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II.

514 'ChR.IsT'm led awayt firfl to the House of Annas,

Sect. 183.let us not think it strange, if we find but little more. Nor can we rea0""v*V_J sonably be so much amazed, as we might otherwise have been, to see Sinners going on under the most awful Rebukes of Providence; when we John xvili. consider, that these Wretches, who had been struck down to the Ground '12" by one Word of Christ's Mouth, mould immediately rife up, and stretch forth their impious Hands against him, to seize and bind him; tho' they might well have known, that they lived only by his Indulgence and Forbearance, and that the fame Word that struck them down to the Ground, could have laid them dead there. Touch our Hearts, oh Lord, by thy Grace $ or it will be in vain, that we are/mitten with thy Rod! In all the Remainder of this Story, let us remember, that Jesus volun* 1 tarily gave himself up to Sufferings, which he circumstantially foreknew; Mat. xxvi. eyen tho* he could have commanded to his Assistance whole Legions of 53' Angels. His Father's Will was an Answer to all that Nature could plead

John xviii. [n S own Cause; and the good Hand from which this Cup of his severest Sufferings came, reconciled him to all the bitterest Ingredients it contained. How reasonable then is it, that we, who, having had Fathers of our Flest) that corrected us, submitted to the Rod, and gave them Reverence, shouft much rather, after the Example of our innocent and holy Redeemer, Jk in Subjection to the Father of our Spirits, and live? (Heb. xiifc 9.)

SECT. CLXXXIV.

Christ is conduEled to the Palace of Caiaphas: Peter follows•%im thither', and denies him thrice. Mat. XXVI. 57, 58. 69, to the End. Mark XIV. 53, 54. 66, to the End. Luke XXII. 54,—62. John XVIII. 1^3,—18. 24,—27.

John XVIII. 13. .. JoHN XVili. 13.

Sect. 184./ I ^E Officers and People having thus appre- AND tbey ,ed him awar

±TZ£> 1 hended Christ, in the Manner described A 1° Annas first, {for he

JohnXVIII. (f- !. , ,.' f . ^ , r wasFather-in-LawtoGua

•j, above, tbey led him away from the Garden ot phas> which was the High

Gethsemane to those that had employed them, Priest that lame Year.)
and brought him first to the House of Annas;
for he was Father-in-Law to Caiaphas, who was
High-Priest that Tear (a), or bore the Office at

that

(a) Lid him away sir/I to Annas; fs?c] It appears from Joscphus, (Ant/q. SB. xvili. tap. 2. [a!. 3.] §. 2. /«£• 873.' Havtnmp.) that Annas, whom he alUAnanus, had b«n

- - J. Hig<>'

and then to that os Caiaphas,. whither Peter follows him. 515

that Time: And Annas sent him bound to Sect. 184.
Caiaphas the High-Priest, as judging it most pro-
per, that the rest of the Council should be con-

24. Now Annas — sent him bound unto Caiaphas the High-Priest.

John XVIII.

14 Now Caiaphas was he which gave Counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one Man should die for the People.

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Mat. XXVI. 57. And they that had laid hold on Jesus [Lu K. took him, andl led A/maway, [luk. and brought him into the House of] ~ Caiaphas the HighPriest; where [-ill the Chief Priests, andj-heScribes, and the Elders wee aflembled" [with him. J [mark XIV. 53. Luke AXil. 54»--]

vened at his Palace. Now this Caiaphas was
be, whom we mentioned above, (John xi. 49,—
51. pag. 260.) who gave it as his Advice to the
Jews, that it was Jit, that one Man, tho' inno-
cent, Jhould die jor the Preservation of the whole
People: In which Words he uttered a Kind of
Oracle, which (as we there observed,) contained
a far nobler and sublimer Sense, than he himself
intended or understood.

And they who had apprehended Jesus, took <w</Mat.XXVL
led him away from Annas like a Criminal in Bonds, 5?"
and according to the Directions which Annas had
given them, brought him to the Palace of Caiaphas
the High-Priejl; where, tho' it was now the
dead Time of the Night, all the Chief Priests,
and the Scribes, and the Elders, Or the chief Per-
sons of the -Sanhedrim, with their proper Officers,
were met together on a Summons from Caiaphas,
and were-affembled-frith him, waiting for Jesus to
be brought before them.

