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Tim Jewish Rulers contrive how they might take Christ, and Judas agrees with them to deliver him privately into their Hands. Mat. XXVI. i,—$. 14,-16. Mark XIV. 1, 2. 10, 1 r. Luke XXI. 37, to the End. XXII. 1,— 6.

Luke XXI. 37.

Sect. 167. r~I7^HUS our Lord ended his Discourses on
v_>*-v/-v_/ J__ this Subject, on the Third Day of the
Luke XXI. \Yeek in which he suffered; and thus he was
generally employed from the Time of his pub-
lick Entry into Jerusalem to his last Passover: He
was teaching by Day in the Temple, and at Night
he went out of the City, and lodged at the Mount
called [the Mount] of Olives; in the 'Neighbour-
hood of which Bethany lay; and in the Retire-
ments of which, particularly in the Garden of
Gethscmane, he often spent a considerable Part
of the Night; being desirous to secure that only
Season of Solitude, that he might prepare him-
self for his approaching Sufferings by a proper
38 Series of extraordinary Devotion. And as soon
as it was Light he returned to the City; and
all the People came early in the Morning to him
in the Temple, that they might hear him; and he'
was solicitous not to lose any Time, that might
be improved for so profitable a Purpose.
Luke XXII. Now it may not be improper here to observe,
*• the the yearly Feajl of unleavened Bread, which

-was commonly called the Passover, drew near, [and]
was celebrated Two Days after our Lord had deli-
vered the Prophecies and Admonitions so largely
recorded above (a).
Mat. XXVI. And it came to pass, that when Jesus bad
*• finished all these Discourses, and the appointed


Luke XXI. 37.

AND in the Day-time he was teaching in the Temple, and at Night he went out, and abode in the Mount that is called the Mount of Olives.

38 And all the People came early in the Morning to him in the Temple, for to hear him.

Luke XXII. i. Now the Feast of unleavened Bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover, [and was after two Days. ] [mark XIV. 1.—]

Mat. XXVI. i. And

it came to pass, when Jesus


(a) Two Days after.] I apprehend that the preceding Discourses (from Seel. 151.) were delivered on the Tuesday of the Week in which he suffered; and he probably uttered the following Words that Evening, which wasjust Two Days before the Paschal Lamb was eaten. ——I do not find, that any of the Transactions of the Wednesday are recorded, besides the general Account given above.

(b) Out

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Rules 5 consult how they might take him. 415

Hour for his Sufferings was now at hand, beJaidSeA. 167.
to his Disciples, Te know that after Two Days .y^^>r|
the Passover cometh, and the Son of Man is then TM*tXXVI-
to be betrayed, that according to what I have
often told you, (Mat. xvi. 21. and xx. 18, 19.)
he may be crucified by sinful Men : Prepare your-
selves therefore for that trying Season, that you
may not be hurried into any Thing which you
may afterwards have Reason to repent.

Then that very Evening the Chief Priests of 3
every Class, and others employed in distinguished
Services in the Temple, together with the Scribes, .
and the other Elders of the People, who were
Members of the grand Sanhedrim, assembled toge-
ther, not indeed in the Temple, where they usu-
ally met, but at the Palace of the High-Prieft,
who was then called Caiaphas; (as was observed
before, John xi. 49. pag. 260.) And there 4
they entered into a secret Conspiracy, and con-
sulted how they might privately take Jesus by some
Artifice, without giving an Alarm to his Friends,
and might put him to Death as soon as possible,
which one Way or other they were determined
to do. But they had such an Apprehension of r
his Interest in the People, that some of them were
rather for delaying it, and said, It will be more
advisable to wait till after the Passover, and not
to attempt to seize him at the Feafl, while there
is such a Concourse in the City from all Parts;
left the Design that we have formed against him
should be discovered, and considering how popu-
lar he is, there Jhoidd be a Tumult raised among
the People, either to rescue him from our Hands,
or to revenge his Death. Such were the cautious
Sentiments of some among them; for they feared
the People: But others pushed the Matter on
with greater Forwardness and Zeal, and were by
no means for deferring it; to which at length
the rest agreed, upon rinding a more favourable
Opportunity than they expected, offering itself
thro' the Treachery of Judas.

