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Lake vi. l. rubbing them in their hands,
hold, thy disciples do that which is not lawful to do on
the sabbath-day. Mark ii. 24. Why do they on the sabbath-day that which is not lawful ? Luke vi. 2. And certain of the Pharisees said unto them, Why do
ye that which is not lawful to do on the sabbath-days?
3. And Jesus, answering them,
were with him?
How he went into the house of God, in the days of
38 Michaelis remarks on these words, " in the days of Abia-
Rashi; for instance, in his remarks on Hosea ix. 9. says, some are of opinion that the town here mentioned is Gibeon of Benjamin, “ in the concubine,” or, as it is in our version, Judges xix. (
The same Rabbi observes on Ps. ii. 7. 7272 NOKIV M2 5x7 your 9097 Ta on px na, “ as is said in Abner, the Lord spake, through David I will deliver Israel.” Abenezra on Hosea iv. 8. says "spe TD 909x5, as is said near Eli. In this manner quotations are sometimes made in the New Testament. Mark xii. 26. óx ávéyvore és tö, Bibaw Mwoéws éri ens του Βατε, Rom. Xi. 2. ή εκοίδατε, εν Ηλία τί λέγει η γραφή; and the above mentioned passage in St. Mark, which has been thought to contain a contradiction, may be explained in the chapter of Abiathar,' or in that part of the book of Samuel where the history of Abiatbar is related.
The remark of Rosenmüller, in bis note on this passage, is by no means conclusive against the opinion of Michaelis. Prefer. enda esset sine dubio hæc explicatio si Marcus addidisset verbum γεγραπται, vel λεγει η γραφη, ut Rom. xi. 2-Bishop Marsh seems to incline to this opinion: but though the evan. gelists generally adopt this mode of expressing themselves, it is not uniformly done. The contradiction is again variously reconciled by other commentators. Some suppose that Abiathar was the priest, and Abimelech the high-priest, and that Ahimelech was called Abimelech Abiathar, ax, father understood; and Abiathar was called Abiathar Abimelech, 17, son understood; and others reconcile the bistories by supposing that they both officiated in the high priesthood, and the name of the office was indiscriminately applied to cither.
(a) Marsh's Michaelis, vol. i. p. 133. Rosenmaller, Dr. A. Clarke, &c. in loc,
Luke vi. 4. take, and eat the shew-bread, and gave also to them that In a prowere with him, which
gress. Matt. xii. 4. was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them that were
with him, but only for the priests ?
bath-days, the priests in the temple profane the sabbath,
and are blameless? 6.
But I say unto you, that in this place is one greater than the temple.
But if ye had known what this meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned
man, and not man for the sabbath :
MATT. xii. part of ver. 1. :2, 3. part of ver. 4. and ver. 8.
2 But when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto him, Behold,
3 But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did
4 How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the
MARK iii. ver. 23. and part of ver. 24, 25, and 26.
24 And the Pharisees said unto him, Bebold
26 -eat the shew-bread, which is not lawful to eat but for the
LUKE vi. part of ver. 1.3, 4. and ver. 5.
3 —said, Have ye not read—when himself was an hungred,
4 How he went into the house of God, and did it is not lawful to eat, but for the priests alone?
5 And he said unto them, That the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.
Christ heals the withered Hand %.
Matt. xii. 9.
39 This section is inserted here on the authority of all the harmonizers. It is placed next to the plucking the ears of corn by each of the evangelists. Our Lord by action and miracle bere enforced what he had already urged, the superiority
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Lake vi. 6. it came to pass also on another sabbath, that
And the Scribes and Pharisees watched him, whether Mark iii. 2. he would heal him on the sabbath-day: that they might Luke vi. 7, find an accusation against him.
8. But he knew their thoughts, and said to the man which
had the withered hand, Rise up, and stand forth in the
midst. And he arose, and stood forth. Mat. xii, 10. And they asked him, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the
sabbath-days ? that they might accuse him. Lake vi. 9. Then said Jesus unto them, I will ask you one thing ;
Is it lawful on the sabbath-days to do good or to do evil?
to save life or to destroy it ?
among you, that shall have one sheep, and if it fall into a
fore it is lawful to do well on the sabbath-days. Mark iii. 5.
