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** Josiah by name, and upon thee shall "he offer the priests of the high places "that burn incense upon thee, and mens "bones shall be burnt (s) upon thee." 3. And he gave a sign the same day, saying, "This is the sign which the Lord "hath spoken; "Behold the altar shall be tC rent, and the ashes that are upon it shall "be poured out." 4. And it came to pass when king Jeroboam heard the saying of the man of God, which had cried against the altar in Beth-el, that he put forth his hand from the altar, saying, "Lay "hold on him." And his hand which he put forth against him dried up, so that he could not pull it in again to him. 5. The altar also was rent (t), and the ashes poured out from the altar, according to the sign which the man of God had given by the word of the Lord. 6. And the king answered and said unto the man of God, "Intreat now the face of the *' Lord thy God, and pray for me, that *• my hand may be restored me again." And the man of God besought the Lord, and the king's hand was restored him again and became as it -was before. 7. And the king said unto the man of God, '« Come "home with me, and refresh thyself, and "I will give thee a reward." 8. And the man of God said unto the king, "If thou "wilt give me half thine house, I will not "go in with thee, neither will I eat bread, "nor drink water in this place: 9. For '* so was it charged me by the word of the "Lord, saying, "Eat no bread, nor drink "water, nor turn again by the same way "that thou earnest." 10. So he went another way, and returned not by the way that he came to Beth-el. 11. Now there dwelt an old prophet in Beth-el, and his sons came and told him all the words that the man of God had done that day in Beth-el: the words which he had spoken unto the king, them they told also to their father.
open defiance of the second commandment, and many other of the mosaic injunctions, and sacrificed unto them. On this account he is generally spoken of as " Jeroboam, the son of '* Nebat, ivho made Israel to sin."
(s) v. 2. " Burnt." This was fulfilled at »he distance of about 330 years. Josiah " spied
12. And their father said unto them, "What way went he?" for his sons had seen what way the man of God went, which, came from Judah. 13. And he said unto his sons, "Saddle me the ass." So thei saddled him the ass, and he rode thertoi 14. and went after the man of God, a found him sitting under an oak; and I said unto him, "Art thou the manofGo "that earnest from Judah?" And he a "I am." 15. Then he said unto 'ia "Come home with me, and eat bra j 6. And he said, " I may not return ■ "thee, nor go in with thee: neither 1 "I eat bread nor drink water with lis "this place. 17. For it was said to "by the word of the Lord, u Thou A "eat no bread, nor drink water there, "turn again to go by the way that k "earnest." 18. He said unto him, "am a prophet alse as thou art, and "angel spake unto me by the word 01k "Lord, saying, ''Bring him back wthita "into thine house, that he may eath4 "and drink water." But he liel* him. 19. So he went back withhis,^ did eat bread in his house, and &• water. 20. And it came to pass as the] sat at the table, that the word of theLoa came unto the prophet that brought fcii back: 21. And he cried unto thenuM God that came from Judah, saying, "flu "saith the Lord, Forasmuch as thou ha "disobeyed the mouth of the Lord, a ** hast not kept the commandment w "the Lord thy God commanded w "22. but earnest back, and hast eaa "bread, and drunk water in the place 1 "the which the LORD did say to the "Eat no bread, and drink no water;' "carcase shall not come unto the sepda "of thy fathers." 23. And it caffi" pass after he had eaten bread, and afa» had drunk, that he saddled for him tied to wit, for the prophet, whom he»
"the sepulchres that were in the mount,» "took the bones out of the sepulchres, * "burned them upon the altar, and fo^ "it. 2 Kings xxiii. 16. post."
(/) v.5. " Rent, &c." so immi£^ * this sign fulfilled! and yet Jeroboam was * reclaimed.
ght back. 24. And when he was ■, a lion met him by the way, and
him; and his carcase was cast in the , and the ass stood by it} the lion
stood by the carcase. 25. And be, men passed by, and saw the carcase in the way, and the lion standing by the ase: and they came and told it in the where the old prophet dwelt. 26. And n the prophet that brought him back l the way, heard thereof, he said, "It r the man of God, who was disobedient nto the word of the Lord: therefore he Lord hath delivered him unto the ion, which hath torn him, and slain lim, according to the word of the Lord vhich he spake unto him." 27. And spake to his sons, saying, "Saddle me he ass." And they saddled him.