For then, just at that very Juncture of Time, Luke XXIL
Satan, by Divine Permission, entered into Judas, 3-
who was also called J/cariot, and was (as we ob-

of the Number of the Twelve: [mat. XXVI. 14.—Mark XIV. 10.—]

416 Judas comes to them, and agrees to betray him.

Sect. 167. served before,) one of the Number of the Twelve i^r^C^rl Apostles, who were chosen by our Lord from 'u e 'the rest of his Disciples, to the most honourable Trust, as well as the most indearing Intimacy (b): And as this malignant Spirit had before suggested to him the horrid Design of betraying his Master, he now strongly impressed his Mind, that during his Retirement he might easily find a convenient Time for executing it, and might be well rewarded for it by the Rulers of the 4. Jews. And under this Impression he immediately went away from Christ and his Company to the House of Caiaphas, whom he knew to be a most inveterate Enemy to his Master j and having found Means of introducing himself, and communicating his general Design, he conversed with the Chief Priejis and Captains of the Temple, who were not yet gone away, and deliberated how he might with the greatest Convenience and Mat. XXVI. Security betray him unto them. And as the

4 And he went his Way, and communed with the Chief Priests and Captains, how he might betray him unto them: [mat. XXVI. —14. Mark XIV.—10.J


Mat. XXVI. 15.—And said unto them, What will ye give me, and I will deliver

him unto


Mark XIV.

sordid Wretch proposed it with a covetous View,
before he would come to any Agreement with
them, he said without the least Appearance of
Shame or Remorse, What are you willing to give
me, and I will undertake to deliver him to you,
at a Time and Place in which you may secure
him without giving any publick Alarm?

And when they heard his Proposal, they thought
[/'/] very practicable} and they were glad of so un-
expected an Event, to facilitate their Measures;
and therefore readily promised in general to give
him a Sum of Money as a Reward for that Service j
and at last they expressly agreed with him for Tloirty
Pieces of Silver (c), which was the Price to be
paid for a Slave who had been flain: (See Exod.
xxi. 32.) And as they proposed it to express their
Contempt of Jesus, so God permitted Judas,


(b) One of the Number of the Twelve &c] This was a Circumstance of such high Aggravation, that it is observable, each of the Evangelijls hath marked it out in this View. Compare with these Places J*hn vi. 71. Vol. i. pag. 515.

(c) Thirty Pieces of Silver.] A Slave was rated by the Law at Tlnrty Shekels cf Silver, which, if we reckon them at Half a Crown, (which was something more than their real Value,) amounted to no more than Three Pounds Fifteen Shillings of our Money; a godly Price that he was primed at of them. Zech. xi. 13.

Mark XIV. 11.—And when they heard it, they were glad, and promised to give him Money. [And they covenanted with him for Thirty Pieces of Silver.] [MAT.XXVI._15.LUKE XXII. 5.]

Reflections on the Zeal of C H R I S T, and the Treachery of Judas. 417

covetous as he was, to acquiesce in that mean and Sect. 16y? trifling Sum, (tho' he might easily have raised it ^""V^O higher,) that the Prophecy might be fulfilled in ^rk XIV# which it was particularly specified. (See Zech. xi.

Luke XXII, 6. And he And he promised to take a punctual Care in the LukeXXII.

T^efsou^o^TtunU1 Affair: And accordingly from that Time he dili-6.

toTM tra/hfm untTtheTin g^tlysought a proper Opportunity to betray him finto

the Absence of the Multi- them, that they might come upon him privately,

tude. [^at^xxvi. 16. and apprehend him in the Absence of the Multi

ARK " l'* tude: Nor was it long before this happened, as

we (hall quickly relate in its Place.


