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even to this work, Hof. vi. 5. I Cor. iii. 1o. and 2 Cor. vi. 1. Col. i. 28.
No man will lay trees as they come from the wood, for beams and rafters in his house ; nor ftones, as digged in the walls. No, the trees mult be hewed and squared, and the stones lawn and made fit, and so be laid in the house.
Yea they must be lo fawn, and to squared, that in coupling they may be joined exactly, else the building will not be good, nor the workman have credit of his doings.
Hence our gotpel church, of which the temple was a type, is said to be fitly formed, and that there is a fit supply of every joint for the securing of the whole, i Pet. iii. 5. Ephef. iv. 20, 21. chap. iv. 16. Col. ii. 19.
As they therefore build like children that build with wood, as it comes from the wood or foreft, and with stones as they come from the pit ; even
do they who pretend to build God an house o unconverted finners, unhewed, unsquared, unpolish. ed: wherefore God's workmen, according to God's advice, prepare their work without, “and make it fit for themselves in the field, and afterwards build the house." Prov. xxiv. 27.
Let ministers therefore look to this, and take heed, left, infead of making their notions stoop to the word, they make the scriptures itoop to their notions.
C H A P, VII.
of the foundation of the Temple. T
HE foundation of the temple is that upon which
it fto.id ; and it was twofold ; first, the hill Moriah, and then those great ftones upon which it was erected. I his hill Moriah, as was said afore, did more properly typify Chrift. Hence Moriah is called the Mountain of the house," it being the rock on which it was built. Those great stones called found.
ation-stones, were types of the prophets and apostles, Matth. xvi. 18. Ephes. ii 20, 21. Heb. xi. 18.
Wherefore these stones were stones of the biggest fize, stones of eight cubits, and stones of ten cubits, 1 Kings vii. 10.
Now, as the temple had this double foundation, fo we must consider it respectively and distinctly; for Christ is the foundation ore way, the prophets and apoitles a foundation another. Christ is the foundation personally and meritoriously ; but the prophets and apostles by doctrine, minifterially. The church then, which is God's New Testament temple, is said to be built on Chrift the founda. tion; so none other is the foundation but he, i Cor. iii. 11, 12. But as it is said to be built upon the apostles, so it is said to have twelve foundations, and must have none but they, Rev.
What is it then? why we must be building upon Christ, as he is our priest, facrifice, prophet, king, and advocate ; and upon the other, as they are in. fallible instructors and preachers of him ; not that any may be an apolle, that fo fhall esteem of him. felf, nor that any other doctrine be administred but what is the doctrine of the twelve ; for they are set forth as the chief and last. There are also they, as Mofes, which are to look over all the build ing, and to see that all in this house be done accord. ing to the pattern Thewed to them in the Mount, Exod. xxxix. 43. John xx. 21, 22, 23, 1 Cor. iii. 9. chap. iv. 9.
Let us then keep these distinctions clear, and not put an apostle in the room of Christ, nor Christ in the place of one of those apostles, Let none but Chrift be the high priest and sacrifice for your souls to God ; and none but that doctrine which is apoftolical be to you as the mouth of Christ, for instruction to prepare you, and to prepare materials for this temple of God, and to build thens upon this foundation,
Of the Richness of the Stones which were laid for
the Foundations of the Temple. THESE foundation-ftones, as they were great,
so they were costly ftones; tho', as I faid, of themselves of no more worth than they are of thuir nature that were left behind. Their coftliness therefore, lay in those additions which they received from the King's charge.
First, In that labour which was bestowed upon them in fawing, squaring, and carving : for the lervants, as they were cunning at this
work, so they bestowed much of their art and labour
upon them, by which they put them into excellent form, and added to their bigness, glory and beauty, fit for stones upon which so goodly a fabrick was to be built.
Secondly, These stones, as they were thus wrought within and without, fo, as it seems to ine, they were inlaid with other stones more precious than themselves : inlaid, I say, with stones of divers colours. According as it is written, “ I will lay the foundations with sapphires,” Ifa. liv. II. Not that the foundations were fapphires, but they were: laid, inlaid with them : or, as he faith in another place, " They were adorned with goodly stones and gifts,” Luke xxi 5.