And he went and found his carcase t in the way, and the ass and the lion iding by the carcase: the lion had not en the carcase, nor torn the ass. 29. And
prophet took up the carcase of the man God, and laid it upon the ass, and ught it back: and the old prophet tie to the city, to mourn and to bury n. 30. And he laid his carcase in his n grave, and they mourned over him ing, « Alas, my brother." 31. And it ne to pass after he had buried him, that
spake to his sons, saying, "When I am dead, then bury me in the sepulchre, wherein the man of God is buried; lay my bones beside his bones. 32. For the saying which he cried by the word of the Lord against the altar in Beth-el, and against all the houses of the high («) places, which are in the cities of
(x) Samaria, shall surely come to pass." ;. After this thing Jeroboam returned not
(u) v. 32. 33. "The high place*/' used for olatrous worship.
(*) v.32. "of Samaria," where some of ie ten tribes dwelt.
(y) v. 1. B.C. 910.
:(z) v. 1. " Elijah," a prophet of great solution and firmness.
(a) v. I. " Ahab," the king of Israel: lore wicked than all the kings before him.
Kings xvi. 33.
(*) t>. 1. " Dew nor rain," to endeavour to eform the people., by depriving them of these
from his evil way, but made again of the lowest of the people priests of the high places: whosoever would, he consecrated him, and he became one of the priests of the high places. 34. And this thing became sin unto the house of Jeroboam, even to cut it off, and to destroy it from ofF the face of the earth.
AND (v) Elijah (z) the Tishbite, who was of the inhabitants of Gilead, said unto Ahab (a), "As the Lord God of "Israel liveth, before whom I stand, there "shall not be dew (b) nor rain these years, "but according to my word." 2. And the word of the Lord came unto him, saying, 3. " Get thee hence, and turn "thee eastward, and hide thy self by the "brook Cherith, that is before Jordan. "4. And it shall be, that thou shalt drink "of the brook, and I have commanded "the ravens (c) to feed thee there." 5. So he went, and did according unto the word of the Lord: for he went and dwelt by the brook Cherith, that is before Jordan. 6. And the ravens brought him bread and flesh in the morning, and bread and flesh in the evening: and he drank of the brook. 7. And it came to pass after a while, that the brook dried up, because there had been no rain in the land. 8. And the word of the Lord came unto him, saying, "9. Arise, get thee to Zarephath, "which belongeth to Zidon, and dwell <' there: behold, I have commanded a "widow woman there to sustain thee." 10. So he arose, and went to Zarephath: and when he came to the gate of the city, behold, the widow woman was there gathering of sticks: and he called to her,
ordinary blessings, and reducing them to want. This is supposed to have been the effect of Elijah's prayers: "Elias prayed earnestly that "it might not rain, and it rained not on the "earth by the space of three years and six "months. James v. 17,18." See 2 Hales 421. Our Saviour mentions the time the drought continued, Luke iv. 95. "The heaven was "shut up three years and six months, when "great famine was throughout all the land." (c) «-4- 6. " Ravens," or '* Orebites," the neighbouring inhabitants. 2 Hales 421.
and said, "Fetch me, I pray ihee, a little "water In a vessel, that I may drink."
11. And as she was going to fetch it, he called to her, and said, "Bring me, I pray ** thee, a morsel of bread in thine hand."
12. And she said, "As the Lord thy "God liveth, I have not a cake, but an "handful of meal in a barrel, and a little "oil in a cruse: and behold, I am gather"ing two sticks, that I may go in, and "dress it for me and my son, that we "may eat it, and die." 13. And Elijah said unto her, "Fear not; go, and do as « thou hast said: but make me thereof a te little cake first, and bring it unto me, «' and after make for thee, and for thy "son. 14. For thus saith the Lord God *e of Israel, "The barrel of meal shall not "waste, neither shall the cruse of oil fail, "until the day that the Lord sendeth rain "upon the earth." 15. And she went and did according to the saying of Elijah: and she, and he, and her house did eat many days. 16. And the barrel of meal wasted not, neither did the cruse of oil fail, according to the word of the Lord, which he spake by Elijah. 17. And it came to pass after these things, that the son of the woman, the mistress of the house, fell sick; and his sickness was so sore that there was no breath left in him. 18. And she said unto Elijah, " What "have I to do with thee, O thou man of "God? art thou come unto me to call "my sin to remembrance, and to slay my "son?" 19. And he said unto her, "Give me thy son." And he took him out of her bosom, and carried him up into a loft where he abode, and laid him upon his own bed. 20. And he cried unto the Lord, and said, « O Lord my God, hast "thou also brought evil upon the widow u with whom I sojourn, by slaying her "son V 21. And he stretched himself upon the child three times, and cried unto the Lord, and said, "O Lord my God, "I pray thee, let this child's soul come
(d) v.i.u Third year," i. e. " of drought:" at Elijah's prayer God had withheld the rain for three years. See ante, xvii. note on v. 1.
