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judgment of Mr. Baxter. After their shame was a little over, they earnestly desired Dr. Wilkins to procure Dr. Barrow to preach again, engaging their selves to make him amends, by bringing to his sermon their wives and children, man-servants, and maid-servants, in a word, their whole familes, and to enjoyn them not to leave the church till the blessing was pronouncd. Dr. Wilkins promised them to use his utmost endeavour for their satisfaction, and accordingly solicited Dr. Barrow to appear once more upon that stage, but all in vain, for he would not by any perswasions be prevaild upon to comply with the request of such conceited, hypocritical coxcombs. Some time after, the Bishop of Salisbury, I mean Dr. Ward, invited Dr. Barrow to live with him, not as a chaplain, but rather as a friend and companion, yet he did frequently do the duty if the domestic chaplain was absent. Whilst he was there, the Archdeaconry of North Wiltshire became void, by the death of Dr. Childerey, if I mistake not; this the Bishop profferd Dr. Barrow, but he modestly and absolutely refused it, and told me the reason, which it is not necessary I should declare. Not long after a Prebendary died, whose corps, I mean revenue, lay in Dorsetshire, this also the Bishop offerd him, and he gratefully accepted it, and was installd accordingly. I remember about that time I heard him once say, “I wish I had five hundred pounds." I replied, " Thats a great sum for a Filosofer to desire, what would you do with so much?” “I would,” said he, “ give it my sister for: a portion, that would procure her a good husband.” Which sum, in few months after he received, for putting a life into the corps of his new Prebend ; after which he resignd it to Mr. Corker, a Fellow of Trinity College in Cambridge. All the while he continued with the Bishop of Salisbury I was his bedfellow, and a witness of his indefatigable study; at that time he applied himself wholly to divinity, having given a divorce to mathematics, and poetry, and the rest of the belles letires, wherein he was profoundly versd, making it his chief, if not only business, to write in defence of the Church of England, and compose sermons, whereof he had great store, and, I need not say, very good.
We were once going from Salisbury to London, he in the coach with the Bishop, and I on horseback; as he was entring the coach, I perceivd his pockets strutting out near half a foot, and said to him, " What have you got in your pockets ?” He replied, “ Sermons." “. Sermons," said I, “give them me, my boy shall carry them in his portmanteau, and ease you of that luggage." . " But," said he,' “ suppose your boy should be robbed.", " Thats pleasant," said I; “ do you think there are parsons padding upon the road for sermons?” “ Why, what have you ?” said he ; " it may be five or six guineas, I hold my sermons at a greater rate, they cost me mucho pain and time.” “Well then,” said I, “ if you'll insure my five or six guineas against lay-padders, I'll secure your bundle of sermons against ecclesiastical highway-men.” This was agreed, he emptied his pockets, and filled my portmanteau with divinity, and we had the good fortune to come safe to our journeys end, without meeting either sort of the padders forementioned, and to bring both our treasures to London. He was of a healthy constitution, used no exercise, or
fysic, besides smoaking tobacco, in which he was not sparing, saying, it was an instar omnium, or panfarmicon. He was unmercifully cruel to a lean carcass, not allowing it sufficient meat or sleep. During the winter months, and some part of the rest, he rose always before it was light, being never without a tinder-box, and other proper utensils for that purpose; I have frequently known him, after his first sleep, rise, light, and after burning out his candle, return to bed before day. I say, I have known him do this; I report it not upon hear-say, but experience, having been, as I said before, his bedfellow whilst he livd with the Bishop of Salisbury. There cannot be a more evident proof of his indefatigability in study, immense comprehension, and accurate attention to what he sought after, than what Mr. Hill attests he saw written with his own hand, at the end of his Apollonius. “ April 14 to May 10. Intra hæc temporis intervalla peractum hoc opus;" that is, in twenty-seven or twenty-eight days, this work was finished : For there may be five, and must be at least four Sundays, whereon I suppose he was otherwise employd, betwixt those days. He was careless of his cloaths, even to a fault; I remember he once made me a visit, and I perceiving his band sate very auwkardly, and asked him, " What makes your band sit so ?” “I have," said he, “no buttons upon my collar.” “Come," said I, "put on my night-gown, here's a taylor at hand,” for by chance my taylor was then with me, “who will presently set all things right." With much ado I prevaild with him : the buttons were supplied, the gown made clean, the hands and face washt, and the cloaths and hat brushd; in a word, at his departure he did not seem the same man who came in just before. He had one fault more, if it deserves that name, he was generally too long in his sermons; and now I have spoken as ill of him as the worst of his enemies could, if ever he had any : He did not consider that men cannot be attentive to any discourse of above an hours duration, and hardly so long. He was once requested by the Bishop of Rochester then, and now Dean of Westminster, to preach at the Abby, and withal desird not to be long, for that auditory lovd short sermons, and were usd to