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and on the Cure of the Two Blind Men. 277

raged, with what Eagerness was that Importunity repeated? Thou Son o/"Sect. 143. David, have Mercy on me! Thus will the Sinner cry to Jesus, when he ^*v>j fees how much he needs him. But, alas, Men are not aware of their spiri- er' 4' tual Indigence and Distress: They fay, they are rich, and increased in Goods, and have need of nothing; and know not, that they are wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked. (Rev. iii. ij.)

When once they come to be awakened to a just Sense of their Case, there is then Room for Hope, and great Encouragement for their Address. We may in such Circumstances fay to them, as was said to Bartimeus, Be Ver. 49. of good Courage, rife, he calleth thee. With Pleasure should we deliver such a Message; with Pleasure should we lead on the Lame and the Blind, the Weak and the Trembling, in their Application to Christ; and in all the Instances, in which his victorious Grace is exercised, should join with those who have received it, in glorifying GOD, and in celebrating the Luke xviir. "Praise of this Deliverer, whom he has mercifully raised up for his People. +3


Christ delivers the Parable of the Ten Pounds committed by a Prince to his Servants, and represents the Vengeance taken by him on his rebellious Subje&s. Luke XIX. 11,—28".

Luke XIX. 11. LuKK XIX. II.

AND as they heard these \70 W Jesus, on* Occasion of Zaccheus's. Con-Sect. 144.. ■»Things, he added and I\ vers10n having expressly said that he was L>^^^

spake a Parable, because he . u o • su r> I ../ / ;Luke XIX

was nigh to Jerusalem, and a Saviour, the People, as they heard^uKe A1A-
because they thought that these Things, were ready to conclude, that at his
theKingdomof God should coming to Jerusalem, he would openly declare
•"mediately appear' himself to be the promised Messiah; but he con-

tinued [his Discourse,] and spake a very useful and
instructive Parable,, because he was now drawing
near to Jerusalem (a), and he perceived they
thought, that the Kingdom of GOD would imme- *
diately be revealed among them, and that he, as*
the Messiah, would assume the Government, and-
not only free Israel from the Roman Yoke, but


(a) Because he was near to Jerusalem.] The following Parable considered in this View, as suited to the Circumstance of 1 ime, and to the Case of those to whom it was delivered, will appear a most wife and seasonable Admonition; and by neglecting the Instruction it was designed to give them, the Jews deservedly brought Ruin on themselves.

(b) Wtnt

Luke XIX,


278 Christ delivers the Parable of the

Sect. 144. spread his Triumphs over all the Heathen Nations. In order therefore to rectify their Notions on this Head, 'and to warn them of the Danger they would incur by rejecting him, when they saw those secular Views disappointed, he offered to their Consideration this Similitude; and said,

A certain "Person of a noble Birth went to a distant Country, in order to receive from a superior Prince there an Investiture to a Kingdom, which was then fallen to himself, and of which the Place Where he dwelt made a Part (b), intending afterwards to return, and fix his Residence in his own Country. And before he set out on his Journey, having called Ten of bis Servants, be delivered to them Ten Pounds (c), lodging One Pound in the Hands of each, and said unto them, Trade with this Money, till I come back to take an Account of your Improvement. (Compare Mat. xxv. 14, & seq. Sect. 165.)

But in the mean Time some os his Citizens, among whom he had before lived in a more private Character and Station, hated him, and sent an Embassy after him (d) to prevent his Establishment in his Kingdom; expressly faying, We are at all Adventures determined, that we will not


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Ten Pounds.

12 He said therefore, A certain Noble-man went into a far Country to receive for himself a Kingdom, and to return.

13 And he called his Ten Servants, and delivered them Ten Pounds, and said unto them, Occupy till 1 come.

14 But his Citizens hated him, and sent a Message after him, saying, We will not

(b) Went to a distant Country to receive a Kingdom, &c] The Parable seems to suppose this Noble Person to be the Son of a Prince, who, on some domestick or publick Revolution, was to enter upon the Possession of his Dominions, and to be confirmed in the Government of them by the Approbation of some more potent State; as the Kings of Judea, and other neighbouring States, frequently were by the Romans: (See Joseph. Antiq. lib. xiv. cap. 14. (al. 26.) §. 4, 5. & lib. xvii. tap. 9. al. 11.) He is therefore described, as setting out with the View of being owned at his Return as their undoubted Sovereign. (See Le Clerc's Harmony, pag. 397.) This Representation of the Matter is so natural, that one would wonder what Room there could be for the Controversy between Mallemanftus and Athanaftus dt Paris about it. It is quite needless to pretend, that this is an Historical Narration, that Archelaus is the Nobleman referred to, &c.

