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SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE, &c.
Plymouth District Committee. On Wednesday, August 26, the Ply- manifested amongst our poorer bremouth District Committee of the above thren for the possession of that inpraiseworthy and excellent Institution valuable manual of devotion, the Prayer held their ninth Anniversary Meeting. Book of our National Church. But it Shortly before eleven o'clock, a number is not Prayer Books alone which have of friends and subscribers assembled at been during the last year more nume the Guildhall, and from thence pro rously issued from our depository than ceeded in due form to St. Andrew's at any preceding period; the sale of Church. A great number of children Testaments and Psalters has also infrom the various Charity Schools increased, and thus supplied more exthe town and neighbourhood, who are tensively the wants of the numerous supplied with books by the Society, schools in this neighbourhood which also walked from the Guildhall to the use the books of the Society. We Church. The prayers were read by cannot avoid repeating the earnest inthe Rev. J. Hatchard, the Vicar, and vitation of the last Report of our Comthe sermon-a very appropriate one- mittee to the parishes yet unprovided was preached by the Rev. J. Carne, with parochial libraries, which are B.D. Vicar of Charles. The Rev. such an effective assistance to all who Gentleman took his text from Psalm desire to ameliorate the habits of the Ixxii. 17. “ His name shall endure poor, and to supply them with sources for ever: His name shall be continued of rational amusement. One parochial as long as the sun; and men shall be library--that of Plympton Mauriceblessed in Him: all nations shall call has been added to the list of those in Him blessed.”
our district during the last year. A After the sermon, a collection, as Report has been received from the usual, was made at the door.
Parochial Library of Modbury, estaThe Members of the Committee blished in the preceding year, and the shortly after re-assembled at the Royal result of the experiment there has been Hotel, to read the Report, and to encouraging-indeed it has generally transact the concerns of the Society. been found to excite great interest The Chair was taken by R. Rosdew, wherever the trial of a parochial liEsq. and the Venerable the Arch- brary has been fairly made; and our deacon opened the Meeting with the Committee beg to repeat their readiness usual prayers. The Secretary, the to assist with a grant of books from the Rev. R. Lampen, who has taken a depository any of the Clergy of the most active part in this and other In- district who may have it in contemplastitutions of the Church of England tion to establish libraries in their established in this town, read the Re- parishes. port, in which he observed :--that our In the last Annual Report of the District Committee of the Society for Parent Society, a very powerful appeal promoting Christian Knowledge has was made to the public and the District gone on from year to year, producing Committees, by the statement made in a greater measure of good, and awaken order to meet the wants of the Meming a more extensive public interest, bers, and to facilitate the operations of than could have been anticipated at its the District Committees. The sacrifice first establishment. The sale of books made by the Parent Society on books during the past year has amounted to issued to Members, and furnished gra5,079,-of which number 346 were tuitously during the year ending April, Bibles, 523 Testaments and Psalters, 1828, amounted to 20,0001. while the 803 Common Prayers, and 3,407 books subscriptions and benefactions to the and tracts. An increasing desire is Institution were considerably below
that sum. Such an appeal cannot but produce anxiety in all the friends of the Society to make renewed exertions, both by recommending members to the Parent Society, and so supporting the local funds of each district, as to enable the Committees to make a return to the Institution for its liberality, by an annual benefaction towards the general designs. This our Committee has been happily enabled to do during the past year, and the sum of 201. has been transmitted for that purpose to the Parent Society. It should also be gratefully recorded in our Report, that the parish of Plymstock, in which many of the books of the Society have been sold at reduced prices to the poor, has set the example of obtaining small contributions in aid of our local fundan example which, if generally followed, would enable our District Committee to afford every year its proportion of effectual assistance to the Society, from whence it derives all its means of usefulness. The whole of the Report was listened to with the most marked attention.