And tho' Simon Peter had/at first forsaken JohnXVIII. Christ, and shifted for himself, as the rest of his 15Companions did, yet afterwards he and another \ Disciple, even the Evangelist John, bethought themselveSj and determined to return; and accordingly ihty followed Jesus afar off (b), desiring -' .'i <■■■'"'• ■;•■:' ' to

Johnxvht. 15. And

Simon Peter followed Jesus

[afar off,] andy* <#</another

Disciple. That Disciple "was

known

High-Priest before his Son-in-Law Caiaphas; and it seems to baye been by his Interest, that first Eleazar his own Son,- and then Caiaphas who married his Daughter, and probably had been his Deputj, obtained that Dignity : So that tho' he had resigned that Office himself, yet the People paid so much Regard to his Experience, that they bought Christ first to him; who, no doubt, took all needsary Care tb prepare Caiaphas for receiving him, as he could not but know, that this was a most critical Juncture. We do not read of any thing remarkable which passed \t the House of Annas; for which Reason his being carried thither is omitted by the other Evangelists. Cyril adds, >uu a,*zr&X*v ccvjov <te<Pin:vw -atis Keucupav Tsp Af%itft*i and they sent him bound to Caiaphas the High-Priejl; which Addition Erasmus, Btza, and many'others have thought k necessary to admit; both to account for the-Word •p«7o», first, in the preceding Clause; and to reconcile John with the other Evangelists, who all agree, that the Scene of Peter's Fall was the Palace of Caiaphas, not of Annas. Yet as almost the fame Words occur in ver. 24. it is sufficient to tranjpofi that Verse, and introduce it here, as is done in the Margin of feme of our Bibles.——For the Phrase of being High Priest that Tear, see Note {a) on John xi. 49. pag. 260. • ' ■ ,. .

[b) Followed Jesus afar off] It appears from hence, that Peter and John recovered themr then- Flight j or else thev could not have followed'him at'fame Distance,

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and yet be so near as to be ready to go into Caiaphas's House with him,

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(e) The*

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51-6 Peter is challenged By a Maidy as belonging to Christ.

Sect. 184. to see what would become of him: And as that known unto the High

T~iT~Yvm or^er Disciple was known to the High-Priest fe),

j° 'he was admitted without any Impediment or Ex

amination, and went into the Palace of the High-
Priest, with Jesus, and the Guard that attended
him. But Peter, who had no Acquaintance
there, stood without at the Door: That other Dis-
ciple therefore, who was known to the High-Priest,
went out of the inner Room, into which Jesus
was then carried in order to his Examination,
and spake to her that kept the Door to open it;

Luke XXII. ^ fo by jier Consent brought in Peter. And
when they had kindled a Fire in the Midst of the
large Hall, and were set down together, Peter
hoping to pass undiscovered, sate down among them
with the Servants, to fee the End of this Matter,
and warmed himself at the Fire, while they were
examining Jesus with Circumstances which we
shall afterwards mention (dj.' v. •

And as Peter was fitting among the Servants without the Room where Jesus was examined, and thought to have continued unsuspected in the Hall below, there came to him one of the Maidservants belonging to the Family of the HighPriest, who was indeed the fame Damsel that (as 67 we just now said,) had kept the Door: And seeing Peter as he fate warming himself by the Fire, she fixed her Eyes earnestly upon him, and observing in his Countenance the Appearance of great Concern, (he said to some that stood near him, I cannot but think, that this Man is a Follower of Jesus, and was also used to be with him {e). And to try

him

Mark XIV. 66.

unto Priest, and went in with Jesus into the Palace of the High-Priest. [ma T.xxvi. 58.—Mark XIV. 54.— Lukexxil—S+.J

16 But Peter stood at the Door without. Then went out that other Disciple which was known unto the HighPriest, and spake unto her that kept the Door, and brought in Peter.

Luke XXII. 55. And

when they had kindled a Fire in the Midst of the Hall, and were set down together, Peter sat down among them [with the Servants to fee the End.] [mar. and warmed himself at the Fire.] [mat. XXVI.—58. Mark XIV. -54.J

Mark XIV. 66. And as Peter [fat without] beneath in the Palace, there cometh [unto him] one of the Maids of the HighPriest, [joh. the Damsel that kept the Door:][ Mat. XXVI. 69.—Johnxvui.

