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Lake vi. l. rubbing them in their hands,
Matt. xü. 2. But when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto him, Be- gress.

hold, thy disciples do that which is not lawful to do on

the sabbath-day. Mark ii. 24. Why do they on the sabbath-day that which is not lawful ? Luke vi. 2. And certain of the Pharisees said unto them, Why do

ye that which is not lawful to do on the sabbath-days?

3. And Jesus, answering them,
Mark ii. 25 said unto them, Have ye never read
Lake vi. 3. so much as this, what David did,
Mark ii, 25. when he had need, and was an hungred, he and they that

were with him?

How he went into the house of God, in the days of
Abiathar the high-priest 38, and did
kington's Evang. Hist, notes, p. 19. Hewlett's Commen. in loc. &c.
many others have been given, but these seem to be most worthy of atten-

38 Michaelis remarks on these words, " in the days of Abia-
thar the high-priest,” that the mode of quoting the books of
the Old Testament is sometimes so rabbinical, that a critic ac-
quainted only with the Greek cannot understand it: as the
fact here related of David did not take place in the priesthood
of Abiathar, but in that of his fatber Abimelech. To account
for this apparent inaccuracy, Michaelis (a) considers the words
“ in the days of Abiathar the high-priest," as a mere rabbinism.
The rabbies were accustomed to select some principal word out
of each section, and apply that name to the section itself.

Rashi; for instance, in his remarks on Hosea ix. 9. says, some are of opinion that the town here mentioned is Gibeon of Benjamin, “ in the concubine,” or, as it is in our version, Judges xix. (

The same Rabbi observes on Ps. ii. 7. 7272 NOKIV M2 5x7 your 9097 Ta on px na, “ as is said in Abner, the Lord spake, through David I will deliver Israel.” Abenezra on Hosea iv. 8. says "spe TD 909x5, as is said near Eli. In this manner quotations are sometimes made in the New Testament. Mark xii. 26. óx ávéyvore és , Bibaw Mwoéws éri ens του Βατε, Rom. Xi. 2. ή εκοίδατε, εν Ηλία τί λέγει η γραφή; and the above mentioned passage in St. Mark, which has been thought to contain a contradiction, may be explained in the chapter of Abiathar,' or in that part of the book of Samuel where the history of Abiatbar is related.

The remark of Rosenmüller, in bis note on this passage, is by no means conclusive against the opinion of Michaelis. Prefer. enda esset sine dubio hæc explicatio si Marcus addidisset verbum γεγραπται, vel λεγει η γραφη, ut Rom. xi. 2-Bishop Marsh seems to incline to this opinion: but though the evan. gelists generally adopt this mode of expressing themselves, it is not uniformly done. The contradiction is again variously reconciled by other commentators. Some suppose that Abiathar was the priest, and Abimelech the high-priest, and that Ahimelech was called Abimelech Abiathar, ax, father understood; and Abiathar was called Abiathar Abimelech, 17, son understood; and others reconcile the bistories by supposing that they both officiated in the high priesthood, and the name of the office was indiscriminately applied to cither.

(a) Marsh's Michaelis, vol. i. p. 133. Rosenmaller, Dr. A. Clarke, &c. in loc,


Luke vi. 4. take, and eat the shew-bread, and gave also to them that In a prowere with him, which

gress. Matt. xii. 4. was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them that were

with him, but only for the priests ?
5. Or have ye not read in the law, how that, on the sab-

bath-days, the priests in the temple profane the sabbath,

and are blameless? 6.

But I say unto you, that in this place is one greater than the temple.

But if ye had known what this meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned

the guiltless.
Mark üi. 27. And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for

man, and not man for the sabbath :
28. Therefore the Son of Man is Lord also of the sabbath.

MATT. xii. part of ver. 1. :2, 3. part of ver. 4. and ver. 8.
1 At that timo Jesus went on the sabbath-day through the

2 But when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto him, Behold,
thy disciples do that wbich is not lawful to do upon the sabbath-

3 But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did
when he was an hungred, and they that were with him;

4 How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the
shew-bread, which-
8 For the Son of man is Lord even of the sabhath-day.

