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Upon these Feasts; Christmas Day, the Epiphany, St. Matthias, Easter Day, Asceasiun Day, Whit-Sunday, St. John Baptist, St. James, 5/. Bartholomew, St. Matthew, St. Simon and St. Jude, St. Andrew, and upon Trinity Sunday, shall be sung or said at Morning Prayer, instead of the Apostles' Creed, this Confession of our Christian Faith, commonly called, The Creed of St. Athanasius; by the Minifler and People, standing.

\vhosoever will be saved : before all things it is necessary that he hold the Catholic Faith.

Which Faith, except every one do keep whole and undefiled: without doubt he shall (b) perish everlastingly.

And the Catholic Faith is this: That we worship one God in Trinity, and Trinity in Unity;

Neither confounding the Persons : nor dividing the Substance.

For there is one Person of the Father, another of the Son : and another of the Holy Ghost.

But the Godhead of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, is all one : the Glory equal, the Majesty co-eternal.

Such as the Father is, such is the Son : and such is the Holy Ghost.

(a) " St Athanasius." It is generally understood that this Creed was not written until after the time of Athanasius, who died A.D. 373. See 2 Bp. Tomline's Theology, 219.

(b) " Perish," see note infra on " can"not be saved."

(c) " Not three." Sabellius, and some of hit predecessors, charged the Church with acknowledging three Gods. This answers that charge.

(</)"TheSon is God." The Son whom Isaiah foretold the Virgin was to conceive, Isaiah vii. 14. was to be called "Immanuel, "that is, God with us." One of the names assigned him, Isaiah ix. 6. is " The "mighty God." St. John says, - The "Word (i e. that Word which "was «* made flesh, and dwelt among us," »« (John i. 14.) was God," John i. 1. St. Paul speaks of Christ, Rom. is. 5. as

The Father uncreate, the Son uncreate : and the Holy Ghost uncreate.

The Father incomprehensible, the Son incomprehensible: and the Holy Ghost incomprehensible.

TheFather eternal, theSon eternal : and the Holy Ghost eternal;

And yet they are not (c) three eternals : but one eternal.

As also there are not three incomprehensibles, nor three uncreated : but one uncreated, and one incomprehensible.

So likewise the Father is Almighty, the Son Almighty : and the Holy Ghost Almighty;

And yet they are not three Almighties : but one Almighty.

So the Father is God, the Son is (d) God: and the Holy Ghost is (e) God j

"over all, God blessed for ever." la Col. ii. 9. he says, that "in him (viz. "Christ) dwelleth all the fulness of "the Godhead bodily;" and 1 Tina. iii. 16. " God was manifest in the "flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of "angels, preached unto the Gentiles, "believed on in the world, received up "into glory." And in Rev.i. 11. 17, 18. "He that liveth and was dead, and it "alive for evermore, and hath the keys "of hell and death," says of himself, " I "am Alpha and Omega, I am the "first and the last," which are the proper appellations of God. See also Isaiah xli 4.—xliv. 6.—xlvii. 12. See also Bp.Toraline'sTheology, 100 to 154, and Dr. Waterland's Moyer's Sermons. (e) " Holy Ghost is God" See 2 Bp. Tomline't Theology, 84 to 98, and 176 to 187.

And yet they are not three Gods : but one God.

So likewise the Father is Lord, the Son Lord : and the Holy Ghost Lord;

And yet not three Lords: but one Lord.

For like as we are compelled by the Christian verity : to acknowledge every Person by himself to be God and Lord;

So are we forbidden by the Catholic Religion : to say, There be three Gods, or three Lords.

The Father is made of none: neither created, nor begotten.

The Son is of the Father alone: not made, nor created, but begotten.

The Holy Ghost is of the Father, and of the Son : neither made, nor created, nor begotten, but proceeding.

So there is one Father, not three Fathers; one Son, not three Sons : one Holy Ghost, not three Holy Ghosts.

And in this Trinity none is afore, or after other : none is greater, or less than another;

But the whole three Persons are co-eternal together : and coequal.

So that in all things, as is aforesaid : the Unity in Trinity, and the Trinity in Unity, is to be worshipped.

(/) " Man of the substance of his mother." A sect,called"TheApollinarians," pretended that Christ either had no human body, or that he brought it from heaven, and took it not of the Virgin Mary: And it was in answer to this heresy, that he is here described as "man of the substance of his mother." Anon, on this Creed, ed. 1735, p. 50.

