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Mary comes to him, and the Jews follow her. Sect. 140. armed and transformed, that it Chall hardly de- never die. Believeft thou w John XI.26. o serve the Name; the better Part of him being

6. immediately conveyed to immortal Life and

Glory, and the Body only sleeping a while in the
Dust, till I come to awaken it to everlasting Vi-
gour and Joy. Dost thou, Martha, believe this to
be true?

And the says to him, Yes, Lord, I firmly be- 27. She faith. unto him, lieve every Thing thou sayest; for I am fully per- thou art the Christ, the Son

Yea, Lord: I believe that suaded, that thou art the Messiah, the Son of GOD, of God, which should come who was to come into the World, and has been so long promised, expected, and desired; and that

all Power therefore must belong to thee. 28 And Martha having said these [Words, ) and 28 And when she had so teftified her Faith, Jesus enquired for her Sister; called Mary her Sifter fecret.

said, she went her Way, and and presently she went away, and called her Sister ly, saying. The Master is Mary as privately as the could, whispering in her come, and calleth for thee.

Ear, and saying, The Master is hard" by, and call20 eth for thee. And as soon as the beard [it:1 29 As soon as the heard pe immediately arose, and having left the Com

that, the arose quickly, and

came unto him. pany that were about her, came forward with the utmost Eagerness to meet him. Now Jesus was 30 Now Jesus was not not yet entered into the Village, but still continued yet come into the Town, in the place where Martha met bim, waiting there Martha met him.

but was in that place where for Mary's coming.

The Jews then who were, with her in the 31 The Jews then which House, attempting to comfort her under her Sor- were with her in the House,

and comforted her, when row, seeing that Mary arose up hastily and went they saw Mary, that the rose out of Doors, followed her, saying, Surely she is up hastily, and went out, going to the Grave of her Brother, that the may followed her, saying, . She

goeth unto the Grave, to weep there (f), which will only aggravate and goeth

weep there.
renew her Sorrow ; let us therefore endeavour to
dissuade her from it. And thus, by their going
after her, they were naturally led to be Eye-wit-
nesses of all that followed.

Then Mary, when the came to the place where 32 Then when Mary
Jefus was, and saw him, was so far from being was come where Jesus was,

and saw him, she fell down afraid to avow her Regards to him, (compare at his Feet, saying unto him, John ix. 22. Sect. 130.) that she fell down at his

Lord, Feet, and embraced them with the greatest Respect, saying to him, as her Sister had done before,



(f) She is going to the Grave, that she may weep there.] How customary this was among the Antients, is particularly observed by Elsner, Observ. vol. i. pag. 330.

(8) Jejus

Jesus goes with them to the Grave, and weeps.

255 Lord, if thou hadît been Lord, if thou hadst been here sooner, surely my dear Sect. 140. here, my Brother had not Brother had not died. And she was so overcome w died.

with Grief, that she could utter no more. Jon
22 When Telus therefore Jesus therefore, when he saw her thus weeping, 33
faw her weeping, and the and the Jews also weeping that came with her,
Jews also weeping which groaned with a deep Concern, as feeling a strong
came with her, he groned in
the Spirit, and was troubled,

Commotion in his own Spirit; and judging it
proper in this Instance to indulge it, (tho he
always had every Paffion under the most entire
Command, ) he voluntarily affliated himself, by

opening his Mind to a Set of melting and painful
34 And said, Where have Ideas. And looking with a tender Pity on the 34
ye laid him? They say unto

mourning Relations of his deceased Friend, he said, Kim, Lord, come and see.

Where have ye laid him? They say unto him, Lord,
we desire thou wouldst come and fee; wishing to
bring him to the Grave, in some uncertain Hope

of what was afterwards done. 35 Jesus wept.

And as they were going along, Jesus himself 35
wept, at the Remembrance of the Dead, in Sym-
pathy with the Living, and in Compassion to the
obstinate Jews, whose final Impenitence he fore-
faw, and knew how much the Guilt of it would
be aggravated, in Confequence of their being Spec-

tators of fuch a Miracle.
36 Then said the Jews, The Fews therefore seeing him in Tears said, 36
Behold how he loved him. Bebold how be loved him, and how his Heart over-

37 And some of them flows with Sorrow for his Death. But some faidh, Could not this Man, them. who had a secret Aversion to him. laid. which opened the Eyes of the Blind, have caused that could not this Man, who, as it i

| Could not this Man, who, as it is pretended, opened even this Man fhould not the Eyes of the Blind, have caused that this Man also have died?

should not have died? Could he not have come to
cure him, or, as it is reported in some other In-

stances, have effected it even at a Distance ?
38 Jesus therefore again Yesus therefore, understanding this invidious 38
groning in himself, cometh

