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and if any unwarrantable action should be committed, an appeal to Parliament in the ensuing Session will always be at the option of the sufferer. In the present instance, however, no danger of this kind can be apprehended : the Duke of Northumberland, though firm and decisive, is equally moderate and lenient; bearing that character which stands foremost throughout the world, an honest and upright English gentle man. On the arrival of this intelligence in Dublin, the Association met and dissolved itself, the members present openly congratulating each other, that the purpose for which they had combined, viz. the intimidating his Majesty's Ministers to the degree necessary to induce them to grant the demands of the Romanists, was virtually effected; but adding a declaration that they will again associate unless all their requisitions are complied with, without any compromise or security. As might well be expected, these demands have risen in proportion with their hopes of obtaining them; and now seem to aspire at nothing less than changing the established religion in Ireland. Should they succeed, how long will the country we have been accustomed to call our sister, continue to form a part of the kingdom of Great Britain ?

No other business of importance besides the Catholic question has come before the House, nor indeed is there a chance that any other would be attended to. The Ministers have carefully avoided giving any clue by which the proposed securities could be even guessed, confining themselves to reiterated assurances, that when the bill is laid before the House, it will be found to contain nothing that can in the slightest degree tend to impair the religion or constitution of the country. By the constitution of Great Britain, the legislature of the kingdom must be Protestant; combined with a Protestant Church, and headed by a Protestant King; the admission therefore of Roman Catholics into the legislature must be at once subversive of such a constitution, and is certainly paving the way for a change in the two re maining component parts. The house of Brunswick reigns by this principle; and if this is now set aside it opens a door for claims from the house of Savoy

Unless the Roman Catholic Prelate is permitted to take his seat in the House of Lords, by the side of the Protestant Bishop, they are not on equal terms. Nor is it possible that an equal participation of civil rights would satisfy the Roman Catholic; the spirit of their religion forbids such a belief. This inculcates that it is an imperative duty to subvert every institution which is not calculated to support and strengthen the Popish hierarchy; no oath or security can be binding upon its professor, because the Church can absolve him from the observance of them; and even teaches that it is unlawful to adhere to them if they should be found adverse to the advancement of the Papal Church: whilst any deception may be practised upon heretics, and deemed praiseworthy if an increase of power and influence to the Roman religion will be the fruits. But leaving all political grounds, and viewing the question in a religious light, we cannot but earnestly deprecate the introduction of the professors of an idolatrous worship to legislate for the followers of that pure religion which it has pleased the Almighty to bestow on these realms, and which has been constantly the channel through which he has poured his choicest blessings on our country, which is in itself the greatest blessing man can receive from his Maker. Since the reception of which, the empire has been raised to the highest rank among the nations; and whilst other kingdoms have been torn and desolated by the accumulated horrors of faction and war, England has been preserved from both ; at home she has been tranquil and prosperous; abroad, triumphant and revered. Ireland, where alone throughout the empire the Papists remained in any numbers, has been permitted to feel the effects of either calamity, and that but in a slight degree; for in judgment God remembered mercy. We have now reason to fear, that if we reject the truth, we shall, like the Jews of old, be left to our punishment, arising, like that of the stiffnecked people, out of the crime they boasted of.

The reasons assigned for the necessity of this change of measures, are not such as carry conviction with them; the disturbed state of Ireland,

and the number of large assemblies daily meeting in various parts of it, are the principal ones; but from a document read in the House of Commons, and intended to enforce these statements, the inference may be fairly drawn, that, to say the least, they are greatly exaggerated. That country cannot, in candour, be considered as turbulent; in the most divided part of which, the county of Monaghan, the government does not find it necessary to retain a force of more than one hundred men, in a circle of fifty miles in diameter; and such appears to be the case by General Thornton's statement. And will the future tranquillity of Ireland be insured by consigning her to the guardianship of the furious demagogues who formed and headed the Catholic Association, and the fanatic and ambitious priesthood who promoted the not yet forgotten scenes of riot at Clare and Waterford, tearing asunder what had hitherto constituted one of the strongest bonds of civil society, the connexion between landlord and tenant?

