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not prevail against it, Isa. xxix. 22. Ezek. ii. 8. Matth. xvi. 18.

5. It might be also built with its face towards the east, to thew, that the true church lookcrh, as before I hinted, for her Lord and King from hea. ven, knowing, that at his coming he will bring heal. ing in his wings : for from the eaft he will appear when he comes the second time without sin unto salvation, of which the fun gives us a memento in his rising there every morning. “ For as the lightning cometh out of the east, and shineth unto the welt ; fo Thall also the coming of the Son of man be." Mal. iv. 2. Heb. ix. 28. Col. iii.


Pet. üi. 11


Matth. xxiv, 27. 6. Christ, as the north pole, draws those touched with the load.stone of his word, with the face of their fouls towards him, to look for, and haften to his coming. And this also is fignified by the temple standing with his face towards the east.

с на р. X.
of the Courts of the Temple,



to the temple. The first was called the outward court, Ezek, xl. 17, chap. xlvi. 21.

1. This was that into which the people of neces. firy first entered, when they went to worship in the the temple, confequently that was it in and by which the people did first thew their desires to be worshippers of God. And this answers to those badges and signs of love to religion, that people have in face or outward appearance, Matth. xxv. 27. 2 Cor. x. 7.

2. In this, though here may sometimes be truth, yet oftener lies and diffimulation; wherefore commonly an outward appearance is set in oppo. Gition to faith and truth, as the outward is in oppefition to the inner-court, and outward to the inner map ; and that is, when it is by itself, for


then it profits nothing, Rom, ii. 28. 1 Cor. xiii, li -3. 2 Cor. v. 12.

3. Hence, tho' the outward court was something to the Jews, because by outward bodies they were distinguished from the Gentiles ; yet to us it is lit

“ for now he is not a Jew who is one only outwardly;" therefore all the time of the beast's reign this court is given to be trodden under fost; for, as I said, outward thew will avail nothing when the beast comes to turn and toss up professors with his horns, Rev. xi, 12.

4. But as there was an outward, fo there was an inner court; a court that stood nearer to the tem. ple, and so to the true practical part of worfhip, than that outward court did, Ezek. X. 13. chap, xlvi. 1. 1 Kings vi, 36.

5. This inner court is that which is called the court of the priests, because it was that in which they boiled the trespass offerings, and in which they prepared the sin offering for the people, 2 Cor. iv. g.

Ezek. xlvi. 20, 6. This court, therefore, was the place of prace tice and of preparation to appear before God, which is the first true token of a sincere and honest mind. Wherefore here, and not in the outward court, stood the great brazen altar, which was a type of Christ, by whom alone true worshippers make their approach with acceptance unto God. Also here stood the great brazen scaffold, on which the king kneeled when he prayed for the people; a type of Christ's prayers for his when he was in the world, 1 Kings ii. 2 Chron. vi. John xiii. 17.

7. Wherefore this court was a type of practical worship, and so of our praying, hearing, and eating, before God.

There belonged to this court se. veral gates, an east, a south, and a north gate; and when the people of the land went into this court to worthip, they were noc to go out at the gate by which they came in, but out of the gate over against it,to Mew that true Christians thould persevere right


on, and not turn back whatever they met with in the way." He that entereth in by the way of the north-gate to worship shall go out by the way of the south gate ; and that entereth in by the way of the south gaie, he shall not return by the way of the gate whereby he came in, but thall go over a. gainst it," Ezek. xlvi, g.

8. These courts were places of great delight to the Jews, as both feigned and sincere profeffion is to those that practise therein. Wherefore when the Jews did enter into these, they did use to do it with praise and pipe, as do both hypocrites and Gincere ones.

So then, when a man shall tread in both these courts, and shall turn what he seems to be, into what he would be in reality ; then, and not till then, he treads them as he should, for then he makes the outward court, and his treading there, but a passage to that which is more inward and fin

But he that stays in the outward one, is but fuch an one as pleases not God, for that he wants the practice of what he professes with his mouth.