*7—]

67 And when (he saw Pe* ter, [Lu K. as he fat by the Fire] warming himself, she looked [Lu K. earnestly] upon him, and said, [luk. This Man was also with him:]

(c) That Disciple was known to the High-Priest.] We cannot imagine the Acquaintance was very intimate, considering the great Diversity of their Rank and Station in Life; but a thousand Occurrences occasion some Knowledge of each other, between Persons whose Conditions are as unequal.

(d) And warmed himself at the Fire, while they were examining Jesus, &c] It is remarkable, that all the Evangelists record the Fall of Peter, and none with Circumstances of greater Aggravation, than Mark, whose Gospel is said to have been reviewed by Peter himself, and indeed written from his preaching. Tho' Christ's Examination happened

during this Interval, (which occasions Matthew, Mark, and "John to interrupt this Story to recount that,) I rather chose, as Luke has done, to take the whole of it together, as best suiting the Design of this Work.

(e) This Man was also with him.] Her Sex, and perhaps we may add, her Office, will not permit us to suppose, that flic had been in the Garden with the Multitude that came to

He denies that he knew him; and the Cock crew. 517

him:] [JoH. Art not thou him farther, (he charged him directly with it,Sect. 184.

also *« of this Man's Disci- d s jd T ,j , A f ^ fa s jf also ^^^J

pies?] And thou also wast » , _,/•*.. , -, - _, / •'Mark XIV,

with Jesos of Nazareth [of [«»] 0/ /£» Man s Disciples (f)? There is a great 6

Galilee.] [mat. XXVI. deal of Room to think it; yea, thou wast also with

J^h9n xvUlflE-?iXI-]56' him' even witb this JeJ"S the Nazarene °f Gali

Luke XXII. 57. And ket who is now on his Trial. And Peter was Luke XXIL

he denied him [before them so surprized at this unexpected Discovery, that 57

all,] saying, Woman, [joh. fo roundly and confidently denied him before- them

Jam not;] 1 know him not, i#/\ j r J irr i e c .1 r

[mar. neither understand I alf (gh and said, Woman, I profess that / am not what thou sayest] [mat. his Disciple j nay, that I do not so much as know XXVI 70. Mark XIV. fcm ^ . nor d0 I understand what thou meanest in 68.—John XVIII.—17.] charging me with being one of his Associates;

for I am sure thou mightest as well have fixed

Markxiv.—68. And 0n any other Person in the Company. AndMvk XIV, he went out into the Porch, fhjS hg , , ^ fa poriico ,;\ a„j(>8.

and the C^ck crew. r... , . . _, , ... * '*

while he was there, the Cock crew (#).

John XVIII. 18. And And the Servants and Officers, who had brought JohnXVIII.

sthoeodS?nerentSwhodha?mCadre Jesus thither> and were now waiting for the Issue ,8*°¥ikos£<Zs?(fit Vlms of nis Trial, still stood there in the Hall, having cold,) (as was before observed,) made a large Fire of

Coals j

seize Christ -. She therefore must guess by Peter's Countenance, that he was one of his Friends; unless possibly she had seen them together in the Temple, or elsewhere.

(f) -Art not thou also one of this Man's Disciples ?] One would imagine from the Word [also,] when it is read in the Connection John has placed it in, that in this Question flic referred to John; as if (he had said, Art not thou one, as well as thy Companion? And if this were admitted, it would be a plain Intimation, that John acknowledged himself « Disciple os Christ. But it must be owned, that the other Evangelists use the same Word [also,] tho' they say nothing of John's being with Peter.

(g) He denied him before them all.] How must these People be surprized, when they saw (as, no doubt, some of them did,) this timorous Disciple within the Compass of a few Weeks, when he was brought with John before the Council, not only maintaining the Cause and Honour ofJesus, but boldly charging the Murther of this Prince of Life on the Chief Men of the Nation, and solemnly warning them of their Guilt and Danger in Consequence of it.

Ails iv. 5, 12. Perhaps when it is said there, {ver. 13.) that they took Knowledge of

Peter and John, that they had been with Jtfus; the Meaning may be, that some of them, or their Attendants, remembered Peter and John as the Two Persons, who had followed Jesus thus far, when the rest had forsaken him. Compare John xviii. 15, 16.

