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‘iod, that he was not as other men.” Several individuals appear now to be convinced, that they are in a state of condemnation; and when asked the question, frankly confess, “I have not been born again; I am dead in trespasses and sins; I am in the broad road that leadeth to destruction.” On such minds, divine truth, of course, falls with additional power. Of this class are three of our schoolmasters. A few no longer frequent the churches, nor confess to the priests, nor observe the fasts, nor pray, to the saints, | nor bow down before their images, nor regard the festivals in honor of them. Of this class, is an Arab youth of the Greek Church, who has been with me near two years. It is now more than six months, that he has professed to renounce all dependance for salvation upon the intercessions of the saints, the numerous fasts, the oft repeated prayers, and prescribed nostrums of his church, and to believe, that the blood of Christ alone can cleanse him from guilt. On the recent death of his mother, he refused to pay any thing to the priests to secure their prayers for her benefit. His father and brother and friends, first entreated, and then reviled him, and the priests threatened him; but he still persisted, saying, “I had better buy bread and give to the poor, for this will be a real charity; whereas, praying forever for my mother, will not alter her condition.” The priests said, that perhaps he would soon die, and no body would pray for him. He replied, “I wish no one to pray for me after I am dead; it will be of no ayail. Now while I am in life, I must love God, and read his word, and believe on Christ, and that is sufficient.” “What! have you turned English?” they exclaimed. “It makes no differcnce what I am,” said he, “if I am right.” Of this class, also, is another Arab youth of the same Church, about thirteen years of age, whom we have instructed in Italian and English, and caused to be instructed in the grammar of his own language, and in ancient and modern Greek. His name is Asaad Jacob ; for more than three months he has been in my family, and is now of use to me in copying English and ItalYan, and writing Arabic and Greek. He was thoroughly superstitious, and really believed, as he recently told me,’ that the priests were able to pardon whatever sins he might be guilty of; and that, on this presumption, he might deliberately commit, before hand, any sin, which it might be for his interest or pleasure to commit. Many have
been the conversations we have had with him, during eighteen months past, many the opportunities we have embraced of reading the Scriptures with him, and many and various the arguments we have set before him from the Bible; but not till after a long time, did there appear to be a surrender of his former erroneous opinions, or the least abatement of his confidence in the councils and fathers, and in the dogmas of the church. But in regard to all these things he is now entirely changed, and in consequence, has brought down upon nimself the displeasure of his parents and friends, and the indignation of the priesthood. “Ah!” said one of his brothers, after urging him in vain to attend upon some of their foolish ceremonies, “you have become what I always said you would, if you had so much intercourse with these men, viz. a heretic.” One of the priests, after railing at him a considerable time in the church, broke out into exclamations like these; “Alas! unhappy youth! lost! lost! lost gone beyond §. undone forever!”—He paused.— “But is there no help? Can nothing be done to arrest divine vengeance, and to save this youth from everlasting fire?” After a second pause, he turned to Asaad, and said, with softened tones, “But perhaps there o yet be hope. If you will purchase a few candles to burn before the blessed Virgin, I will undertake your cause, and will save your soul from eternal death.” This took place before he had broken off from all connexion with his church, and tended greatly to hasten his entire separation from it. After such a change in his views, he thought himself, (as it would be very natural for him to think,) renewed in heart; but having become more acquainted with the nature of this change, he is now without hope, and is the individual, who united with Signor Wortabet in that interesting request above mentioned, that I would pray the Father to send them the Holy Spirit. Of the younger brother of Asaad Shediak, we know but little at present, except that he refuses to go to confession, desires us to remember him in our prayers, and is called by the Patriarch a heretic and accursed. Another Maronite youth near us, appears to be in as interesting a state of mind, as any I have described. He had imbibed strong prejudices against us, and had avoided all intercourse with us, tili his own mind had become deeply impressed ". reading a New Testament, that fell in his way. He now comes almost every night to read the Scriptures with Mr. Bird, and to beg his prayers. He himself thinks that he has been born again; but, though his case appears hopeful, we choose for the present to suspend our opinion. The persecutions, which, unless “a great company of the Priests become obedient to the Faith” seem likely to fall heavily upon all who openly espouse the cause and the religion of the Bible, will, doubtless, have the effect of preventing many from permanently joining us, whose hearts are not under an influence more than human. That such an influence begins to be felt here, we can no longer doubt. It really seems, as if this were “the acceptable year of the Lord,” and as if the Holy Comforter, so long banished from these regions, had come back in triumph, to make these “tents of Kedar” once more the sweet abodes of peace and love. We have joy in our hearts; we have joy in our dwellings; and we look, with the most devout earnestness, and delightful anticipations, to the day, when such “times of refreshing shall come,” as shall give joy to all the churches, and shall fill all heaven with wo Jours affectionately, W. GooDELL.
