoursing, and reading, and distributing Tracts and Gospels to vast crowds, many of whom expressed themselves much pleased at the new light which they received by these instructions.
In about three months from the time when our young men were sent out thus, the missionaries say, -the villages in which new congregations had arisen, were no less than onely; and they have now (in September 1823,) increased to one hundred and twenty-five; in these villages more than a thousand families are under Christian instruction.
The following causes may have operated, under the blessing of God, to bring about this change in the minds of the people
1. The preaching of the Gospel by ourselves and our mative assistants. 2. #. istribution of Tracts. 3. The intercourse of the heathen with our new congregations, and with the native Christians of the Tanjore mission; who were formerly 10,000, though reduced, from various causes, in the last fifteen years, to less
than half that number. 4. The attention paid to the grievances of the Christians. 5. The iiberation of the people from various burdensome labors which they had to perform at the idolatrous festivals.
Under the sufferings of which I have spoken, our people were, from the beginning, exhorted to exercise patience and sorbearance toward their enemies, as it becomes professors of Christianity; and I must say that they have endured much. Though, in cases where application for redress seemed necessary to the maintenance of public peace and justice, they received relief; yet, in the meanwhile, they endured beatings, spoliation, and wanton imprisonments, with a steadfastness which I cannot but ascribe to a reality in their Christian profession.
The Readiness of the Natives to renounce Idolatry.
The following extracts, taken from the journals of Messrs. Rhenius and Schmid, show how the light of the Gospel diffused among the natives has operated to destroy all reliance on their idolatrous rites, and to create in them a disgust for their foolish superstitions. They see that all the ceremonies and doctrines of paganism are unmeaning and without effect; and they often say to the missionaries, that they “are tired of having no religion,”—that they “are ignorant;—they have been so long like beasts; but they now wish to be instructed in the knowledge of the living God.”
Two men came from Pooliyoorkooritchy, near Nanganchery, requesting, in the name of 26 families, to be received into the Christian church. On inquiry, they said, that they had trusted in idols and devils, and lived in lies and deceit; but that they had seen no advantage from it: they were, after all, miserable; - and therefore, wished to know and serve God. They had first become acquainted with these things some months ago, when they heard our young men read Tracts in the street along our compound; and they afterward had conversation with our people in their neighborhood on the subject. After all the searching which I have made into their views and designs, I cannot, but say, at present, that they are sincere: their answers to my inquiries were very pleasing. One of the men had still his amulet on his arm: during our conversation I adverted to it, asking him whether he still placed confidence in such things. He assured me that all such confidence had vanished from his mind, and that he wished only to trust in the living God. His companion instantly broke the string, and the man himself delivered the whole into my hands. This amulet had been ten years upon his arm. Thus the Redeemer's kingdom is enlarging, from day to day; the word of the Lord is spreading; and the Tracts are being read all over the country. Some of the people of Kovindapaty, a shamar village near the mountains, brought me to their former temple of Peroomal, which
they have converted into a place of Christian worship. The stony idol was cast out, and lying outside, to be worshipped no more. What a sight!—an idol, which several generations have worshipped as God, now cast out as a thing for nought!, “We have so long,” said they, “worshipped this stone, from ignorance; but we see now that it was vanity and sin.” I asked whether they were not afraid, when they tore it out of the ground. “No,” said they “why should we be afraid? If it were God, it would have reproved us when we cast it out; but it is only a stone taken from yonder mountains: No, we wish to learn the way of the living God, and to serve Him,” My palanquin boys were astonished at the sight; and I trust have received fresh excitement to forsake their idols at Palamcottah too. I blessed God for the fulfilment of his promises. In the evening, the little place was filled with men and women, both from this village and from two neighboring hamlets: I preached to them till late. There are a few other smaller temples here, which they intend to break down to-morrow. The head shanar here has been long the principal servant of the devil in this place, but is now the foremost in destroying his works. The temple, in which 1 now sit, is comparatively small, and with a Palmyra-leaf roof: but the Lord of heaven and earth manifests his presence to us here.
On the next day Mr. Rhenius writes,
Breakfast being finished, the head-man requested me to witness the destruction of another temple of his so we went into the village. Outside of his compound there was a small Ammen temple, which was already in ruins; but there were still the baskets, with the rings, the corals, the cap, &c. which the devotees of Ammen used to wear at their idolatrous feasts. All these things they collected together, broke the rings with their feet, and then put the whole into a fire kindled for the purpose. We then went into the head-man's compound, where he had a small temple of Dharma Rajah, built by his forefathers. Having declared that he was perfectly convinced of the folly and wickedness of idolatrous . he laid first his hands upon the roof, and pulled off a piece, and then the rest destroyed it altogether. There are still a few more temples here and in the forementioned villages; but, on these, the inhabitants, who still remain heathens, have a claim; those temples they did not touch; and I advised them to let them alone, until they all should turn unto the living God.
