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Mark X. 32.

264 Jesus sets out on his lafi Journey

Sect. 142. Passover: And as in Pursuance of this Design they were in the Way going up to 'Jerusalem, Jesus, to shew his Readiness to meet Sufferings and Death in such a Cause, went before them; and they were exceedingly amazed at the Spirit and Ardor which he discovered in so dangerous an Expedition; and as they followed him, they were afraid, both for themselves, and him. And while their Hearts were thus impressed, he took the Twelve "Disciples again apart to himself, into a convenient Retirement which they met with by the Way, and began particularly to tell them what Things should befal him in that important Journey; that he might thus prepare them for the Sufferings he should undergo, and that the Accomplishment of his Predictions might be some Confirmation to their Faith, during a Series of Events which he knew would so severely try it. And he slid to them,

Behold, and observe what I say; We are now going up to "Jerusalem, and it is the last Journey of this Kind we (hall ever take ; for now all Things which are written by the antient Prophets, concerning the Sufferings of the Son of Man pall be exactly fulfilled; and the Son of Man shall be betrayed by one of his own Company, who has professed the greatest Duty and Affection to him, [and] shall be ungratefully delivered to the Chief Priests and the Scribes {a), particularly to those who constistute the Sanhedrim, and who have already published so severe an Edict against him; (John xi. 57. Sect. 141.) and, when they have him thus in their Power, they shall with great Formality condemn him to Death as a publick Enemy and Disturber: And, as they have not now the Power of Capital Executions in their own Hands, they shall deliver him up to the Gentiles, even to the Roman Governor and his Soldiers; and They, instigated by the Malice of the Jews, and utterly ignorant of the Dignity and Glory of his Person, shall



to Jerusalem,

fore them; and they were amazed, and as they followed, they were afraid. And he took again [luk. unto him] the Twelve [Disciples apart in the Way,] and began to tell them what Things should happen unto him; [and said unto them,] [mat. XX. 17. Lukj: XVIII. 31.—]

33 Behold, we go tip to Jerusalem, [luk. and all Things that are written by the Prophets concerning the Son of Man (hall be accomplished :] and the Son of Man shall be [betrayed and] delivered unto the Chief Priests, and unto theScribes: and they shall condemn him to Death, [mat. XX. it Luke XVIII.—31.]

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34 And shall deliver him

to the Gentiles; and they

shall mock him, [Lu K. and


(a) Shall be betrayed and delivered Isfc] The Word -sr(tfet/o8«<r«7<« 'S the fame, both in Matthew, and Mark; but plainly includes, both his being treacherously discovered by Judas, and given up into the Hands of his Enemies. I have therefore retained the different VVords, by which our Translators render it, in the one Place, and the other.

and by the Way

spitefully entreat him,] and shall scourge him, and shall spit upon him, and (hall kill him, [and crucify him:] and the third Day he (ball rise again. [mat. XX. 19. Luke XVUI. 32, 33.J

foretells his Death and ResurreElion, 265

mock and spitefully entreat him in the most contu- Sect. 142.
melious and reproachful Manner, and shall cruelly x-^^y^
scourge him, and carry their rude Outrage to such ar '34'
a Height that they shall even spit upon him; and,
when this Scene of Mockery is over, they shall
put him to a most ignominious and painful Death,
and, as if he was a common Slave, shall even cru-
cify him (b), and leave him to expire in the gra-
dual Agonies of the Cross: And yet all their Ma-
lice shall not be able to triumph over him j for
on the 'Third Day he shall arise again, victorious
over the Powers of Darkness, and obtain that glo-
rious and universal Kingdom which the Prophets
assign to the Messiah. (Compare Mat. xvi. 21. Sect.
89. and Mat. xvii. Sect. 92.)

And, plain as this Declaration was, their Pre- Luk.XVIII.
judices were so great, that they did not understand 34-
any os these Things thoroughly, being at a Loss to
reconcile his being slain, with the Possession of
that Kingdom which he was to inherit; and this
Matter was hid from them, to so great a Degree,
that after all our Lord had said they knew not the
Meaning of the Things which were spoken. (Com-
pare Luke ix. 44, 45. pag. 15.)

Nevertheless, they apprehended thus much, Mat XX. that whatever Difficulties lay in the Way, they aoshould certainly end in his Triumph and Glory. And upon this Presumption then, the Mother of Zebedee's Children came at their Instigation to him, . with her Sons fames and fohn, who were peculiar Favourites of our Lord; and they all Three fell down at his Feet, worshipping [him] in a most respectful Manner, and desiring a certain [Favour] of him with great Importunity, weakly saying,


(b) they Jhall scourge him, and spit upon him-, and crucify him.] This Prediction is

a remarkable Proof of the Prophetic Spirit which dwelt in Chri/l; for humanly speaking, it was much more probable, that he should have been privately assassinated, or Jloned (as was before attempted,) by some zealous Transport of popular Fury, than that he should have been thus solemnly condemned, and delivered up to Crucifixion, a Roman Punishment, with which we do not find he had ever been threatened. Indeed, when the Jews condemned him for Blasphemy, for which the Punishment appointed in the Law was Stoning, and Pi/ate at last gave them a general Permission to take him and judge him according to their own Law, (Mat. xxvi. 65, 66. John xviii. 31. and xix. 7.) it is wonderful they did not chuse to stone him: But all this was done, that the Scriptures might be fulfilled. (Compare Mat. xxvi. 56. and John xix. 36.)

