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CHURCHING OF WOMEN.
Mr. Editor, -A custom is gradually creeping in amongst many of the younger clergy in the vicinity of London, and even in the provinces, of " churching” women, as it is falsely called, at home in their private apartments. Surely this is chambering, and not churching. I could produce many instances of this indecent and illegal custom: as well as an example or two of cases, in which the mother has been privately churched (or chambered) by a clergyman; the child privately baptized, and then privately received into the Church in the dwelling-house of the mother!! As I have had some difficulty in overcoming the notions of a clergyman of this description, who is not yet convinced, that the word Church does not mean simply “a congregation of persons," I shall be obliged if you will, for my satisfaction and his edification, state the law on these points.
I am, yours, 11th August, 1829.
0.0. [An article in connexion with this subject will appear in our next Number.]
AFFECTED EXPRESSION. MR. EDITOR, -Fully agreeing with your correspondent “ Ecclesiastes," in his letter entitled “ Affected Humility,” respecting the alteration of the prayer after sermon, in your number for February last, I am induced to mention a fault, as it appears to me, and a very prevalent one, in concluding the collect usually delivered before sermon. I speak of this, however, merely as an offence against good taste. I mean the form of conclusion, “ through Jesus Christ our Lord, in whose most perfect form of words we conclude our imperfect petitions to the throne of grace.” It always surprises me to hear men of education and taste seeming to strive to make this jingle of words as emphatic as possible, for it strikes me as a bad habit, which they have acquired and persevere in, without ever having given it a thought.
The same fault is too commonly observable in reading the Lord's Prayer, where a stress is laid on the first syllable of the word “ forgive," as though it were meant to be contrasted with the word "give," immediately preceding in the clause, “Give us this day our daily bread. And more frequently in the General Thanksgiving, where five clergymen out of six make a point of reading, “ We bless thee for our création, préservation,” as though the jingle were really a beauty, and as though the next clause were, as I once heard it remarked it ought to be," and all other ations."
As to the prayer before sermon, if it is judged necessary to add any thing to the collect of the church, to introduce the Lord's Prayer, with which the preacher is directed always to conclude (Canon 55), I confess I much prefer the simple form, “ who hath taught us when we pray to say,” — or, “ in whose name and words we further pray, VOL. XI. NO. IX.
saying," to the more elaborate ones now so prevalent in our chapels, and, above all, than the, to my ear, offensive antithesis of sound, " in whose most holy name and perfect form of words, we conclude our imperfect addresses to the throne of grace.”
I submit this hasty expression of the opinion of an humble indivi: dual to your better judgment; and am, Sir, yours, &c.
And undecaying peace,
That life shall never cease. Earth has no fount of true delight,
Thou only canst the cheering words No pure, perennial stream;
Of endless life supply; And sorrow's storm, and death's long
Anointed of the Lord of Lords,
The Son of God most high.
SOCIETIES FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE AND
FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE GOSPEL.
Bath and Wells Diocesan Association. The Thirteenth Anniversary of the Mount presented the Meeting with a above Societies, this year held by rota- full view of the proceedings of the tion in Bath, took place on Thursday, Diocese, so far as the district returns July 23, on which occasion the Lord permitted him to do so. The Report Bishop of the Diocese, together with stated, that in the course of the last a most respectable assemblage of the year had been circulated within the Clergy and Laity, met a little before Diocese 1846 Bibles, 2924 Testaments, eleven at the Committee Room of the 26,780 Prayer-books and Psalters, Guildhall, whence they proceeded to 35,411 bound books and tracts, &c. the Abbey Church, where an appro- &c.;—that, according to the school priate and impressive discourse was returns, the aggregate of children indelivered by the Rev. Harvey Mariott, structed in the principles of the EstaRector of Claverton, from Matt. vi. 10. blished Church amounted to 18,983. After divine service the several in- The Report being read, the Rev. dividuals connected with the District Mr. Brymer rose, and moved that it be Committees who were present, as- printed and circulated. After which, sembled at the Upper Rooms, where, in an eloquent speech, he pressed in a after the usual prayers were read, the powerful manner the claims of the Lord Bishop, in the presence of the Society for the Promotion of Christian Meeting, opened the proceedings of Knowledge upon every Christian heart. the day. After which the Rev. Mr. “There is, said he, one point to which I would direct the attention of this Meeting : it is stated in the conclusion of the Report just read, that the Parent Society will be obliged, unless it meets with increased support, either to raise the price of its books, or to limit its supplies. The total expense of the books distributed among its members during the past year was 55,3821. : the charge to the members for these books was 36,146l.; so that the Society's loss upon these books was 18,500l. Now when it is remembered that many persons who merely subscribe to District Associations derive the benefit of the Parent Society's issues without contributing any thing to its funds, I cannot but press upon them the necessity of contributing to the fountain head from which the streams are supplied; and I cannot but express an earnest hope that many who have hitherto been subscribers only to District Associations will henceforth become subscribers also to the funds of the Parent Institution. I most earnestly entreat a Christian public not to suffer the Society to be under the painful necessity of contracting those supplies which have been so generally beneficial to the community at large; but by their increased support to increase the means of its extensive usefulness, and enable it to carry on, both at home and abroad,
on that more extended scale, which the exigencies of the times imperatively demand, those operations which are so admirably adapted to promote the glory of God and the good of man."