Still we do not despair of seeing this great calamity averted from our country. The Duke of Cumberland has arrived in England, and taken the first opportunity of publicly declaring his firm adherence to those principles which placed his family on the throne. This declaration, which was not made without previously consulting his Majesty, and receiving his approbation, has been received as speaking the king's sentiments, and consequently produced a great effect on the House of Lords, where it was delivered. The nation at large is aroused to the strong sense of its danger, and petitions from all parts are pouring into both houses, against a measure so fraught with danger to both church and state: numerous addresses to his Majesty are in preparation, praying for an immediate dissolution of parliament, that the general sense of the nation on this momentous subject may be expressed in its election of a new one; and for the disfranchisement of the forty-shilling freeholders, that the freedom of election in Ireland may be practically rescued from the tyranny of the papal priesthood. But while we rejoice to see these indications, that the mass of

the people are awake to a true sense of their privileges, and are using every legal means in their power for preserving them, let us not forget that we must look to Him alone for deliverance in this time of danger, without whose assistance “ the watchman waketh in vain;" and unite in calling upon Him continually, with increasing earnestness, to protect and guard us from the enemies of his church and people; “ to turn the counsel of Ahíthophel into foolishness.”

It is a matter of congratulation to the country that the Archbishop of Canterbury continues firm in his opposition to all innovation, and is supported by the majority of the clergy. No body can be more interested than the clergy of the Established Church in the settlement of the Catholic question ; both as regards the spiritual welfare of the people entrusted to their charge, as well as the far inferior concern of the provision made by Government for their support. For a very short period would the community rest satisfied with the additional burden which must necessarily be imposed, to enable the stipends of the Catholic priesthood to be paid from the public taxes, and it would then be transferred to the revenues of the Church. Already have the Romanists declared, that to render the state of things consistent with the true spirit of toleration, the religious profession of the incumbent ought to coincide with that of the majority of the parishioners, and their methods of deluding the weak and ignorant are too openly practised to leave any doubt that they would shortly secure numerous and increasing settlements in all parts of the kingdom.

FRANCE.—A very strong debate has taken place in the Chamber of Representatives relative to the impeachment of the late ministry for advising the King to suppress the national guards. This impeachment was begun in the last session, and a numerous party desire it should be commenced anew in the present one, whilst the remainder wish to take it up where it was then left, referring, for a precedent, to the proceedings of the English Parliament against Warren Hastings, which were continued during two successive sessions.

SPAIN -A treaty has been con- plunder is estimated at from eight to cluded between this country and ten millions of dollars. A proclamaGreat Britain relative to the payment tion was then issued by the Governof claims which the inhabitants of ment, assuring foreigners that they both countries make upon each other. will be protected, but there not being By virtue of this treaty, the Spaniards much appearance of stability in the guarantee the payment of nine hun new order of things, every one is in dred thousand pounds, the debt on the greatest consternation. Private our side amounting to less than a letters mention that it is generally conquarter of that sum.

sidered probable that the Spaniards, ITALY.-Intelligence has been re who have long been collecting consiceived of the death of Pope Leo XI. onderable naval and military forces in the 10th of February. No information the Havannah, will avail themselves has yet reached this country as to his of this insurrection to make a descent probable successor.

on the coast. Should this prove a well Mexico.-A civil war with all its founded surmise, it is by no means imaccumulated horrors is now raging in probable that they may regain, at least, this country. On the 30th of Nov. for some time, their ancient dominion the militia of the capital took possession over the maritime parts of the country. of the general barracks, and the second It is a well-known circumstance, that day after, defeated the Governor's there exists a large and influential troops and took the city, which was party in the Spanish cabinet, who deem immediately plundered; their fury was it quite possible to regain possession of principally directed against foreigners this most valuable of their ancient setand old Spaniards. Most of the latter tlements; and whether this opinion be were murdered, and their houses strip- well or ill founded, it may very probably ped of every thing. The amount of stimulate them to make the attempt.

ECCLESIASTICAL INTELLIGENCE.

NEW CHURCH. CHELTENHAM.-The New Church of St. John, Cheltenham, has been consecrated by the Lord Bishop of Gloucester, and opened for Divine Service. The Sermon was preached upon the occasion by his Lordship, and the collection which was afterwards made towards defraying the expenses of furnishing the Church, amounted to above 2001.

CLERICAL APPOINTMENTS.
Name.

Appointment.
Bloxam, R. R.

... Chapl. at Milford Haven.
Crane, Joseph ................ Dom. Chapl. to Lord Lyttleton.
Hughes, J. W... ....... Dom. Chapl. to Lord Colville.
Lubbock, J................. Chapl. to the Lunatic Asylum at Norwich.
Thackeray, Elias.............. Chapl. to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.