(c) He delivered to them Ten Pounds.'] The //r«, or Mina, as it is commonly called, contained Sixty Shekels; (Ezei. xlv. 12.) and therefore according to the common Calculation of the Worth of a Shekel, placing it at Half a Crown of our Money, it was Seven Pounds Ten Shillings; but according to Dr. Prideaux, who sets the Shekel at Three Shillings, the

Mina was Nine Pounds Sterling. Our Lord probably chose to mention this small Sum,

to illustrate the Munificence of the Master, in bestowing on the faithful Servant so great and noble a Reward. Compare ver. 17.

(d) Sent an Embassy after him.] This is expressed in such a Manner, as may intimate their fending Embassadors to the superior Court, to enter their Protest against his being admitted to the Regal Power, and to delare their Resolution to oppose his Accession. And so it well represents the solemn Manner in which the Jews renounced Christ, acting as in the Name of the Lord, and with a pretended Zeal for his Authority and Glory.

(e) Be

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The faithful Servants are rewarded for their Diligence. 279

not have this Man to reign have this Man to reign over us, and will endure Sect. 144.

all Extremities rather than submit to his Autho- y^C^
rity. And during his Absence, which continued"1 e
for some Time, they thought themselves very
secure in their Insults.

But, notwithstanding all the Confidence of these

rebellious Citizens, they were unable to prevent

his Exaltation to the Throne, or to deprive him

of the Right he had of reigning over them. And

iim, to whom he had // came t0 paj-Sj that w[,efo had received the King

1 know^hov/ much dotny an^ "æas come back with the full Powers
that were granted to him, he commanded these his
Servants, to whom be had delivered the Money, to
be called to him, that he might know what Improve-
ment each of them bad made.

And the first Servant, who had gained the most,
came near, and said, Sir, I have managed thy
Pound so, that it has gained Ten Pounds more.
And when his Lord had heard how diligent and
careful he had been, he said to him, Well done,
[thou] good Servant, since thou haft thus been faith-
ful in a very little, I will amply reward it; fop
I will not only give thee for thine own, this Trea-
sure of which thou hast been giving me so good
an Account, but as my Dominion is now enlarged,
and many Towns and Tracts of Laud are subject
to me, I will advance thee to a most honourable
Station under me, and be thou Governour over Ten

And the second came, and delivered in his Account, saying, Sir, thy Pound which was committed to me, has been improved in such a Manner, that it has gained Five Pounds. And the Improvement he had made was pleasing to his Lord, and be said likewise unto this, Thou hast approved thyself a good and faithful Servant, and I am pleased with thy Diligence, and will reward it proportionably j Be thou also Governour over Five Cities (e\.

K' And

over us.

15 And it came to pass that when he was returned, having received the Kingdom, then he commanded these Servants to be called unto h given might

every Man had gained by Trading.

16 Then came the first, faying, Lord, thy Pound hath gained Ten Pounds.

17 And he said unto him Well, thou good Servant: because thou has been faithful in a very little, have thou Authority oyer Ten Cities.


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18 And the second came, flying, Lord, thy Pound hath gained Five Pounds.

19 And he said likewise to him, Be thou also over Five Cities.


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(*) Be thou also Governour over Five Cities.'] It is observable, that in Mat. xxv. 20,. —23. Seel. 165. where the Servants are represented us doubling the different Sums intrusted to each, the Reward is spoken of as the fame } but here, the Sums intrusted being the fame,. and the Improvement described as different, there is a proportionable Difference in the Reward:

280 The Jlothful Servant blames hisLord\ and is condemned.

Sect. 144. And after him another Servant, who had been 20 And another came, MrwrJ negligent and slothful, came and said, Sir, be

saying, Lord, behold, htrt is thy Pound, which I have kept laid up in a Napkin:

21 For I feared thee, because thou art an austere Man: thou talced up that thou layedst not down, and

22 And he faith untohim, Out of thine own Mouth will I judge thee, thou wicked Servant: Thou knewcst that I was an austere Man, taking up that I laid not down, and reaping that I did not sow:

hold, [here is] thy Pound, which was put into my
Hands; it is not at all diminished, but / have

21 carefully kept it laid up. in a Napkin: For I
feared thee, because I knew thou art an austere
Man, [who] takejl up what thou didji not lay down,

and reapejl, or expectest to reap, what thou didst reapest that thou didst not
not sow; and therefore apprehending I might in- sow
cur thy Severity, if any Accident should befal
this Money in Trade, I was determined not to
venture it out of mine Hands, and now return it