The Treasurer's account was then read, and several Resolutions passed; after which the Rev. Mr. Lampen rose in behalf of the Incorporated Society for Building Churches and Chapels. He observed, that the business of the Society for the Propagation of Christian Knowledge having been concluded, he would beg permission to intrude a few minutes longer on their time, wishing to bring to the notice of the Meeting an Institution, a District Committee of which had been formed in this town He alluded to that most praiseworthy one, the Society for Building Churches and Chapels. Only twelve District Committees had been formed in the country, and six of them had been established in this Diocese. It would therefore be very lamentable, and shew a great want of religious zeal, if any
one of them were suffered to drop. Since the formation of the Plymouth District Committee in 1826, he had annually sent to the Parent Society 801. but he regretted to say, that recently the amount of subscriptions had fallen off. Last year the sum of 801. was principally made up from the generous sum given the Society by the late Mr. Joseph Pridham, from funds intrusted to him for distribution,–301. only being subscribed ; and he now found that he should not be enabled to raise even that amount. From the very few persons who attended the last Annual Meeting of the Committee, it had been deemed the best plan not to have any more special meetings for that purpose, but merely to bring the subject forward at the close of this Annual Meeting. The collection, therefore, to be made at the close of the present Meeting would be for the benefit of the funds for the purpose of building Churches and Chapels; and he sincerely trusted that such a Society, whose object was to provide accommodation for the poor, would continue to be supported here. For every pound subscribed, a free seat was provided for a poor person. Of such consequence was this Society held, that a King's letter was granted, and a sum of about 40,0001. was subscribed in consequence; but still it was lamentable to find by the returns, that in so many places nothing had been subscribed. The Society had, since its formation, provided 185,000 seats for poor persons; he deeply regretted that any lukewarmness and want of energy should be experienced, and he trusted no zealous Christian would allow a Society, whose object was to accommodate the poor to hear the words of eternal life, to fail for want of funds.
Thanks were given the Chairman, and the Meeting was concluded by the Archdeacon, with the benediction.
SOCIETIES FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE. FOR
PROPAGATING THE GOSPEL, AND NATIONAL SCHOOLS. NORWICH.—The three Church of that there were 190 schools in union England societies lately held their with the society in Norfolk and Noranniversary meeting in this city. The wich, containing 10,500 children, inreport of the National Society stated cluding 2,310 in Norwich. The
Committee of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge reported that books to the amount of 6091. had been received at the depôt, on which the loss to the Parent Society was 3571. whilst the contributions remitted were only 3061. The Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel regretted to report that the local
fund was only 872. On Thursday the gratifying spectacle was presented of no fewer than 2272 children assembled in the cathedral; an admirable sermon was preached by the Rev. W.J. Brodrick, rector of Castle Rising, and the collection in behalf of the school society amounted to 957. 128. 9d.
Domestic.— The weather, during the greater part of the last month, has been equally unpropitious to the harvest, as in the preceding one. The wheat, however, is now mostly carried, and about half of it, on an average, throughout the whole extent of the kingdom may be considered as having been got in, in a good state —the remainder is somewhat grown. Of barley, there are commonly two or more distinct growths in the same field; the crops vary considerably in bulk, being more than usually affected by the nature of the soil. Oats are much broken in the straw, and lodged, and the grain has ripened very unevenly, patches of green being thickly scattered among the brown. There has been some favourable circumstances attending the sowing of turnips, and owing to the wet, a remarkable absence of the destructive turnip fly. Potatoes are very plentiful, but of an indifferent quality, the continually wet state of the soil having caused them to become watery, and unfit for keeping. The second crop of clover is good, and even luxuriant, in soils well adapted to it, and all the latter grass has grown freely and vigorously; but the fickleness of the clover plant is more than ever complained of, and in some soils the trefoil seems to be getting capricious likewise.