PREFERMENTS.
Name.
Preferment.

County. Diocese. Patron.
Bartlett, Thomas3 & All Saints', R.S
Tho s St. Mildred, R.L

Canterb. Kent Canterb. Lord Chancellor Bond, John ...... Romansleigh, R. Devon Exeter SirT.D.Ackland, Bt. Clive, Archer .... Solihull, R.

Warwick Lichfield Earl of Plymouth Davies, James ..

S Windrush, V.
with Sherborne, V.

Gloucest. Gloucest. Lord Sherborne Downes, S. ...... Haltwhistle, V.

Northumb. Durham Bishop of Durham Eyre, Lawrence .. Hanging Eaton, P.C. York York V. of Dewsbury Foot, Lundy .... Longbredy, R.

Dorset Bristol R. Williams, Esq.

Name.
Preferment.

County. Diocese. Patron.
Frowd, J.Brickenden Letcombe Bassett, R. Berks Salisbury Corp. Cbr. Coll. Oxf.
Hollingsworth, N.J. West Boldon, R. Durham Durham Bishop of Durham
James, John ....

SV. of Southwick, Northam. Peterboro'G. F. Lynn, Esq.

"" to a Prebend in the Cath. Ch. of Peterboro'Bp. of Peterborough Jones, Thomas.... Creaton, R.

S Rev. E. T. Beynon Northam. Feterb. and Mrs. Beynon

Northam. Peterb. 1 Liddell, H.G..... Whickham, R.

Durham Durham Bishop of Durham ( Purse Caundle, R. B e Messiter. Richard & Stourton Caundle. P.c. | Dorset Bristol SirR.C.Hoare, Bart. (and Bratton, R.

Somers. B.& Wells U.& G. Messiter, Esqs. Moseley, Thomas.. St. Martin's, Birmingham, R. Warwick Lichfield Mousley, William.. Cold Ashby, V.

Northam. Peterboro'Rev. W. Mousley Nairne, Charles .. Carrington, P.C. Chester Chester Earl of Stamford New, E. P. ...... Northmore, P.C. Oxford Oxford St. John's Coll. Oxf. Norris, Dennis G. s Belaugh, R. " I and Scottow, V.

Norfolk Norwich Bishop of Norwich Prowett, John .... Heigham, R.

Norfolk Norwich Bishop of Norwich Richards, G. Pierce Sampford Courtenay, R. Devon Exeter King's Coll. Camb. Rouch, Frederick.. St. Mary Magd. R. Bristol Bristol Bristol Marquess of Chandos Seymour, J. Hobart Preb. in Cath. Ch. of

Gloucest. Lord Chancellor Sicklemore, G. W. . Milton Malsor, R.

on SL. H. Petit, and sof, 1.

Northam. Peterb. {

Northam. Fetero. / J. G. Children, Esas. Webber, C. jun. .. Canon Resident in Cath. Ch. of ChichesterD. & C. of Chichesi. Whish, J. K. .... Christ Church, P.C. Gloucest. Gloucest. The Trustees

CLERGYMEN DECEASED. On the 22d of August, 1828, on board the East India Company's Ship the Marquis of Huntly, the Right Reverend John Thomas JAMES, D.D. Lord Bishop of CALCUTTA.

( Alton Barnes, R. Wilts Salisbury New Coll. Oxford Crowe, William.. and Saxton, P.C. York York Sir T. Gascoigne, Bt.

( and Llanymynech, R. Denbigh St. Asaph Bp. of St. Asaph Prebend in Cath. Ch. of

Durham Bishop of Durham Egerton, Hon.F.H.) Middle, R. E. of Bridgewater and Whitchurch, R. Salop Lichfield Earl of Bridgewater

( with Tilstock, P. C. Hudson, James .. Stapleford Abbott, R. Essex London Lord Chancellor Marsh, Henry .... Manuden, V.

Essex London Rer. H. Marsh
( Naseby, V.
Mastin, John .... and Cold Ashby, V.

Northam. Peterboro' {The King
^

poro Rev. W. Mousley ( and Dunton Bassett, v. Leicester Lincoln G. Payne, Esq. Michell, William { Compton Dundon, V. Somerset B.&Wells The Prebendary

and Llantrissent, V. Glamorg. Llandaff D.& C. of Gloucester Owens, Owen .... Llanylar, V.