MISCELLANEous EXTRACTS FROM MR. GooDELL’s coRRESPONDENCE.
June 30.-Asaad Jacob came to me for protection on the 19th of March, while the hostile Greeks were in this neighborhood, and has continued with me ever since, and at present, seems likely to continue for a long time to comé. The Great Head of the church manifestly designs him for usefulness.
Almost every day, we read the Scriptures in ancient Armenian, modern Armeniam, Turkish, Turkish Armenian, ancient Greek, modern Greek, Arabic, Italian, and English; and sometimes we hear them read in the Syriac, Hebrew, and French. Seldom do we sit down to our meals without hearing conversation at the table in ancient and modern Armenian, Turkish, Greek, Arabic, Italian, and English. And with the excep: tion of the Italian, prayers daily ascend from this house, P. to heaven, in all these languages.
During the year previous, Mr. G. says they had distributed, gratuitously, more than one hundred of their sacred books, and sold tho-e hundred and seventy-nine for 118 dollars. The greater part sold, were Hebrew and Armenian.
The number of those who read the Scriptures with us every evening and
every Sabbath, gradually increases. Among those on the Sabbath, are found Armenians, Greeks, Greek Catholics, Maronites, Jews, and occasionally a Syrian, a Mussulman, or a Latin. Those of us, who read with them, are from England, America, and Germany. Our assembly is literally of “many kindreds and tongues.” We are always able, when necessary, to have reading and conversation in ten or twelve different languages, exclusive of several dialects.
Several respectable individuals said to me to day, “So much inquiry on the subject of religion has probably not been known before in this country, for more than a thousand years.” . The priests are filled with wrath, and pour forth their threats, and their curses, in torrents. But their violent dealings, though they doubtless deter many from coming to us, and though they are grievous for the poor sufferers, yet awaken so much the greater curiosity in the public mind, to know “what this new doctrine is.” Many do not hesitate to condemn the Patriarch's treatment of Asaad Shediak, and seem hardly to have expected
that their spiritual guides would go so far in the work of destroying men's lives.*
We leave all events with the Great Head of the church, knowing full well, that the experience of his people has been in all ages, as in Egypt, “the more they were afflicted, the more they multiplied and grew.”
In a postscript to a letter, from which the foregoing extracts are made, Mr. Goodell states this noticeable fact:—
It is very common here for people to change their religion, i. e. to become, Greek, or Greek Catholic, or Maronite, or Latin, &c. and nothing is thought of it;-but to become truly honest, serious, conscientious Christians, to take the word of God as the only rule of faith and fractice, and to live soberly, righteously, and godly in the world; this, it is to be feared, has not been known here before for many centuries, and it awakens all the malice and rage of minds, that are “enmity against God.” -
July 26–So much is now transpiring every day in regard to religion, as to keep us in a high state of expectation. Scarcely a day passes, in which we can
* There has been, in former numbers of our work. a mere notice of the cruel treatment received by Asaad Shediak from the Armenian Patriarch, in consequence of the change in his religious views; but the documents, in which his case is particularly described, have not come to hand, and are probably lost. The reader will carefully distinguish o Asaad Shediak ant? Asaad Jacob. Ed.
sent his deacon four times recently to
converse with an individual at Saide whom he suspected of embracing our faith; but the individual used such unanswerable arguments with the deacon, as to bring him over to the same views. O that the work of regeneration might keep pace with the excitement! Asaad Shediak—it is now a week since we have dared to pray for him with any degree of confidence, that he was living. Though, if he be still alive, we have much hope of his being restored to us immediately; as the Patrial ch confesses himself wearied out in attempting to reclaim him, saying he becomes more a heretic every day. The Patriarch wrote to the brothers of Aşaad, to come and take him; for he was almost dead from his bonds and stripes, and he could not bring him back to the Catholic faith.
My dear friend.—I write this to tell you, that when I believed like the Church, said, I loved very much to go in the Greek church to prayer and confession, and to read with priests and bishops; and I thought there is no religion but the Greek religion. Once I confessed to the priest, and told him, “I have eaten a little cheese in the Wednesday.” The priest said, “God have mercy!” and told me, “this is great sin, and if you not do this which I tell you, and do not give the poor and me money, and ask God and the saints for your pardon, you must go to hell.” I was very sorry and cried. I thought that is sin; that is, the cheese I did eat. I told the priest, “O my priest, I can to do?” He said, “You must five months pray every night to the saints, and kiss the ground
-- Palestine Mission:-Letter from Asaad Jacob.
