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who Thall be à mán of reft ; and I will give him rest from all his enemies round about; for his name Mall be called Solomon, and I will give peace and quietness to Israel in his days: he Thall build an house for my name, and he ihall be my Son, I will be lais Father.” i Chron.xxii. 9, 10. Pial. Ixxii. 1, 2, 3, 4.
As therefore Mount Moriah was a type of Christ as the foundation, fo Solomon was a type of him as the builder of his church, The Mount was sigpal, for that thei eon the Lord God, before Abraham and David,, did display his mercy. And as Solomon built this temple, fix Christ oth build his houle. *** Yea, he shall build the everlalting itinplegu and he shall bear the glory.” Hcb. iii. 3, 4. Zech vi. 12; 13
And in that Solomon was called peace:be, it was to the w with what peaeeable dodrine and ways Christ's boufe and church tould be built. Ila. ix. 6. Micah vii. 2, 3), 4.
€ H A Pi III.
How the Temple was built. THI
HE Temple was bụilt, not mei ely by the dic,
tates of Solomon, though he was wifer than Ethan, and Heman, and colo!, and Darda, and all men, 1 Kings iv. 3.1. but it was built by rules prescribed by, or in a written word; and, as for delivered to him by his father David,
For when David gave to Sclo.non his fon a charge to build the temple of God, with that charge he gave him ato the pattern of all in write ing; even a patrern of the porchi, house, cham. bers, treasuries, parlours, úc. and of the place for the mercy-feat; which pattern David bad of God : nor would God trust his memory with it.
66 The Lord made me, said he, understand in writing, by his hand upon me, even all the work of this pat. tern." Thus, therefore, David gave to Sotoinon
his son the pattern of all; and thiş Solomon hiş fon built the house of God. See 1 Chron. xxviii, 920.
And answerable to this, Christ Jesus, the builder of his own house, whose house are we, doth build his holy habitation for him to dwell in , even ac, cording to the commandment of God the Father, For, faith hợ, “ I have not spoken of myself, but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commande ment what I hould speak.” And hence it is said, *
God gave him the revelation ;” and again, " That he took the book out of the hand of him that fat on the throne;" and so acted as to the building up of his church. John xii. 49, 41, Rev. i. 1. V. 7.
C HA P. IV.
of what the Temple was built. HE materials with which the temple was
built, were such as were in their own nature common to that which was left behind ; things that naturally, were not fit, without art, to be laid on so holy a house. And this fhews, that those of whom Christ Jesus designs to build his church åre by nature no better than others. But as the trees and stones of which the temple was built were first hewed and squared before they were fit to be laid in that house; fo finners, of which the church is to be built, must first be fitted by the word and doctrine, and then fitly laid in their place in the church.
For though, as to nature, there is no difference betwixt those made use of te build God's house with, yet by grace they differ from others; even as those trees and stones that are hewed and squared for building by art, are made to differ from those which abide in the wood or pit.
The Lord Jesus, therefore, while he freketh materials wherewith to build his house, he findeth
them, “ the clay of the same lump that he rejecteth, and leaves behind. Are we better than they? No, in no wife,” Rom. ii chap. ix Nay, I think, if
any be bett, it's they which are left behind. “ He came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repent. ance,"
," Mark ii. 17. And, indeed in this he doth thew both the greatness of his grace and workman. fhip; his grace, in taking such ; and his workmanfhip, in that he makes them meet for his holy habitation. · This the current of scripture maketh manifeft: wherefore it is needless now to cite particulars; on. ly we must remember, that none are laid in this building as they come out of the wood or pit : but as they firft pass under the hand and rule of this great Builder of the teinple of God,
Who was to fell those Trees, and to dig those Stones
with which Solomon built the Temple.
S the trees were to be felled, and stones to be.
digged, so there was for that matter select workmen appointed.
These were not of the sons of Jacob, nor of the house of Israel : they were the fervants of Hiram, King of Tyre, and the Gibeonites, namely, their children that made a league with Joshua, in the day that God gave the land of Canaan to his people. Joshua ix. 22.-29. 1 Ķings v 2 Chron. xxvii. 28,
And these were types of our gospel-ministers, who are the men appointed by Jesus Christ to make finners, by their preachirg, meet for the house of God. Wherefore, as he was famous of old, who was strong to lift up his ax upon the thick boughs, to square wood for the building of the temple ;" so a minister of the gospel now is also famous, if much tised by Christ for the converting of finners to him.
self, that he may build him a temple with them, Pfal. vii. 4, 5, 6. Rom. xvi. 7.
“ But why, may some say, do you make fo home. ly a comparison ? I answer, because I believe it is true ; for 'tis grace, not gifts, that makes us sons and the beloved of God. Gifts make a ininifter ; and as a minister, one is but a servant to " hew wood, and draw water, for the house of my God.” Yea, Paul, though a son, yet counted himself not a fon but a servant, purely as he was a minister, a fervant of God, a servant of Christ, a servant of the church, and your fervant for Jesus fake, Tit. i. 1. Rom, io n. 2 Cor. iv. 5.
A man then is a son, as he is begotten and born of God to himself, and a servant as he is gifted for work in the house of his Father; and tho'it is truth the servant may be a son, “yet he is not a fun because he is a férvant." Nor doth it follow, that because all fons may be servants, therefore all fervants are fons: no, all the servants of God are not fons; and therefore, when time shall come, he that is only a servant here fhall certainly be put out of the house, even out of that house himself did help to build.
66 The servant abideih not in the houle for ever:” the servant, that is, he that is only so, Ezek. xlvi. 16, 17. John viii.
35. So then as a fon thou art an Ifraelite, as a servant a Gibeonite. The consideration of this made Paul Itart; he knew that gifts made him not a fon, 1 Cor, xii, 28, 29, 30, 31, chap. xiii. i, 2.
The sum then is, a man may be a servant and a son ; a servant, as be is employed by Cbrift in his house for the good of others, and a son, as he is a * partaker of the grace of adoption ; but all fervants are not sons : and let this be for a caution and a call to minifters to do all acts of service for God, and in his house, with reverence and gedly fear. And with all humility, let us desire to be partakers ourfelves of “ that grace we preach to others," I Cor.
This is a great saying, and written perhaps to keep ministers humble : And strangers thall land and feed your flocks, and the sons of the alien shall be your ploughmen, and your wine.dressers,” Ifa.
To be a ploughman here is to be a preacher, and to be a vine dresser here is to be a preacher, Luke ix, 59, 60, 61, 62. and 1 Cor. ix. 27. Mat. ii, 1. 2, 3, 4, 8. chap. xxi, 28. i Cor, ix. 3.
And if he does this work willingly he has a re. ward ; if not, “ a dispensation of the gospel was com: mitted to him, and that is all." 1 Cor. ix, 17.
C HA P.
A P. VI.
In what Condition the Timber and Stones were when
brought to be laid in the Building of the Temple. TH
was built, were squared and hewed in the wood or pit ; and so there made every way fit for that work, even before they were brought to the place where the house should be set up: “ So that there was neither hammer nor ax, nor any tool of iron was heard in the house while it was building." i Kings vi. 7.
And this shews, as was said before, that the ma. terials of which the house was built, were (before the hand of the workman touched them) as unfit to be laid in the building, as were thole that were left behind ; consequenily that themselves, none otherwise, but by the art of others, were made fit to be laid in this building.
To this our New-Teftament temple answers; for those of the sons of Adam who are counted worthy to be laid in this building, are not by nature, but by grace, made meet for it; not by their own wis. dom, but by the word of God. Hence he faith, I have bewed them by the prophets." And again,
ministers are called God's builders and labourers