The Rev. H. Marriott stated that the Parent Society had offered to co-operate with a Society in Ireland, in promoting the interest of that country in any way it might think proper. The Archbishop of Armagh, the Lord Primate of all Ireland, had taken up the subject very warmly, and 1000l. had been advanced for the above purpose. The Bible had also been published and circulated in that country in the original Irish language.
Other able speeches were delivered by the Rev. "Procter Thomas and Colonel Daubeny. After which thanks were voted to the Rev. H. Marriott for his excellent discourse at the Abbey.
The brief Report of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, was next read by the Secretary, the Rev. Mr. Algar; and afterwards an energetic appeal was made by the Rev. Mr. Brymer, in behalf of the Society.
T hanks were voted to the Bishop for his judicious conduct in the Chair, which his Lordship having acknowledged, the Meeting separated.
the collection amounted to above twenty pounds.
accordones Domestic.— The weather, during and barley are likewise looking well; the past month, has been unfavourable and not being so forward as the wheat, in the extreme for the usual agricul- a change of weather may be hoped for tural operations of the season. The before the time for cutting them apcrops have been in great peril from proaches. Potatoes and turnips prothe quantity of rain which has fallen, mise abundant crops : the latter, almost without intermission, during though in many places re-sown since the middle and end of August; and the spring, look very well, and may being, in most parts of the country, in a great measure supply the want of partially cut, has occasioned consi- hay, occasioned by the drought in derable anxiety among the landed in the spring. In some of the western terests. In the West of England, counties large crops of this produce where the harvest commences earlier, have been mown and carried at the the corn was mostly carried before the same time with the wheat; heavy wet weather set in, and has proved crops having been made upon the good and heavy; some of the new same land, which, at the usual period wheat which has been brought to of hay-harvest, offered nothing the market fetched a good price. Oats scythe could lay hold of. Hops are very indifferent, the continued rains quarter favourable to the general inproducing mould. With the exception terests of mankind, and such as will of a few favoured spots in Mid Kent, tend to place the balance of Europe there is no likelihood of any produce upon a permanent basis. worth mentioning; and even in these Russia AND TURKEY.—The Russian there is great reason to apprehend army has crossed the Balkan, and Count that the crops will prove less in quan Diebitsch has established his head tity and inferior in quality to what quarters at Aidos. Immediately after they are now rated at. It must be his victorious troops had defeated the acknowledged that the present is a Turkish army opposed to them, they critical period for the country: upon made themselves masters of this place the harvest depends, in a great mea and also of the important fortresses of sure, the internal well-being of the Messembria and Bourgos, the possescountry for the ensuing year; and sion of which posts left the passage should that fail us, the results must of the Balkan open to them. Schoumla be distressing indeed. The past year has not, however, surrendered, and has been one of unparalleled suffering may prove a serious annoyance in the amongst our labouring classes; it can rear of an advancing army at this late scarcely be hoped that the winter, period of the campaign, being directly generally the most difficult time to in the line of its supplies, reinforce procure employment in all branches ments, and communications. General of labour, will bring them that relief Diebitsch intends to advance upon they could not obtain in the summer : Adrianople with the utmost speed conand if scarcity of bread be added to sistent with prudence, hoping to strike their want of the means to procure it, a decisive blow before the close of the our anticipations of the distress of the year; and to facilitate this attempt, Adlower orders must be appalling in the miral Greig is to take on board 15,000 extreme.