forty times every night, for this great sin,” that is, the cheese, “and their your sin will be forgiven.” I did so five months, and then came to the priest and told him. Said the priest, “Very well; now you are a Christian.” That prayer which the priest told me to say five months, is the 24th for the Virgin; and every night I read it. Another time I confessed to the priest. In that time I had no great sin, because I had not eaten no meat, neither cheese; because the great sin, the cheese and meat, I did not eat, because I was afraid he would tell me like before. In the next day, I wished to receive the sacrament. Before I went to the church, I told the priest I washed my face, and entered a little water in my mouth. He said, “You cannot receive the sacrament, because the water entered in your mouth; after five months you will receive the sacrament. Go and worship the saints and cry.” I was so five months, and after, I received the sacrament. But now I see all that was lie and sin; nor cheese nor meat defile the man: and I saw in the holy Gospel, which is better than every book, and the book of our Saviour Jesus Christ, which he gave us; and I know, when our Saviour and his disciples received the holy sacrament, they have eaten, before, the passover, and then they received the sacrament, Once I confessed to a priest in the mountain. I told him, “I have eaten meat in the fast.” He said, “Ah! you have great sin.” I asked him, “What I do to be forgiven my sins?” He said, “You must go pray, and worship to the saints, and ask them to forgive your sins, and you must give me some money for to pray I for you.” I came to Mr. Goodell’s house, and I read the Gospel. When I read the Gospel, I saw all that talking was lie and sin, that is, the worship to the saints, and give him the money for to pray for me; and saw in the Gospel, no one can forgive the sins but one only, out Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, who died for our sins, and for to save us. When I saw this in the holy words, I read the second commandment, “Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, thou shalt not bow down to them;” and the priest says, I must worship before them. I saw indeed the priest told me contrary to the words of God, and that it was sin and lie, and I did not worship, nor did give him any money. Again I went to the mountain; I saw that same priest there; I went to the Church, the priest began to talk with me about the religion. The priest
asked me if I worshipped the saints. I
told him, “No; because that is lie and sin.” He said. “Now you are foolish.” I asked him, why? He said, “Because you said there is sin in the worship.” I told him, “Yes, great sin.” He said, “The Councils said that, and we must do it.” I told him, “No; I cannot do like the commandment of men, but I must do what the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ said.” The priest said, “Well, the Councils said like the Gospel and Jesus Christ.” I told him, “No, that is lie.” He said, “What lie, or what thing contrary to the commandment of God, said the Councils?” I said, “You told me for to worship to the images of the saints, and that the Councils said so.” He said, “Yes.” I told him, “God said, ‘thou shalt not make unto thee any graven, image, nor any likeness of any thing, that is in heaven above, or that is in earth beneath, nor that is in water under the earth; thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them,’ and lo say, we must worship them, and the Councils, said for to worship them: that is lie and sin, and contrary to the words of God.” I told him, “Jesus Christ said, ‘thou shalt worship the Lord thy, God, and him only shalt thou serve;’ and you say, “we must worship the saints.” I told him, “I know indeed you say contrary to the words of God. You say, If I eat meat on Wednesday, it is sin, and I go to hell.” I told him, “Jesus Christ said, ‘whatsoever entereth into the mouth do not defile the man.’” The priest said, “Well, but the Councils judge so, and we must do it.”. I told him, “St. Paul said, “no man judge you in meat, or in drink, or in new moon, nor things like this.’ ” I asked him for to give me the Gospel of the Church. He said, “Why?” I told him, “I wish to read a chapter in John.” He said, “No! because the Gospel is not forevery one, but for the priests only.” I told him, “The Gospel says, Search the Scrifutures, and you say not.” I asked him another time, “Give me the Gospel.” He said, “Are you foolish, do you not understand me?” He said, “The Gospel is given to the priests only.” I askéd him, “Who said so?” He said, “The Councils.” I told him, “If the Councils say, every one must go unto the sea, and put himself in it, for to go to heaven, put you yourself?” He said, “No.” I asked him, “Why?” he said, “The Councils do not say it.” I told him, “If I and another ten men with me make a Council, and say, every one must cut his hand, for to go in heaven,_cut you your hand?” He said, “No.” I asked him, “Why?” He said,
“The Holy Spirit was with the Coun