Vol. II. LI (/) %

Lbke XVIII. 34. And they understood none of

these Things: and this Saying was hid from them, neither knew they the Things which were spoken.

Mat. XX. 10. Then came to him the Mother of Zebedee's Children, with her Sons [James and John,] worshipping him, and desiring 1 certain Thing of him, [faying,

266 James and John ajk for the highest Posts in his Kingdom.

Sect. 142. Mailer\ we would earnestly beg, that thou Jhouldst [faying. Master, we would give us a general Promise to do for us whatsoever Stf^e^etlfdc?^

Mat. XX.


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Mark X. 36. And he said [unto her, and] unto them, [What wik thou? er] What would ye that I should do for you? [mat, XX. 21.—]

37 [She faith unto him, Grant that these my Two Sons, ] ami they laid, — Grant unto us, that we may sit, the one on thy Right Hand, and the other on thy Left Hand, in thy [ Kingdom and] Glory. [mat. XX.—21.I

we /hall request of thee; for it would be a very

great Grief to us, if we should not succeed in the

important Petition we have to present. Mark X. 36. And be said to her [and] to them, You cannot

expect, that whatsoever Kindness I have for you,

I should at all Adventures enter myself into so

rash an Engagement; tell me therefore particularly,

What wouldst Thou have? [or] What would You so

earnestly desire, that I Jhould do for you, if I was

fully disposed to grant your Request:?
37 She says unto htm, I intreat thee to grant that

theft my Two dear Sons, who have done so much

for the Service of thy Cause and Interest, may

be preferred to Stations of the highest Dignity,

Trust, and Profit; [and] they joined with her in

the fame Request, and said, Grant us, that when

thou art established in thy glorious Kingdom, which,

as we apprehend, will shortly be erected in the

World, we may not only have a Place there,

but may be fixed near thy Throne, and fit in

distinguished Honour and Authority, the one at

thy Right Hand, and the other at thy Left, as thy

Chief Ministers of State. Mat. XX. But Jesus fold to them in Reply, Alas, you are "• under the Force of such carnal Prejudices and

mistaken Views, that you know not what you askt

or you would be ashamed of so unseasonable a

Petition. This is not a Time to think of Tem-
poral Grandeur and Authority; but it is much

more proper, that I should ask you, and that

you should put the Question to yourselves, Are

you able to drink of the bitter Cup, of which I am

now about to drink so deep (c), and to be baptized

with the Baptism, and plunged into that Sea of

Sufferings, with which I am shortly to be bap


(s) To drink es the Cup, &c] It wns customary among the Anfients, to assign to each Guest at a Feast a particular Cup, as well as Dijh; and by the Kind and Quantity of the Liquor contained in it, the Respect of the Entertainer was expressed. Hence Cup came in general to signify a Portion ajjigned, (Psal. xvi. 5. xxiii. 5.^ whether of Pleasure, or Sorrow; and many Instances occur in which it refers to the latter. Compare Psal. xi. 6. lxxiii. 10. Isa. li. 17, 22. Jer. xxv. 15, 17. Ztch. xii. 2. John xviii. 11. and Mat. xxvi. 39, 42.

{d) You

Mat.xx'. 22. But Jesus answered and said [unto them,] Ye know not what ye ask: Are ye able to drink of the Cup that I shall drink of, and to be baptized with, the Baptism that I am baptised

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13 And [Jesus] faith unto them, Ye (hall drink indeed of my Cup [that I drink of,] and be baptized with the Baptism that I am baptized with: but to sit on my Right Hand, and on my Left, is not mine to give, but it shall be given to them for whom it is prepared of my Father. [mark X.

—39» 40-J

They are only for those for whom the Father has prepared them. 267

sized, and, as it were, overwhelmed for a Time?Sect. 142*
And they fay to him with a self-confident Assurance, '—^v^^J
Yes, Lord, we doubt not but that for thy Sake Mat,XX-22'
•we are able to undergo all this.

And Jesus Jays unto them, You Jhall indeed both 23
of you drink of this my Cup, of which I am to
drink, and be baptized with the Baptism of ex-
tream Sufferings, with which I am to be baptiz-
ed (d); for you {hall endure great Extremities for
the Sake of my Gospel, and hazard your Lives
in its Defence: But as to what you have now
desired, to Jit on my Right Hand, and on my Leftt
in my Kingdom of Glory, this is not a Privilege
which As mine to give by partial Friendship, or to
the first and most importunate Afker; nor can I
dispose of it to any, but to those for whom it is
prepared by my Father, who has appointed that
the Exaltation and Happiness of the other World
shall be proportioned to the Degrees of Piety and
Holiness which are attained in this.

