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professed nationally in these realms. In carrying such a measure into effect, present distinctions will necessarily cease. We shall not, on stepping from this diocese into that, find a total change of feeling and opinion infused by the head into its members, nor experience the coldness of discouragement, chilling, as it were, in a different climate, the burning zeal that fames in an adjoining district. It cannot escape the notice of the most common observer, that such things are, but ought not so to be. May He, who alone is able, so dispose the wills, and enlighten the understandings, of our superiors, that they may guide us through the conflicts of opposing parties, by pointing out to us a course, which, in their deliberate, united, and accordant judgment, they shall approve, that with one faith, one mind, and one voice, we may fulfil our vocation, and thus glorify God, and edify mankind !
PEWS AT CRICKHOWEL. Mr. Editor,—In your number for last December, you were good enough to insert a communication from me, detailing the proceedings recently adopted by the parish of Crickhowel towards effecting an enlargement of its Church, and to set out the faculty at large.
Be pleased now to inform your readers, that, in consequence of recent decisions, bearing directly upon the question, the Chancellor of the Diocese, George Wharton Marriott, Esq., to whose zeal and intelligence the parish is in no small measure indebted for the attainment of its wishes, thought it advisable, that instead of that faculty, or rather commission, by which the authority to allot was placed in the hands of a committee, should be substituted the usual one, under the seal of the Ordinary himself, the designation remaining as before-to “A. B. C. D. and their assigns, occupiers of the tenements, E. F. G. H. and in communion with the Church of England.” I am, Sir, &c.
ILLUSTRATIONS OF SCRIPTURAL FACTS AND CUSTOMS,
CREATION CONNECTED WITH WATER. Genesis i. 2.—“And the spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.” The beautiful drama of Sancontala; or, The Fatal Ring, translated by Sir William Jones, opens with the same idea, which agrees with other ancient opinions ; thus Thales, and after him Anaximander, believed that water was before all things created in the universe. †
Water was the first work of the Creator; and fire receives the oblations ordained by law; the sacrifice is performed with solemnity; the two lights of heaven distinguish time; the subtel ether, which is the vehicle of sound, pervades the universe; the earth is the natural parent of all increase; and by air all things breathing are animated. May Isa the God of nature, apparent in these eight forms, bless and sustain you !--Sancontala.
• Euseb. Præp. lib. i. c. 8.
+ Cudworth, 21. Grotius, Notes on c. 16. 1. 1.
III. Sweet is the love that mutual glows As morning dews on Zion's mount, Within each brother's breast;
That spread their silver rays, And binds in gentlest bonds each heart, And deck with gems the verdant pomp, All blessing and all blest.
Which Hermon's top displays. ' II. Sweet as the odorous balsam pour'd To such the Lord of life and love On Aaron's sacred head,
His blessing shall extend;
And life that ne'er shall end.
SOCIETY FOR SUPERSEDING THE NECESSITY OF CLIMBING
BOYS IN SWEEPING CHIMNEYS.
This Society was instituted in the year 1803. The objects are doubtless most benevolent and humane, and calculated to produce the most beneficial results. Gladly, therefore, do we contribute to the means of spreading its usefulness, by presenting our readers with a brief abstract of its Fourteenth Report
Since the foundation of the Society the number of contributions has been very limited, and it is only matter of surprise that so much has been effected with resources so confined. There being no charges for rent or salaries, the only expenses incurred by the Committee, have been for forming and supporting the establishments of Glass and Day, for spreading information of the practical use and efficacy of the machine, by extensive circulation of printed papers, and for printing and advertising. To meet these exigencies, a moderate but regular annual subscription is desirable, and the Committee confidently trust, that having so far advanced the object of the Society, the public will not allow of its being abandoned for want of funds, but will, with its usual liberality, answer the appeal thus urgently made, by supplying the means of obtaining that full success, which would then be no longer matter of doubt.
VOL. XI. NO. VIII.
So great was the accumulation towards the end of last year, of interesting matter relating to the increased adoption of the machine, both in London and throughout England, and so calculated to extend the knowledge and practical application of the plan of the Committee, that they were induced to publish a small tract, entitled, “ Practical Information presented to the Public by the Society for superseding the necessity of Climbing Boys, &c." The contents of this tract, which was distributed to the Subscribers, and largely circulated among the public, render it unnecessary to repeat the interesting information contained in it, and to which, therefore, they beg to refer, as comprising, among other matters, the substance of proceedings in many principal cities and towns, for co-operating in the objects of the Society.