The South of IRELAND is one perpetual scene of insubordination and outrage: every protestant appears to be proscribed, and his property marked for destruction; and so complete is the system, which may with truth be called the reign of terror, that no protestant can venture to leave his
home, during the day-time, without the dread of assassination; or lie down at night, without the fear of his family and himself becoming, ere morning, victims to the incendiary. The county of Tipperary, more especially, is in such a disturbed state, that the magistrates have forwarded a memorial to the Lord Lieutenant, calling for the insurrection act, and an additional military force. Sir John Byng, who attended the meeting as commander of the forces in Ireland, disapproved of the dispersion of the soldiery throughout the country, under an apprehension that, from the present state of feeling there, they might be tampered with. Immediately after the meeting, he set off for a neighbouring country seat, where the Irish Secretary was then visiting, in order to consult with him on the best mode to be adopted for putting down the atrocious and rebellious spirit prevailing in that part of the country, and enforcing the salutary dominion of the law. The popish clergy have resolved, at least ostensibly, to retire from politics, the laical machine being now set properly in motion; and this, in the present juncture, must be acknowledged to be a very deep and very jesuitical line of policy.* The projected plan of establishing protestant colonies in various parts of Ireland, appears to be one likely to produce the most beneficial effects. It is proposed to form villages, peopled entirely by protestant families, in those districts of the country where, from various causes, large tracts of land are lying uncultivated. To each family a small portion of this land will be granted, with the assistance
requisite to bring it into cultivation, No plan has yet been brought forward so feasible, either for reclaiming the waste lands, or for establishing and encouraging a protestant population; and the circumstance of their being collected together in bodies, renders them, in a measure, secure from any violence that might be offered by the surrounding popish terrorists.
Russia AND TURKEY.—An armistice is at length concluded between these hostile powers, and plenipotentiaries are appointed on either side to negotiate a peace. The Sultan was not willing to accede to any proposals, till it became evident, that by persisting in the war he would lose the whole of his European territories, if not his Asiatic also. On the 21st of July, General Diebitsch entered Adrianople, without experiencing the slightest opposition. The troops appointed for its defence quietly laid down their arms, and resigned the city, with its ample warlike stores, to the Russian forces, whilst the inhabitants expressed their satisfaction at his arrival, hoping to be freed from the tyranny and excesses committed by the Asiatic troops. The Russian commander has behaved in a manner calculated to gain the confidence of the people. He maintains the strictest discipline among his troops, and has published a proclamation, addressed to the country people, requesting them to remain in their houses and lands, and continue their customary employments, without apprehension of being molested. He guarantees the free exercise of the Mussulman religion, and confirms the Turkish functionaries in their authority. The provinces through which he has marched, are, in consequence of this wise conduct, perfectly tranquil, and nothing is observable that could mark them to be in the possession of an invading army. After remaining a few days at Adrianople, the Russian General pushed forwards towards Constantinople, where his progress was arrested by the arrival of commissioners appointed to concinde an armistice, and announcing the approach of persons empowered to treat for peace. At the same time that these were despatched on their
VOL. XI. NO. X.
mission, the Sultan quitted Constantinople, previously sending to the French and English ambassadors, to request that the fleets of their respective nations might enter the harbour of the capital, as in case of the Russian army approaching the city, he could not be answerable for the lives and property of the Franks resident in it: a request which was of course immediately complied with. The terms of peace which have been offered by Russia, and to which it is expected the Porte will accede, are the acknowledgment of the independence of Greece, within a boundary line from Arta to Volo, and the free passage of the Black Sea; in other respects the treaty of Akerman is to form the basis of the negotiations.
