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Jesus sets out on his last fourney to Jerusalem, Sect. 142. Paffover : And as in Pursuance of this Design they fore them; and they were w were in the Way going up to Jerusalem, 7 efus, to

amazed, and as they fol.

lowed they were afraid. Mark X. 32. Thew his Readiness to meet Sufferings and Death And he took again [Luk.

in such a Cause, went before them; and they were unto him) the Twelve (Diexceedingly amazed at the Spirit and Ardor which fciples apart in the Way,]

and began to tell them what he discovered in so dangerous an Expedition ; and Things Thould happen unto as they followed him, they were afraid, both for him ; [and said unto them,} themselves, and him. And while their Hearts

(MAT. XX. 17. LUKE

XVIII. 31.-)
were thus impressed, he took the Twelve Disciples
again apart to bimself, into a convenient Retire-
inent which they met with by the Way, and began
particularly to tell them what Things' should befal
him in that important Journey ; that he might
thus prepare them for the Sufferings he should
undergo, and that the Accomplishment of his
Predictions might be fome Confirmation to their
Faith, during a Series of Events which he knew

would so severely try it. And be faid to them,
33 Behold, and observe what I fay; We are now ,33 Behold, we go tip to
going up to Jerusalem, and it is the last Journey Thun

Jerusalem, [LUK. and all

Y Things that are written by of this Kind we shall ever take ; for now all Things the Prophets concerning the which are written by the antient Prophets, concern- Son of Man shall be accoming the Sufferings of the Son of Man shall be ex

oll he ev plished :) and the Son of

Man shall be [betrayed and] actly fulfilled ; and the Son of Man shall be betrayed delivered unto the Chief by one of his own Company, who has professed Priests, and unto the Scribes: the greatest Duty and Affection to him, and shall and they shall condemn him

to Death, [MAT. XX. 18. be ungratefully delivered to the Chief Priests and 1..

ind LUKE XVIII.-31.] the Scribes (a), particularly to those who constistute the Sanhedrim, and who have already published so severe an Edict against him ; (John xi. 57. Sect. 141.) end, when they have him thus in their Power, they shall with great Formality condemn

him to Death as a publick Enemy and Disturber : 34 And, as they have not now the Power of Capi- 34 And shall deliver him tal Executions in their own Hands. they hall de to the Gentiles ; and they

lhall mock him, (Luk. and liver bim up to the Gentiles, even to the Roman

spitefully Governor and his Soldiers ; and They, instigated by the Malice of the Jews, and utterly ignorant of the Dignity and Glory of his Person, Mall


(a) Shall be betrayed and delivered &c.] The Word Wolpad odnoslas is the same, both in Matthew, and Mark; but plainly includes, both his being treacherously discovered by Judas, and given up into the Hands of his Enemies. I have therefore retained the different Words, by which our Transiators render it, in the one Place, and the other.

(b) They

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and by the way foretells his Death and Resurrection. 265 ,
fpitefully entreat him,] and mock and Spitefully entreat him in the most contu- Sect. 142.
Mall scourge him, and shall
fpit upon him, and shall kill merious and reproachiul manner; and und
him, fand crucify bim:and scourge him, and carry their rude Outrage to such Mark . 34.
the third Day he shall rise a Height that they shall even spit upon him; and,
again. [MAT. XX., 19. when this Scene of Mockery is over, they shall
LUKE XVIII. 32, 33.]

put him to a most ignominious and painful Death,
and, as if he was a common Slave, Ihall even cru-
cify him (b), and leave him to expire in the gra-
dual Agonies of the Cross : And yet all their Ma-
lice shall not be able to triumph over him ; for
on the Third Day he shall arise again, victorious
over the Powers of Darkness, and obtain that glo-
rious and universal Kingdom which the Prophets
assign to the Mefliah. (Compare Mat. xvi. 21. Sect.

89. and Mat. xvii. Sed. 92.)
LUKE XVIII. 24. And And, plain as this Declaration was, their Pre- Luk. XVIII.
they understood none of judices were so great, that they did not understand 34.
these Things: and this Say any of these Things thoroughly, being at a Loss to
ing was hid from them, nei-
ther knew they the Things

reconcile his being Nain, with the Possession of which were spoken. that Kingdom which he was to inherit; and this

Matter was hid from them, to so great a Degree,
that after all our Lord had said they knew not the

Meaning of the Things which were spoken. (Com

tä pare Luke ix. 44, 45. pag. 15.) Mat. XX. 20. Then. Nevertheless, they apprehended thus much, Mat. XX. came to him the Mother of that whatever Difficulties lay in the Way, they 20. Zebedee's Children,' with her Sons (James and John,] in

îshould certainly end in his Triumph and Glory. worshipping him, and defir- And upon this Presumption then, the Mother of ing a certa in Thing of him, Zebedee's Children came at their Instigation to him,

Llaying, with her Sons James and yohn, who were pecu

liar Favourites of our Lord; and they all Three
fell down at his Feet, worshipping [him in a most
respectful Manner, and depiring a certain Favour]
of him with great Importunity, weakly saying,