MARK iii. ver. 23. and part of ver. 24, 25, and 26.
23 And it came to pass, that he went through the corn-fields
on the sabbath-day; and his disciples began-to pluck the ears.
of corn.

24 And the Pharisees said unto him, Bebold
25 And he-what David dida

26 -eat the shew-bread, which is not lawful to eat but for the
priests, and gave also to them which were with him?

LUKE vi. part of ver. 1.3, 4. and ver. 5.
1-and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat-

3 —said, Have ye not read—when himself was an hungred,
and they which were with him;

4 How he went into the house of God, and did it is not lawful to eat, but for the priests alone?

5 And he said unto them, That the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.


Christ heals the withered Hand %.
MATT. xii. 9-14. MARK iii. 1-6. LUKE vi. 6-11.
And when he was departed thence,

Matt. xii. 9.

39 This section is inserted here on the authority of all the harmonizers. It is placed next to the plucking the ears of corn by each of the evangelists. Our Lord by action and miracle bere enforced what he had already urged, the superiority

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Lake vi. 6. it came to pass also on another sabbath, that
Mark iii, 1. he entered again

Matt. xii. 9. he went into their synagogue,
Luke vi. 6. and taught.
Mat. xii, 10. And, behold, there was a man
Luke vi. 6. whose right hand was withered.


And the Scribes and Pharisees watched him, whether Mark iii. 2. he would heal him on the sabbath-day: that they might Luke vi. 7, find an accusation against him.

8. But he knew their thoughts, and said to the man which

had the withered hand, Rise up, and stand forth in the

midst. And he arose, and stood forth. Mat. xii, 10. And they asked him, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the

sabbath-days ? that they might accuse him. Lake vi. 9. Then said Jesus unto them, I will ask you one thing ;

Is it lawful on the sabbath-days to do good or to do evil?

to save life or to destroy it ?
Mark iii, 4. But they held their peace.
Mat. xii. 11. And he said unto them, What man shall there be

among you, that shall have one sheep, and if it fall into a
pit on the sabbath-day, will he not lay hold on it, and lift

it out?
12. How much then is a man better than a sheep? Where-

fore it is lawful to do well on the sabbath-days. Mark iii. 5.

And when he had looked round about on them Lake vi. 10.


them all Mark iii. 5. with anger ; being grieved for the hardness of their

hearts ; he saith unto the man, Stretch forth thine hand. Mat. xii, 13. And he stretched it forth ; and it was restored whole,

like as the other.

Then the Pharisees
Lake vi. II. were filled with madness, and (they)
Mark iii. 6. went forth with the Herodians, and straightway
Mat. xii. 14. held a council against him ;
Luke vi. 11.

and communed one with another, what they might do to

Jesus, (and)
Mat. xii. 14. how they might destroy him.

MATT. xii. part of ver. 10. 13, 14.
10_which had his hand withered
13 Then saith he to the man, Stretch forth thine hand.
14 - went out-

of the spirit of the law to the tradition of the elders. It is law.
ful to do good on the sabbath-day, appears to be in direct op-
position to the very extraordinary decision of the school of
Schammai. Let no one console the sick, or visit the mourning
on the sabbath day. It was principally against the decisions of
this school that our Lord spake; for the school of Hillel had in
some respects decided otherwise. By some canons of the Jewish
law, it was permitted to the people to prepare medicine, and to
perform any service which was required for the actual preserva-
tion of life.

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MARK iii. part of ver. 1, 2. ver. 3. and part of ver. 4, 5, 6. 1 And-into the synagogue; and there was a man there gress. which had a withered band.