And when he had looked round about on them Lake vi. 10.
them all Mark iii. 5. with anger ; being grieved for the hardness of their
hearts ; he saith unto the man, Stretch forth thine hand. Mat. xii, 13. And he stretched it forth ; and it was restored whole,
like as the other.
Then the Pharisees
and communed one with another, what they might do to
MATT. xii. part of ver. 10. 13, 14.
of the spirit of the law to the tradition of the elders. It is law.
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MARK iii. part of ver. 1, 2. ver. 3. and part of ver. 4, 5, 6. 1 And-into the synagogue; and there was a man there gress. which had a withered band.
2 And they watched him, whether he would heal—accuse him.
3 And he saith unto the man which had the withered hand, Stand forth.
4 And he saith unto them, Is it lawful to do good on the sabbath-days, or to do evil? to save life, or to kill?
5 And he stretched it out: and his band was restored whole as the other.
6 And the Phariseeś went forth-took counsel--against him, how they might destroy him.
LUKE vi. part of ver. 6, 7. ver. 8, 9. and part of ver. 10. 6 -he entered into the synagogue--and there was a man7-on the sabbath-day, that they might
8 But he knew their thoughts, and said to the man which had the withered hand, Rise up, and stand forth in the midst. And he arose and stood forth.
9 Then said Jesus unto them, I will ask you one thing ; Is it lawful on the sabbath-days to do good, or to do evil? to save life, or to destroy it?
10 And looking round about-he said unto the man, Stretch forth thy hand. And he did so: and his band was restored whole as the other.
Christ is followed by great Multitudes, whose Diseases he
MATT. xii. 15–21. MARK ïïi. 7-12. Mat. xii. 15.
But when Jesus knew it, he withdrew himself from thence,
40 This section is placed here on the concurrent testimony of all the harmonizers. The scriptural authority is to be found in Matt. xii. 15. Christ withdrew himself for a time in consequence of the enmity of the Pharisees and Herodians, which had been excited by his instructions concerning the observance of the sabbath.
In this section we read, Mark iii. 11.-Unclean spirits when they saw him fell down before him, &c. &c. Is it probable that if these were madmen only, they would be charged by our Lord not to make him known. The exclamations and ravings of the insane are ever disregarded. There would be no meaning in this command, if we consider it as addressed to those only who were deprived of reason. It must have been addressed to those who were capable of comprehending it, that is to evil spirits, which were visible to Christ, though invisible to mere men. It is easy on this interpretation, the only one indeed which is supported by the express language of Scripture, to understand on what account the evil spirits trembled at his appearance. They had seen and known our Lord in his pre-existent state--they knew the effect of his humiliation-they shrank back from the rays of his glory, though it was shrouded under the veil of his humanity. Ře refused to receive the testimony of evil spirits. His kingdom was to be established by the quiet submission of the human under
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Mark iii. 7. with his disciples to the sea :
gress. Mark iü, 7. from Galilee, and from Judea, and from Jerusalem, and
from Idumea, and from beyond Jordan: 8.
And they about Tyre and Sidon, a great multitude,
wait on him, because of the multitude, lest they should
For he had healed many; insomuch that they pressed
upon him to touch him, as many as had plagues. Mat. xii, 15. and he healed them all. Mark ii, 11. And unclean spirits, when they saw him, fell down be
before him, and cried, saying, Thou art the Son of God. 12. And he straightway charged them that they should not
make him known.
the prophet, saying,
in whom my soul is well pleased : I will put my spirit
upon him, and he shall shew judgment to the Gentiles.
He shall not strive nor cry ; neither shall any man
shall he not quench, till he send forth judgment unto
MATT. xii. 16.
MARK iii. part of ver. 7.
Lake vi, 12.
standing to the silent, but resistless evidence of miracle, pro-
This view of the subject is confirmed by Luke iv. 41, as tran-
" It is to be remarked here, that our Saviour never under