The people having thus destroyed, of their own accord, these abominations, we assembled together, to give thanks unto the Lord, and to devote ourselves unto Him. On this occasion, I informed them more particularly, of the manner in which sin and all trouble came into the world, and in which the Lord has saved us from sin. The dedication of our souls and bodies to the living God, in Christ Jesus, was solemn. They afterward signed a paper, declaring the reality of their intention to serve Him. They were glad at all they did; and at the prospect of being now more fully instructed in the things pertaining to God and Christ Jesus. There are, in all these three villages,
at present, twenty-one families, which have is swer seemed to satisfy him. One came, in
thus dedicated themselves to God. What has he wrought in this wilderwess!, Blessed be , his name for the fulfilment of his promises' These things were marvellous to my eyes. t
The head-man in Amandavanakoody, who is, I trust, an humble and true believer, related, among other things, that several of the congregation had hid their idolatrous pictures, &c. “Now,” said he, “when I found that out, and saw from it, they were half for our Saviour, and half for idols, I strongly reproved them, and took their idolatrous pieces, and tore and burned them in their presence, telling them that the Lord will not bless then if they are half-minded. I told them further, saying, “When I come to you in your, dis; tresses and pray for you, how can the Lord hear me, if you secretly keep such wicked things? He will not hear me, and I shall be dis; couraged thereby.’” This simple relation, of his was affecting. He declared also, that those who willingly put away such things have been relieved from their distresses.
As soon as I arrived at Poodoopatcherry, the inhabitants brought me the head of a female deity, made of earth; which they had || destroyed as soon as they had heard that I was coming. They had destroyed, four or five other idols, the ruins of which I saw when I went to inspect the ground where they propose to build a chureh. Two brothers, and a hear relation to them, owners of much ground, and who had been hitherto zealous idolaters, have renounced idolatry, and offer freely, as much ground as is necessary for building a church, and for forming a village of Christians. Twenty-one families of Poodoopatoherry and the surrounding villages have already given their hand-writing, and will settle in the new village as soon as possible. About fifty more intend to come over also, but they have not yet given their hand-writing to that effect.
Their Desire for Instruction in Christianity.
After the contempt for idolatry, expressed in the preceding paragraphs, and the uneasiness manifested at being without any religion, we are prepared to see the natives eager to obtain Christian teachers, and tracts, and books.
In the evening, the applications for Tracts increased considerably, and some of the peo: pie troubled me much for large books, where a full account of Christianity is given. A heathen said that he lived in a place where there were, many Roman Catholics, and he wished to be put in the way of refuting their errors. A Brahmin, after having received, on his urgent request, a part of the New Testament, asked me, whether these books were not, in some way or other, injurious to him as a brahmin. I replied, that, as it is the particular business and calling of the brahminical tribe to be the teachers of the nation, they ought the more carefully to search after truth, and to study
all those books from which they may hope to derive an increase of knowledge: which an
company with a small troop, evidently with the purpose of raising objections; but, after having been silenced, he listened attentively to my admonition to seek the truth, which can
only be found in Jesus.
Arrived, next day, at Moodoopetta, a large village, inhabited by many Mahommedans. A boy shewed us a choultry, at some distance from the place; which was rather a disappointment to me, as I feared that I should have little to do. I tried, therefore, an expedient, which was contrary to my general principle; viz. I gave a number of Tracts to the boy who had shewn us the way, requesting him to shew them to the people in the village; and to inform, that I would give more Tracts to those who would come out and fetch them. During breakfast, I saw a multitude of natives gathering at a pretty good distance from us. I afterward went to them, but they retired as I approached, and it was with difficulty that I made them stand. In order to gain their coafidence, I began a conversation with them. Soon after, some came and begged for books.
After this, I had scarcely a moment's rest the
whole day, so great a desire for Tracts had been excited in them. I took care to explain to them the contents of the Tracts, which gave me the best opportunity to acquaint them fully with the plan of salvation. The nearer my time of leaving the place approached, the more urgent became the desire of the crowd after whole sets of Tracts; and especially large books, explaining fully the nature of Christianity. The schoolmaster of the place, a very friendly and well-looking brahmin, pleaded his station. The native officer in the Cutcherry said he wished to read these books to the people in the Cutcherry, and therefore requested a large book. Several Mahommedans and others said that they were from different villages, and should never have an opportunity to obtain such books, unless I gave them now. The avidity with which the police officer and others seized the parts of the Gospel which I gave them, evinced the earnestness of their desire. If I had not had some proofs to the contrary, I should have surmised that the palanquin-bearers had persuaded the people to request me thus to give them large books, that my palanquin might become soon lighter. I became quite fatigued; and was glad when we got into the palanquin, in order to continue our journey. I was afraid all my Tracts would go. Our way led us again through the village; and I was quite amazed at the multitude of people who crowded round my palanquin, crying out for Tracts.
