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in that she hath poured this Ointment on my Body,] (he is come aforehand to anoint my Body to the burying. [mat. XXVI. 12. J

9 Verily I fay unto you, Wheresoever this Gospel {hall be preached throughout the whole World, this also that [ this Woman ] hath done, (hall be spoken of for a Memorial of her. [mat. XXVI. 13.]

Many come to fee Lazarus, but the Priejls conspire to kill htm. 287 done what (he could : [for have an Opportunity of assisting in those last Of- Sect. 145.

fices, foe has now done what Jhe could; for in that j^fOO^
she has poured out this Ointment on my Body, Jhe g'

has in a Manner come before the Time thus to
anoint and to embalm my Body for the Burialj so
that you may almost look upon it as a Work of
Piety and Love to a dead Friend, where a gene-
rous Heart will not be sparing. And on the 9
whole, tho* you have such hard Thoughts of
what (he has been doing, it mail not finally turn
to her Reproach or Damage ; but as I graciously
accept it, so I assuredly fay unto you, that where-
soever this Gospel of mine is preached, and it in
Time (hall have its Triumph over the whole World,
this very Action also which this pious and affectio-
nate Woman has now performed, jhall be inserted
in the History of my Life, and be spoken of with
Honour for a Memorial of her Friendship and
Affection to me; so that her Name {hall be em-
balmed in such a Manner, as to be far more fra-
grant than the Perfume which (he has poured:
forth on my Head and my Feet. (Compare Ec-
cles. vii. 1.)

Now these Things passed at a publick Enter- John Xll. g* tainment: A great Multitude of the sews thereand they"camT, no^or Jesus fore, who had been dubious whether Jesus would fake only, but that they come up to the Passover, or not, (compare John

xi. 56. Sect. 141.) quickly got Intelligence of it,.
and knew that he was there in Bethany; and they
came thither in Crouds from Jerusalem, and that
indeed not only on Account of yefus, who had been'
retired for some Time, but also out of Curiosity,
that they might fee Lazarus, whom he had lately
raised from the Dead, who now appeared pub-
licity with him (k).

But

Jo H V XII 9. Much People of the Jews therefore knew that he was there

might fee Lazarus whom he had raised the Dead.

also,
from

." Embalming." But besides the general Reasons against believing the Action repeated, which have been mentioned in Note (a), it is unnatural to suppose, that in the Transport of her Love and Gratitude she would use this little Management of keeping back most that was in the Vessel; or that if (he had, 'John would have mentioned the Quantity Jhe took, which was no way to his Purpose, or have taken Notice of the Rcom's being piled with the Odour of it: Not to say, that the Predifiion, which Mr. IVhiflcn supposes our Lord to utter,, is quite trifling, and would seem to bespeak its own Accomplishment, in a Manner which he never would have stooped to.

(t) Who now appeared publickly with him.] Perhaps after so extraordinary a Series of Providences, as Lazarus had passed thro', he might chuse to spend some Time in Retirement

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Refle&iom on MaryV anointing the Feet of Christ.

, But the Chief Priests, and other Members of »o But the Chief Priestj

li:,,\jr «!* Sanhedrim as they had already resolved on -gfiSJ*1 jonn Au. tJie Death 0f jcsuSj ^Jilted a/j0 how tfay mtght

find some Method to kill Lazarus, cither by
publick Prosecution, or private Assassination.
H For they well knew, that many of the Jews de- n Because that by reason
serted them, and went away to Bethany on his of him many of the Jews
Account, and were so powerfully struck with the Sawsand bellcvedoa
convincing Evidence of so astonishing a Miracle,
that they believed on Jesus; and while such a ""' /

Monument of his Power and Goodness conti-
nued, they were afraid lest more should revolt

to him.

IMPROVEMENT.

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E see how happily Mary improved by fitting at the Feet of Jesus, and what Evidence she gave of her having chosen the better Part. (Compare Luke x. 39, 42.) Like her, let us with humble Thankfulness bestow our very best on him, who has given us that, and every Thing

Jebn xii. 3. else. She gladly poured out her choicest Ointment on him, whose Name is to every true Believer far more fragrant than Ointment poured forth. (Cant. i. 2-J How does her generous Love shame those, who grudge every Expence in the Cause of Christ f

When we are relieving the pious Poor, we are, as it were, anointing the Feet of Jesus: We are indeed performing a Service far more acceptable, than any Thing of this Kind could in itself be. Let us remember,

Ver. 8. that we have the Poor always with us; and that they are permitted to continue among us, that we may do them Good whenever we please. Far

Ver. 4,-6. be it from us to imagine, that what we so spend is Waste. Let all, who would not share in the Guilt and Punishment of Judas, abhor the vile Hypocrisy of making a pretended Concern for the Poor, a Cloak for an Opportunity of enriching themselves wkh their Spoils; than which nothing can be more infamous, or can have a directer Tendency to mingle the consuming Curse of a Righteous and Almighty God with all that a Man possesses.