"Insinuation, and groaning again within himself,

In to the Grave. It was a Cave, and a Stone lay upon it. as in great Anguilh of Heart, comes to the Se

pulchre. Now it was a Cave, and a large Stone 39 Jesus said, Take ye was laid upon the Mouth of it. Yesus says 30 away the Stone. Martha, to them that stood by, Remove the Stone which the Sister of him that was

dead, stops up the Entrance (8);. but Martha the Sister

(8) Jefus says, Remove the Stone, &c.] Our Lord (as Bishop Hall justly observes,) could with infinite Ease have commanded the Stone to. soll away of itself, without employing any to remove it; but he judiciously avoided all unnecessary Pomp and Parade, and iningled all


256 : He bids them remove the Stone, and calls Lazarus forth. Sect. 140.of the Deceased says to bim, Lord, he has been dead, faith unto him, Lord.

by this Time he stinketh: m dead so long, that he now smells in an offensive by

för he hath been dead four Jonn . 39. Manner (h); for be has been (here] no less than Davs.

Part of four Days, this being the fourth since his 40 Interment. (Compare ver. 17.) Jefus says to 40 Jesus faith unto her, her, Why dost thou object against what I direct? Said I not unto thee, that

if thou would it believe, thou Did I not say unto thee, that if thou wouldst be- mouldīt see the Glory of lieve in me, thou mouldst see the Glory of ĠOD GOD?

remarkably displayed in a Work of signal Power 41 and Mercy? Then they took away the Stone 41 Then they took away from the Mouth of the Tomb, where the Deceased the Stone from the Place

where the Dead was laid. lay. And when it was removed, Jejus ustea up And Jesus lift up his Eyes, his Eyes, and said, Father, I thank thee, that thou and fáid, Father, I thank bast graciously heard me in those secret Groanings thee that

of Soul, which I have been pouring forth in thyme. 42 Presence: And indeed I knew, that thou al 42 And I knew that thou ways hearest me, and art most ready to answer all hearest me always : but be

cause of the People which my Petitions; but I now Speak (thus,] because of itand by, I said it, that they the Multitude that is standing by, that they, com- may believe that thou haft paring what they hear with what they are now fent me. to behold, may have increasing and more effectual Engagements to believe that thou hast fent me.

And having said these Words, he cried with a 43 And when he had loud Voice, suitable to the majestic Part which thus spoken, he cried with a

i loud Voice, Lazarus, come he was now acting, and the Dominion he had

nad forth, even in the Empire of Death itself, as well as

that he might be heard by all the Multitude that 44 were present, Lazarus, come forth. And 44 And he that was dead

such an Almighty Energy went along with his came forth, bound Hand and Word, that immediately, according to his Com

Foot with Grave-clothes : mand, be that was Dead came forth, bound (as the Dead usually were) about [his] Feet and Hands




the Majesty of this astonishing Miracle with the most amiable Modesty and Simplicity. There is no Reason to imagine, as some do, that the Stone lay on the Top of the Cave, and that the Corps was let down with Cords ; for then Lazarus could not, without a farther Miracle, have ascended of himself. It is much more reasonable to believe, the Entrance was at the side of the Sepulchre. Mr. Maundrell tells us, (in his Journey to Jerusalem, pag. 79.) that the Ruins of Lazarus's House are still Thewn, and not far from thence his Sepulchre, into which there is a Descent of twenty-five steep Stairs, which lead into two small Rooms, in the farther of which the Body is said to have been laid. But one cannot much depend on the Genuineness of such Antiquities. See Sand. Travels, pag. 196.

(b) He has been dead so long, that he now smells &c.] The Word Oct has the fame Ambiguity with that which I have used, and seems rather more decent than that in our Translation, tho' the Mcaning is plainly the same.- Martha's Mind seems to have been in a painful Struggle, tossed with a Variety of Pallions, which prevented a perfect Confiftency in her Bchaviour.

(i) His

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Many of the Jews believe, but some go and tell the Pharisees. 257 and his face was bound with Grave-clothes, or with several Rolls and Sect. 140. about with a Napkin. Jelus Foldings of Linnen. that were wrapt about him. faith unto them, Looke him,

"? John XI. 44. and let him go.

but which were so far loosened by the Power of John X.
Christ as to permit him to move ; and his Face
was also bound about with a Napkin (i). And
Yesus on his coming forth in this confined Po-
iture, says to them that stood by, Unbind him,
and let him go : For nothing more was needful
to be done in a miraculous Way, and he had
Strength enough to walk, his Health and Vigour

being perfectly recovered with his Life.
45 Then many of the Thus was this illustrious Miracle compleatly 45
Jews which came to Mary, and publickly accomplished : And such was the
and had seen the Things
which Jefus did, believed Effect of it, that many of the Jews therefore, who
on him.

had come to visit Mary, and beħeld what Jesus did,
46 But some of them believed on him as the Messiah. But some of 46
went their Ways to the them were so obstinate and perverse, that they
Pharisees, and told them
what Things Jesus had done. went away to the Pharisees, and told them what

Things Yesus had done (k) ; on Purpose, that they
might infame them, and stir them up to take
some Methods to prevent his growing Influence
among the People.

