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They find a Room by his Direction, and make all Things ready. 419 And he said unto Aid he said to them I will give you a Sign, Sect. 168.

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12 And he shall (hew you a large upper Room furnished [ and prepared :J there make ready [ for [mark XIV. 15.]

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when ye are entred into the rectly into the City, [and] behold, as soon as ever

City, there shall a Man meet you are entered into it, a Man will meet you in the

^errSw^im^thl fTM trying a Pitcher of Water In his Hand;

House where he entreth in. follow htm immediately into the House where he en

[mat. XXVI. 18.— ters; for I know it wHI be a Place very fit for

mar* 'Py.'r"13'^ ■ our Accommodation (b). And where/over he

11 And [mar. where- . n _ x t ■.. n , tJ ,-. -i

soever he shall go in] ye shall goes tn, you shall fay to the Master os the Family,

say unto the Good-Man of We are come to thee with a Message from Jesus

the House, The Master faith fa <Teacher, and he says to thee by us, My Time

unto thee, [My Time is at • , s , J.yc T / i"n. •»»

hand, I will keep the Pass- "now near(c)t and before I make my last Reover at thy House,] where is move, / will celebrate the Passover at thy House: the Guest-chamber where I Where then is the Dining-Rcom? or what convent KsStaf^TS nient chambcr hast thou to sPare> TMhere 1 m°y

XXVI.—18. MarkXIV. come and eat the Passover with my Disciples, and
14-] be secure from the Interuption of any other Com-

pany? And upon this he will take you up
Stairs, and shew you a large upper Room, which
will conveniently hold us all; and you will find
it furnished will all proper Utensils, and prepared
by all necessary Circumstances of Purification of
every Kind, so as to be, on the whole, in very
good Order: There provide the unleavened Bread,
the Lamb, and the bitter Herbs, and make all
Things ready for us against the Time of our
Coming; for we shall be able to find the House
without any Direction from you (d).

And

(b) A Man will meet you, b'c] As Samuel, having anointed Saul, for the Confirmation of his Faith gave him several Predictions, relating to some very contingent Occurrences he was to meet with in his Journey: (See 1 Sam. x. 2,——7.) So our Lord seems by these Predictions to have intended the same with regard to his Disciples, and also to give them a most important Hint, that he foresaw all the particular Circumstances, which were to befal him at Jerusalem, when he went up thither for the next, and last Time, before his Sufferings.——The sending them to Jerusalem in this Manner seems to intimate, that he did not go thither himself that Morning; so that it is very probable he spent most of the Day in Retirement for Meditation and Prayer.

(«) My Time is near.] Every Body knew that the Time for eating the Passover was near j so that these Words must be supposed to have a further View. And I am therefore ready to believe, that the Owner of this House, to whom our Lord sent this Message by the Name of the Teacher, might be a Person, who (tho' unknown to Peter and John,) was in his Heart at least a Disciple of Christ; and our Lord might give this Intimation, that it was to be a Time of more than ordinary Importance to him, that it might be some secret Support to this Man's Faith, under that violent Shock it was to receive by his approaching Sufferings.

(d) We shall be able to find the House &c] The same Prosthetic Cist, which enabled ■Christ to predict these Circumstances, would, no doubt, guide him thither; and it is a beau

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Christ comes in the Evening, and Jits down with the Twelve.

And after he had given these particular Instructions to bis Two Disciples, they went out from thence, and came into the City, and found the Man carrying the Water, whom they followed into a House, where there was, just as he had said to them, a commodious Dining-Room at Liberty, and well furnished: And as the Master of the House was free to let them have it, they did as "Jesus had appointed them, and made the PaJJsver ready against the Time when he should come to eat it.

And in the Evening, when the proper Hour for eating the Passover was come, be came directly to the House where his Messengers were, and fate down to the Table with all the Twelve Apostles around him, to taste (according to the Usage of those Days,) the unleavened Bread, and the bitter Herbs, before the Lamb was served up(V).

