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Then he arose, and rebuked the winds and the sea; and there was
27. a great calm. But the men marvelled, saying, "What manner "of man is this, that even the "winds and the sea obey him?"
28. And when he was come to the other side, into the country of the Gergesenes, there met him two possessed with devils, coming out of the tombs, exceeding fierce, so that no man might pass
39. by that way. And, behold, they cried out, saying, " What have we "to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son "of God? art thou come hither "to torment us before the time?"
30. And there was a good way off from them an herd of many swine
31. feeding. So the devils besought him, saying," If thou cast us out, "suffer us to go away into the
32. " herdof swine." And he said unto them, " Go." And when they were come out, they went into the herd of swine: and behold, the whole herd of (z) swine ran violently down a steep place into the sea, and perished in the
33. waters: And they that kept them fled, and went their ways into
v.%2. (z) " Swine." If these were kept by Jews, it was a breach of their law: if by Gentiles, yet if it was in the country of the Jews, it was a snare to them.
*-34- (a) "Besought him," &c. St. Luke assigns as a reason for this request, ch. viii. 37. that " they were taken with "great fear;" and St. Mark says, ch. v. 15. *' that they were afruid."
(b) Malachi prophesied about 430 years before our Saviour's time. *. I. (r) "Messenger." John the Baptist was this messenger: and he prepared the way before our Saviour j that is, prepared men's hearts for his reception, by preaching "repentance, for the king"dom of heaven is at hand," &c. Sec Matt. iii. 2. 8 to 12. Isaiah had before
the city, and told every thing, and what was befallen to the possessed of the devils. And, behold, the whole city came out to meet Jesus: and when they saw ,him, they (a) besought him that he would depart out of their coasts.
The Presentation Of Christ In The Temple, commonly called The Purification of the Virgin Mary.
Almighty and everliving God, we humbly beseech thy Majesty, that as thy only-begotten Son was this day presented in the temp\e in substance of our flesh; so we may be presented unto thee with pure and clean hearts, by the same thy Son Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
For the Epiitlc. Mai. iii. 1. (b)
"Behold, I will send (c) my "messenger, and he shall pre"pare the way before me: and "the (d) Lord, whom ye seek,
foretold that there would be such a messenger, in the prophecy, Isaiah xl. 3. "The voice of him that crieth in the wu"derness, Prepare ye the way of the "Lord, make straight in the desert a "highway for our God." See post, John Baptist's Day. See an able comment and explanation upon this passage in Malachi, Bp. Chandler's Defence of Chriftianity; and Dr. Trapp's Second Discourse.
(</) " The Lord whom ye seek," ^j, "the Messenger of the covenant, whom "ye delight in." These expressions import, that even at this time the coming of the Messiah was an objeft to which they looked forward; and the repeated prophecies from time to time delivered with a view to that event, were admir
"shall suddenly come to his *' temple, even the messenger of
ably calculated to keep alive in them that expectation. Immediately after the fall, they had an intimation that " the seed of "the woman should bruise the serpent's "head;" and this, though indefinite, might raise in them a hope that at some time or other there would be a deliverer, to give them the opportunity of regaining what by the fall they had forfeited, the chance of eternal life. God afterwards promised to Abraham, that in "him "and his seed should all the families or "nations of the earth be blessed." Gen. xii. 3. xxii. 18. This might induce a belief that the deliverer would be of hit seed. This promise was renewed, in nearly the same words, to Isaac, Gen. xxvi. 4; and to Jacob, xxviii. 14. Before Jacob died, he called his sons together, that he might tell them what should befal them (and their posterity) in the last days; and unto Judah he said, "thesceptre shall not depart from Judah, "nor a lawgiver from between his feet, "until Shiloh come; and to him shall "the gathering of the people be." Gen. xl. 10. This raised the belief that the Deliverer should be of the tribe of Judah, and that that tribe should have some degree of power until his coming. By "Shiloh" is certainly meant the Messiah; and the intimation, " that unto "him should the gathering of the people "be,'" agrees with the character before given him, that in him should all the nations of the earth be blessed, and with the title by which he is called in a subsequent prophecy, Hagg. ii. 7. « the "desire of all nations." God afterwards assured Moses, "I will raise "them up a prophet from among their "brethren, like unto thee, and will "put My words in his mouth, and he *' shall speak unto them all that I shall "command him; and it shall come to M pass that whosoever will not hearken "unto My words which he shall speak "in my name, I will require it of him." Deut. xviii. 18, 19. The correspondence in many particulars, between Moses and our Saviour, is ably pointed out by Dr. Jortin. See Newton on the Prophecies. In David's time the prophecy in Ps. ii. 7. "thou art My Son, this day I have be"gotten thee," was considered as re
"the covenant, whom ye delight "in: behold, he shall come,"