WE fee with what unremitting Vigour the great Author and Fi- nisher of our Faith pressed forward towards the Mark, and how he quickened his Pace, as he saw the Day approaching j spending in Devotion the greatest Part of the Night, which succeeded to his most laborious Days, and resuming his Work early in the Morning? How much happier were his Disciples in these early Lectures, than the Slum- Ver. 38. bers of the Morning could have made them on their Beds? Let us not scruple to deny ourselves the Indulgence-of unnecessary Sleep, that we may come Morning after Morning to place ourselves at his Feet, receiving the Instructions of his Word, and seeking those of his Spirit.

But while his gracious Heart was thus intent on doing Good, the Chief Mat. xxvi. "Priests and Rulers of the People were no less intent on Mischief and Mur- 3> 4ther. They took Counsel together, how they might put him to Death: They set upon his Head the Price of a Slave, and find an Apostle base enough Ver. 1+, 15. to accept it. Blush, oh ye Heavens, to have been Witness to this; and be ashamed, oh Earth, to have supported so infamous a Creature! Yet this was the Man, who but a few Days before was the foremost to appear as an Advocate for the Poor, and to censure the pious Zeal of Mary,

which our Lord vindicated and applauded. (John xii. 4, 8./W£. 285)

Let the fatal Fruits of his covetous Disposition, instigated by Satan, be i„ie xxjj, marked with Abhorrence and Terror; and if we see this base Principle 3,4> &• harboured in the Breasts of those, who call themselves the Disciples and Ministers of Christ, let u* not wonder, if by G o D's righteous Judgment they are given up to those Excesses of it, which bring upon them lasting Infamy and endless Perdition.

Vol. II. G g g SECT.

418 J E s u s sends Two of his Disciples to prepare the Passover.


Christ having direSfed his Disciples where to prepare the Pajsover for him, comes to Jerusalem for the last Time hesore his Death, and Jits down with them to the Celebration of it. Mat. XXVI. 17, 20. Mark XIV.

12, 17. Luke XXII. 7, 18. John XIII. 1.

Luke XXII. 7. Lukexxh.7.

Sect 168 A JOW aster this infamous Bargain, which Ju- T"1 HEN came the [first] K^as~*j * V das made with the Chief Priests to betray into Xrad^lhtn ctehftitr Luke XXII. (heir Hands his innocent and Divine Master, on must 'be killed. [mat. 7' the Fifth Day of the Week before the Evening Xxvi.i7._-mark Xiv!

drew on, when the First Day of unleavened Bread 12-—3

came [a), in which, according to the Precept of

the Law, which had expressly limited the Time

of it, the Pajsover must be killed, or the Pasehal

Lamb be stain, in Commemoration of the Israelites

being preserved from the destroying Angel, and

delivered out of Egypt, Jesus determined to keep-" g the Passover with his Disciples- And that he 8 And he sent [Two of

might celebrate k with them in a regular and his Disciples,] Peter and

exact Manner, be sent Two of his Disciples, Peter ^n,Jajj"B p^°TMd ^

and John, from the Place where he had spent the ^may eat? [mar*. XIV,.

Night before in Retirement with them, and /aid, 13.—]

Go to Jerusalem, and prepare the Pajsover for us,

that we may- once more eat [it] together. n And they said to him, Lord, we are ready to per- 9 And they said unto

form the Charge, and only desire thou wouldst be ^^andf^

pleased more particularly to tell us, Where, or at [for thee to eat the Pailo

what House, wilt thou have us go and prepare for ver?] [mat. XXVI.—17.

thy eating the PaJJ'over with us? "Maricxiv.-iz.]


(a) The Tirst Day of unleavened Bread came.] There is no Room to question, that the Time when Christ sent his Disciples to prepare the Pajsover, was on the Thursday of the Week in which he suffered; and tho' the First Day of unleavened Bread most strictly so called, w» the Fifteenth Day of Nisan, and began with the Evening that the Passover was eaten ; vet it is not improbable, that the Evangelists might sometimes speak according to the usual Way of reckoning Days among other Nations; and so, as the Use of Leaven among them was to cease by Sun-set at farthest, and they were obliged to eat their Supper, which was the chief Meal, with unleavened Cakes, it might naturally enough be called by this Name.

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