them. He replied, “ My lord, I will shew you my sermon;" and pulling it out of his pocket, puts it into the Bishops hands. The text was in the tenth chapter of the Proverbs, the latter end of the eighteenth verse, the words these ; “He that uttereth slander is a lyer.” The sermon was accordingly divided into two parts, one treated of slander, the other of lyes. The Dean desird him to content himself with preaching only the first part, to which he consented, not without some reluctancy, and in speaking that only, it took up an hour and an half. This discourse is since published in two sei mons, as it was preachd. Another time, upon the same persons invitation, he preachd at the Abby on a holiday : Here I must inform the reader, that it is a custom for the servants of the church upon all holidays, Sundays excepted, betwixt the sermon and evening prayers, to shew the tombs, and effigies of the kings and queens in wax, to the meaner sort of people, who then flock thither from all the corners of the town, and pay their twopence to see them. These perceiving Dr. Barrow in the pulpit after the hour was past, and fearing to lose that time in hearing, which they thought they could more profitably employ in receiving: These, I say, became impatient, and causd the organ to be struck up against him, and would not give over playing till they had blowd him down. But the sermon of the greatest length was that concerning charity, before the Lord Mayor and Aldermen at the Spittle ; in speaking which, he spent three hours and an half. Being askd, after he came down from the pulpit, whether he was not tird; “ Yes indeed,” said he, “I began to be weary with standing so long."
In A.D. 1672, Doctor Wilkins, Bishop of Chester, departed this life, and that eminently learned divine Doctor Pearson succeeded him, by which promotion the Mastership of Trinity College in Cambridge became vacant; this King Charles conferrd upon Dr. Barrow; and speaking of it afterwards, he said, he had given it to the best scholar in England. Dr. Barrow was then the Kings Chaplain in Ordinary, and much in favour with the Duke of Buckingham, then Chancellor of the University of Cambridge, as also of Gilbert, Lord-Archbishop of Canterbury; both which were ready, if there had been any need, to have given him their assistance to obtain this place. When the patent for the Mastership was brought him, wherein there was a clause permitting him to marry, as it had been made before for some of his predecessors, he causd the grant to be alterd, judging it not agreeable to the statutes, from which he neither desird, nor would accept any dispensation : Nay, he chose rather to be at the expence of double fees, and procure a new patent, without the marrying clause, than perpetually to stand upon his guard against the sieges, batteries, and importunities, which he foresaw that honourable and profitable preferment would expose him to.
To shew his humility and care of the College revenue, he remitted to them the charge of keeping a coach for his time, which they had done a long while before for other masters. This preferment so well bestowd, gladded the hearts, not only of the Members of that College, but of the University, and all lovers of learning. Upon this, he left the Bishop of Salisbury. I shall pass over in silence his government of the University, when Vice-Chancellor of the College, whilst he was Master, his public exercises, his writing numerous and various letters to procure money for the building of the magnificent library, &c. contenting my self to have set down some of the particulars which happened during my acquaintance with him, and now I shall here put a period to this discourse, which for his, and mine own sake, I wish had been better performd. The last time he was in London, whither he came as it is customary, to the election of Westminster, he went to Knightsbridge to give the Bishop of Salisbury a visit. Some few days after he came again to Knightsbridge, and sate down to dinner, but I observed he did not eat; Whereupon I askd him, how it was with him: He answerd, that he had a slight indisposition hanging upon him, with which he had struggled two or three days, and that he hoped by fasting and opium to get it off, as he had removd another, and more dangerous sickness at Constantinople some years before. But these remedies availd him not. His malady provd' in the event, an inward, malignant, and insuperable fever, of which he died, May 4, A.D. 1677, in the 47th year of his age, in mean lodgings, at a sadlers
near Charing-Cross, an old, low, ill-built house, which he had usd for several years : For tho his condition was much betterd by his obtaining the Mastership of Trinity-College, yet that had no bad influence upon his morals, he still continued the same humble person, and could not be prevaild upon to take more reputable lodgings : I may truly say, “ Multis ille bonis flebilis occidit, Nulli flebilior quam mihi.” " It was a great loss to all good men, but greatest to me.” He left his manuscripts, I mean his written works, to Dr. Tillotson, and Mr. Abraham Hill, committing it to their discretion to publish which of them they should think fit. My Lord-Keeper sent a message of condolence to his father, who had then some place under him, importing, that he had but too great reason to grieve, for never father lost so good a son, and also that he should mitigate his sorrow upon that consideration. He was buried in Westminster-Abby, where his friends erected a monument for him ; the bust, or half his body in white marble, placed upon a pedestal of the same matter, whereon bis epitaf, composd by Dr. Mapletoft, is engravd.