The Committee having effected so great an improvement in the machine itself, as to leave even wilful ignorance and prejudice scarcely a pretence for not, at all events, giving it a trial; and having also, through the candid and liberal conduct of the managers of several public buildings, obtained a full and fair trial of the machine, followed up the opening thus afforded, by a direct application to Government, and
upon the favourable report of Lieut consideration of Mr. C. N. Pallmer, Col. Stephenson, the intelligent Super M. P. for Surrey, who has undertaken intendant of the Board of Works, to to bring into Parliament a Bill for the Right Hon. Secretary of State for amending the Building Act, and to the Home Department, the latter was the zeal of their associate, Mr. John pleased to express his entire approba- White, the eminent Architect and tion of the plan, and to give orders for District Surveyor for Mary-le-bone, its extensive application. The effect who has the conduct of the details of of this powerful aid has been im the Bill, clauses have been introduced mediately felt; the machine is in into the draft of such Bill, providing course of introduction into many for the construction of flues in future, Government departments and royal in such a manner as to admit of being palaces, and the example has been readily swept by machinery. extensively followed by many public Impressed with the full conviction, institutions. It is consequently so that, owing to the poverty, ignorance, much in request, that an additional indolence, and hardened habits of establishment at the West End of the most of the master chimney sweepers, Town has been found necessary, for the indifference of many householders, cleansing chimneys, by mechanical and the prejudices of servants, the evil means only, at the prices usually will never be wholly remedied but by charged in the trade, and with superior the aid of Parliament, the Committee cleanliness and effect.
have prepared a Bill for the better As so much of the evil which it is regulation of chimney sweepers and the object of the Society to counteract, their apprentices, which it was their has arisen from the irregular construc- intention to have submitted to Parliation, in many instances, of chimneys, ment during the present session ; but the Committee have, from the com- as no opportunity for so doing occurred mencement of their labours, suggested during the important discussions preand endeavoured to effect some means vious to the Easter recess, the Comof regulating the size and angles of mittee have, in compliance with a flues in all new buildings; but no fit wish expressed by many of the warmopportunity has presented itself, until est advocates of the measure, been a revision of the Building Act should induced to postpone the application take place, which having been recently until next session. in contemplation, the Committee have An Appendix is added to the availed themselves of the circum- Report, containing a variety of tesstance; and owing to the humane timonials in favour of the machine.
Grants, 3d June, 1829. — LinthSt. Martins' Vestry Room.
waite, Yorkshire, 201.; Llandovery, Unions, 3d June, 1829. — Brough, Carmarthenshire, 201. ; St. Paul's, PresWestmoreland; W. Bergholt, Es- ton, 2001.; Llanrug, Carnarvonshire, sex; Chollerton, Northumberland; 201.; Pontefract, 1401.; West Wickham, Long Bredy, Dorsetshire; Farington, Cambridgeshire, 301.; Laddenden, Lancashire; Farnborough, Hants; Yorkshire, 502.; Measham, DerbyHuddersfield, Yorkshire (new schools); shire, 501. ; Chollerton, NorthumberLittleton, Worcestershire; St. Paul's, land, 601. or 801.; Long Bredy, DorPreston; Rampside, Cumberland; setshire, 501. Measham, Derbyshire; Neston, Che- 1st July, 1829.–Wonston, Hants, shire; and Pontefract, Yorkshire. 401. ; Linkinhorne, (conditional,) 502;
1st July, 1829.–St. Ann's Society, Landewednack, (conditional,) 201 or Peckham: Birch, Middleton, Lanca 15l.; Hemel Hemsted, 501.; Bridgshire; Bridgwater, Somersetshire; water, 1201.; Littleton, near Evesham, Gedney, near Holbeach, Lincoln (conditional) 30%. ; Lamphey, (conshire; Laddenden, Yorkshire ; Lande- ditional,) 701.; Eversden, Cambridgewednack and Linkinhorne, Cornwall; shire, 30). or 401.; Birch, 1001.; and Lamphey, Pembrokeshire. Hessle, Yorkshire, 201.
woronoar Domestic.—The quarter's revenue, they were forward, the drought had which closed on the 5th of July, ap affected them too severely to admit of parently fails in equalling that of the any considerable improvement. The corresponding quarter in last year by beans are generally blighted; pease the sum of 350,0001. The deficiency have escaped better. is in reality much greater, for in the The state of Ireland is disturbed in account of this quarter are entered the extreme, and the southern coun280,0001. excise duties, which belonged ties of the island appear to be one to the April quarter; so that the ac- continued scene of riot and murder. tual failure amounts to 630,000l.; a The Roman Catholic portion of the very serious defalcation, but not greater population seem to consider themselves than might have been apprehended, freed from all the customary restraints on a recollection of the depressed con- imposed by the laws, and at full liberty dition of our commerce and manufac- to enjoy the victory they have won in tures in all their various branches any manner they please, and at any throughout the whole of the last winter expense of the lives and property of and spring. By an estimate it appears the Protestant community; whilst Mr. that the statement of the sinking fund O'Connel travels the country in prosince 1825 has been altogether illusory, cession, under the mask of an elecand that the fresh debt contracted is tioneering progress, exciting the mob fully equal to the amount of the old by the most violent and inflammatory one redeemed. This is proved by a speeches. The tranquillity of this misereference to the budgets of the Chan- rable country, which was so confidently cellor of the Exchequer, which show promised as the immediate cousethat for the year 1825 the charge for quence and first-fruits of the late uninterest on the national debt, including constitutional measures, appears to be that onExchequer bills, was 28,060,2881. even more remote than formerly. Nor and that the same charges on the in does the boasted gratitude of the Irish come of 1828 amounted to 28,095,5061. papists show itself in a more conspi