C H A P. XI. Of the great brazen Altar that stood in the Immer-Court

of the Temple. N the inner coart ftood the great brazen altar

which Solomon made : this is evident ; for that when he kneeled upon the scaffold there to pray, he kneeled before this altar ; fee Exod. xl. 6, 29. 2 Chron, vi, 13. 2 Kings xvi. 14. Joel i. 17.

2. This altar seems to be placed about the middle of this court, over against the porch of the house : and between it and the temple was the place where Zachariah was Nain. This altar was called the altar of burnt offering; and therefore it was a type of Christ in his dignity; for Christ's body was our true burnt offering, of which the bodies of the facrif. ced beasts were a type. Now that altar his body was offered, was his divinity or godhead ; for that, and that only, could bear up that offering



upon which

in the whole of its sufferings ; and that therefore, and that only, was to receive the fat, the glory. Hence it is said, “ He, through the eternal Spirit, offered himself without spot to God," Heb. ix. 14. 3.

For Christ is priest, and facrifice, and altar, and all. And as a priest he offered, as a sacrifice he fuffered, and as God he supported bis humanity, in that suffering of all the pains it underwent, Gal. i. 4. chap, ii, 20. 1 Pet. iii. 18. Heb. ix. 13.

4. It was then Christ's godhead, not the tree, that was the altar of burnt offering ; or that by which Christ offered himself an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweet sinelling favour.

5. That it was not the tree is evident, for that could not sanctify the gift, to wit, his body ; but Chrift affirmeth, « That the altar sanctifieth the gift :” and by fo saying, he affirmeth, that the altar on which he off-red his offering was greater than the offering itself, Matth. xxiii. 19.

Now the body of Christ was the gift ; for so he faith, “I give my flesh for the life of the world," John vi.

But now, what thing is that which is greater than his body, save the altar, his divinity on which it was offered; the tree then was not the altar which sanctified this gift, to make it of virtue e. nough to make reconciliation for iniquity, John vi. 15. chap. xvii. 19. Heb. ix. 14. Col. i. 19.- 21.

Now, since this altar of burnt-offering was thus placed in the inner-court, it teacheth us several things.

First, That those that come only into the out. ward court, or that reit in a bare appearance of Christianity, do not, by fo doing, come to Jesus Christ ; for this altar stands not there. Hence John takes notice only of the temple and this altar, and them that worship therein, and leaves out the out. wird court, and so them that come no farther, Rev. xi, 1, 2.

Secondly, This teaches us also, that we are to

enter into that temple of God by blood. The al. tar, this altar of burnt offering stood as men went into the temple : they must go by it, yea, there they must leave their offering, and so go in and worship, even as a token that they came “thither by facrifice and by blood.”

Thirdly, Upon this altar, Solomon, at the dedi. cation of the temple, offered thousands, both of oxen and of Meep, to signify surely the abundant worths and richness that would be in the blood of Chrift, to save when it should be fhed for us; for his blood is spoken of with an how much more ; For if the blood of bulls and goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the Aesh, how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works, to serve the living God," Heb. ix. 14. 2 Chron. vii. 5, 9, 7, 8. Heb. X. I, 12.

Let us then not dare to ftop, or stay in the outward court, for there is not this altar ; nor let us dare, when we come into this court, to be careless whether we look to this altar or no; for it is by blood we must enter; " for without shedding of blood there is no renifsion." Let us always then, when we come hither, wash' our hands in innocen. cy, " and fo compass this holy altar.” For that by Christ, who is the altar indeed, we are reconcil. ed to God; “this is looking to Jesus," this is coming to God by him, of whom this altar and the fa. crifice thereon was a type.

с н А Р. XII. Of the Pillars that were before the Porch of the

HERE were divers pillars belonging to the

Temple. But in this place we are confined to speak of only two ; namely, those which stood before the temple.


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