Now it is here to be observed, that before he began to eat the Feast of the Passover, as Jesus knew that his Hour was come, when be should depart from this calamitous World, in which he had sojourned for a while, to return to the Bosom of the Father, in which he originally dwelt j he was solicitous to order every Circumstance of his Conduct in this last Intercourse with his Disciples, so as might

most

Mark XIV*. 16. And his Disciples went forth, and came into the City, and found as he had said unto them: and they [did as Jesus had appointed them, and] made ready the Paflbver. [mat.XXVI. 19. Lokk XXII. 13.J

17 And in the Evening [LuK.when the Hour was come,] he cometh, [and fat down] with the Twelve Apostles.] [mat. 20. Luke XXII.

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John XIII. r. Now before the Feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that his Hour was come, that he should depart out of thii World unto the Father, having having loved his own, which were in the World, he loved them unto the End.

tiful Modesty in the Sacred Historian only to hint obliquely at it; but I apprehend it the Part of a Paraphrajl, to set these Particulars in a fuller and stronger Light.

(*) To taste the unleavened Bread, &c] I must here intreat my Reader, if he has an Opportunity, to consult Ainsworth's excellent Note on Exod. xii. 8. where he has collected from authentic Jetuist Writers the best Account I have any where seen in so little Room, of the various Ceremonies with which the Passover was eaten, by which the subsequent Story is greatly illustrated. Among others the following Circumstances should be recollected:— That the Master of the Family began the Feast with a Cup of IVine, which, having solemnly blessed, i. t. having adored the Name of God over it, he divided among the Guests;

{Luke xxii. 17.) and afterwards washed his Hands.: Then the Supper began with the

unleavened Bread and bitter Herbs, which when the Master and the rest of the Company had tasted, one of the younger Persons present, generally a Child, asked the Reason of what was peculiar in that Feast, (according to Exod. xii. 26.) which introduced the Haggaiab, i. e. the Shewing forth, or Declaration of it; (in Allusion to which we read of/hewing firth the Lord's Death: 1 Cor. xi. 26.)——Then the Master rose up, and took another Cvf, and washed his Hands again, before the Lamb was tasted: And in this Interval, I suppose,

Christ also wasted the Feet of his Disciples: Then after eating the Passover, followed

another Cup, which, after having delivered to each a Piece of Bread, was the Sacramental

Cup at this Supper: Then after some pious and friendly Discourse, the whole Family,

after having drank at least a. fourth Cup, sang some Psalms of Praise 5 and so the Solemnity ended Agreeable to this is the Account given in The Religious Ctrtmenies of alt Nations, Vol. i. pag. 215,-217.

1. p. J\.l 3

Luke XXII. 15. And he said unto them, With Desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer.

He takes the Cup before the Pdffbver, and divides it among them. 421

most effectually promote their Edification and Sect. 168.
Comfort, and make it clearly manifest, that having ^-^sr+^J
always tenderly loved bis own that were in the^ohn **'*
World, he loved them in the most perfect Manner,
even to the End of his Life (f), and would decline'
nothing which might be for their Advantage.

And to express the Fervency and Strength of Luke XXII.
this Affection, he said to them, as they fate together 15.
before Supper was brought in, 1 assure you, that
/ have most earnestly desired to eat this Passover with
you, tho' I know it will be the Last I shall cele-
brate with you, and we shall rife from it but a
few Hours before' I am to suffer from mine Ene-
mies the most cruel Insults, and Torments, which
shall end in my Death: Yet such is my Love to
my People, and such my Desire to glorify my
Heavenly Father, that no Passover was ever so
welcome to me as this: For now I fee the i6>

Days of my Humiliation almost finished; and /
say unto you, that after this / will not celebrate
any other Passover with you, nor eat of it any
more, till it be fulfilled in the Kingdom of GOD,
or till the Institutions of the Gospel shall have
perfected those of the Law, and the Ordinances
of both are superseded by the more perfect En-
joyments of the Heavenly World.

