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Jesus, and spake among themselves as they stood in the Temple, What think ye, that he will not come to the Feast?

262 The Sanhedrim give Orders to all to discover him.

Sect. 141. came together, they diligently fought for Jesus Y^"y7^ there, being some of them desirous to fee and hear "5 'him, and others wanting to discover him to his avowed Enemies the Pharisees; and as it could not but be generally known, that the surprizing Miracle, which he had lately wrought, had very much inflamed the Rage and Envy of his Persecutors, they were suspicious whether he would venture to appear in Publick, and said one to another, as they stood in the temple, What think ye of his coming to the Passover? Do you suppose, that after this Alarm he will not have the Courage to 57 come to the Feast? But both the Chief- Priests and the Pharisees, concluding that he would not fail to come according to his usual Custom, no longer dissembled their Malice, but published a Mandate, by which they bad given an express Command, that if any one knew where he was, he should immediately declare [it] to them; that they might apprehend, and bring him to his Trial, as a Disturber of the publick Peace, and a Person dangerous to the State.

57 Now both the Chief Priests and the Pharisees had given a Commandment, that if any Man knew where he were, he should shew //, that they might take him.


Jchn xi. 47. T T T H E R E shall we find such restless, such causeless, such incorriVV gible Malice, as was in the Hearts of these Rulers against our Blessed Saviour? What but Divine Grace can reclaim Men, when to have heard of the RefurrecJion of Lazarus from their own Frierjds and Confidents, who had just been Eye-witnesses of it, instead of conquering their Hearts, served only to inflame their murtherous Rage? ^..47,-50. This is an Instance, where we evidently fee the Place of Judgment, that Wickedness was there; and the Place of Righteousness, that Iniquity was there. (Ecclesin. 16.) The High-Priest lays down a most dangerous, tho' plausible Maxim, which is in Effect no other than this, " That the Mur"ther of an Innocent Person by Forms of Law," (which, as a noble Sufferer observed, is surely the worst Kind of Murther,) " nay, even of a "Person who by Miracles demonstrated that he was an Embassador from "God, was to be chosen, rather than by protecting and obeying him, to give Umbrage to an Earthly Power, which seemed superior to their own." When will the Politicians of this Earth learn to trust GOD in his own Ways, rather than to trust themselves, and their own Wisdom, in Violation of all the Rules of Truth, Honour, and Conscience? Till


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Refle&ions on the Rage a?id Folly of Christ'; Enemies. 263

then, like this foolish Ruler, they will be caught in their own Craftiness ;Sect. 14 r. and it is more than possible, that they may, in many Instances, hasten the o*-^~^ very Distress, they are contriving to avoid. For this was here the Event: The Romans (called therefore the People of Messiah the Prince, Dan. ix. 26.) were sent as Executioners of the Divine Vengeance, and the Je%vs were given up to a Spirit of Discord and Madness, the terrible Effects of which were such as cannot be read without Horror, till their Place and Nation were taken away; nor could even the Roman General forbear declaring, that the Hand of GOD was apparent in their Destruction.

Let us attend to this Divine Oracle, which God saw fit to put into Ver. 51,521 the Mouth of so wicked a Man. Jesus has actually died for the People^ even jor all the Children oj GOD that are scattered abroad. His Death is substituted instead of theirs; and by it they are redeemed and delivered, and (hall e'er long be incorporated together, and all the happy Colony be raised to an Abode of eternal Glory. Blessed Harvest, which springs up from Redeeming Blood! Heroic Love of the dear Redeemer, which at the proper Time brought him to Jerusalem, where he knew that Evil Ver. 56,57. was determined against him! Let us follow him in a couragious Adherence to God, and our Duty, in the Midst of Danger and Opposition; and not wonder, if we are set up as the Marks of Infamy and Reproach, » when we fee Jesus marked out by a publick Mandate, as if he had been a Robber or a Murtherer; and find so numerous and grand a Court of" Judicature, requiring their Subjects to seize this most generous Friend of the whole World, as the grand Enemy of God and his Country.


Chr 1 s T setting out on his -last Journey to Jerusalem, pro-
phesies of his Sufferings there; rebukes the Ambition of
James and John'; and renews his Exhortations to Humility.
Mat. XX. 17,-28. Mark X. 32,-46.— Luke XVIII.


Mark X. 32. Mark X. 32.