S.T. P. Regi Carolo II. 'A Sacris.
Mores Sanctissimi undequaque, et suavissimi.
Goemetriæ Professor Londini Greshamensis,
Cathedras Omnes, Ecclesiam, Gentem ornavit.
Collegium S.S. Trinitatis Præses illustravit,
Opes, Honores, et universum vitæ ambitum,
Pancissimis egendo, benefaciendo quam plurimis,
Abi Lector, et æmulare.
Monumentum hoc Amici posuere.
In English thus.
To perpetuate the Memory of
To King Charles the Second. He was a Godlike, and truly great Man, if Probity, Piety, Learning in the highest degree, and equal Modesty, most holy and sweet Manners, can confer that Title. He was Professor of Geometry in Gresham College, in London, and afterwards of the Greek Tongue, and Mathematics, amongst his Cantabrigians. An honour to all his Professions, the Church and Nation. He illustrated TrinityCollege, as Master, and augmented it, by laying the Foundation of a truly Royal Library. Riches, Honour, and all things desirable by most other Men, he did not contemn, but neglect. He imitated God, whom he had servd from his Youth, in wanting few things, and doing good to all, even to Posterity, to whom, tho dead, he yet Preaches. The rest, and if it is possible, greater things than these,
may be found in his Writings.
Go Reader, and imitate him.
CHRISTIAN RESIGNATION. · Mr. Editor,—An instance of Christian fortitude and resignation, rarely to be met with, occurred yesterday, during a visit to a poor parishioner. He is more than eighty years of age, and was formerly clerk to a Chapel of Ease in this parish, but is now reduced to the lowest degree of poverty. He was seized about a year ago with mortification in one of his feet, for which he underwent amputation. The disease, however, bad extended too far, again made its appearance, and has now reached above his knees. His agonies, as you may suppose, are dreadful, not allowing him a moment's interval of rest; but he submits to them without a murmur. After a short conversation, he uttered, with a firm voice, the following prayer, which, if you agree with me in thinking worthy of being recorded, you will greatly oblige me by inserting it in the Christian Remembrancer.
I hastened home, with feelings not to be described, to commit it to paper ; it is correct in substance, but I believe has suffered in expression from the treachery of my memory.
Your obedient servant,
Bnra. We readily comply with the wish of our correspondent. The subject of his communication affords one, out of innumerable examples which might be adduced, of true piety and patient resignation to the divine will, in the poorer members of the Established Church.
O gracious and merciful Lord and heavenly Father, look down with pity and compassion upon thy poor afflicted servant; release him from this pain and misery, and pardon his sins, for the sake of thy blessed Son Jesus Christ. O Lord, I am like unto one that goes down into the grave, for I have but a short time to live, and am full of misery; but while my outer man decayeth day by day, strengthen me by thy grace in the inner man. I confess and acknowledge, O Lord, that my sins have been many and grievous in the long course of years during which thou hast spared me; I know not if the hour of my dissolution is at hand; but grant me the assistance of thy Holy Spirit, to prepare me for my departure before I go hence, and am no more seen; and take me to thy eternal rest, through the merits and mediation of thy blessed Son our Saviour, Jesus Christ. Amen.
Dec. 11, 1828.
THE STATE OF DISEMBODIED SPIRITS.
PART IV, AND LAST. That the souls of men at the hour of death are really separated from their bodies, and live in that state of separation, and exercise the powers of understanding and of willing ; that “ some of them, by the mercy of God, are placed in peace and rest, in joy and happiness; and that others, by the justice of the same God, are left to sorrow, pains, and misery,”* it has been my endeavour to prove. And though enough, and more than enough, has been already stated in maintenance of this doctrine, to omit the important testimony of St. John would be a dereliction of the interests of truth.
• See Pearson on the Creed, Art. 5. fol. edit. p. 236.