And then having took the Cup, with which it \J?
was usual for them to begin the Feast, he gave
Thanks toGoD for the Redemption of Israel, in
Commemoration of which the Passover was insti-
tuted, and for giving them this Opportunity of
celebrating this holy Banquet together j and then
said, Take this Cup, and let it go round, and
divide [it] among yourselves, and bless the God

18 For 1 fay unto you, I of your Fathers. And fee that you do it with 18?

16 For 1 fay unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the Kingdom of God.

17 And he took the Cup, and gave Thanks, and said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves.

will

(f) He loved them to the End.] I shall afterwards hint at my Reasons, for agreeing with those Criticis, who place the Story of Chri/l's wajhing his Disciples Feet, at the Beginning of the Paschal Supper, rather than a Night or two before. At present I would only observe, that tbit Verse seems intended by John to introduce, not merely the Story which immediately follows it, but the whole Account of Christ's Behaviour to his Friends in these last Scenes of his Life: And therefore, as he prefixes it to the first Circumstance that he has mentioned of this Passover, I apprehend it proper to begin the whole Story with it; especially since the Words which I have placed next after it, are full of that Love, which he expressed to them even to the last.

422 Reflections on the Fervency of the Love of Christ.

Sect. 168. a Devotion suitable to the distinguished Solemnity wil1 not drink of the Fr»t

t^v^> which you have now before you: For I say unto of the Vine, until the King

T„i,. vvri , J r 1 rr 1 • T> -rJ J- ,1 dom of Go D shall come.

i.uKe Aau.^ tfat after wfat paQ-eS t^ls Evening, / will not

drink any more with you of the Fruit of the Vine,
until the Kingdom of GOD come, and that com-
pleat and spiritual Redemption which is typified
by this Ordinance shall be fulfilled and perfected.

IMPROVEMENT.

WE may well assure ourselves, that the fame Divine Penetration, and Prophetic Discernment, which enabled the Blessed Jesus, »w» *.*• thus circumstantially to foretell to his Disciples those most contingent Occurrences, which were to determine the Place where they should prepare the Pasjover, would also open to him a Prospect of all that was to follow. All the Scenes, that were to be passed thro' on this fatal Night, and the succeeding black and bloody Day, were, no doubt, attentively viewed; The Agony of the Garden, the traiterous Kiss of Judas, the cowardly Flight of all the other Apojlles, the Insults of his seemingly victorious and successful Enemies, the clamorous Accusations, the insolent Bufferings, the Scourges, the Thorns, the Nails, the Cross, and all that he was to endure upon it from the Hand ofGoD, and Men. Yet behold, with all these in his View, he goes on with a holy Alacrity, and this Sun of Righteousness rejoiceth as a Champion to run his Race! (Pfal. xix. 5.J Ver/15. Yea, when he is sitting down to the Paschal Supper, (tho' therein was exhibited, in a most lively Emblem, the Bitterness of his own Sufferings,) he utters these gracious and emphatical Words, With Desire 1 have desired to eat this Passover with you, before I suffer. Jtbnxin. 1. So justly might it be said of him, as we see it is, that having loved his own, which were in the World, he loved them to the End. Oh Blessed Jesus, may the Ardour, the Courage, and the Permanency of our Love to thee, bear at least some little Proportion to that, wherewith thou hast condescended to love us I May we long, from Time to Time, to celebrate with LuiexxW. thee that Christian Passover, which thou hast ordained to succeed the 'Jewi/h, as the Memorial of thy Sacrifice! Yea, may we long for the,

last Solemnity of this Kind, which will e'er long come, after which we Pall no more drink with thee of the Fruit of the Vine, till it be fulfilled in the Kingdom of GOD! In the mean Time, may we be cheared with thy Love, which is indeed far better than Wine; (Cant. i. 3.,) and thus supported with those reviving Cordials, which thy Gospel administers, may we keep ourselves in the Love of GOD, and in the patient Expeftar tion of thy final most glorious and welcome Appearance! (2 Tbefj. iii. 5and f ude, ver. 21J

J SECT.