2 And they watched him, whether he would heal—accuse him.

3 And he saith unto the man which had the withered hand, Stand forth.

4 And he saith unto them, Is it lawful to do good on the sabbath-days, or to do evil? to save life, or to kill?

5 And he stretched it out: and his band was restored whole as the other.

6 And the Phariseeś went forth-took counsel--against him, how they might destroy him.

LUKE vi. part of ver. 6, 7. ver. 8, 9. and part of ver. 10. 6 -he entered into the synagogue--and there was a man7-on the sabbath-day, that they might

8 But he knew their thoughts, and said to the man which had the withered hand, Rise up, and stand forth in the midst. And he arose and stood forth.

9 Then said Jesus unto them, I will ask you one thing ; Is it lawful on the sabbath-days to do good, or to do evil? to save life, or to destroy it?

10 And looking round about-he said unto the man, Stretch forth thy hand. And he did so: and his band was restored whole as the other.


Christ is followed by great Multitudes, whose Diseases he

Heals ".

MATT. xii. 15–21. MARK ïïi. 7-12. Mat. xii. 15.

But when Jesus knew it, he withdrew himself from thence,

40 This section is placed here on the concurrent testimony of all the harmonizers. The scriptural authority is to be found in Matt. xii. 15. Christ withdrew himself for a time in consequence of the enmity of the Pharisees and Herodians, which had been excited by his instructions concerning the observance of the sabbath.

In this section we read, Mark iii. 11.-Unclean spirits when they saw him fell down before him, &c. &c. Is it probable that if these were madmen only, they would be charged by our Lord not to make him known. The exclamations and ravings of the insane are ever disregarded. There would be no meaning in this command, if we consider it as addressed to those only who were deprived of reason. It must have been addressed to those who were capable of comprehending it, that is to evil spirits, which were visible to Christ, though invisible to mere men. It is easy on this interpretation, the only one indeed which is supported by the express language of Scripture, to understand on what account the evil spirits trembled at his appearance. They had seen and known our Lord in his pre-existent state--they knew the effect of his humiliation-they shrank back from the rays of his glory, though it was shrouded under the veil of his humanity. Ře refused to receive the testimony of evil spirits. His kingdom was to be established by the quiet submission of the human under

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Mark iii. 7. with his disciples to the sea :
Mat. xii. 15. and great multitudes followed him,

gress. Mark iü, 7. from Galilee, and from Judea, and from Jerusalem, and

from Idumea, and from beyond Jordan: 8.

And they about Tyre and Sidon, a great multitude,
when they heard what great things he did, came unto him.
9. And he spake to his disciples, that a small ship should

wait on him, because of the multitude, lest they should
throng him.

For he had healed many; insomuch that they pressed

upon him to touch him, as many as had plagues. Mat. xii, 15. and he healed them all. Mark ii, 11. And unclean spirits, when they saw him, fell down be

before him, and cried, saying, Thou art the Son of God. 12. And he straightway charged them that they should not

make him known.
Mat, xii. 17. That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias

the prophet, saying,
18. Behold, my servant, whom I have chosen ; my beloved,

in whom my soul is well pleased : I will put my spirit

upon him, and he shall shew judgment to the Gentiles.

He shall not strive nor cry ; neither shall any man
hear his voice in the streets.
20. A bruised reed shall he not break; and smoking flax

shall he not quench, till he send forth judgment unto

21. And in his name shall the Gentiles trust.

MATT. xii. 16.
16 And he charged them that they should not make him

MARK iii. part of ver. 7.
7 But Jesus withdrew himself--and a great multitude

Preparation for the Sermon on the Mount Election of the

Twelve Apostles.
MARK iïi. 13-19. LUKE vi. 12-19.
And it came to pass in those days, that he went out Galilee.
into a mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer
to God “.

Lake vi, 12.

standing to the silent, but resistless evidence of miracle, pro-
pbécy, and his own blameless submission to the will of his
heavenly Father.

This view of the subject is confirmed by Luke iv. 41, as tran-
slated by Dr. Owen, ούκ εία αυτά λαλείν ότι ήδεισαν, and would
not suffer them to say that they knew him to be the Christ.”.
Dr. Owen ap. Bowyer's Conjectures.

" It is to be remarked here, that our Saviour never under

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