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solemn employment of warding off the divine vengeance, as, with hurried and agitated step, and his censer in his hand, he thrust himself between the dead and the living.

From the history of past ages, and from a rapid glance over the surface of the world lying in wickedness, we know that a moral pestilence has prevailed for six thousand years, and is still prevailing;-a pestilence, under whose fatal influence countless myriads of immortal beings are cut off from happiness and from hope An effectual remedy is at hand; but till this very day the evil has received little check comparatively, and now, while we speak, its desolating waves roll over the nations. In the midst of this appalling calamity, faithful missionaries are seen, in many heathen lands; and, within certain limits, the plague is stayed—a delightful earnest, that destructions shall at length come to a perpetual end. Hail, ye heralds of the cross in the dark places of the earth! Hail, ye honored servants of the Most High, who are called to this divine employment of applying to the diseased and dying human family the grand remedy, which alone can reach the dire exigency of the case! Honored indeed ye are; and, did the counsels of God permit, Aaron might now gladly descend from the mansions of rest, to take his stand by your side, between the dead and the living.

i. Mr. President, cannot the members of this Board hear a voice, not less distinct and imperative than that of Moses, commanding them to hasten the application of all the means at their disposal, without the loss of a single day? As we look around this hall and our eyes fix upon one, and another, and another, and we call to mind, in regard to each individual, how many of his fellow Christians there are, whom he might inspirit to this service, if he fully realized how vast are the interests depending, and how urgent is the call for immediate relief; and, as we proceed a step farther, and behold each member going from the celebration of the present anniversary, determined that he will, by God's help, call around him the zealous and the faithful, the men of prayer, and the men of charitable deeds, and will make the greatest and best and most earnest efforts in his power to arouse every dormant energy of their souls, by presenting in all its dreadfulness the extent of the evil, and in all its surpassing interest the hope of deliverance:— how can we behold all this, without regarding ourselves, feeble and unworthy though we are, as the ministers of Jehovah, called to this holy service, and standing, each with his censer in his hand, between the dead and the living. O that we might think and act under the influence of feelings like these, till the ear shall be saluted from every continent and island with the gladdening shout—The plague is stayed—the wrath of God is averted— the world is transformed—Christ is exalted—and his kingdom is universally established in the hearts of the children of men.

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The union between the United Foreign Missionary Society and the Board,

was consummated in the early part of last summer.

The missions, which

came under the direction of the Board, in consequence of that event, are among the Osage Indians; among the Indians in New-York, at Mackinaw, and at Maumee; and among the American emigrants on the island of Hayti.

The United Foreign Missionary S May last.

ociety held its ninth anniversary in

The mission to the Osage Indians was proposed about seven

years ago, and, in the spring of 1820, the first missionaries to that tribe

left the city of New-York on their be

nevolent enterprize. The mission to

the Indians of New-York, was commenced by the New-York Missionary

Society, many years ago, and was transferred in 1820.

That at Maumee,

in Ohio, was established by the Synod of Pittsburgh, and transferred in the

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Mackinaw—at Maumee—the American Emigrants in Hayti—at the Sandwich Islands—in Malta–Syria—and Palestine.

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| Of course the former station is now vacant. The death of Mr. Nichols, and the consequent removal of his widow to Bombay, made it necessary to relinquish the station of Tannah. Mr. Newell died of the cholera morbus, Mr. Nichols of a sever, Mr. Frost of a consumption, and Mr. Hall of the cholera. Mrs. Hall is in this country. The last survey stated the amount of printing done at the Mission Press during the three years and a half preceding Dec. 31, 1823. The seventeenth Report of the Prudential Committee describes the operations of the press, during the 18 subsequent months, as follows: • Genesis, 135 pages 8vo. Extra copies of the first 40 pages,

Astronomical and geographical tract,

copies 3,000 1,000 64 p. 8vo. 1,500

Small catechism, second ed. 16 p. 8vo. 5,000 Acts of the Apostles, sec. ed. 88 pages, 8vo. 4,000 14,500

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... “The expense of these books, was about £1,350. Some small circulars for the mission, and loeports | || several societies were also published at the mission-press. In the first six months of 1825, no new tracts had been printed; but a new edition of the Scripture h story. (10,000 copies,) had been commenced. This was to be followed immediately by an English and Mahratta school-book, intended to promote morality and the true religion. The new Testament was printed in order, as far as Philipians, the small epistles having also been published. “A new fount of Nagree types had been procured from Calcutta, which would render it easy to issue school-books of a superior quality. For this species of ublication there were many inducements; and doubt ess the demand for books of many kinds will increase regularly, till all that part of India shall have experienced the happy change, which the Gospel. accompanied by pure morality and genuine philosophy, will accomplish ere long.”