Tie Disciples at Supper contend who should be greatest. 423

SECT. CLXIX.

Christ rebukes the Ambition, which his Disciples most unseasonably expressed as they were fitting down to Supper; by washing their Feet., and adding several excellent Admonitions to the Exercise os Humility, immediately before the

eating of the Paschal Lamb. Lake XXII. 24, 27.

John XIII. 2,—3,—17.

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John XIII. 2— John XIII. 2.

AND Supper being end- ATOJ^when our Lord had thus fate down to cat Sect. 169.

cd'"~ t ■* * the Paflbver with his Disciples, as was said <^-nx->^ I

3 . p. A x 4 . before, Supper being come [a), and the Antepast or Joh.XIH. 2.

Introduction to it having been dispatched, as above;

LukeXXII.24.—There just ;n the Interval between that, and the serving LukeXXIL. wasalsoaStnfcamongtihem, up ^ paschal L^ f^ ^ tf most unseason. 24..

able

(a) Supper being come.] The Reasons brought by Eijhop Kidder, (in his Demonstration of the Mejstahy part iii. chap. 3. pag. 60, 61.) by Dr. Lightfoot, (Hor. Heb. on Mat. xxvi. 6.) and since by Dr. Whitby, (in his Notes on this Place,) to prove that this Supper was not the Pajsover, but another Supper at Bethany a Night or two before, I have briefly obviated in the Paraphrase or Notes on the Places on which they are grounded; and therefore cannot think it material to trouble the Reader with a particular Detail of them. The chief Reasons, which determine me to the contrary Opinion,, (besides some others, of which a good Summary is given in Dr. Guy/e's valuable Note on this Place,) are these: Such a Disposition of the Story best suits several of the Circumstances of the Paschal Supper; (particularly, the Contention about Superiority, and the Enquiry about Judas, both which must on the other Hypothesis have been superseded ;) and the Propriety of it is especially evinced from 'John xiii. 38. where our Lord says to Peter % The Cock shall not crow, till thou hast denied me thrice; which must be spoken the very Night Jesus was betrayed, and yet is so connected with this Story of washing the Disciples Feet by ver. 21. and ver. 31. that they cannot without great Violence be separated: And it is certain, John xiii. 1. will have a peculiar Energy according to this Plan; which therefore most Criticks have followed, . The Reader will observe here, that I have rendered (/Ww ytwu.VM, Supper being come; which is the Sense, in which the Word is often used elsewhere: Thus John xxi. 4. vpaia, ynjfiWtK is when Morning was come; Ails xii. 18. xvi. 35. »^tt*c yivopmc, when Day was come; and Ails xxi. 40. rtync yanu&vm, ivben Silence was made: In all which Places, and in many more, that might eahly be collected from the Greek Writers, it would be absurd ta translate the Word ended. Nay, Luke iv. 42. yuofi&mt vun-xs signifies when the Day was coming on. (Compare Mark i. 35. Note (f), Vol. i. pag. 214.) It is indeed an ambiguous Term ; but the Rendering above is here to be preferred, (1.) Because it was much more natural to wajh the Feet of Guests before, than after Supper. (2.) Because it is expressly said in ver. 1. to have been done before the Passover; which, if the preceding Reason be admitted, determines the Point. (3.) Because Part of the Discourse, which John mentions as happening after the Feet were wasted, is mentioned by the other Evangelists, as passing atSupper ; nay, John himself, when he speaks in ver. 26. of Christ's dipping the Sop, and giving it to Judas after this, plainly {hews that Supper was not ended.

(b) There,

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