V.er. 10. The Pharisees conspired to kill Lazarus. What a Mixture was this

of Cruelty and Folly? What was his Crime ? or what could their Hope be? From what Death could not Christ have delivered him? or from

what

xnent and extraordinary Devotion; and it is natural to suppose, he would endeavour to avoid the Importunity of Crouds, who out of Curiosity would be pressing in upon him, perhaps with some impertinent Enquiries.

Jesus comes to Bethphage near Jerusalem. 289

•what Tomb could he not again have recalled him? Yet something like Sect. 145. this, is the Madness of all who hate and persecute others, for being the ^WJ Trophies of the Redeemer's Victory and Grace.

But let not his Servants fear: Their Redeemer is strong, the Lord of Hosts is bis Name. (JerA. 34.J His Work is perfect; and the Day and Hour is approaching, in which his Triumph over all his Enemies (hall be so cornpleat, that his Friends mall be for ever secure, not only front being destroyed, but from being alarmed by them.

SECT. CXLVI.

Christ rides in Triumph to Jerusalem, on an Affes Colt, Mat. XXI. 1,-9. Mark XL 1,—10. Luke XIX. 29,—40. John XII. 1 2, 19.

Mat. XXI. i.

AND [luk. it came to ■** pass,] [joh. on the next Day,] when they drew nigh unto Jerusalem, and were come to Bethphage [and Bethany,] unto the Mount of Olives, then sent Jesus Two [of his] Disciples, [markxi. T.lukexix. 29. John XII. 12.—]

2 Saying unto them, Go [your Way] into the Village over-against you ; and straightway [as soon as ye be en tred

Mat. XXI. 1.

A ND after Jesus had been anointed by Mary, Sect. 146. ■*r in the Manner related above, it came to pass K^^^^j on the next Day, which was the First Day of the ^at«XXi- '• Week, that he proceeded on his Journey with his Disciples; and when they drew nigh to Jerusalem, and were come to Bethphage and Bethany, or to the outward Boundaries of these Two Places (a), at the Foot of the Mount of Olives, which lay to the East of the City, then Jesus, as the Time appointed for his Sufferings was just at hand, being resolved that he would make a publick Entry into Jerusalem, sent out Two of his Disciples, Saying to them, Go your Way into 2 the Village which lies yonder over-againft you j and immediately, as soon di you enter into it, you

stall

(a) Were come to Bethphage and Bethany. ] As Bethany was the Town, from which our Lord set out, some have supposed there were Two Places of this Name; of which the one was Fifteen Furlongs from 'Jerusalem, (as it is said, John xi. 18.) and the other, that he now was come to, joined to the Mount of Olives, and was but a Sabbath-Day's Journey, or but Eight Furlongs distant from the City. (Compare Luke xxiv. 50. and Aits i. 12.) But it is hardly probable, there were Two Places of the fame Name within a Mile of each other; and it is much more natural to suppose, that the Limits of Bethany might extend to the Mount of Olives, and be contiguous to the Boundaries of Bethphage, which was Part of the Suburbs of Jerusalem, and reached from the Mount of Olives to the Walls of the City. See Lightfoot, Harmon, N. T. §. 72. and IVhitby on Mark xi. 1.

Vol. II. Oo (b) Juft

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290 He finds Two of his Disciples for

Se&. \if>. shall there find- a She-Ass tied at a Door, and a
) young Foal tied with- her, on which no Man ever
yet fate; lay hold of the Foal, and untie him
directly without any farther Scruple, and bring
%\'\hitn\ hither _tv me: And if any Man should
'take Notice of what you are doing, and fay to
'you, Why do you offer thus to untie the Foal, and
lead.[him] away? you shall'reply and say thus to
him, Because Jesus the Lord has need of him: And
"I know the Owner will not at all scruple to lend
him, upon the Authority of my Name and Cha-
racter; but he will immediately fend him hither
with the Dam, that I may use either of them
as I (hall chuse, to ride into the City: So that
you may bring them both hither, without arty
Apprehension of Accusation or Scandal.