I M P R O V E M E N T. I ET us by Faith continually regard Jesus, (as his Discourses and John xi. 25. L ACtions concur to represent him,) as the Resurrection and the Life, believing, on this glorious Specimen here given of it, that he can, and will finally cause all that are in the Graves, to hear his Voice, and to come forth. (John v. 28, 29.) A most delightful Thought, which we should often apply, both to ourselves, and to our pious Friends ! Let the Confideration, that they are to arise in the Resurrection at the Last Day, mode- Ver. 24. rate our Sorrows for their Removal, and forbid our mourning as others that have no Hope. (1 Thell. iv. 13.) Were a Resurrection on Earth expected, tho' at the Distance of several Years, we thould consider them only as Persons absent on a long Journey, and expect their Return with


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(i) His Face was bound about with a Napkin.] If the Jews buried, as the Egyptians did, the Face was not covered with it, but it only went round the Forehead and under the Chin, so that on his returning to Life, he might easily see his Way out of the Sepulchre.

(k) Went away to the Pharisees, &c.] We have in this a most amazing Instance of incorrigible Hardness of Heart, and a dreadful Confirmation of our Lord's Remark, If they. hear not Moses and the Prophets, neither will they be persuaded, thoone rose from the Dead. Luke xvi. 31. Sezt. 125. VOL. II.



258 Reflektions on Christ's raising Lazarus from the Dead: Sect. 140. Patience and Chearfulness : But oh, how much more certain is the Resura

r ection of the Yust, than the Issue of any of our Journeys or Expectations

in Life! Ver. 31. We often go, in our Thoughts at least, to the Grave to weep ; but let

us not forget to raise .our Contemplations higher, even to Jesus, who here Ver. 35. expressed such tender Sentiments of Compassion, and wept when he saw

the Tears of others, tho' he knew he was going to wipe them away, by Ver. 33. restoring that Friend whom they lamented. - He afflixted himself; and it

may be proper for us sometimes to do it, and to hold down our Thoughts to those views of Things, which may give us Pain and Regret; if that Attention be. so adjusted and attempered, as only to produce a Sadness of

the Countenance that may improve the Heart. (Ecclef. vii. 3.) Ver. 39. Let the Modesty, with which our Lord conducted this grand and solemn

Scene, teach us to avoid all mean Transports of Self-applause, and all Ver. 41, 42. Fondness for Oftentation and Parade, Like Yesus, let us in all our Way's

acknowledge GOD, and maintain a continual Dependance on his Infiúence, to be sought by fervent Prayer ; and then we may go forth to every

Duty, with a couragious and chearful Assurance, that he will carry us Ver. 40. honourably and comfortably thro' it. Let us but stedfastly believe, and

we shall see the Glory of GOD; he will manifest his Power for our Help;. and when our Case appears to be remediless, then is the Time for his

Almighty Hand to save. Ver. 43, 44. Let us adore and trust in Him, who was armed with so Divine a Power,

as to be able to rescue the Prisoners of Death, and to recover the Trophies Ver. 26. of the all-conquering and devouring Grave. And if we are true Believers,

... let us learn to take our Part in the Triumph, with a joyful Affurance, Ver. 39. that tho' we putrify in the Dust, and after the Skin Worms devour qur

Bodies, yet in our Flesh we shall at length see GOD. (Job xix. 26.)

It was surely a happy Time, that succeeded all the Lamentations of these affectionate Mourners. With what mutual Congratulations, and unutterable Endearments, did Lazarus and his Sisters behold each other ! With what humble Gratitude and Adoration, did they all prostrate themselves at the Feet of their Almighty Saviour! But who can conceive the greater Transports, which shall run thro' the whole Redeemed World at the Resurrection Day, when, Piety and Friendship shall be perfected, and those, who were dearest to each other both in the Bonds of Nature and of Grace, shall spring up together to an immortal 'undivided Life! In the mean Time, let us trust our Friends with him, (with whom, if we are Christians indeed, we have trusted our Souls,) believing that the Separations he appoints are prudent and kind, and that even our Prayers for their Recovery are denied in Mercy.


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