22 just as I received it. But when his Lord heard
him offer such a vile and groundless Charge a-
gainst himself as an Excuse for his own Negligence,
he was filled with Indignation, and says to him,
Out of thine own Mouth will I condemn thee, oh
\tfou] wicked Servant: Thou hast taken upon
thee to affirm, thou knewejl that I .am an austere
Man; taking up, as thou expressest it, what I did
not lay down, and reaping what I did not sow (f);
and thou mightest therefore on thine own Prin-
ciples conclude, that I should expect to gather
where I had deposited such a Sum of Money, and

23 to reap where I had thus sown: And if it
had been so, if I had really been as severe as thou
would basely insinuate, why didst thou not [then]
for thine own Security give my Money into the own with Usury?
Bank, that when I came to call for it at my Re-
turn, I might at least have received it with the

common Interest, if not with the extraordinary
Improvement which might have attended a suc-
cessful Trade?

24 And farther to testify his Displeasure, be said 2* And he said unto them
to some of them that flood by, rake away the Pound J^ the°Pound, and^ve^
that was intrusted with him, from that idle, sus- ~ to


ward: Which, as it is a beautiful Circumstance, was, no doubt, intended for our Instruction.

(/) Thou knewest that I am an austere Man, sic] This is not an Acknowledgment of the vile and-detestable Charge, of GO Us demanding of Men (as Dr. Guyse well expresses it,) more difficult Services than he has furnijhed them for, or would ajjist them in; which is, as that pious Writer truly obierves, a molt unrighteous Thought of GOD: But his Lord only argues with him on his own base Principles, and (hews that even on them he would be justly condemned for his Negligence.

23 Wherefore then gavest not thou my Money into the Bank, that at my coming I might have required mine

The Lord commands his Enemies that rejefted him to bejlain.

that hath Ten

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to him


25 (And they said unto him, Lord, he hath Ten Pounds,)

26 For I fay unto you, That unto every one which hath, shall be given: and from him that hath not, even that he hath (hall be taken away from him.

27 But those mine Enemies which would not that 1 should reign over them, bring hither, and flay them before me.

picious, unfaithful Creature, who otherwise have Sect. 144.
had that, and much more, allotted him for his y~*~*s~*y->.
own Property, and give it to him that has Ten
Pounds. But they were much surprized at his Luke XIX.
assigning it to one, who had before received so2
ample a Reward j and they said to him, Sir, he
hath already no less than Ten Pounds (g), which,
with the Honour and Preferment thou hast far-
ther added, is surely an abundant Recompence.
Nevertheless, the Prince stood by his former A- 26
ward, and bestowed the other Pound 'likewise
upon him; declaring, that his Faithfulness and
Diligence was fit to be distinguished with the most
favourable and repeated Notice: And in this Way
it is, continued he, that I resolve to act; for I
assure you (h), that to every one that hath, or that
improves what he hath, [it] jhall be given, and
he shall have yet more abundantly; but jrom him
that hath not, or that acts as if he had nothing
intrusted to his Care, even that which he hath, and
neglects to improve, Jhall be taken away. (Compare
Mat. xiii. 12. xxv. 29. Mark iv. 25. and Luke
viii. 18.)

And having thus enquired into the Conduct of 27
his Servants, and treated them according to the
different Use they made of what had been in-
trusted with them, he then proceeded to pass Sen-
tence on his rebellious Citizens, that had refused
to have him for their King; and with a just Re-
sentment of their base Ingratitude, he said, But
as for those mine Enemies, who were determined to
oppose my Government, and would not have me to
reign over them, bring them hither immediately,
andjlay [them] with the Sword in my Presence (i)t
that others may learn a more dutiful Submission
by the Execution of these Rebels.


(g) They said to him, Sir, he has Ten Pounds.'] So far as this seems to express any thing of Envy in the Fellow-Servants, it is not to be regarded as a significant Circumstance; but only as an incidental one, to intimate to us, that his Lord gave to the diligent Servant what he had gained for himself.

[b) I assure you.] This seems to be the Import of that Phrase, which so often occurs, I say unto you; as if he should have said, You may take it on my Authority.

(i) Slay them with the Sword in my Presence.] This is the exact Import of the Word **Wp«t|a7s. It does indeed properly express the dreadful Slaughter of the impenitent JLews,

VoL. II. Nn by

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