And the Two Disciples that were sent .on this
Errand, presumed not to debate the Reasonable-
ness of the Orders he had given them; but pre-
sently w^ent their Way, and found, jusl as he had
said unto them (b), the Colt with its Dam tied
abroad at the Door of a House, which stood in a
very open Place at the Entrance of the Village,
-where two Roads met: And, as "Jesus commanded
;thefn, they immediately began to untie the Golt,
(that they might lead him away.

But as they were thus untying the Colt, Provi-
dence so ordered it, effectually to prevent any Cla-
mour or Reflection (c), that the Owners of it were
near at hand, with several other Persons. And
some of them that flood by there, and particularly
the Owners, of it, said unto them, What are you doing
there? Why do you offer to untie the Colt, which
you know well enough to be none of your own?

And

Mark XI. 4.

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(b) JuJ? as he had stfid unto them.] The exact Knowledge, which our Lord shewed, of so many minute and most fortuitous Particulars, must surely impress the Minds of these Messengers greatly, and establish the Faith of his Followers. It is observable, that many such Things occurred a little before his Death, which considered in this View have a peculiar Beauty. Compare Mat. xxvi. 31,—35. Mark xiv. 15, 16. and Luke'xxu. io,—13. '(c) Effectually to prevent any Clamour or Reflection.] Perhaps had not the Owners of the Beasts happened to be by, and had not Luke expressly mentioned them, the Malice of antient or modern Infidels would have found some-Occasion for raising an Outcry, on the Ambiguity of the Words, The Lord has need of him. Its being a weak and contemptible Cavii, would not have prevented their using it, as we learn by abundant Experience.

(d)Tke,

They set him oh it>

Mark XI. 6. Andthey said unto them, even as Jesus had commanded; [The Lord hath need of him :] and they let them go. [luke XIX. 34.J

7 And they brought the Colt [and the Ass] to Jesus, and cast their Garments [on them;] [luk. and they set Jesus thereon, j [mat. XXI. 7. Luke XIX. 35.]

8 And many [even a very great Multitude,] [Lu K. as he [JoH. fat on the young Ass, and] went on,] spread their Garments in the Way: and others cu t downBranches [from] oft the Trees, and strawed them in the Way. [mat. XXI. 8. Luke XIX.36.J0HNXII.14.—]

and the People JiresU) the Way before htm, 291

And they said to them, even as Jesus had ordered, Sect. 146.
We have no Design of doing any Injury to you, S^^'~°?~?
or to the Colt; but Jesus, the Messenger of theMarkX1,6'
Blessed God, the great Lord and Proprietor of
all, has need of him, and would borrow Him for
a little while, to ride into the City j and his Cha-
racter is too well known, to give you any Reason,
to fear you (hall lose any thing by your Readi-
ness to accommodate him in this little Instance.,
And on this they were thoroughly satisfied, and
let them go away with it (d).

And thus they brought the Colt to Jesus, and the 7
Ass its Dam went with it: And as they had nei-,
ther of them any Saddle, they threw their loose
Mantles upon the Backs of them both, that Jesus
might take his Choice which he would ride, and
might sit the more easily and decently on either:
And as he chose the Colt, tho* (as was just now
said,) it had never been broke or backed before,.
they set Jesus thereon.

And many, [even] a very great Multitude, who 8
now surrounded him, as he fate on the young.
Ass (e), [and] went on to the City, in Token of
their Respect to him, spread their Mantles in the
Way, that he might ride as upon one continued
Carpet; and others cut down little Branches front
the Trees, that stood by the Side of the Road,
and gathered Flowers which grew near it, and
Jlrewed them in the Way; according to the usual
Custom of expressing the publick Joy on the Ar-
rival of any illustrious Prince. (Compare 1 Mac.
xiii. 51. and 2 Mac. x. 7.)

Now

(J) Thy let them go.] If these People were not (as they possibly might be,) the Acquaintance of Christ, they might easily meet with him at Jerusalem, if they had a mind to enquire after the Ass and Colt; or they might be left according to their Direction at some House in the City, or be sent back by some of our Lord's Attendants; tho' the Evangelists do not

descend to such minute Particulars. There is no Appearance of Christ's intending to

(hew his Sovereignty in transferring the Property of these Creatures; and tho', no doubt, he had a Power to do it, his usual Prudence would probably direct him to wave it at a Time, when so manv Eyes were upon him for Evil.

[e) As he fate on the young Ass.] John says, that Jesus, when he had found a young Ass, fate thereon: But as the larger Accounts given by the other Evangelists in a great measure supersede this, I could only bring in a Part of that Cause here; tho' in the whole of this Work I am as careful as possible, to omit no one Circumstance, that any of the Sacred Writers mention.

O o 2 (f) h

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