men at Varna, and land them between · FRANCE.-A complete change of Bourgos and Sissopoli, to oblige the ministry has taken place in this king Turks, by threatening their rear, to dom, of a nature which may lead retreat upon that city. These circumall Europe to anticipate the happiest stances the Porte endeavour to keep results. It promises a change from secret at Constantinople, though, owing councils breathing war, to councils to the approach of the scene of war actuated by the very spirit of peace, towards the capital, rumours of them and from a weak and divided admini- are continually spreading, and the stration, without aim and incapable of populace are much discouraged. The looking forward to the result of their Sultan continues to make great efforts undertakings, to a firm and decisive to support the war: urgent orders system of government calculated to have been sent to the Pachas to hasten improve the domestic affairs of the a levy en masse, and to send the country, and command the respect of militia to the army without delay: but foreign nations. The Prince de Po- the finances of the Porte are now allignac has been recalled from England most exhausted; the principal sources by his sovereign to form an efficient of the revenue were the toll on the cabinet, of which he is to be the head, Danube, the duties paid on the Bosand, from his known character and phorus and Dardanelles, and the pollpolitical views, there is every reason tax levied on the Greeks: the latter of to expect a more cordial union, and these has not been paid for eight years; closer co-operation with the foreign the two former have ceased for two politics of the British government than years, and it is apprehended that the has existed hitherto between the two unfavourable turn which the affairs of nations. France would prove an use- Turkey have now decidedly taken will ful auxiliary in putting a period to affect the remittances from abroad. It those dissensions which agitate East is to be hoped, however, that the Euern Europe, and, if in close alliance ropean potentates will interfere, and with England, they might, together, not suffer the Russian Autocrat to insist upon a speedy arrangement be- aggrandize himself unduly at the extween the contending powers in that pense of a neighbouring state, thus
destroying the balance of power on the continent; and there is some reason to conclude that they have already begun to see the necessity of acting. The Prussian General Von Muffling has been despatched by his sovereign to Constantinople to offer the Sultan terms of peace, to which it is supposed the Emperor will accede if accepted by his antagonist. What these may be is totally unknown; should they prove such as the Sultan cannot in honour and justice agree to, and the Emperor continues to advance, reports are in circulation in the Turkish capital of very different means to be employed in order to render him more accommodating. The English frigate, which carrried out Mr. Gordon, is now ready to enter the Black Sea, and other English vessels are prepared to follow it, for the purpose, it is there asserted, of an armed intervention, should the Russians menace the capital. In Asia, likewise, the Russians have been generally victorious. A battle has been fought near Erzeroon, in which four Pachas and some thousand Turks have been made prisoners, and many cannon with ammunition have fallen into the hands of the Russians. Trebizond was invested immediately after, and rumours are afloat that it has fallen; if this be true the Russians must be in possession of the whole of Armenia
Meantime the Greeks continue to strengthen themselves, and their troops have advanced in some places beyond the line marked as the boundary of their country. The Sultan persists in refusing to acknowledge their independence, and has explicitly declared to the British and French ambassadors, recently returned to the Porte, that all attempts to enter into a treaty on the subject will prove fruitless. Such being his determination, the allied powers will, most probably, proceed to acknowledge Greece without any reference to the feelings of the Porte, leaving it to digest the matter as it may.
Mexico.—The hopes of Spain for the recovery of her quondam colony, appear better founded than she could ever rationally have anticipated. Till now, any thoughts on the subject appeared like vain chimeras founded on national vanity rather than actual pro
bability ; but the dreadful dissensions now prevailing in the republic, and the late atrocious measure enforced by the Mexican government, of expelling the old Spanish families in order to gratify a tumultuous rabble, has excited so much indignation amongst even many of the republicans, that it is possible a vigorous and well-supported attempt at this juncture might restore, at least for a short time, the dominion of Spain; and should it prove, true, as has been asserted, that Ferdinand contemplates its erection into a separate kingdom, under the rule of a branch of the Spanish royal family, it might ultimately become a monarchy closely connected with the mother country, and more truly and permanently beneficial to her interests than it can ever prove as a dependent colony. The Spanish authorities in the Havannah have opened a correspondence with General Santa Ana, a bold and unprincipled leader, over whom the Mexican government, which has been in the habit of injuring and insulting every person to whom it is indebted for services, has no substantial control, and who governs the extensive district between Xalassa and Vera Cruz, and they rely upon his cooperation in case of a descent. The forces under his command amount to upwards of 12,000 men, who are represented as ready to follow him in any enterprise; and these, united to the large force which Spain has always kept at the Havannah, as if waiting for a favourable opportunity, might prove effectual in a country so completely disorganized ; especially as the South American States are so distracted by intestine commotions, that they would be unable to render any assistance to the Mexicans. The nation is in such a state, that a change of legislators might be advantageous, and could not possibly place it in a worse condition; nor could any laws or rulers from Spain introduce a more bigoted or intolerant system than has been hitherto practised by the republican go
South AMERICA.—The general state of this portion of the new world is one of division and turbulence; the settlement of which seems, in a great degree, dependent on the life of Bolivar,