(g) " Perfect God." A seft, called "The Axians," considered Christ as

He therefore that will be saved: must thus think of the Trinity.

Furthermore, it is necessary to everlasting salvation : that he also believe rightly the Incarnation of our Lord Jesus Christ.

For the right Faith is, that we believe and confess : that our Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, is God and Man;

God, of the Substance of the Father, begotten before the worlds : and Man, of the (/) Substance of his Mother, born in the world;

I3erfea (g) God, and Perfect Man : of a reasonable soul, and human flesh subsisting;

Equal to the Father, as touching his Godhead : and inferior to the Father, as touching his Manhood.

Who although he be God and Man : yet he is not (b) two, but one Christ;

One; not by conversion of the Godhead into flesh: but by taking of the Manhood into God j

One altogether; not by confusion of Substance: but by unity of Person.

For as the reasonable soul and flesh is one man : so God and Man is one Christ;

WhosufFered for our salvation: descended into hell, rose again the third day from the dead;

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a created God: God in office only, not in nature: an imperfeft God. It is in answer to them, therefore, that he is here described as " perfect God." Anon. 50.

(/>) " Not two." The Apollinarians urged, because of the two natures of Christ, that the Church asserted two Christs, a divine Christ as to one nature, and a human Christ as to the other: thu denies that conclusion. Anon. 51.

He ascended into heaven; he sitteth on the right hand of the Father, God Almighty: from whence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead.

At whose coming all men shall rise again with their bodies : and shall give account for their own works.

And they that have done good, shall go into life everlasting : and

(«) " Cannot be saved." The Prelates, who in 1689 were commissioned to review and correct the Liturgy, of whom Abp. Tillotson was one, prepared a Rubric, in which one Part was, that the Articles of this Creed "ought to be received and ** believed, as being agreeable to the "Holy Scriptures," but that " the con"demning clauses were to be understood "as relating to those only who obsti. "nately denied the substance of the "Christian Faith." Anon. 54, 55. I)r. Waterland says, "he inclines to the "moderate opinion of thosewhothink the "author of this Creed does not here lay "the stress upon every little nicety of "explication before given, but upon the "main doctrine of a co-equal and co -eternal "Trinity." Wat.Crit.Hist.c.10. Should he not have added also, "and of the in"carnation, &c. of Jesua Christ," there being np " other name given under hea"ven, whereby men can obtain remission "of their sins, and hope for everlasting "life." AccordingtoMarkxvi.i6. "He "that belicveth, and is baptised, shall be "saved: but he that believeth not, shall "be damned." So John iii. 18, "He "that believeth on him (i. e. Jesus "Christ) is not condemned: but he that "believeth not, is condemned already, "because he hath not believed in the "name of the only begotten Son of "God." Bp. Tomline says, "Great "objections have been made to the "clauses which denounce eternal dam"nation against those who do not be"lieve the Faith, as here stated: and it *' certainly is to be lamented, that asser"tions of »o peremptory a nature, un"explained and unqualified, should have

they that have done evil, into everlasting fire.

This is the Catholic Faith s which except a man believe faithfully, he (/) cannot be saved.

Glory be to the Father, and to the Son : and to the Holy Ghost j

As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be : world without end. Amen.

"been used in any human composition. "It is indeed impossible to admit the "divine authority of the New Testa"ment, and doubt the necessity of faith "in general: and surely the faith thus "required, must include the leading and '• characteristic doctrines of the Christian "Religion: and though the gospel has "not particularly enumerated these par"ticular doctrines, none seem to have a "stronger claim to be so considered than "those which relate to the Three Per"sons, in whose name we arc commanded "to be baptised, to the incarnation of "Christ, and to a future judgment. "These are the doctrines of the Atha"nasian Creed: and therefore it would "follow, that a belief in the doctrines" (meaning probably the general doctrines) "of the Athanastan Creed is "essential to salvation. He adds, however, afterwards, "but since the gospel "no where informs us, what degree of "error will exclude from eternal happi"ness, I am ready to acknowledge, that "in my judgment, notwithstanding the "authority of former times, our Church "would have acted more wisely, and "more consistently with its general prin"ciples of mildness and toleration, if it "had not adopted the damnatory clauses "of the Athanasian Creed. Though I "firmly believe that the doctrines of this "Creed are all founded in Scripture, I *' cannot but conceive it to be both nn"necessary and presumptuous to say, "that " except every one do keep them "whole and undeiiled, without doubt "he shall perish everlastingly." 2 Bp. Tomline's Theology, 219 to 222,

THE LITANY,

OR

GENERAL SUPPLICATION,

TO BE SUNG Oil SAID AFTER MORNING PRAYER,

UPON SUNDAYS, WEDNESDAYS, AND FRIDAYS,

AND AT OTHER TIMES, WHEN IT SHALL BE COMMANDED

BY THE ORDINARY.