(e) v.2. " Famine," in consequence of the drought.
"into him again." 22. And the Loi heard the voice of Elijah; and the soul the child came into him again, and i revived. 23. And Elijah took the chil and brought him down out of the charab into the house, and delivered him untol mother: and Elijah said, "See, thy s "liveth." 24. And the woman said Elijah, "Now by this I know that tb "art a man of God, and that the word "the Lord in thy mouth it truth."
AND it came to pass after many L: that the word of the Lord cam; Elijah in the third (d) year, saying, "G "shew thyself unto Ahab; and 11 "send rain upon the earth." 2. it Elijah went to shew himself unto Aid And there was a sore famine (e) in Sanuri 3. And Ahab called Obadiah, which a the governor of his house. (Now (M feared the Lord greatly: 4. For k a Jo, when Jezebel (/) cut off the pnyta of the Lord, that Obadiah took an hM prophets, and hid them by fifty in»w> and fed them with bread and ttt] 5. And Ahab said unto Obadiah, * Go "into the land, unto all fountain i "water, and unto all brooks: pend«nBfl "we may find grass to save the horsesa "mules alive: that we lose not all (j)A "beasts." 6. So they divided the 1* between them to pass throughout it: Ak went one way by himself, and Obada went another way by himself. 7. And i Obadiah was in the way, beholdjElijab 1 him: and he knew him, and fell 00 face, and said, "Art thou that my "Elijah?" 8. And he answered "I am: go tell thy lord, Behold,! "is here." 9. And he said, "Waal "I sinned, that thou wouldest delivs "servant into the hand of Ahab 10 "me? 10. As the Lord thy God In "there is no nation or kingdom, wfc'l "my lord hath not sent to seek thee:
* when they said, He is not there; he took "an oath of the kingdom and nation, that ;' they found thee not. 11. And now thou '■' sayest,«' Go tell thy lord, Behold, Elijah "is here. 12. And it shall come to pass, '■' as soon as I am gone from thee, that the ;' spirit of the Lord shall carry thee ;< whither I know not; and so when I
* come and tell Ahab, and he cannot find 'thee, he shall slay me : but I thy servant "fear the Lord from my youth. 13. Was 'it not told my lord, what I did when 'Jezebel slew the prophets of the Lord? ;' how I hid an hundred men of the Lord's "prophets by fifty in a cave, and fed them "with bread and water? 14. Andnowthou ■ sayest, «« Go tell thy lord, Behold, Elijah "is here: and he shall slay me." 15. And Elijah said, "As the Lord of hosts liveth, ;* before whom I stand, I will surely shew :< myself unto him to day." 16. So Obaliah went to meet Ahab, and told him: ind Ahab went to meet Elijah. 17. And t came to pass when Ahab saw Elijah, hat Ahab said unto him, "Art thou he < that troubleth (h) Israel?" 18. And he nswered, "I have not troubled Israel, but 'thou an d thy fathers house, in that ye 'have foTsaken the commandments of the 'Lord, and thou hast followed Baalim (/'). '19. Now therefore send and gather to '« me all Israel unto mount Carmel, and
* the prophets of Baal (;') four hundred "and fifty, and the prophets of the groves '■' four hundred, which eat at Jezebel's "table." 20. So Ahab sent unto all the :hildren of Israel, and gathered the prophets :ogether unto mount Carmel. 2r. And Elijah came unto all the people, and said, 'How long halt ye between two opinions? 'if the Lord be God, follow Kim: but if
* Baal, then follow him." And the people inswered him not a word. 22. Then said Elijah unto the people, «' I, even I only 1 remain a prophet of the Lord; but 'Baal's prophets are four hundred and
(A) v. 17. "Troubleth Israel," by having >rayed for the drought, which caused the amine. See James v. 17, 18.
(») v. 18. 19. "Baalim," and " Baal/' leathen idols.