ferring to this expefted deliverer, and as importing that he was to be of the seed of David, who was of the tribe of Judah, and in many instances when the Jews in our Saviour's time meant to express their belief that he was the Messiah, they called him "the son of David." There are many other passages in the Psalms looking forward to this signal personage, and as the Jews were particularly familiar with the Psalms these passages would be continually in their minds. It would take up too much space to go through the Prophecies in Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel. Daniel speaks of the Messiah, and the time of his coming, with great particularity, " seventy weeks are de"termined upon thy people, and upon "thy holy city, to finish the transgression "and to make an end of sin, and to make "reconciliation for iniquity, and to "bring in everlasting righteousness, and "to seal up the vision and prophecy, and "to anoint the most holy: Know there"fore, and understand, that from the "going forth of the commandment to "restore and to build Jerusalem unto "the Messiah the prince shall be seven "weeks, and three score and two weeks: "(in seven weeks) the street shall be "built again, and the wall, even * in "troublous times. And after three score "and two weeks," (or, " the three score "and two weeks,") shall Messiah be cut "off, but not for himself: and the people "of the prince that shall come shall de*' stroy the city and the sandluary," &c. I have added in seven iveehs, because some addition seems necessary; and this corresponds with the event. A week, in prophetic language, means seven years, a day for a year, asGen.xxix. 27. Lev. xxv. 8. Ez. iv. 4, 5. 6. The commandment here referred to, "to restore and to build Jeru"salem," is probably that which is mentioned, Nehemiah ii. in the 20th year of Artaxerxes Longimanus. There had been previous orders for building the Temple, and offering therein. In the
* What is translated, " even in troublous "times," is in the Vulgate " in angustia tem"porum," which may mean in the shorter time, viz. the seven weeks, or what is rendered after three score and two weeks may mean, "after the "three score and two weeks."
first year of Cyrus the Persian, about 537 years before the birth of Christ, and perhaps the same year tliis prophecy was delivered, one was made for rebuilding the Temple (Ezrai. 1.) ; but that order was countermanded before the building was finished. (Ezra iv. 21.) In the second year of Daiius king of Persia, about 519 years before the birth of Christ, another order was made for building the Temple, Ezravi. 1 to 12; and it was built accordingly, and finished in the sixth year of the same Darius Hystaspes the Persian. In the seventh year of Artaxerxes, (about 457 years before the birth of Christ), he made a decree to let such of the people as pleased go up to Jerusalem, and for supplying them with offerings (Ezra vii. 11 to 26); but it was not till the twentieth year of Artaxerxes that we have any account of an order to restore and to build Jerusalem. Nehcmiah, who was cup-bearer to Artaxerxes, appeared s;id, and assigned as the leason, "that "the city, the place of my fathers' "sepulchres, lieth waste;" and he intreated that Artaxerxes would send him unto Judah, "unto the city of my "fathers' sepulchres, that I may build "it;" and Artaxerxes sent him accordingly, and gave him letters for conveying him to Judah, and for timber ",to "make beams for the gates of the palace "which appertained to the houses, and "for the wall of the city, and for the "house" Nehemiah was to enter into. The twentieth year of Artaxerxes was about 444 years before our Saviour's birth, and therefore 477 only before his crucifixion, not quite 69 weeks of ordinary years before our Saviour was cut off. But the Chaldean year is five days short of ours; and as Daniel had long lived in Chaldea, and his writings are partly in that language, Co weeks of Chaldean years might be intended in the prophecy; and 477 of our years make rather more than 483 Chaldean years, viz. 483 years and 225 days; and 483 years make 69 weeks of years. In Mic. v. 2. they were assured, that from " Bethlehem Ephratah should he
"comeforth, that was toberulerinlsrael, "whose goings forth had been from of "old, from everlasting." In Hagg. ii.7. whilst the second temple was building they had this encouragement from God, "the desire of all nations shall come, and "I will fill this house with glory, saith "the Lord of Hosts," and accordingly our Saviour came whilst that temple wai standing; and lastly, in Zech. ix. 9. the prophet breaks forth into this rapture, "Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; "Shout O daughter of Jerusalem: be"hold thy King cometh unto thee: be "is just, and having salvation," &c.
(e) "A refiner's fire," &c. Thi v. y. implies that the object of his coming wis not to raise them to temporal grandeur, but to cleanse their hearts, to correct their dispositions; and as St. Paul expresses it, Tit. ii. 14. to " purify to him"self a peculiar people, zealous of good '• works." The same might be collected from the preaching of his Tore-runner, the messenger here spoken of, John the Baptist: "Now also the ax is laid unto the '* root of the trees: therefore every tree "which bringeth not forth good fruit is "hewn down, and cast into the fire: I "indeed baptize you with water unto "repentance, but he that cometh after "me shall baptize you with the Holy "Ghost, and with fire: whose fan is is "his hand, and he will thoroughly purge "his floor, and gather his wheat into the "gamer; but he will burn up the chaff "with unquenchable fire." Matt. iii. 10 to 12. If it was so much God's object then to produce this inward purity, mustit not equally be his object now; and if he visited so heavily then those who fell short of it, and did not cordially embrace his religion, will he not equally visit the sinful and despisers of after times? The period of sinning cannot, with a God of perfect justice, make a difference in the quantum of punishment. God might make the punishment more visible in Our Saviour's time, to make his detestation of sin and unbelief more notorious; but will the punishment for subsequent sin and unbelief be less certain, or 1cm heavy?
