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hypotheses advocated also, respecting the Sinai covenant, the dispensation by Moses generally, and the constitution and character of the community of Israel. Some very respectahie and learned divines among the Poedobaptists have adopted the idea, that this community was of a mixed character, and have called it a Theocracy. Among the many advocates of this opinion are Lowman, Doddridge, Warburton, Guise, and the late John Erfkine. These Divines supposed, that the legation of Moses could be best defended against the car vils of unbelievers, by placing God at the head oj the community of Israel, as a civil governor, surrounding himself with, the regalia, and managing his subjects with the penalties and largesses, of a temporal sovereign.

The Antipadobaptists have found this hypothesis so convenient a refuge from the attacks of their, oppasers, as to incorporate it, with great affection, and as a radical principle, into their system oj reasoning. They have gone farther, and entirely accommodated the hypothesis to their peculiar notions. They insist, that this community was not, either in fact, or in the original plan of the institution, spiritual, and religious; but civil and carnal; and that, of course, the christian church is specifically different, and an entirely new society.

It is the opinion of the Author oj the following Treatise, that this hypothesis has been adopted unwarily ; and not on. ly without, but against evidence.

In view of this diversity of sentiment, and the obscurity which seems yet to lie over these subjects, it was his opinion, that a distinct and accurate view, if one could be given, of the Hebrew economy, as established by Jehovah, jrom its rise in the Cfll of Abraham, and the covenant entered into with him, to its consummation in the Christian Church; deduced not from the fallible theories of m%n, but from the Bible itself , was a great desideratum in the science of theology. Such a view he has attempted to furnish. Of his success the public must jud«e. Though he cannot but entertain the hope that he has succeeded, as to the main principles, he a ould be adventurous indeed to avow a confidence, that his work is with



out error. Circumstantial errors however, whether they respect the matter or the manner, the reader is requested to remember, will not invalidate the truth of the leading principles. If these principles can be shewn to be wrong, the writer will be constrained to confess he has altogether failed of his object.



Refpefling the different meanings of the term Ctvcnatit, u it is ufed in the Sc/ip-
tures. - . . . . - page 9


Refpe&ing the identity of what are called the Covenant of Redemption, and the

Covenant of Grace. - -' ". - - - 16


RefpeSing the character and relative ftatc of Abraham, prior to God's eftab-
lifhing with him that covenant, which is generally called the Covenant of Cir-
cumcilion. • - - '- . - • - ..*f


RefpeSing the Covenant of Circumcifion. In this chapter an attempt is made

to analyle this covenant; to fhew the nature and extent of its promifes ; who

the feed are; in what fenfe they are covenantees ; and to prove its perpetu-

ity. - - - - - - - 33


Exhibiting a general view of the Community of Ifrael, from the adminiftration

of the Covenant of Circumcifion, to that of the Covenant of Sinai. - 93


Refpefting the Covenants of Sinai and Moab. In this chapter it is enquired ia

what relpefts the Covenant of Sinai is diftinguifhable from the Covenant of

Circumcifion, and the new Covenant predicted by Jeremiah and Ezekiel, and

mentioned by the writer of the Epiftle to the Hebrews, as taking effect under

the Gofpel Difpcnfation ; whether the Covenant of Sinai was the Covenant of

Works; and whether it was defigned to form the Hebrew Community into

a Civil, or to continue them a Religious Society: - • 100.


Giving a general view of the actual character of the Hebrew Community, from

the introduction of the Sinai Covenant to the advent of the Mefljah. 136


Refpetting the coincidence of Prophecies and Facts in regard to the advent of

the Meffiah to his people the Jews, his treatment of them while convcrfant

among them, and the conclufions which are to be drawn from this treat-

ment. • - - - - - -'49


Reflecting the rejection of the unbelieving part of Ifrael, and the tranflation of

the Meffiah's kingdom into the Gentile world; in which, the union ot be-

lieving Jews and Gentiles,under his immediate reign, is illuftrated. 164

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On a review of this work, feverat typographical errors are eVifcoverecU The greater number are to be found in the forepart of the book. Here alfo the punc. tuation is mod incorrect. So far as the accuracy of the Author fecms to be implicated, he has an apology in an indifpofition, of which he was fubjeS while this part of the book was palling through the prefs.

The errors which the reader is requefted to correct arethefc.
Jn page 21 For Pfalms, in three inftances, read P/olm.

44 Sixth line from bottom, for convenant read covenant.
46 Bottom line in the note, for appears read appear.
jsj, Sf»Jth from bottom, for kindred read kindreds,
71 Second from top, for exjlu/ion read exclujtn.
95 Eleventh from bottom, for pachal read pafchal.
143 Top line, for difobience read difobedience.
140 The top line of firft note, for tautoUgus rend tautologous,

and in the fecond line below, for interpratations read interpretations.
160 Sixth line from bottom, for dsys read days.
173 Sixteenth from bottom, for fucceejfive ra&fucccjivc.
17J In two inftances, for Ifreal read Ifrael.

azo Here are two omiflions near the bottom, his, and tdt which the reader will fupply.

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