(b) They shall scourge him, and spit upon him, and crucify him.] This Prediction is
a remarkable Proof of the Propheric Spirit which dwelt in Chrift; for humanly speaking,
it was much more probable, that he should have been privately asasinated, or stoned (as was
before attempted,) by some zealous Transport of popular Fury, than that he should have
been thus solemnly condemned, and delivered up to Crucifixion, a Roman Punishment, with
which we do not find he had ever been threatened. Indeed, when the Jews condemned himn
for Blasphemy, for which the Punishment appointed in the Law was Stoning, and Pilate at
last gave them a general Permission to take him and judge him according to their own Law,
(Mat. xxvi. 65, 66. Fabn xviii. 31. and xix. 7.) it is wonderful they did not chuse to
fione him : But all this was done, that the Scriptures might be fulfilled. (Compare Mat.
xxvi. 56, and John xix. 36.)
Vol. II.


(c) To

266 James and John ask for the highest Pofts in his Kingdom. Sect. 142. Master, we would earnestly beg, that thou Mouldst [saying, Master, we would w

give us a general Promise to do for us whatsoever that thou thou dit do for us

give us a general Promne to do for us wpat joever whatsoever we shall desire.] Mat. **. we shall request of thee; for it would be a very [MARK X. 35.] 20.

great Grief to us, if we should not succeed in the

important Petition we have to present. Mark X. 36. And be said to ber sand to them, You cannot Mark X. 36 expect, that whatsoever Kindness I have for you, bever Kindpera have for you said [unto her, and] unto

them, [What wilt thou ? I should at all Adventures enter myself into fo 037 What would ve that I rash an Engagement; tell me therefore particularly, should do for you? (Mat. What wouldīt Thou have? [or] What would You so XX, 21.-] earnestly desire, that I should do for you, if I was fully disposed to grant your Request?'

She says unto him, I intreat thee to grant that 37 [She faith unto him, these my Two dear Sons, who have done so much Grant that these my Two for the Service of thy Cause and Interest, may Grant unto us,' that we

Sons, ] and they said, be preferred to Stations of the highest Dignity, may fit, the one on thy Trust, and Profit; fand they joined with her in Right Hand, and the other the fame Requeft, and said, 'Grant us, that when or

on thy Left Hand, in thy

[ Kingdom and ] Glory. thou art established in thy glorious Kingdom, which, MAT. XX.–21.1 as we apprehend, will shortly be erected in the World, we may not only have a Place there, but may be fixed near thy Throne, and fit in distinguished Honour and Authority, the one at thy Right Hand, and the other at thy Left, as thy

Chief Ministers of State. Mat. XX. But Jesus said to them in Reply, Alas, you are Mat. XX. 22. But Je under the Force of such carnal Prejudices and

sus answered and said [unto mistaken Views, that you know not what you ask, ve ask: Are ye able to drink

them,] Ye know not what or you would be ashamed of fo unreasonable a of the Cup that I shall drink Petition. This is not a Time to think of Tem- of, and to be baptized with. poral Grandeur and Authority; but it is much

the Baptism that I am bap

tized more proper, that I should ask you, and that you should put the Question to yourselves, Are you able to drink of the bitter Cup, of which I am now about to drink so deep (c), and to be baptized with the Baptism, and plunged into that Sea of Sufferings, with which I am shortly to be bap



(c) To drink of the Cup, &c.] It was customary among the Antients, to assign to each Guest at a Feast a particular Cup, as well as Dim; and by the Kind and Quantity of the Liquor contained in it, the Respect of the Entertainer was expressed. Hence Cup came in general to signify a Portion aligned, (Psal. xvi. 5. xxiii. 5.) whether of Pleasure, or Sorrow; and many Instances occur in which it refers to the latter. Compare Psal. xi. 6. lxxiii. 10. Ifa. li. 17, 22. Jer, xxv, 15, 17. Zech. xii. 2. Yohn xviii. 11. and Mat. xxvi. 39, 42.

(d) You

with: but to sit on my ed (d); for you ihall endure gical

They are only for those for whom the Father has prepared them. 267 tized with ? [ And ) they tized, and, as it were, overwhelmed for a Time? Sect. 142. fay unto him, We are able.

le. And they say to him with a self-confident Assurance, w (MARK X. 38, 39:-)

Yes, Lord, we doubt not but that for thy Saké Mat,x

we are able to undergo all this. 23 And [Jesus] faith unto And Jefus says unto them, You Mall indeed both 23 them, Ye Thall drink indeed of you drink of this my Cup, of which I am to of my Cup (that I drink of,] and be baptized with the

hd drink, and be baptized' with the Baptism of ex

Baptism that I am baptized tream Sufferings, with which I am to be baptiz-

for you shall endure great Extremities for
Right Hand, and on my the sake of my Gospel, and hazard your Lives
Left, is not mine to give,
but it shall be given to them

teiben in its Defence : But as to what you have now for whom it is prepared of desired, to fit on my Right Hand, and on my Left, my Father. [MARK X.

in my Kingdom of Glory, this is not a Privilege –39, 40.]