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A fact, stated by Mr. Hall, and published at p. 205 of our last volume, shows, very strik§. how much good may be silently effected by the numerous Christian publications issued from the press at Bombay.—The New-Testament, in Mahratta, as translated by the missionaries of the Board, was carried through the press before the death of Mr. Hall. • Of the schooling system, the Report speaks as follows:

“It appears from a printed document, issued by the missionaries at the commencement of the present year, that the number of common schools under their siper. intendence was thirty-two. and the number of children on the lists of the teachers, 1.750. Of these pupils. 75 were girls, and 133 were Jewish children. During the preceding year, 1,000 pupils, as nearly as could be ascertained, had left these schools. having obtained, in general, what the natives esteem a sufficiently § school education. Among those, who have left

he schools in preceding years down to the date of the document here referred to, the missionaries say there “are many boys and young men, who can read with a fluency and propriety, that would put to shame a great majority .P. common brahmins.” Wherever these youths are afterwards met in the country, they are among the first to solicit and read the Chris. tian Scriptures and tracts. In not a few instances, fathers have solicited books for their little sons. The education of female children is viewed in its just light by the missionaries; and they have taken peculiar pains to break down the prejudies of the people on this subject. . Considering the strength of these prejudices, much has ...; been done, and the way is fast preparing for a general revolution of public opinion, Numerous and urgent applications are made for new schools; but it is necessary to decline them all, until larger funds and more laborers can be furnished.”

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Mrs.

Worcester was also employed as a Native
Assistant Teacher.
OODOOVILLE.—Five miles north of Jaffnapatam.
1820.
Rev. Miron Winslow, Missionary, and Mrs.
Winslow. -
Aaseervatham, Natire Assistant; Solomon,
Native Superintendent of Schools.
PANDITF RIPO.-Nine miles north-west of Jaffna-
patam. 1820.
Rev. John Scudder. M. D. Missionary and
Physician; and Mrs. Scudder.
Ponumbalum, and Sandery Sagery, Native
Teachers of English; Samuel Willis, Native
Assistant.

M A NEPY.—Four miles and a half north-west of Jafi'ilapatan). 1821. Rev. Levi Spaulding, Missionary; and Mrs. Spaulding. Veerasingum, Natire Superintendent of Schools. KAI TS.–The residence of two zealous and faithful native brethren, who visit the neighboring villages, and take charge of two small schools. 1824.

Philip, poi G. Gautier, { Catechists. During the past year, the school at Tillipally, has received the boys from Panditeripo and Manepy, and now bears the same relation to the Central School at Batticotta, that academies in this country sustain to colleges. This leaves the missionaries at two of the stations more at liberty to preach the Gospel.—The school for girls, formerly at Oodooville, was removed to Manepy, on account of the absence of Mr. and Mrs. Winslow at Calcutta. See vol. xxii, p. 196.-The number of pup.ls was 31, of whom one third were members of the church. The Central School at Batticotta, at the latest dates, contained 53 pupils, of whom 22 were members of the church. A full account of this school was given at pp. 347 ––350 of our last volume. The difficulties in the way of assigning to this institution the name of a College, are enumerated at p. 377, 383 of the same volume.—Mrs. Woodward dica Nov. 24, 1825. Mrs. Knight, formerly Richards, died at Nellore, near the American mission, April 25, of the same year. The Report thus describes the state of the schools: “The school system of this mission is very interesting, and promises the most happy results. At the commencement of the year 1825, there were 59 charitv schools, containing 2,414 boys, and 255 girls, on the list of pupils, taught by 68 schoolmasters. In the boarding schools, there were 126 boys, and 31 girls; making the whole number of children under Christian instruction no less than 2,824. Ou account of the provalence of the cholera, a part of the schools were afterward suspended, and some for other causes. The number of scholars in the Boarding Schools was somewhat above, 200 in February last; but no particular account of the other schools was then communicated. “Several of the schoolmasters have become pious. and a large proportion of them are deeply serious. They already exert a very favorable influence upon the interests of the mission. I he more forward and intellig nt of the pious youths pursue the same plan of publicly speaking on religious subjects, which has been mentioned in the previous history of the mission.” With respect to female education, the following remarks are made: “The education of females, though rapidly advancing, is attended with many difficulties, and will be thus attended, for a long time to come. The whole frame of society must be pulled down and rebuilt, before women can enjoy their rightful privileges. and be elevated to their proper rank. This mighty work can only be accomplished by the all-pervading

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“As various portions of Indian territory are often spoken of, as o within certain states of the Union, it is proper to say here, that the conventional limits of different states, whether fixed by the states themselves, or by congress, do not affect the Indian titles to the territories in question. It has always been admitted by our national authorities, as it must be by every candid man, that the tribes of Indians in North America have a perfect right to the soil of their ancestors, now in their own occupancy, unless they or their fathers have voluntarily relinquished that right for a good consider

ation. When we speak, therefore, of Indian territory,

as lying in the state of Fennessee, or the state of Georgia, it is not intended that the Indians there residing are subject to the laws of the whites; or that the running of a line through their country, or marking it upon a map, has any effect to impair their claims, or dispossess them of their patrimonial inheritance. The only way, in which this inheritalice can be alienated, is by treaties fairly and honorably made, and with the full assent of the present owners.