AND they were in the AT length our Lord departed from the Place Sect'. 142;

^Way-going^up to^Jeru- J-^ of his Retreat, and tho' he knew the Re- J^~

cm. an je us wentf J" f0iution that his Enemies had formed against him, Mat> 32*

yet he set out with his Disciples, and (taking Je-
richo in his Road,) was determined to make his
Appearance in the Temple at the approaching


Mark X. 32.

264 Jesus sets out on his lafi Journey

Sect. 142. Passover: And as in Pursuance of this Design they were in the Way going up to 'Jerusalem, Jesus, to shew his Readiness to meet Sufferings and Death in such a Cause, went before them; and they were exceedingly amazed at the Spirit and Ardor which he discovered in so dangerous an Expedition; and as they followed him, they were afraid, both for themselves, and him. And while their Hearts were thus impressed, he took the Twelve "Disciples again apart to himself, into a convenient Retirement which they met with by the Way, and began particularly to tell them what Things should befal him in that important Journey; that he might thus prepare them for the Sufferings he should undergo, and that the Accomplishment of his Predictions might be some Confirmation to their Faith, during a Series of Events which he knew would so severely try it. And he slid to them,

Behold, and observe what I say; We are now going up to "Jerusalem, and it is the last Journey of this Kind we (hall ever take ; for now all Things which are written by the antient Prophets, concerning the Sufferings of the Son of Man pall be exactly fulfilled; and the Son of Man shall be betrayed by one of his own Company, who has professed the greatest Duty and Affection to him, [and] shall be ungratefully delivered to the Chief Priests and the Scribes {a), particularly to those who constistute the Sanhedrim, and who have already published so severe an Edict against him; (John xi. 57. Sect. 141.) and, when they have him thus in their Power, they shall with great Formality condemn him to Death as a publick Enemy and Disturber: And, as they have not now the Power of Capital Executions in their own Hands, they shall deliver him up to the Gentiles, even to the Roman Governor and his Soldiers; and They, instigated by the Malice of the Jews, and utterly ignorant of the Dignity and Glory of his Person, shall



to Jerusalem,

fore them; and they were amazed, and as they followed, they were afraid. And he took again [luk. unto him] the Twelve [Disciples apart in the Way,] and began to tell them what Things should happen unto him; [and said unto them,] [mat. XX. 17. Lukj: XVIII. 31.—]

33 Behold, we go tip to Jerusalem, [luk. and all Things that are written by the Prophets concerning the Son of Man (hall be accomplished :] and the Son of Man shall be [betrayed and] delivered unto the Chief Priests, and unto theScribes: and they shall condemn him to Death, [mat. XX. it Luke XVIII.—31.]

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34 And shall deliver him

to the Gentiles; and they

shall mock him, [Lu K. and


(a) Shall be betrayed and delivered Isfc] The Word -sr(tfet/o8«<r«7<« 'S the fame, both in Matthew, and Mark; but plainly includes, both his being treacherously discovered by Judas, and given up into the Hands of his Enemies. I have therefore retained the different VVords, by which our Translators render it, in the one Place, and the other.

and by the Way

spitefully entreat him,] and shall scourge him, and shall spit upon him, and (hall kill him, [and crucify him:] and the third Day he (ball rise again. [mat. XX. 19. Luke XVUI. 32, 33.J

foretells his Death and ResurreElion, 265

mock and spitefully entreat him in the most contu- Sect. 142.
melious and reproachful Manner, and shall cruelly x-^^y^
scourge him, and carry their rude Outrage to such ar '34'
a Height that they shall even spit upon him; and,
when this Scene of Mockery is over, they shall
put him to a most ignominious and painful Death,
and, as if he was a common Slave, shall even cru-
cify him (b), and leave him to expire in the gra-
dual Agonies of the Cross: And yet all their Ma-
lice shall not be able to triumph over him j for
on the 'Third Day he shall arise again, victorious
over the Powers of Darkness, and obtain that glo-
rious and universal Kingdom which the Prophets
assign to the Messiah. (Compare Mat. xvi. 21. Sect.
89. and Mat. xvii. Sect. 92.)

And, plain as this Declaration was, their Pre- Luk.XVIII.
judices were so great, that they did not understand 34-
any os these Things thoroughly, being at a Loss to
reconcile his being slain, with the Possession of
that Kingdom which he was to inherit; and this
Matter was hid from them, to so great a Degree,
that after all our Lord had said they knew not the
Meaning of the Things which were spoken. (Com-
pare Luke ix. 44, 45. pag. 15.)