and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the Lord an offering in righteousness. Then shall the offering of Judah and Jerusalem be pleasant unto the Lord, as in the days of old, and as in former years. "And I will come near "to you to judgement j and I "will be a swift witness against "the sorcerers, and against the "adulterers, and against false "swearers, and against those that "oppress the hireling in his "wages, the widow, and the "fatherless, and that turn aside "the stranger from his right, and "fear not me," saith the Lord of Hosts.
is said (g) in the law of the Lord, "A pair of turtle-doves, or two "young pigeons." And, be- 25. hold, there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name was Simeon; and the same man was just and devout, waiting for the (b) consolation of Israel: and the Holy Ghost was upon him. And it 26. was revealed unto him by the Holy Ghost, that he should not see death before he had seen the Lord's Christ. And he came by 27. the Spirit into the temple: and when the parents brought in the child Jesus, to do for him after the custom of the law, then took 28. he him up in his arms, and blessed God, and (/) said, "Lord, 29. "now lettest thou thy servant "depart in peace, according to "thy word: for mine eyes have 30. ** seen thy salvation, which thou 3.1, "hast prepared before the face "of all people j a light to lighten 33. "the Gentiles, and the glory of "thy people Israel." And Joseph 33, and his mother marvelled at those things which were spoken of him. And Simeon blessed them, 34. and said unto Mary his mother,
23. (/") " Written," Exod. xiii. 2. u The "Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Sanc"tify unto me all the first born, what"soever openeth the womb among the "children of Israel, both of man and of u beast—it is mine."
•24- (i) "Said in the law," &c. She was to bring a lamb, and a turtle-dove or young pigeon; but if she were not able to bring a lamb, she was to bring two tnrtles, or two young pigeons, one for a burnt-offering, the other for a sin-offering. Levit. xii. 6. 8.
*S- (h) "The consolation of Israel," i. e. the Messiah, who, on account of Daniel's prophecy ofthe seventy weeks, Dan.ix.24. ante 63, was at this time anxiously expefted. Anna spake of him (infra, v.38.)
"to all them that holed for redemption in "Jerusalem." Joseph of Arimathea was one of those " who waited for the tlng"dom of God," that is, the times of the Messiah Lukexxiii. 51. The question, Matt. xi. 3. ante 31, "Art thou he that "should come, or do we look for ano"ther?" implies that some important chara&er was expected. In John iv. 25. the woman of Samaria says, " I know "that Messias cometh;" and in John vi. 4. when the people saw the miracle of the loaves and fishes, they exclaimed, "This is of a truth that prophet which "should come into the world." See ante 33.
(i) See ante, 8.
"Behold, this child is set for "the fall and rising again of "many in Israel; and for a sign "which shall be spoken against;
35. " (yea, (k) a sword shall pierce "through thy own soul also,) "that the thoughts of many
36. " hearts may be revealed." And there was one Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Aser; she was of a great age, and had lived with an husband seven years from her vir
37. ginity; and she was a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed not from the temple, but served God with fastings and prayers night and day.
38. And she coming in that instant, gave thanks likewise unto the Lord, and spake of him to all them that looked for redemption
39. in Jerusalem. And when they had performed all things according to the law of the Lord, they returned into Galilee, to their
4.0, own city Nazareth. And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom: and the grace of God was upon him.
Fifth Sunday after the Epiphany.
O Lord, we beseech thee to
keep thy Church and household continually in thy true religion; that they who do lean only upon the hope of thy heavenly grace, may evermore be defended by thy mighty power, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
v.3?. OO "A 8WOI"d>" &c- Epipham'us says she was put to death.
v. 12. (1) "Bowels," &c. not the outward appearance, but the inward feeling and affection. True religion goes to the root, it regulates the heart.
v. 13. (m) Mercies," &c. The charaHer of the Christian virtues recommended here and elsewhere deserves notice: how admirably are they calculated to promote the comfort and happiness of individuals and of society!
v. 14. (/>) "Charity," i.e. not mere alms
The Epistle. Col. iii. 12.
Put on therefore, as the elect of God, holy and beloved, (/) bowels of mercies (m), kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness, long-suffering; forbearing one another, and forgiving one another, if any man have a quarrel against any: even as Christ forgave you, so also do ye. And 1 above all these things put on charity (n), which is the (0) bond of perfectness. And let the peace of God (p) rule in your hearts, to the which also ye are called in (q) one body; and be ye thankful. Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom; teaching and admonishing one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord. And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and the Father by him.
giving, but general goodwill to all mankind. The extensive sense in which the word "charity" is used, may be collected from 1 Cor. xiii. post. 75.
(0) "Bond of perfe&ness," i.e. perhaps the most perfect bond: uniting man to man more than any other quality.
(p) "Peace of God," i. e. godlike peaceableness.
(q) " In one body," i.e. together, to make one fraternity, whose characteristic shall be universal goodwill. See ante, 35. Eph. ii. 19, &c