And when the Ten other Apostles beard of [/'/,] 24
and were acquainted with this Motion which the
Sons of Zebedee had made, they began to be much
displeased that they should aspire to a Superiority,
to which each of them imagined he had himself
an equal Claim; [and] as they were moved with
Indignation againjl the two Brethren fames and
John, they were going to expostulate the Mat-
ter with some Severity.

But to prevent the evil Consequences which 2 c
might arise from such an ill-judged Debate, and
to root out that Envy and Ambition which pre-
vailed among them, Jesus called them all to him,
and said unto them, Tou well know, that the Princes


44 And when the Ten

heard it, they {began to be much displeased, and] were moved with Indignation against the Two Brethren sjames and John.] [mark X. 41,]

25 But Jesus called them

unto him, and said [ unto

<hem.j Ye know that the


(d) You Jball indeed drink of my Cup, &c] Accordingly it is observable, that this James was the first of all the Apostles, who suffered Martyrdom for Christ: (Jcls xii. 2.) And John was scourged by the Jews; Ads v. 40.) and afterwards banished by Domitian into the IsJe of Patmos, where he speaks of himself as a Companion of Christ's Tribulation: \Rev. i. 9.) Not to mention Tertullian's Tradition, that at Rome he was plunged into boiling Oil, by which, it is said, instead of being destroyed, he was sensibly refreshed; [Tertull. Prtefcrip. cap. 36.) nor what the pretended Prochorus says, of the Attempt made by some Hereticks to poison him; which is generally referred to in the Piclures of this Apostle, where the Vtnom is ridiculously represented, as coming out of the Cup in the Fotfn of a Serpent, to signify that the Poison did not take Effect.

L1 X (,e)Tbt

268 He that would be Chief, Jhould be the Servant os all

Sect. 142. of the Heathen Nations (e) lord it over them in a

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very imperious Manner; and their Great Men,
in Stations of subordinate Government, imitate
their tyrannical Masters, and exercise an arbitrary
Authority upon them that are more immediately
subject to their Command; and that Ambition,
which is so natural to the depraved Heart of Man,
engages them eagerly to pursue such distinguished
Stations, which may give them an Opportunity
to gratify it. But my Kingdom is of another
Nature, and ;'/ shall not be so among you; for
instead of appointing any one among you as the
Chief, who mould govern the rest (f), I tell you
plainly, that you are to look on each other as
Brethren and Equals, or rather, each to esteem
others as worthier of Regard than himself: In-
dulge not therefore an ambitious Temper, but
•whosoever would indeed be great among you, let
him, instead of aiming at Power and Authority,
chuse to be your Minisler, and attend on the rest
with all the humblest Offices of Condescension
and Love. And whosoever would be Chief among
you, or first in my Esteem, and in future Ho-
nour and Happiness, let him be ready to behave on
all Occasions as your Servant; fjfft*,] let him be
the Servant, not only of your little Fraternity,
but of all that are about him (g); not despising


Princes of the Gentiles exercise Dominion over them; and [their Great ones] exercise Authority upon them. [mark X. 42.J

26 But it (hall not be so among you: but whosoever will be great among you, let him be your Minister. [mark X. 43.]

27 And whosoever will be chief among you, let him be your Servant, [yea, the Servant of all.]. [markx. 44-1

(e) The Princes of the Heathen Nations.] Mark expresses it by o//oW7s; a^yta Top t8rorr which we render, they which are accounted to rule over the Gentiles; but this (with Gatafer, Cinn. lib. i. cap. 3.) I take to be a Pleonasm, and think it (hould be translated, they who rule over the Gentiles; and so it coincides with the Clause inserted from Matthew. (Compare 1 Cor. xi. 16. xii. 23, xiv. 37. and Phil. iii. 4. Gr.) Instances are produced of the like Use of the Phrase in the best Greek Authors, by Mr. Blackwall, in his Sacred Clajfus, Vol. i. pag. 74. to which may be added, Tik /oW7*r aJ^iKew, for asiKxflttt, Polyb. lib. i. cap. 5. and ran tv tKnfojejf <foxw<7w, Epidet. Enchirid. cap. 30. §. 11.

(f) Instead of appointing any one among you as the Chief, &c] As the Request of these Two Brethren plainly shewed, that they did not understand our Lord's Words to Peter, {Mat. xvi. 18, 19. Seel. 88.) as designed to invest him with any Authority over the rest of his Brethren; so the Answer which Chri/t here gives them, far from intimating any Thin£ of that Kind, concludes as strongly against any such Authority, as a Negative Argument can be supposed to do, and seems abundantly to justify the Turn given in the Paraphrase.

(g) The Servant of all.'] There is a Gradation here, not commonly observed. The Word fiawix in the former Verse, which for want of a better Word we render Minijler, is a Name which might be given to any, who occasionally attended others, or was statedly employed to render them any particular Kind of Service; but </SsAo*, Servant, signifies one, whose whole Business it is to serve, and who is indeed the Property of another. The Wordi if all, do likewise increase the Gradation.

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