Nevertheless, they apprehended thus much, Mat XX. that whatever Difficulties lay in the Way, they aoshould certainly end in his Triumph and Glory. And upon this Presumption then, the Mother of Zebedee's Children came at their Instigation to him, . with her Sons fames and fohn, who were peculiar Favourites of our Lord; and they all Three fell down at his Feet, worshipping [him] in a most respectful Manner, and desiring a certain [Favour] of him with great Importunity, weakly saying,


(b) they Jhall scourge him, and spit upon him-, and crucify him.] This Prediction is

a remarkable Proof of the Prophetic Spirit which dwelt in Chri/l; for humanly speaking, it was much more probable, that he should have been privately assassinated, or Jloned (as was before attempted,) by some zealous Transport of popular Fury, than that he should have been thus solemnly condemned, and delivered up to Crucifixion, a Roman Punishment, with which we do not find he had ever been threatened. Indeed, when the Jews condemned him for Blasphemy, for which the Punishment appointed in the Law was Stoning, and Pi/ate at last gave them a general Permission to take him and judge him according to their own Law, (Mat. xxvi. 65, 66. John xviii. 31. and xix. 7.) it is wonderful they did not chuse to stone him: But all this was done, that the Scriptures might be fulfilled. (Compare Mat. xxvi. 56. and John xix. 36.)

Vol. II. LI (/) %

Lbke XVIII. 34. And they understood none of

these Things: and this Saying was hid from them, neither knew they the Things which were spoken.

Mat. XX. 10. Then came to him the Mother of Zebedee's Children, with her Sons [James and John,] worshipping him, and desiring 1 certain Thing of him, [faying,

266 James and John ajk for the highest Posts in his Kingdom.

Sect. 142. Mailer\ we would earnestly beg, that thou Jhouldst [faying. Master, we would give us a general Promise to do for us whatsoever Stf^e^etlfdc?^

Mat. XX.


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Mark X. 36. And he said [unto her, and] unto them, [What wik thou? er] What would ye that I should do for you? [mat, XX. 21.—]

37 [She faith unto him, Grant that these my Two Sons, ] ami they laid, — Grant unto us, that we may sit, the one on thy Right Hand, and the other on thy Left Hand, in thy [ Kingdom and] Glory. [mat. XX.—21.I

we /hall request of thee; for it would be a very

great Grief to us, if we should not succeed in the

important Petition we have to present. Mark X. 36. And be said to her [and] to them, You cannot

expect, that whatsoever Kindness I have for you,

I should at all Adventures enter myself into so

rash an Engagement; tell me therefore particularly,

What wouldst Thou have? [or] What would You so

earnestly desire, that I Jhould do for you, if I was

fully disposed to grant your Request:?
37 She says unto htm, I intreat thee to grant that

theft my Two dear Sons, who have done so much

for the Service of thy Cause and Interest, may

be preferred to Stations of the highest Dignity,

Trust, and Profit; [and] they joined with her in

the fame Request, and said, Grant us, that when

thou art established in thy glorious Kingdom, which,

as we apprehend, will shortly be erected in the

World, we may not only have a Place there,

but may be fixed near thy Throne, and fit in

distinguished Honour and Authority, the one at

thy Right Hand, and the other at thy Left, as thy

Chief Ministers of State. Mat. XX. But Jesus fold to them in Reply, Alas, you are "• under the Force of such carnal Prejudices and

mistaken Views, that you know not what you askt

or you would be ashamed of so unseasonable a

Petition. This is not a Time to think of Tem-
poral Grandeur and Authority; but it is much

more proper, that I should ask you, and that

you should put the Question to yourselves, Are

you able to drink of the bitter Cup, of which I am

now about to drink so deep (c), and to be baptized

with the Baptism, and plunged into that Sea of

Sufferings, with which I am shortly to be bap


(s) To drink es the Cup, &c] It wns customary among the Anfients, to assign to each Guest at a Feast a particular Cup, as well as Dijh; and by the Kind and Quantity of the Liquor contained in it, the Respect of the Entertainer was expressed. Hence Cup came in general to signify a Portion ajjigned, (Psal. xvi. 5. xxiii. 5.^ whether of Pleasure, or Sorrow; and many Instances occur in which it refers to the latter. Compare Psal. xi. 6. lxxiii. 10. Isa. li. 17, 22. Jer. xxv. 15, 17. Ztch. xii. 2. John xviii. 11. and Mat. xxvi. 39, 42.

{d) You

Mat.xx'. 22. But Jesus answered and said [unto them,] Ye know not what ye ask: Are ye able to drink of the Cup that I shall drink of, and to be baptized with, the Baptism that I am baptised

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