O God the Father of heaven: have mercy upon us miserable sinners.

O God the Father of heaven: have mercy upon us miserable sinners.

O God the Son, Redeemer of the world : have mercy upon us miserable sinners.

O God the Son, Redeemer of the world : have mercy upon us miserable sinners.

O God the Holy Ghost, proceeding from the Father and the Son : have mercy upon us miserable sinners.

O God the Holy Ghost, proceeding from the Father and the Son: have mercy upon us miserable sinners.

0 holy, blessed, and glorious Trinity, three Persons and one God: have mercy upon us miserable sinners..

0 holy, blessed, and glorious Trinity, three Persons and one God : have mercy upon us miserable sinners.

Remember not, Lord, our offences, nor the offences of our forefathers; neither take thou vengeance of our sins: Spare us, good Lord, spare thy people, whom thou hast redeemed with

thy most precious blood, and be not angry with us for ever. Spare us, good Lord.

From all evil and mischief; from sin, from the crafts and assaults of the devil; from thy wrath, and from everlasting damnation,

Good Lord, deliver us.

From all blindness of heart; from pride, vain glory, and hypocrisy; from envy, hatred, and malice, and all uncharitableness, Good Lord, deliver us.

From fornication, and all other deadly sin; and from all the deceits of the world, the flesh, and the devil,

Good Lord, deliver us. ,

From lightning and tempest; from plague, pestilence, and famine; from battle and murder, and from sudden death, Good Lord, deliver us.

From all sedition, privy conspiracy, and rebellion; from all false do&rine, heresy, and schism; from hardness of heart, and contempt of thy Word and Commandment,

Good Lord, deliver us.

By the mystery of thy holy Incarnation; by thy holy Nativity and Circumcision; by thy Baptism, Fasting, and Temptation, Good Lord, deliver us.

By thine Agony and bloody Sweat (a); by thy Cross and Passion; by thy precious Death and Burial j by thy glorious Resurrection and Ascension; and by the coming of the Holy Ghost, Good Lord, deliver us.

In all time of our tribulation; in all time of our wealth; in the hour of death, and in the day of judgement,

Good Lord, deliver us.

We sinners do beseech thee to hear us, O Lord God; and that it may please thee to rule and govern thy holy Church universal in the right way;

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

That it may please thee to keep and strengthen in the true worshipping of thee, in righteousness and holiness of life thy servant GEORGE, our most gracious King and Governor;

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

That it may please thee to rule his heart in thy faith, fear, and love; and that he may evermore have affiance in thee, and ever seek thy honour and glory;

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

That it may please thee to be his defender and keeper, giving him the viftory over all his enemies;

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

That it may please thee to bless

(a) "Agony and bloody sweat." This was just before he was betrayed, when he had been praying to God to remove that cup from him ; and, "being in an

and preserve our gracious Queen Charlotte, their Royal Highnesses George Prince of Wales, the Princess of IValcs, and all the Royal Family;

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

That it may please thee to illuminate all Bishops, Priests, and Deacons, with true knowledge and understanding of thy Word; and that both by their preaching and living they may set it forth, and shew it accordingly;

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

That it may please thee to endue the Lords of the Council, and all the Nobility, with grace, wisdom, and understanding;

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

That it may please t hee to bless and keep the Magistrates; giving them grace to execute justice, and to maintain truth;

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

That it may please t hee to bless and keep all thy people; *

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

That it may please thee to give to all nations, unity, peace, and concord;

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

That it may please thee to give us an heart to love and dread thee, and diligently to live after thy commandments;

We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

"agony, he prayed more earnestly, and "his sweat was as it were great drops of "blood falling to the ground." Luke xxii.44. See port, note on Luke xxii. 44

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