(1) v. 24. "By fire." A challenge they
"fifty men. 23. Let them therefore give "us two bullocks, and let them choose one "bullock for themselves, and cut it in "pieces, and lay it on wood, and put no "fire under.• and I will dress the other "bullock, and lay it on wood, and put no "fire under: 24. And call ye on the "name of your gods, and I will call on "the name of the Lord: and the God. "that answereth by fire(i), let him be '« God." And all the people answered and said, "It is well spoken." 25. And Elijah said unto the prophets of Baal, "Choose you one bullock for yourselves, "and dress it first ; for ye are many: and "call on the name of your gods, but put '* no fire under." 26. And they took the bullock which was given them, and they dressed /'/, and called on the name of Baal from morning even until noon, saying, "O Baal, hear us." But there <was no voice, nor any that answered. And they leapt upon the altar which was made. 27. And it came to pass at noon, that Elijah mocked them, and said, "Cry "aloud : for he (/) is a god, either he is "talking, or he is pursuing, or he is in "a journey, or peradventure he sleepeth, "and must be awaked." 28. And they cried aloud, and cut themselves after their manner with knives and lancets, till the blood gushed out upon them. 29. And it came to pass, when mid-day was past, and they prophesied until the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice; that there •was neither voice, nor any to answer, nor any that regarded. 30. And Elijah said unto all the people, " Come near unto me." And all the people came near unto him: And he repaired the altar of the Lord that •was broken down. 31. And Elijah took twelve stones, according to the number of the tribes of the sons of Jacob, unto whom the word (m) of the Lord came, saying, '« Israel shall be thy name." 32. And with the stones he built an altar in the
could not well decline, because Baal stood for the sun, the source of light and heat.
(1) v. 27. "He is a god, &c." ironically.
(m) v. 31. '« The word, &c." Gen. xxxii. 28. "Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, « but Israel."
name of the Lord: and he made a trench about the altar, as great as would contain two measures of seed. 33. And he put the wood in order, and cut the bullock in pieces, and laid him on the wood, and said, "Fill four barrels with water, and pour "it on the burnt-sacrifice, and on the "wood." 34. And he said, "Do it the "second time :" and they did it the second time. And he said, " Do // the third "time:" and they did it the third time. 35. And the water ran round about the altar, and he filled the trench also with water. 36. And it came to pass at the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice, that Elijah the prophet came near, and said, "Lord God of Abraham, Isaac, and of "Israel, let it be known this day, that « thou art God in Israel, and that I am thy "servant, and that I have done all these "things at thy word. 37. Hear me, O "Lord, hear me, that this people may "know that thou art the Lord God, and «« that thou hast turned (») their heart back *' again." 38. Then the fire of the Lord fell, and consumed the burnt-sacrifice, and the wood, and the stones, and the dust, and licked up the water that was in the trench. 39. And when all the people saw it, they fell on their faces: and they said, "The "Lord, he is the God, the Lord he is "the God." 40. And Elijah said unto them, "Take the prophets of Baal, let not "one of them escape:" and they took them; and Elijah brought them down to the brook Kishon, and slew them there. 41. And Elijah said unto Ahab, " Get "thee up, eat and drink, for there is a "sound of abundance of rain." 42. So Ahab went up to eat and to drink, and Elijah went up to the top of Carmel, and he cast himself down upon the earth, and put his face between his knees. 43. And said to his servant, " Go up now, look "toward the sea." And he went up, and looked, and said, " There is nothing." And
(n) f.37. "Turned their heart back again," i. e. "attempted to reclaimthcm, to bring them "back again to thee."
(0) v. 45. Jezreel," where Ahab lived. See I Kings xxi. 1. post.
(f) v.i." AIT, &c." See the preceding chap.
(y) v. 4. "Die." This gave occasion to
he said, " Go again seven times." 4. it came to pass at the seventh tin*, a said, (C Behold, there ariseth a lickj "out of the sea, like aman'shani' he said, " Go up, say unto Ahab, h "thy chariot, and get thee down, ts "rain stop thee not." 45. And c to pass in the mean while, that tki was black with clouds and wind, was a great rain. And Ahab rci went to Jezreel (0). 46. And tht of the Lord was on Elijah; and hit up his loins, and ran before Ahab, i entrance of Jezreel.
AND Ahab told Jezebel afl(i; Elijah had done, and withal he had slain all the prophets mi sword. 2. Then Jezebel sent ansa unto Elijah, saying, "So let the f* "to me, and more also, if I naktta "life as the life of one of than, * 11 morrow about this time." 3. Afc» he saw that, he arose and wentfcra« and came to Beer-sheba, which fe" Judah, and left his servant there, ihe himself went a day's journey £; wilderness, and came and sat done a juniper-tree: and he requesttdff* self that he might die (q), and as. '^ "enough, now O Lord, tab«?f "life: for I am not better than**
5. And as he lay and slept undf'i^ tree, behold then, an angel fs&*, and said unto him, "Arise i1
6. And he looked, and behold,*1*, a cake baken on the coals, and » ^ water at his head: and he did a * drink, and laid him down again.! the angel of the Lord came af*' second time, and touched hhni_"* « Arise and eat, because the ff*' « too great for thee." 8. And»> and did eat and drink, and went 0^ strength of that meat forty (r)»J*