(h) I do not know him.} Christ was so publick a Person, and so well known to Thousands* not at all in his Interest, that this additional Falsehood was most unnecessary; and, as it frequently happens, when People allow themselves to transgress the Bounds of Truth, it was more like to entangle and discover him, than to clear him.

(1) He went out into the Portico.] I apprehenJ, that the Word '^omxkv most exactly answers to the Latin Word Vestibulum, by which many good Interpreters render it. And considering the Magnificence of the Jewijh Buildings at this Time, it is reasonable to conclude, that this, which belonged to the High-Priest's Palace, was some stately Piazza or Colonnade; and therefore I chose rather to render it Portico, than Porch, a Word equally applicable to the meanest Buildings of that Kind.

t> WJP" Coci crew-] h l3 strange, this Circumstance did not remind him of our Lord's Prediction, and bring him to some Sense of his Sin: Perhaps it did ; and he might return persuaded, that he should be more couragious, if he met with a second Attack,

(/) For

518 He is again taxed with it, and denies h

Sect. 184. Coals; for they had been Abroad at Midnight, * ^'"v 'and /'/ was cold (I) ; and they were warming them\f*XWUl-selves at the Fire. And Simon Peter having staid a while in the Portico, as he must have been pinched by the Sharpness of the Air, and was, no doubt, in a restless Commotion of Mind on Account of what had passed, came in again, and having mingled with the Servants, stood at the Mat.XXVJ. Fire-side to warm himself amongst them. And when he had thus been gone out into the Portico, and was returned into the Hall, after a little while another Maid saw him again, and said to them that were there, (as her Fellow-Servant had done just before,) Whatever he pretends, I verily believe, this Man was also with Jesus of Nazareth .* And presently she began to say openly to them that flood by, Surely this is [one] of them, that have endeavoured to bring all the Nation into Confusion, and is crept in hither as a Spy, rather than JohnXVIII. a Friend. They therefore taking Notice of what 2S' both these Women had spoken, began to tax him

im with an Oath.

with it, and said to him. What, have we a Rebel so near us? Let us know plainly, who thou art r Art not thou also, who pretendest to enter these Doors as a Friend, [one] of bis Disciples, who LuLe XXII. has been doing so much Mischief? And as 5°* he seemed in great Confusion, another Man that

stood by, saw him perplexed, and therefore charged it home upon him, and said, It is certainly so; Thou art also [one] os them, and deservest to sufMat.XXVI.fer with thy Master. And to remove all Sus72« picion as entirely as possible, that they might qo

more think that he belonged to Jesus, Peter again
denied [him] in the strongest Manner, even with
an Oath (m), and said, Man, why dost thou talk
thus? I solemnly assure thee, and call God to
witness to it, that J am not one of them •, and

that

colJ,) and they warmed themselves: and [Simon] Peter stood with them, and warmed himself. [john XVI11. 25.—]

Mat. XXVI. 71. And when he was gone out into the Porch, [luk. after a little while] another [Maid] saw him [again,] and said unto them that were there, This Fellow was also with Jesus of Nazareth: [and/bt Began to fay to them that stood by,Thisis oneof them.] [mark XIV. 69. Lvcs. XXII. 58.—1

John XVIII.—25.— They said therefore unto him, Art not thou also one of his Disciples r

Luke XXII.— 58.— And another saw him, and said, Thou ait also of them.

Mat. XXVI. 72. And [luk. Peter] again denied [it] with an Oath, [JoH. and said,] [luk. Man,lam not ;] I do not know the Man. [mark XIV. 70.— Luke XXII.—58. John XVIII.—25J

(1) For it was cold:} It is well known, that the Coldness of the Nights is generally more sensible in those hotter Countries, than among us.

(m) With an Oath.} Dr. Clarke conjectures, that Peter was suffered to fall fuller than any of the rest of the Apostles, (except Judas the Traitor,) and to make more remarkable Mistakes in his Conduct, that we might be cautioned against that extravagant Regard, which would afterwards be demanded to him and his pretended Succefl'ors. Clarke's Seventeen Sermons, iV° x. tag. 236.

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