which is mine to give by partial Friendship, or to
the first and most importunate Asker ; nor can I
dispose of it to any, but to those for whom it is
prepared by my Father, who has appointed that
the Exaltation and Happiness of the other World
shall be proportioned to the Degrees of Piety and

Holiness which are attained in this.
24 And when the Ten And when the Ten other Apostles beard of fit,] 24
heard it, they [began to be and were acquainted with this Motion which the
much displeased, and] were
moved with Indignation as Sons of Zebedee had made, they began to be much
gainst the Two Brethren displeased that they should aspire to a Superiority,
| James and John.] [MARK to which each of them imagined he had himself
X. 41,]

an equal Claim; [andas they were moved with
Indignation against the two Brethren James and
John, they were going to expostulate the Mat-

ter with some Severity.
25 But Jefus called them But to prevent the evil Consequences which
unto him, and said ( unto might arise from such an ill-judged Debate, and
them,] Ye know that the to root out that Envy and Ambition which pre-


vailed among them, Jesus called them all to him,
and faid unto them, You well know, that the Princes

(d) You fall indeed drink of my Cup, &c.] Accordingly it is observable, that this James was the first of all the Apostles, who suffered Martyrdom for Chrift: (Aets xii. 2.) And John was scourged by the Jews; Aets v. 40.) and afterwards banished by Domitian into the Isle of Patmos, where he speaks of himself as a Companion of Christ's Tribulation : (Rev. i. 9.) Not to mention Tertullian's Tradition, that at Rome he was plunged into boiling Oil, by which, it is said, instead of being destroyed, he was sensibly refreshed ; (Tertull. Prafirip. cap. 36.) nor what the pretended Prochorus says, of the Attempt made by some Hereticks to poison him ; which is generally referred to in the Pictures of this Apostle, where the Venom is ridiculously represented, as coming out of the Cup in the Forn of a Serpent, to signify that the Poison did not take Effect.

LI 2

(e) The

268 He that would be Chief, should be the Servant of all. Sect. 142. of the Heathen Nations (e) lord it over them in a Princes of the Gentiles exw very imperious Manner, and their Great Men,

ercise Dominion over them; Mat. XX.

Lent, and [their Great ones] exin Stations of subordinate Government, imitate ercise Authority upon them. 25.

their tyrannical Masters, and exercise an arbitrary [MARK X. 42.]
Authority upon them that are more immediately
subject to their Command ; and that Ambition,
which is so natural to the depraved Heart of Man,
engages them eagerly to pursue such distinguished

Stations, which may give them an Opportunity
26 to gratify it. But my Kingdom is of another 26 But it Ihall not be so

Nature, and it shall not be so among you; for among you : but whosoever instead of appointing any one among you as the

will be great among you,

let him be your Minister, Chief, who should govern the rest (f), I tell you [MARK X. 43.] plainly, that you are to look on each other as Brethren and Equals, or rather, each to esteem others as worthier of Regard than himself: Indulge not therefore an ambitious Temper, but whosoever would indeed be great among you, let bim, instead of aiming at Power and Authority, chuse to be your Minister, and attend on the rest with all the humblest Offices of Condefcension and Love. And whosoever would be Chief among 27 And whosoever will you, or first in my Esteem, and in future Ho- be chief among you, let him

be your Servant, yea, the nour and Happiness, let him be ready to behave on Servant of all.] MARK X. all Occasions as your Servant ; [yea,] let him be 44.] the Servant, not only of your little Fraternity, but of all that are about him (8); not despising


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(e) The Princes of the Heathen Nations.). Mark expresses it by on foxxyles apX6V Twy ebrat, which we render, they which are accounted to rule over the Gentiles; but this (with Gataker, Cinn. lib. i. cap. 3.) I take to be a Pleonasm, and think it should be translated, they who rule over the Gentiles; and so it coincides with the Clause inserted from Matthew.. (Compare i Cor. xi. 16. xii. 23. xiv. 37. and Phil. iii. 4. Gr.) Instances are produced of the like Use of the Phrase in the best Greek Authors, by Mr. Blackwall, in his Sacred Clasies, Vol. i. pag. 74. to which may be added, tus dorsulas aditev, for ad exolas, Polyb. lib. i. cap. 5. and TWV EV UTEPOXn foxxylow, Epictet. Enchirid. cap. 30. §. II.

(f) Instead of appointing any one among you as the Chief, &c.] As the Requeit of these Two Brethren plainly shewed, that they did not understand our Lord's Words to Peter, (Mat, xvi. 18, 19. Sect. 88.) as designed to invest him with any Authority over the rest of his Brethren; so the Answer which Chrift here gives them, far from intimating any Thing of that Kind, concludes as ftrongly against any such Authority, as a Negative Argument can be supposed to do, and seems abundantly to justify the Turn given in the Paraphrafe.

(g) The Servant of all.] There is a Gradation here, not commonly observed. The Word dlakavos in the former Verse, which for want of a better Word we render Minister, is a Name which might be given to any, who occasionally attended others, or was statedly employed to render them any particular Kind of Service ; but Mrros; Servant, fignifies one, whose whole Business it is to serve, and who is indeed the Property of another. The Words of all, do likewise increase the Gradation.

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