“So far as the Indian title is rightfully extinguished, the property falls into the hands of the national government, or of the separate states, according to stipulations now existing. The right of sovereignty will, in every case. belong to the state, within whose conventional limits the territory new lies. These remarks have appeared }. as the right of the Indians to the ir own land. from the manner in which the subject has often been presented to the mind, is overlooked and forgotten."

Mrs. Dean, who left Brainerd last year, on account of declining health, died on the 21st of May last; and Mr. Dean's services, in consequence of uncertainty whether his health would allow him to resume his appropriate work, were relinquished. He is succeeded by Mr. Fernal. Mr. Hall and Mr Frederick Elsworth have also retired from the service of the Board with their families; the former on account of the ill health of Mrs. Hall, but with the consolation of reflecting, that God has seen fit to honor his labors in a somewhat remarkable manner: the latter on account of the very precarious state of his own health, which led him to submit his case to the Committee, who gave him an honorable discharge.--Mr. Manwaring, mentioned in the survey of last year as connected with the station of Carmel, withdrew from the mission after having labored one year.

The number of pupils in, the missionary schools at the above stations, is probably about 200.

The survey of this mission will be closed with a few miscellaneous extracts, of an interesting nature, from the Report.

“The schools at Brainerd were never in a better state than during the present year. The pupils have been orderly, obedient, studious, and making good proficiency. When the Corresponding Secretary visited the school for boys, in March last, not a word was missed by the whole school in spelling. One of the boys, ten or eleven years old, who had been in school less than five months, not having previously learned the alphabet, was spelling in words of three syllables, and had never missed, but a single word. ... Considering what it is for children to learn to spell in a foreign language, and how very ambiguous and deceitful the English alphabet is, these facts certainly prove an extraordinary attention of the mind.”

*An Indian named Big Bear, and his wife, were admitted to the church last winter. The man is since dead. He appeared to be a true convert. An aged Cherokee woman, who had great grand children in the school soon after its commencement, and who had evinced the power of religion upon her heart for six years, has also been removed to a better world, as we trust, there to associate with Catherine Brown, to whom she was personally attached, and with several others from among her ple, who gave evidence of intelligent faith and holy love, and are justly counted precious fruit of this mission.”

carmel:—“The state of society at this place is much improved. There is comparatively little intemperance in the vicinity. Not a few instances of hopeful conversion have been witnessed, and some of distinguished piety.”

(Willrtown:—“The influence of this station has been felt. in a great reformation of morals among the people who inhabit wills Valley., when the first missionary came here to reside, only three years ago, the intemperate use of ardent spirits was almost universal. Now that pernicious article is entirely disused by the great majority of the people; and riotous assemblages for the purpose of drinking, are unknown.”

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“The little church, gathered here in the wilderness, continues to shed forth the cheering light of a holy example. Fourteen Cherokees and one back man, have been worthy members, so far as the human eye can disceru. Quite recently, one of this number, a young woman, died in a very happy manner. leaving an excellent character, having given most gratifying evidence of piety. *The man, who is now employed part of the time as a native teacher, and who received the name of John Huss at his baptism, stands high as a consistent Christian, both in the judgment ofoil. missionaries, and in the estimation of his country; hen. Apt to acquire knowledge, and happy in his talent of communicating it, he is very acceptainle as a speaker. He seems to apprehend the great doctrines of the Gospel clearly. and to be capable of presenting then clearly to others. He studies passages in the New Testament as translated, and transeribes them to be read by his friends ind neighbors. His zeal and public spirit, in the work of enlightening his people, are worthy of high commendation.”

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General Remark:—“The experience of another year enables the Committee to say, that the transforming efficacy of the Christian religion, both upon individuals and upon neighborhoods, is now seen in different parts of the Cherokee nation. If the same efficacy should pervade every part, a most lovely branch of the church universal would here unfold its flowers and dispense its fruit. Still there are powerful counteracting causes. The most obvious are the ease, with which intoxicating liquor is brought to the doors of the people, and the eagerness, with which a large portion of them yield to its pernicious influence.

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