Cardigan St. David's Bp. of St. David's Preb. in Cath. Ch. of

Peterb.
Parsons, Joseph..

Peakirk, R.
with Glinton, R.

Northam. Peterb. Bp. of Peterboro' ( and Holwell, R. Bedford Lincoln Mr. Radcliffe Quartley, J. ...

S Ribchester, R.
with Suidd, Ch.

LancasterChester Bishop of Chester i Grafton Underwood, R. )

Earl of UpperOssory Robinson, W.V. and Irchester, V. ( with Wollaston, V.

(Northam. Peterboro'F. Dickens, Esq. Salmon, H. ...... Culworth, R.

Northam. Peterboro'Rev. W. Greenwood Scott, William .... Aldridge, V.

Stafford Lichfield Sir J. Scott, Bart. Simpson, Maltyward Mickfield, R.

Suffolk Norwich D. Simpson, Esq. Spurgeon, c. Ş Harpley, R.

Y and Great Bircham. R. Norfolk Norwich J. Spurgeon, Esq. Walker, Charles S Black Notley, R.

Essex
Essex

London

London Rev. C. Wyvill and Fellow of St. John's Coll. Cambridge

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Name.

Residence.

County. Andrew, William................ St. Austle ...................... Cornwall Francis, R. Clement ............ Fellow of Caius College, Cambridge Hartcup, Thomas .

Dieppe
Hassall, William

Manchester
......

Lancaster
Norris, B. G. ...........
Taunton

Somerset Shirreff, T. D................... Ken ... Kennington ....................

Surrey Tremayne, H. Hawkins .. .. Heligan ........

Cornwall Wainewright, Abel .............. Cavendish Square

.... Middlesex

UNIVERSITY INTELLIGENCE.

OXFORD.

The Rev.John Matthias Turner, M.A. of Christ Church, Prebendary of Lincoln, Rector of Winslow, Lancashire, and Examining Chaplain of the Bishop of Chester, has been nominated to the See of Calcutta, vacant by the death of the Rer, Dr. James.

Degrees conferred.

MASTERS OF ART8.
Rev. William Palmer, Magdalen Hall.
F. Hague Greswell, Pell. of Brasenn. Coll.
Rev. Henry Freeman, Wadham Coll.
Robert Charles Dallas, Oriel Coll.
Rev. H. Weir White, Fell. of Jesus Coll.
Rev. W. S. Harris Braham, Lincoln Coll.
R. Clarke Sewell, Demy of Magd. Coll.
John Priestley, Trinity Coll.
George Dawson, Fell. of Exeter Coll.
Rev. Francis Drake, Worcester Coll.
Tboinas Stokes Salmon, Brasennose Coll.

Grand Compounder.
Roger Pocklington, Exeter Coll.
Rev. John Day, Exeter Coll.

BACHELORS OF ARTS.
John Johnes, Brasenn. Coll. Grand Comp.
John Mills, St. Edmund Hall.
Henry Roberts, St. Edmund Hall.
Charles Elliott, St. Edmund Hall.
John Hill, Brasennose Coll.
John Phelps, Jesus Coll.
Thomas Shann, Scholar of University Coll.
Henry Cox Morrell, Christ Church.
Robert S. Holford, Oriel Coll.
John J. Scott, Exeter Coll. Grand Comp.
Henry Vaughan, Schol. of Worcester Coll.
William Nash Snowe, Worcester Coll.
Thomas Page, Magdalen Hall.
Frederick Powell, Christ Church.
William Phillips Vyner, University Coll.
Charles Winser, Wadham Coll.
Lord Harry George Vane, Oriel Coll.

Grand Comp.
Richard Barneby, Brasennose Coll.
John Wilson, Wadham Coll.
Henry Dyke, Wadham Coll.
Christopher William Puller, Christ Church.
Clement Madely Newbold, Brasenn. Coll.
George Docker Grundy, Brasennose Coll.

CAMBRIDGE.

PRIZES.

College, and Mr. Philpott, of Catharine
Hall, the second and first Wranglers.

The late Dr. Smith's Annual Prizes of 251. each, to the two best proficients in mathematics and natural philosophy among the Commencing Bachelors of Arts, have been adjudged to Mr. Cavendish, of Trinity

ELECTIONS. The Rev. Edward Baines, M.A. Fellow of Christ College on the foundation of

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