cils?” I asked him, “Believe you this without proof?” He said, “Yes, I believe this without proof.” I told him, “Why do you not believe me without proof?” Then the priest said, “I must go to feed the silk worms; now is not time.” I told him “Very well, good by;” because he was angry with me; and I went from the Church. After three hours was the time for the prayer in the evening I went to the church because my father told me for to go. 1 saw the priest there in the church. I told him, “Excuse me.” When the prayer was finished, I came back from the church. I told the priest, “Good by.” He answered to me, “Do that which I told you.” I told him, “I cannot do it, because I saw it lie.” He said, “You are foolish now;” and said, “God open your eyes!” I said, “Amen.” I told him, “Pray for me, so that God open my eyes.” He said, “God do good for us and you!” I said, “Amen;”—and I went from there. I tell you about myself. I did not know before, every thing the church said was wrong, and lie, and sin. I tell you also, some read the Gospel, and think all is lie, which the church says. Many come and read with us every evening. I thank you for to pray for those who come and read . us. Many come and read with us the Sabbath day. Some of those are Greek, and some Greek Catholic, some Maronites, some Armenians, some Jews, some Mus: sulmans, some Franks. I ask you for to pray for them, and remember us in your meeting. Oh! I thank you for to send for us your missionaries, because the harvest truly is plenteous, but the laborers are few. In Jerusalem, and in Ramla, and Joppa, and Tyre and Sidon, and Damascus, and Aleppo, and Tripoli, and all this country, are no missionaries; only in Beyroot. Oh! I thank you to send to us your missionaries for this poor country; and I tell you I am with Mr. Goodell in his house. Mr. Goodell told me yesterday, about you give money for missionaries and books. I thank you for this poor country, and thank you for to send to me your letters. I tell you, I have learned the Italian, and the English, with Mr. Goodell, and Mr. Bird. I know now in Greek, and Italian, and English, and Arabic, and I write to you my name in four languages. I tell you if you were here, you would cry for this country, because all do not know the Gospel; but in Beyroot are some who know, because Mr. Goodell and Mr. Bird preach the Gospel always in Beyroot. Your unknown Arab friend, As AAD JAcob. .
FOREIGN MISSION SCHOOL.
THE suspension of the Foreign Mission School was mentioned in the preceding survey of the missions of the Board. The reasons for that measure are thus given in the Seventeenth Report of the Board.
The Committee appointed by the Board, at the last annual meeting, “to take the whole subject of this school into consideration;—to visit Cornwall, and there confer with the agents of the school; to examine into all its concerns; and to report to the Prudential Committee their opinion respecting the course, which Providence shall seem to render judicious and necessary,” held two meetings on the subject referred to them, and ultimately reported, as the result of their deliberations, “That the interest of the missionary cause do not require the continuance of the school; as most of the great objects, which it was designed to accomplish, can now be more easily and effectually attained by other means.” The Committee therefore recommend that the school be discontinued, “at such time, and in such manner, as the Prudential Committee shall think advisable.” At the earliest opportunity, after the reception of this report and recommendation, the Prudential Committee entered upon the consideration of the subject, and came to the conclusion, “That the Providence of God appears to indicate, that the continuance of the Foreign Mission School in Cornwall is not expedient.” Suitable measures will therefore be taken to carry this decision into effect,
with as little inconvenience as possible.
The Prudential Committee passed resolutions, gratefully acknowledging the assiduous and disinterested services of the gentlemen, who have composed the Board of Agents of the Foreign Mis
sion School, and the patronage, which
has been afforded to the institution by
friends of missions in different parts of
place in a Christian country. A larger portion of the pupils, hitherto educated at the Foreign Mission School, have been natives of the Sandwich Islands, and of the Cherokee and Choctaw countries, than of any other parts of the heathen world. When the School was established, neither of the missions now under the care of the Board at these places, had been commenced; and the mission at the Sandwich Islands had its origin from the School. Yet now the young men of those islands can receive an education more suitable to the stations they are to occupy, and more likely to render them useful to the mission, without leaving their native shores, than they could possibly receive in the United States. And all this can be done not only without any expense to the Board, but with the prospect of their being afterwards directly employed in the service of the Board, (that is, so many of them as shall be needed,) at less than half the expense, which would be required to support the same number of young men, who had resided some years in the United States. So fully persuaded are the missionaries, that this is the preferable course, that Mr. Ellis, availing himself of their experience and his own, advised Sandwich Islanders now in this country to return home for an education; nor have the missionaries, at any time during their residence at the islands, advised young men to visit America, for the purpose of being instructed. In the Cherokee nation, several missionary schools have been established, where youths of both sexes receive a common education. At some of these, the children are boarded by the mission; at others they live with their parents. When boarded by the mission, the expense is less than at Cornwall, beside avoiding the cost and delay of long journies. The Cherokees have also taken measures to establish an academy for themselves. Among the Choctaws, the state of things is not materially different.— Boarding schools have been in existence several years, and many youths are now enjoying the benefits of them. There is also a Choctaw Academy, in the state of Kentucky, easily accessible, and supported entirely by one of the annuities paid by government, and origifially appropriated to the express purpose of maintaining a higher school. Besides, there is at present no disposition, either among the Cherokees or Choctaws, to send their young men to Cornwall. This statement shows, in the clearest manner, how proper it may be to