AMERICA.—The Spanish expedition from the Havannah against Mexico has been dispersed, and is therefore no longer formidable for this year. It consisted of twelve transports, two ships of the line, and three frigates, containing fifteen thousand men, and was destined to land either at Vera Cruz, or Boquilla de Piedra. No inconsiderable sensation was excited by its approach through the republic; but for the future there can be little cause of alarm, unless it harbours traitors among its principal persons. Another expedition cannot be prepared this year: and though it is certain the Spaniards will again try their fortune; yet, in the interim, such preparations may be made for their reception as shall render the attempt fruitless. If the Mexicans can but unite among themselves and resolve upon a fixed and regular plan of government, they may safely bid defiance to any force the mother-country will be able to send across the Atlantic. Whether they will do so is a more doubtful point; they have been so much accustomed during the last few years to revolutionize and overturn their different ruling powers, that it can scarcely be hoped they will prove firm supporters of the present administrators of affairs, especially as these have already shewn themselves capable of giving way to the threats and caprices of a tumultuary populace. That they are even faithful to each other does not seem certain : a report prevails, that General Santa Anna has been
tried and shot for holding a treason able communication with the commander of the Spanish expedition. Should this report be confirmed, we may certainly look for the detection of some accomplices, as he would scarcely enter into any correspondence for the betrayal of his country, unless he had a party on whose cooperation he could depend.
The intestine divisions which have so long distracted the republic of Buenos Ayres are at last ended, and peace is made between the leaders of the several factions: not, however, till they have reduced the country to a miserable condition, the finances being completely exhausted, and from the neglected state of commerce and agriculture, owing to the insecurity of private property in a country town by civil dissensions, a long period must elapse before they can recover any degree of prosperity. They have taken possession of the Falkland Islands, which, with Terra del Fuego, are to
be erected into a military government.
The Emperor of Brazil has recalled his daughter, the Queen of Portugal, to his own court, wisely judging that to be the most proper residence for her till she can be securely placed upon her European throne: she has therefore quitted England on her return, in company with the Emperor's young consort. Terceira, the only part of her Majesty's dominions which is found faithful to her authority, has beaten off and completely destroyed the fleet sent against it by Don Miguel; the invading army lost twelve hundred men in killed, wounded, and prisoners; and most of the latter have since joined the forces of the conquerors, and are now serving in the ranks of the Constitutionalists. This is no doubt a severe blow on the usurper, who, from his poverty, had much difficulty in preparing the expedition; but it cannot affect his position on his niece's throne.
THE LATE DR. CRANE, MINISTER OF PADDINGTON. This exemplary and pious Clergyman, after having with great fidelity discharged the duties of Rector of the parish of Stockton, in Warwickshire, for several years, was collated to the perpetual curacy of Paddington by the present Archbishop of Canterbury, whilst Bishop of London, in the year 1820, and immediately applied himself to the performance of the important duties of his new charge, with an earnestness and assiduity fully proportioned to the exigencies of a large and rapidly increasing population. By his conscientious and able superintendence of its parochial concerns—by the frequency and regularity of his pastoral visits to every family in the parish—by the soundness, perspicuity, and solemnity of his discourses, and by his exactness in the performance of the services of our admirable Liturgy, he rapidly gained and uniformly preserved the affectionate regard and entire respect of the people committed to his care: wbilst his undeviating attention to the affairs of the two venerable Societies in connexion with the Church ;* and, in social intercourse, his habitually cheerful and animated temper, his varied sources of information, and his love of divine harmony, secured to him, in an eminent degree, the cordial support and approbation of his superiors in the Church, and endeared him not only to the surrounding Clergy, but to all who knew him.
Notwithstanding the increasing infirmity of his vision, which latterly amounted to total obscuration of sight, he continued with unabated earnestness to perform his parochial duties, to administer the occasional offices of the Church, and to exhort his parishioners from the pulpit. He quitted this scene of trial, in the 69th year of his age, happy, in that the violence of his sufferings, which were mercifully shortened, exempted hiin from that long period of weakness and decay, which is frequently the most distressing accompaniment of old age, and weighs down the spirits of the active servants of their crucified Lord and Saviour with heaviness and sorrow.
• He projected the plan, and zealously promoted the publication of the Family Bible, and was very instrumental in forwarding the great extension of the Society, by which the interests of the Church have been so materially promoted both at home and abroad.