Mr. Rhenius writes on one occasion,-
To-day was a day of of sowing much spiritual seed, along the road passing by our compound. A great number of people returning this morning from a feast in the fort, our young missionaries were early engaged with them, near the gates and under the trees. During the forenoon, I also took a station under a tree; and there might be seen three or four congregations in the line of the road, at the same time hearing the good tidings of salvation: it reminded me of the long chapel at Otaheite. The desire of the people after Tracts was very great; and a large number have been distributed: some even were paid for; a trifle indeed—still something. The brahmins, in particular, were eager for Tracts. Oh may the Holy Spirit follow this preaching and those books to their homes! §. account of this blessed work, but few seminarists remain at liberty; and consequently there were no regular lessons this forenoon. The people generally admit that their idolatry is vain, and that they ought to know the true God.
Again the same missionary writes,
Four head-men came from Padookkoopetty, requesting me to go to their place; as they with a number of other families, wished to be saved from sin, and learn the way of Christianity. I had an interesting conversation with them; from which it appeared that they had come to this resolution in consequence of the com. munications which they had had with our people at Satangkoolam. They said—“The idols which we have hitherto worshipped, cannot do us any good; therefore we have left them, and wish to know and serve the living and true God.” They seem to have no other object in view, but to be saved. I accordingly proceeded to their village toward the evening; and found it to be a large place, containing about 1000 houses: after sunset, people of various castes came together, probably from curiosity, whom I addressed: it was a large assembly. One aged man was particularly Fo with what he heard, saying that he had already heard of these things at Palamcottah, in our schools, and, as a by-stander, at our chapel there on Sundays: he expressed a great desire to be saved, to know true wisdom, and to be baptized immediately. Afterward, the candidates for baptism assembled, whom I instructed in the way of salvation, concluding with prayer; a large number of other people sat around, who also received Tracts. The rising congregation here amounts to 30 souls, including wives, and children. Are not the fields, ripe for the harvest? Do they not flock as doves to their windows? Do they not come and say, Come! and let us learn the way of Jehovah?
Fo early next day to Secadivally. I had the pleasure to find a school and prayer-house already built by the people themselves; all indeed simple, but sufficiently commodious. Besides the 10 families of our congregation, there came about 10 native Christian men from Taravey, a neighboring village, attached to the Tanjore mission; and some Mooremans from another village. I preached on John iii. 16: some of our people immediately asked for baptism, but I thought it advisable still to delay it. In the afternoon, I had them again all together, with - their wives; and instructed them on baptism and prayer: they begged hard for a permanent teacher: the Lord grant them, the spirit of prayer! . . I saw the place where formerly their idol stood: it is now a foot-path; and nothing of it remains. Toward the evening, I proceeded to Pandarapooram; here I had, likewise, the pleasure of finding a building erected for the assembling of the congrega. tion, which has now increased to 17 families: nearly the whole village came together to
hear the word of God, and I had a very pleasant evening with them: I preached on Gal. v. 22: about 20 women were present. I must again exclaim, Lo! the wilderness rejoices! and, indeed, we sang the praises of the Most High.
The following paragraphs show, that this desire for instruction in Christianity is not merely a fondness for novelty; but that the truths of the Gospel are really understood, and the power of them felt so far as to produce in the natives, in many instances, much thoughtfulness, accompanied by a forsaking of their sinful practices, and great steadfastness under persecution. The Spirit of God makes them not forgetful hearers, but doers of the word.
Several young men came, and inquired, in reference to the sermon, “How may we know that we are dead with Christ, and alive with him?” because Asirvadam, who has much to do with works, and cannot yet rejoice in believing, has puzzled them about the subject. It was a profitable conversation; and the inquirers, it seems, got fresh evidence of true faith unto salvation. Afterward came Kistnen, a heathen boy, whom we received about six months ago into the seminary (he is a son of the head palanuin-bearer in Palamcottah,) and who was or a long time much addicted to lying and stealing, but got better of it two or three months ago; he said, “Sir, you exhorted us, the other evening, to examine ourselves, whether Christ Jesus could rejoice over us or not (according to Is. lxi. 3.) Now when I examined myself that evening, I found that the Lord Jesus could not rejoice over me, because I do not do agreeably to his word; I am still sinning, and do not hearken to the advice of my teacher. I was very much troubled on that account, and was weeping the greater part of the night. I have since also read, that, at the great judgment-day, the Lord Jesus will send those who have been like goats into heli: this likewise has made me afraid. Oh, tell me what I shall do to be saved!” This he said with tears in his eyes. This instance of awakening was as unexpected as it was joyful to me. I directed him to the fountain of purification. Praised be the Lord for this new evidence of the power of his word! He also told me, that when he visits his relations on Sundays, they trouble him to worship their idols, which he is afraid to do. David heard our conversation; and said, after Kistnen was gone, “Well, this cannot be but from God!”
Again Mr. Rhenius writes,
At Satangkoolam, I found the preparations for the church, going on: it is to be 63 feet by 21; it is indeed building in troublous times. The congregation met in the forenoon: as it was market-day, not all could come. One of the members, who has an irritable temper, had been guilty in giving way to it on a cer