This is still more amplified, where it is written of the New Jerufalem (which is still the Testament church on earth, and so the same in substance with what is now); " The foundations of the wall of the city, saith he, were garnished with all manner of precious stones," Kev. xxi. 19. True, the fe there are called the foundations of the wall of the city ; but it has respect to the matter in hand; for that which is before called a temple, for its comparitive Smallness, is here calied a city, for, or because of its great increafe : and both the foundations of the
wall of the city, as well as of the temple, "are the twelve apostles of the Lamb, Rev, xxi, 14.
For these carvings and inlayings, with all other beautifications, were types of the extraordinary gifts and graces of the apostles. Hence the apostle calls such gifts, signs of apostleship, Rom. xv. 19. 2 Cor. xii. 21. Heb, ii. For as the foundi. tion stones of the temple were thus garnished, fo were the apostles, beautified with a call, gifts, and graces peculiar to theinfelves. Hence he says, first apostles, for that they were first and chief in the church of Christ, i Cor. xii. 28.
Nor were these stones only laid for a foundation for the temple ; for the great court, the inner ccurt, as also the porch of the temple, had round about them " three rows of these stories for their founda. tion,” 1 Kings vii. 12.
Signifying, as seems to me, that the more out. ward and external part, as well as that more inter. nal worship to be performed to God, should be grounded upon apostolical doctrine and appointments, 1 Cor. iii. 10, 11, 12. 2 Theff, ii, 15. chap. iii. 6. Heb. vi.l.-5.
C H A P. IX.
Which Way the Face or Front of the Temple stood., 1. THE
H E temple was built with its face or front
towards the east, and that perhaps, because the glory of the God of Israel was to come from the way of the east unto it.” Ezek. xliii. i. -5 xlvii. I
Wherefore in that its front stood towards the east, it may be to fhew, that the true gospel-church would have its eye to, and expec. tation from the Lord. We look, said Paul, But whither? “We have our conversation, said he, in
heaven, from whence our expectation is," 2. Cor. iv. 18. Phil. iii. 20, 21. Pfal. Ixii. 5.
1 2. It was also let with its face towards the east,
to keep the people of God from committing idolatry, to wit, from worshipping the host of heaven, and the fun, whose rising is from the ealt. For, since the face of the temple stood towards the ealt, and fince the worshippers were to worship at, or with their faces towards the temple, it follows, that both in their going to, and worshipping God towards that place, their faces must be from, and their backs towards the sun. The thus building of the temple therefore was a snare to idolaters, and a proof of the zeal of those that were the true wor. Ihippers : as also to this day; the true gospel.infti. tuted worship of Jesus Chritt is; hence he is faid, to idolaters, to be a snare and a trap, but to the godly, a glory, lfa. viii 14. Chap. lx. 19.
3. Do but see how God catched the idolatrous Jews by this means in their naughtiness : And he brought me, said the prophet, into the inner court of the Lord's house, and behold, at the door of the temple of the Lord, even between the porch and the altar, were about five-and-twenty men, with their backs towards the temple of the Lord, and their faces towards the east," Ezek. viii. 16.
It was therefore, as I said, set with its face to. wards the east, to prevent false worships, and detect idolaters.
4. From the east also, came the most blasting winds, winds that are destructive to man and beast, to fruit and irees and fhips at fea, Exod. x. 13• Job xxvii. 21. Ezek. xvii. 10. chap. xix. 12. Pfal. xlviii, 7. Ezek. xxvii. 26.
I say, the east wind, or that which comes from thence, is the most hurtful; yet you see, the tem. ple hath fet her face againft it, to shew, that the true church cannot be blasted or made to turn back by any affiction. 'Tis not eaft-winds, nor none of their blastings, that can make the temple turn about. Hence he faith, " That Jacob's face shall not wax pale.” And again, 4. I have made thy face strong against their faces, and that the gates of hell Hall