The weather during the last month cuous light. They openly disclaim has been as favourable to some opera- that there is any room for such a feeltions in husbandry as it has been un- ing on their part; their emancipation favourable to others. The crops both has not been unconditional, and it must of hay and corn were so much checked be their endeavour to remove the few in their growth by the drought and cobwebs that are intended to bind severely cold nights, that very little them; they are indebted to no one expectation was admitted of their im- for what they gained by intimidation; provement. The corn crops, however, they consider that it was withheld as will be generally good, if the dry wea- long as it could be consistently with ther which has followed the rains con- the fears of his Majesty's ministers; tinues; for the wheat was just in that and what reliance can they place in state of growth to derive advantage those persons who have not scrupled from them. Nor is the damage so much to betray the party they professed to as might have been expected from the unite with? The peaceful and indusquantity of water fallen; even in the trious portion of the inhabitants are, rich districts of Sussex, where the in consequence of these excesses, conwheat crops are very heavy, they are strained to leave the island—those who generally standing. In Buckingham have property, to a country where they shire we have seen a small piece or may enjoy it unmolested; and those two mildewed, but only there. The who are compelled to labour for their barley and oats where late sown, or subsistence, to places where their emkept back by adventitious circum- ployment may be pursued without stances, were similarly placed, and will endangering their existence, and the yield large and abundant crops, nor fruits of their labour may be secure will these be defective in straw; where from the violence of fanatic ruffians.
upon the favourable report of Lieut. consideration of Mr. 'á a few weeks Col. Stephenson, the intelligent Super- M. P. for Surrey, w mpregnable, in a intendant of the Board of Works, to to bring into Pa ion, if General Diethe Right Hon. Secretary of State for amending the attacking it, as the the Home Department, the latter was the zeal of th to consist of only 4000 pleased to express his entire approba- White, the the inhabitants who are tion of the plan, and to give orders for District wearing arms amount to no its extensive application. The effect who ha un 5000 men ; unless reinof this powerful aid has been im- the P ents are speedily thrown in, it mediately felt; the machine is in ints scarcely withstand the first attacks course of introduction into many fr the Russian army. Government departments and royal Silistria has fallen. Accounts from palaces, and the example has been Bucharest state that “a courier, deextensively followed by many publ spatched by Lieutenant-General Krasinstitutions. It is consequently the sowsky, has this moment arrived from much in request, that an add: oras Silistria, with the news that that forestablishment at the West Ent re tress has fallen under the victorious Town has been found nece erests. attacks of the Russians, on the 18th cleansing chimneys, by
own emog amneys, by
The Turkish garrison, means only, at the i ng more which, after an obstinate resistance, charged in the trade, a
g ainst the was reduced to the last extremity, cleanliness and effect
had surrendered prisoners of war. It As so much of when the chief amounted to 10,000 men, without inthe object of the of Terceira including the inhabitants. Among the has arisen from hearia del Gloria. number are two Pachas of three tails, tion, in many na letermined to re Hady Achmet, and Serb Mahmoud, the Commi
Don Miguel, and and many other officers. 250 pieces mencemer
preparations to that of cannon, 2 horse tails, above 100 and end
mple time has been pair of colours, the flotilla of the Daof regu
bir havumbers of Portuguese nube, and a great quantity of ammu
repaired thither, and nition and provisions, are the trophies oppo
entertained that they of this victory." ar
effectual resistance, espe- After the surrender of Silistria,
impoverished state of General Diebitsch closely invested l's affairs would render it Schumla, but it is not yet ascertained possible for him to furnish whether he means to undertake a re
gular siege of that fortress. It is not Trother AND TURKEY.-The defeat improbable that he may leave a corps
Turks before Schumla has been to observe it, and advance with the of thcomplete, and the Russians are whole body of his army towards the
ing it up with unusual vigour. Balkan.
creat skill General Diebitsch South AMERICA.— The peace berised the Grand Vizier in a very tween the Republics of Colombia and advantageous position; and though Peru is not yet concluded, since in
resistance offered by the Turks direct violation of the treaty of Tarqui, und most determined, they were at the city of Guayaquil still refuses to length compelled to give way, and a surrender, and skirmishing has been general rout took place; about 2000 renewed to the advantage of the men were killed on the field, besides Colombian troops. Bolivar had arnumbers in the pursuit, which was rived at Bogota, from whence he was ably conducted by Count Pahlen. Up- about to proceed to the northern prowards of forty pieces of cannon with vinces on a tour of observation, and all their ammunition waggons, the then, returning to the capital, attempt camp, and the whole baggage, fell into some remedy for the evils, both foreign the hands of the victors; and the Grand and domestic, under which his country Vizier's army may be considered as now labours; he would afterwards entirely dissolved, he himself having proceed to the south of Colombia, and made his escape, accompanied by only finally settle the disputes with the a small body of horse. This defeat Peruvians.